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Volga–Urals Military District
The Volga–Ural Military District was a military district of the Russian Ground Forces, formed on 1 September 2001 by the amalgamation of the Volga Military District and the Ural Military District. The headquarters of the Ural Military District, located at Yekaterinburg became the new headquarters of the merged district
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Soviet Union
The Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(Russian: Сове́тский Сою́з, tr. Sovétsky Soyúz, IPA: [sɐˈvʲɛt͡skʲɪj sɐˈjus] ( listen)), officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russian: Сою́з Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик, tr. Soyúz Sovétskikh Sotsialistícheskikh Respúblik, IPA: [sɐˈjus sɐˈvʲɛtskʲɪx sətsɨəlʲɪsˈtʲitɕɪskʲɪx rʲɪˈspublʲɪk] ( listen)), abbreviated as the USSR (Russian: СССР, tr. SSSR), was a socialist state in Eurasia
Eurasia
that existed from 1922 to 1991. Nominally a union of multiple national Soviet republics,[a] its government and economy were highly centralized. The country was a one-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow
Moscow
as its capital in its largest republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
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350th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)
The 350th Rifle Division formed in late August, 1941, as a standard Red Army
Red Army
rifle division, at Atkarsk. It went to the front in November, and served south of Moscow throughout the winter and as late as August, 1942, after which it made a bewildering number of reassignments over the next six months. Badly battered by the German "backhand blow" near Kharkov in February, 1943, the division was pulled back into reserve for rebuilding for several months, then fought the summer campaign under command of 12th Army. In November the 350th was honored for its role in the liberation of Zhitomir
Zhitomir
and received that city's name as an honorific. At this time it was in 1st Guards Army of 1st Ukrainian Front, and it would remain in that Front for the duration of the war. On August 18, 1944, the division received an unusual second honorific for helping to liberate the Polish city of Sandomierz
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82nd Rifle Division
The 90th Guards Tank Division was a division of the Soviet Army, and then of the Russian Ground Forces.Contents1 Interwar period 2 World War II 3 Cold War 4 Russian service 5 Regiments, 1980s 6 Notes 7 ReferencesInterwar period[edit] The division traced its history back to the formation of the 82nd Territorial Rifle Division in 1932 from personnel of the 57th Rifle Division's 169th Rifle Regiment, which had relocated to the Transbaikal
Transbaikal
region. Formed in the Perm
Perm
area, the 82nd relocated to the Ural Military District
Ural Military District
in May 1935. In May 1939, the 82nd Rifle was mobilized and sent to the Transbaikal. From July, it fought in the Battles of Khalkhin Gol
Battles of Khalkhin Gol
against Japanese troops. After the end of the fighting, the 82nd was stationed at Bayantümen
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Battle Of Khalkhin Gol
Soviet and Mongolian victoryJapanese attack halted Ceasefire agreement signedTerritorial changes Status quo ante; enforcement of border claims in accordance with the Soviet and Mongolian interpretationBelligerents Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Mongolian People's Republic  Empire of Japan  ManchukuoCommanders and leaders Grigoriy Shtern Georgy Zhukov Yakov Smushkevich Khorloogiin Choibalsan Michitarō Komatsubara Yasuoka Masaomi Kōtoku Satō Pu-YiStrength61,860–73,961[nb 1] 498–550 tanks 385–450 armored cars[4][5] 900+ aircraft (participated)Peak strength: 580[6]500[7]–634[2] artillery pieces 4,000 trucks[8] 1,921 horses and camels (Mongol only)[9]30,000[10][11]–38,000[12] 73 tanks[5] 64 tankettes 400+ aircraft (participated)Peak strength: 200[6]~300 artillery pieces[2] 1,000 trucks[13] 2,708 horses[14]Casualties and lossesManpower: 27,8
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334th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)
The 334th Rifle Division was formed in August, 1941, as a standard Red Army rifle division in the Volga Military District. For most of the war it followed a very similar combat path to that of the 332nd Rifle Division, sometimes serving on adjacent sectors. It fought in the Battle of Moscow
Battle of Moscow
and during the winter counteroffensive was assigned to 4th Shock Army, where it would remain until November, 1943. During this offensive it helped carve out the Toropets
Toropets
Salient, where it would remain until the autumn of 1943 when it helped to liberate Velizh
Velizh
and began advancing westward again. In the first days of the 1944 summer offensive the 334th shared credit with several other units in the liberation of Vitebsk
Vitebsk
and was awarded that name as an honorific
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336th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)
 Order of the Red Banner   Order of Suvorov
Order of Suvorov
2nd classBattle honours ZhitomirCommandersNotable commanders Col. Grigorii Mikhailovich Shapovalov Col. Nikolai Nikolaievich Solovev Maj. Gen. Vladimir Stepanovich Kuznetsov Col. Maksim Arsentevich Ignachev Col. Lazar Vasilevich Grinvald-Mukho Maj. Gen. Mikhail Fyodorovich BorisovThe 336th Rifle Division was formed in August, 1941, as a standard Red Army rifle division in the Volga Military District. After additional training and equipping in the Moscow Military District
Moscow Military District
it was assigned to 5th Army and went directly into the winter counteroffensive in mid-December. It fought in the battles around Rzhev
Rzhev
in the summer and winter of 1942, taking heavy casualties for little gain
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338th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)
The 338th Rifle Division was first formed in September 1941, as a standard Red Army
Red Army
rifle division, at Penza. This formation took part in the early stages of the winter counteroffensive and made gains in the direction of Vyasma
Vyasma
before being cut off behind German lines in February and largely destroyed by May. The division was formed again in June, once again in the Western Front, and proved itself a stolid and reliable unit in the often frustrating battles east and west of Smolensk
Smolensk
and into the Baltic states over the next two and a half years
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340th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)
The 3 40th Rifle Division began forming in August 1941, as a standard Red Army
Red Army
rifle division, at Balashov in the Saratov Oblast. The division went into the lines defending Moscow in November, then into the winter counteroffensive in December. After rebuilding, the division was assigned as the only rifle division in the new 5th Tank Army, but avoided the fate of most of the tank units of that formation when it attacked in July, 1942. Following another aborted offensive in July, the 340th settled into mostly defensive assignments until after the Soviet victory at Kursk, when it joined in the general offensive through eastern Ukraine to the Dniepr River, winning honors for its role in the liberation of Sumy, and later Kiev
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342nd Rifle Division
The 342nd Rifle Division began forming in September, 1941, as a standard Red Army
Red Army
rifle division, in the Saratov oblast. It arrived at the front southwest of Moscow in December, in time to take part in the winter counteroffensive. During most of 1942 and into 1943 the division served in primarily defensive roles in 61st Army along the northern face of the German-held salient around Oryol. Following the Soviet victory at Kursk the 342nd took part in the operation that eliminated that salient, and then in the further offensives that liberated Bryansk
Bryansk
and pushed on towards Smolensk and the Dniepr River. During these tactical-level actions the division distinguished itself sufficiently to be re-designated as the 121st Guards Rifle Division, one of the last Guards divisions to be formed before the postwar period
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344th Rifle Division
58th Rifle Division (1955–57)344th Rifle Division (1941–55)Active 1941–1990sCountrySoviet Union TurkmenistanBranchRed Army/Soviet Army Turkmen Ground ForcesType DivisionRole Motor rifleDecorations  Order of the Red BannerBattle honours RoslavlThe 344th Rifle Division was a military formation of the Soviet Armed Forces that served in the Great Patriotic War.Contents1 History1.1 World War II 1.2 Postwar2 Notes 3 ReferencesHistory[edit] World War II[edit] The division was formed in Barishskie, Kuzovatovsky District, Ulyanovsk Oblast, from August to October 1941 by Decree number 459 of GKO 08/11/1941
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346th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)
The 3 46th Rifle Division began forming in late August, 1941, as a standard Red Army
Red Army
rifle division, in the Volga Military District. It was assigned to the 61st Army while both it and its Army continued to form up before moving to the front lines in December to take part in the winter counteroffensive south of Moscow. In September, 1942, it became part of the 5th Tank Army, and joined the offensive that encircled German Sixth Army at Stalingrad during Operation Uranus. During 1943 and early 1944 it continued to serve in the southern part of the front, taking part in the liberation of Crimea, before being transferred to the Baltic States region, serving in Latvia and Lithuania until February, 1945, when it was once again reassigned, this time to be part of the follow-on forces in the conquest of eastern Germany
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348th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)
The 3 48th Rifle Division
48th Rifle Division
was first formed in August, 1941, as a standard Red Army
Red Army
rifle division, at Kuibyshev. It was assigned to 60th Reserve Army shortly after forming and took part in the winter counteroffensive in front of Moscow. Until the end of 1942 it was involved in the dismal and costly battles around the Rzhev Salient, until it was shifted to take part in the equally difficult fighting around the Demyansk Salient. Both of these German positions were evacuated in March, 1943, and, after rebuilding, the division returned to the front to take part in the summer offensive along the Smolensk axis. During Operation Bagration
Operation Bagration
the 348th distinguished itself in the liberation of Bobruisk, and received the name of that city as an honorific. Not long after it was also decorated for its role in the liberation of Bialystok
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352nd Rifle Division (Soviet Union)
 Order of the Red Banner   Order of Suvorov
Order of Suvorov
2nd classBattle honours OrshaCommandersNotable commanders Col. Yurii Mikhailovich Prokofev Col. Andrei Prokofevich Maltzev Maj. Gen. Mikhail Andreevich Pronin Maj. Gen. Nikolai Mikhailovich Strizhenko Col. Viktor Ivanovich Rutko Maj. Gen. Rakhim Sagib Gareevich MaksutovThe 3 52nd Rifle Division started forming in August, 1941, as a standard Red Army
Red Army
rifle division, at Bugulma
Bugulma
in Tatarstan. When it entered the fighting it was assigned to the Western Front before Moscow, and it would remain in that Front for most of the war; when Western Front was dissolved the division went to one of its successor Fronts and served there until the last few weeks
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Eastern Front Of The Russian Civil War
White Movement
White Movement
: Russian Government Komuch
Komuch
(1918) Priamur Government (1921–1922)
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354th Rifle Division (Soviet Union)
The 3 54th Rifle Division was raised in 1941 as a standard Red Army rifle division, and served for the duration of the Great Patriotic War in that role. It took part in the defense of Moscow and the winter counteroffensive of 1941-42, and then in the costly battles around the German salient near Rzhev. It also served in the defensive battle of Kursk
Kursk
and the summer offensive that followed in 1943. The division distinguished itself in at least three battles. It was credited with the liberation of the town of Kalinkovichi
Kalinkovichi
on January 14, 1944, and shared credit with other formations for the liberation of Bobruisk during Operation Bagration. It also played the leading role in the defense of 65th Army's bridgehead over the Narev River in October, 1944. During the final offensives into Germany in 1945 it advanced through Poland and Pomerania and ended the war near Stettin
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