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Voice Of America
VOICE OF AMERICA (VOA) is a U.S. government-funded international news source that serves as the United States
United States
federal government 's official institution for non-military, external broadcasting . As the largest U.S. international broadcaster, VOA produces digital, TV, and radio content in more than 40 languages which it distributes to affiliate stations around the globe. Primarily viewed by foreign audiences, VOA programming has an influence on public opinion abroad regarding the United States
United States
and its leaders. Originally established in 1942, the VOA charter (Public Laws 94-350 and 103-415) was signed into law in 1976 by former President Gerald Ford . The charter contains its mission, "to broadcast accurate, balanced, and comprehensive news and information to an international audience", and defines the legally mandated standards in the VOA journalistic code
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Cantonese Chinese
CANTONESE, or Standard Cantonese, is a variety of the Chinese language spoken around Canton (Guangzhou) and its vicinity in southeastern China. It is the traditional prestige variety of Yue , one of the major subdivisions of Chinese. In mainland China
China
, it is the lingua franca of the province of Guangdong
Guangdong
and neighbouring areas such as Guangxi
Guangxi
, being the majority language of the Pearl River Delta
Pearl River Delta
. It is the dominant and official language of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau

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Standard Chinese
STANDARD CHINESE, also known as MODERN STANDARD MANDARIN, STANDARD MANDARIN, or simply MANDARIN, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China
China
and Taiwan
Taiwan
, and also one of the four official languages of Singapore
Singapore
. Its pronunciation is based on the Beijing dialect , its vocabulary on the Mandarin dialects , and its grammar is based on written vernacular Chinese . Like other varieties of Chinese, Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
is a tonal language with topic-prominent organization and subject–verb–object word order. It has more initial consonants but fewer vowels, final consonants and tones than southern varieties. Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
is an analytic language , though with many compound words
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Dari (Eastern Persian)
DARI (Dari: دری‎, translit. dari‎ ) or DARI PERSIAN (فارسی دری fārsi dari ) is the variety of the Persian language spoken in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
. Dari is the term officially recognized and promoted since 1964 by the Afghan government for the Persian language. Hence, it is also known as AFGHAN PERSIAN in many Western sources. As defined in the Constitution of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, it is one of the two official languages of Afghanistan; the other is Pashto
Pashto
. Dari is the most widely spoken language in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
after Pashto
Pashto
and the native language of approximately 15–30% of the population , serving as the country's lingua franca . The Iranian and Afghan types of Persian are mutually intelligible, with differences found primarily in the vocabulary and phonology
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Filipino Language
FILIPINO /ˌfɪlɪˈpiːnoʊ/ ( listen ) (Wikang Filipino ), in this usage, refers to the national language (Wikang pambansa/Pambansang wika) of the Philippines
Philippines
. Filipino is also designated, along with English , as an official language of the country. It is the standard register of the Tagalog language
Tagalog language
, an Austronesian , regional language that is widely spoken in the Philippines. As of 2007, Tagalog is the first language of 28 million people, or about one-third of the Philippine population , while 45 million speak Tagalog as their second language . Tagalog is among the 185 languages of the Philippines
Philippines
identified in the Ethnologue
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Burmese Language
The BURMESE LANGUAGE (Burmese: မြန်မာဘာသာ, MLCTS : mranmabhasa, IPA: ) is the official language of Myanmar
Myanmar
. Although the Constitution of Myanmar
Myanmar
officially recognizes the English name of the language as the MYANMAR LANGUAGE, most English speakers continue to refer to the language as Burmese. In 2007, it was spoken as a first language by 34 million, primarily the Bamar (Burman) people and related ethnic groups, and as a second language by 10 million, particularly ethnic minorities in Myanmar
Myanmar
and neighboring countries. Burmese is a tonal , pitch-register , and syllable-timed language , largely monosyllabic and analytic , with a subject–object–verb word order. It is a member of the Lolo-Burmese grouping of the Sino-Tibetan language family . The Burmese alphabet is ultimately descended from a Brahmic script , either Kadamba or Pallava
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Bosnian Language
BOSNIAN (/ˈbɒzniən/ ( listen ); bosanski / босански, ) is the standardized variety of Serbo-Croatian
Serbo-Croatian
mainly used by Bosniaks . Bosnian is one of three such varieties considered official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
, along with Croatian and Serbian, and also an officially recognized minority or regional language in Serbia
Serbia
, Montenegro
Montenegro
, and the Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
. Bosnian uses both Latin and Cyrillic alphabet , with Latin in everyday use. It is notable among the varieties of Serbo-Croatian
Serbo-Croatian
for a number of Arabic , Ottoman Turkish and Persian loanwords, largely due to the language's interaction with those cultures through Islamic ties
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Amharic Language
AMHARIC (አማርኛ) (/æmˈhærɪk/ or /ɑːmˈhɑːrɪk/ ; Amharic: Amarəñña, IPA: ( listen )) is an Afro-Asiatic language of the Semitic branch and is a member of the Ethiosemitic group. It is spoken as a mother tongue by the Amhara and other populations residing in major cities and towns of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
. The language serves as the official working language of Ethiopia, and is also the official or working language of several of the states within the federal system. Amharic is the second-most widely spoken Semitic language in the world after Arabic
Arabic
. It is written (left-to-right) using Amharic Fidel (ፊደል), which grew out of the Ge\'ez abugida —called, in Ethiopian Semitic languages (ፊደል) fidel ("writing system", "letter", or "character") and (አቡጊዳ) abugida (from the first four Ethiopic letters, which gave rise to the modern linguistic term abugida )
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Armenian Language
The ARMENIAN LANGUAGE (classical : հայերէն; reformed : հայերեն hayeren) occupies an independent branch of the Indo-European language tree. It is the official language of the Republic of Armenia
Armenia
and the Republic of Artsakh
Republic of Artsakh
. It has historically been spoken throughout the Armenian Highlands
Armenian Highlands
and today is widely spoken in the Armenian diaspora . Armenian is written using the Armenian alphabet
Armenian alphabet
, introduced in AD 405 by Mesrop Mashtots . Armenian has developed since the separation from Indo-European mother tongue in the third millennium BC to at least the time of the first Armenian dynasty (the Yervanduni dynasty , founded in the 6th century BC). Hellenistic influences during the Artashesian Dynasty (2nd century BC to 1st century AD) led to word borrowings from Greek and Latin
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Azerbaijani Language
Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Russia
Russia
* Dagestan
Dagestan
REGULATED BY Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
National Academy of Sciences LANGUAGE CODES ISO 639-1 az ISO 639-2 aze ISO 639-3 aze – inclusive code Individual codes: azj – North Azerbaijani azb – South Azerbaijani slq – Salchuq qxq – Qashqai GLOTTOLOG azer1255 North Azeri–Salchuq sout2696 South Azeri–Qashqa'i LINGUASPHERE part of 44-AAB-a Location of Azerbaijani speakers in Transcaucasia
Transcaucasia
regions where Azerbaijani is the language of the majority regions where Azerbaijani is the language of a significant minority THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters
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Bengali Language
BENGALI (/bɛŋˈɡɔːli/ ), also known by its endonym BANGLA (/ˈbɑːŋlɑː/ ; বাংলা ( listen )), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Indian Subcontinent
Indian Subcontinent
. It is the official and most widely spoken language of Bangladesh
Bangladesh
, and second most widely spoken of the 22 scheduled languages of India
India
, behind Hindi
Hindi
. Within India, Bengali is the official language of the states of West Bengal and Tripura
Tripura
, and in the districts of the Barak Valley
Barak Valley
in the state of Assam
Assam
. It is also the most widely spoken language in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and is spoken by significant minorities in other states including Jharkhand
Jharkhand
, Mizoram , and Meghalaya
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French Language
FRENCH (le français ( listen ) or la langue française ) is a Romance language
Romance language
of the Indo-European family . It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance , the spoken Latin
Latin
in Gaul
Gaul
, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d\'oïl —languages historically spoken in northern France
France
and in southern Belgium
Belgium
, which French ( Francien ) has largely supplanted
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Georgian Language
GEORGIAN (ქართული ენა, pronounced ) is a Kartvelian language spoken by Georgians . It is the official language of Georgia . Georgian is written in its own writing system , the Georgian script . Georgian is the literary language for all regional subgroups of Georgians, including those who speak other Kartvelian languages: Svans , Mingrelians and the Laz
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Lao Language
LAO, also sometimes referred to as LAOTIAN (ລາວ 'Lao' or ພາສາລາວ 'Lao language') is a tonal language of the Tai–Kadai language family. It is the official language of Laos
Laos
, and also spoken in the northeast of Thailand
Thailand
, where it is usually referred to as the Isan language . The Lao language
Lao language
serves as an important lingua franca as the country of Laos
Laos
consists of multiple ethnic groups, whose population speaks about 86 different languages. Spoken Lao is mutually intelligible with the Thai language
Thai language
(the two languages are written with slightly different scripts but are linguistically similar). Lao, like many languages in Laos, is written in the Lao script , an abugida . Although there is no official standard, the Vientiane dialect has become the de facto standard
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Macedonian Language
MACEDONIAN (/ˌmæsᵻˈdoʊniən/ ; македонски, tr. makedonski, pronounced ( listen )) is a South Slavic language spoken as a first language by around two million people, principally in the Republic of Macedonia
Republic of Macedonia
and the Macedonian diaspora , with a smaller number of speakers throughout the transnational region of Macedonia . It is the official language of the Republic of Macedonia
Republic of Macedonia
and a recognized minority language in parts of Albania
Albania
, Romania
Romania
and Serbia . Standard Macedonian was implemented as the official language of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia
Republic of Macedonia
in 1945 and has since developed a modern literature . Most of the codification was formalized during the same period
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Northern Ndebele Language
The NORTHERN NDEBELE (SINDEBELE SASENYAKATHO) language, also called ISINDEBELE, SINDEBELE, NDEBELE, or NORTH NDEBELE, and formerly known as MATABELE, is an African language belonging to the Nguni group of Bantu languages , and spoken by the Ndebele or Matabele people of Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
. isiNdebele is related to the Zulu language
Zulu language
spoken in South Africa
South Africa
. This is because the Ndebele people of Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe
descend from followers of the Zulu leader Mzilikazi , who left KwaZulu
KwaZulu
in the early 19th century during the Mfecane . Northern Ndebele and Transvaal Ndebele are separate languages. Both fall in the Nguni group of Bantu languages, but Zimbabwean Ndebele is essentially a dialect of Zulu, and Transvaal Ndebele is within a different subgroup
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