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Vishishtadvaita
Vishishtadvaita
Vishishtadvaita
( IAST
IAST
Viśiṣṭādvaita; Sanskrit: विशिष्टाद्वैत) is one of the most popular schools of the Vedanta
Vedanta
school of Hindu philosophy. Vedanta
Vedanta
literally means the end of the Vedas. VishishtAdvaita (literally "Advaita with uniqueness; qualifications") is a non-dualistic school of Vedanta philosophy. It is non-dualism of the qualified whole, in which Brahman alone exists, but is characterized by multiplicity. It can be described as qualified monism or qualified non-dualism or attributive monism
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Religious Text
Religious texts (also known as scripture, or scriptures, from the Latin
Latin
scriptura, meaning "writing") are texts which religious traditions consider to be central to their practice or beliefs. Religious texts may be used to provide meaning and purpose, evoke a deeper connection with the divine, convey religious truths, promote religious experience, foster communal identity, and guide individual and communal religious practice
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List Of Logicians
A logician is a person whose topic of scholarly study is logic. Some famous logicians are listed below in English alphabetical transliteration order (by surname).Contents: Top 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZA[edit] Peter Abelard
Peter Abelard
(France, 1079–1142) Wilhelm Ackermann
Wilhelm Ackermann
(Germany, 1896–1962) Sergei Adian (Russia/Soviet Union/Armenia, born 1931) Rodolphus Agricola
Rodolphus Agricola
(Germany, 1443/1444–1485) Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz
Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz
(Poland, 1890–1963) Alcuin
Alcuin
(England/France, c. 735-804) Alan Ross Anderson (USA, 1924–1972) Peter B
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List Of Unsolved Problems In Philosophy
This is a list of some of the major unsolved problems in philosophy. Clearly, unsolved philosophical problems exist in the lay sense (e.g. "What is the meaning of life?", "Where did we come from?", "What is reality?", etc.). However, professional philosophers generally accord serious philosophical problems specific names or questions, which indicate a particular method of attack or line of reasoning. As a result, broad and untenable topics become manageable
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Outline Of Philosophy
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to philosophy: Philosophy
Philosophy
– study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.[1][2] It is distinguished from other ways of addressing fundamental questions (such as mysticism, myth, or the arts) by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational argument.[3] The word "Philosophy" comes from the Greek philosophia (φιλοσοφία), which literally means "love of wisdom".[4][5][6]Cont
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Platonism
Platonism, rendered as a proper noun, is the philosophy of Plato
Plato
or the name of other philosophical systems considered closely derived from it. In narrower usage, platonism, rendered as a common noun, refers to the philosophy that affirms the existence of abstract objects, which are asserted to "exist" in a "third realm" distinct both from the sensible external world and from the internal world of consciousness, and is the opposite of nominalism.[1] Lower case "platonists" need not accept any of the doctrines of Plato.[1] In a narrower sense, the term might indicate the doctrine of Platonic realism. The central concept of Platonism, a distinction essential to the Theory of Forms, is the distinction between the reality which is perceptible but unintelligible, and the reality which is imperceptible but intelligible
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Jain Philosophy
Vedic philosophyAgastya Aruni Ashtavakra Atri Vashistha YajnavalkyaMimamsaJaiminiVedantaAdvaitaBadarayana Gaudapada Adi ShankaraDvaitaMadhvacharyaSri VaishnavismRamanujaNeo-VedantaVivekananda AurobindoSamkhyaKapilaYogaPatanjaliNyayaGotamaNavya-NyāyaGangesha UpadhyayaVaisheshikaKanadaNāstika (heterodox)Ājīvika Charvaka Kashmir ShaivismAbhinavaguptaPratyabhijna TantraTamilValluvam ValluvarOtherChanakyaGeneral topicsAhimsa Atomism AtmanĀtman (Hinduism) Ātman (Buddhism) Ātman (Jainism)Artha Anekantavada Brahman Dharma Indian logic Karma Kama Maya Metta Moksha Nondualism Samadhi Pramana YogaJainismHaribhadra UmaswatiBuddhismBuddhaTraditionsMadhyamikaNagarjunaYogacaraVasubandhu Dharmakirti
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African Philosophy
African philosophy is philosophy produced by African people, philosophy that presents African worldviews, or philosophy that uses distinct African philosophical methods.[1] African philosophers may be found in the various academic fields of philosophy, such as metaphysics, epistemology, moral philosophy, and political philosophy.Contents1 Definition 2 Types 3 Pre-modern3.1 North Africa3.1.1 Christian 3.1.2 Islamic3.2 West Africa3.2.1 Islamic3.3 Horn of Africa 3.4 Southern Africa 3.5 Central Africa 3.6 African Diaspora4 Modern4.1 Ethnophilosophy and philosophical sagacity 4.2 Professional philosophy 4.3 Nationalist and ideological philosophy
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Index Of Sociopolitical Thinkers
The following is an index of sociopolitical thinkers listed by the first name. Alphabetical list[edit]Abraham Joshua Heschel Abul Kalam Azad Adam Müller Adolf Hitler Adrian Johnston Alan Carter Alan Ryan Alastair Norcross Alexander of Aphrodisias Alexis de Tocqueville Alfred Rosenberg Al-Ghazali Ali Shariati Alon Ben-Meir Andrei Marga António Castanheira Neves Antonio Negri Aristotle Armin Mohler Arthur Linton Corbin Arthur Moeller van den Bruck Auberon Herbert Averroes Axel Honneth Ayn Rand Benjamin Tucker Bertrand de Jouvenel Bertrand Russell B. R. Ambedkar Boris Furlan Bruce Lee Bruno Leoni Bryan Caplan Carl Joachim Friedrich Carl Schmitt Carlo Lottieri Chanakya Charles C. Ragin Charles Taylor C. Wright Mills Cheng Hao Cheng Yi Cicero Claude Lefort Claude Lévi-Strauss Claudio Canaparo Confucius Constantin Rădulescu-Motru Cornel West Cornelius Castoriadis Costas Douzinas Dana Ward Daniel Guérin David D
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List Of Metaphysicians
This is a list of metaphysicians, philosophers who specialize in metaphysics. See also Lists of philosophers. See also: Index of metaphysics articles Metaphysicians born before 1900[edit]Pythagoras Democritus Heraclitus Anaximander Plotinus Lucretius Proclus Lycaeus Zeno of Elea Parmenides Protagoras Plato Aristotle Thomas Aquinas Duns Scotus Galileo Galilei René Descartes Anne Conway (philosopher) Baruch Spinoza Nicolas Malebranche John McTaggart Gottfried Leibniz George Berkeley Immanuel Kant Georg W. F. Hegel Arthur Schopenhauer Austin Osman Spare Nicolai Hartmann Martin Heidegger Gottlob Frege G. E. Moore Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Bertrand Russell Alfred North Whitehead Henri Bergson Ludwig Wittgenstein George Holmes HowisonMetaphysicians born after 1900[edit]Marilyn McCord Adams Robert Merrihew Adams William Alston David Malet Armstrong Alain Badiou Lynne Rudder Baker Paul Benacerraf C. D
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Philosopher
A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy, which involves rational inquiry into areas that are outside either theology or science.[1] The term "philosopher" comes from the Ancient Greek φιλόσοφος (philosophos) meaning "lover of wisdom". The coining of the term has been attributed to the Greek thinker Pythagoras
Pythagoras
(6th century BC).[2] In the classical sense, a philosopher was someone who lived according to a certain way of life, focusing on resolving existential questions about the human condition, and not someone who discourses upon theories or comments upon authors.[3] Typically, these particular brands of philosophy are Hellenistic ones and those who most arduously commit themselves to this lifestyle may be considered philosophers. A philosopher is one who challenges what is thought to be common sense, doesn’t know when to stop asking questions, and reexamines the old ways of thought
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List Of Ethicists
List of ethicists including religious or political figures recognized by those outside their tradition as having made major contributions to ideas about ethics, or raised major controversies by taking strong positions on previously unexplored problems. All are known for an ethical work or problem, but a few are primarily authors or satirists, or known as a mediator, politician, futurist or scientist, rather than as an ethicist or philosopher. Some controversial figures are included, some of whom you may see as bad examples. A few are included because their names have become synonymous with certain ethical debates, but only if they personally elaborated an ethical theory justifying their actions.ContentsTop A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y ZSee also External linksA[edit]Pierre Abélard Ambedkar John Stevens Cabot Abbott Mortimer Adler Nayef Al-Rodhan Thomas Aquinas Nomy Arpaly Ambrose Andronicus of Rhodes Julia Annas G. E. M
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Plato
Plato
Plato
(/ˈpleɪtoʊ/;[a][1] Greek: Πλάτων[a] Plátōn, pronounced [plá.tɔːn] in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423[b] – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece
Classical Greece
and the founder of the Academy
Academy
in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world
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Friedrich Nietzsche
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
Nietzsche
(/ˈniːtʃə/[6] or /ˈniːtʃi/;[7] German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈvɪlhɛlm ˈniːtʃə] ( listen); 15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist, and Latin
Latin
and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.[8][9][10][11] He began his career as a classical philologist before turning to philosophy
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List Of Epistemologists
This is a list of epistemologists, that is, people who theorize about the nature of knowledge, belief formation and the nature of justification. See also: Index of epistemology articlesWilliam Alston Elizabeth Anscombe Thomas Aquinas Aristotle Robert Audi A. J. Ayer Francis Bacon George Berkeley Harry Binswanger David Bohm Laurence Bonjour Berit Brogaard Mario Bunge Judith Butler David Chalmers Noam Chomsky Jonathan Dancy Simone de Beauvoir René Descartes Fred Dretske Nader El-Bizri Margaret Elizabeth Egan Catherine Elgin Heinz von Foerster Edmund Gettier Ernst von Glasersfeld Alvin Goldman Emma Goldman Nelson Goodman John Greco Paul Grice Susan Haack Donna Haraway Sandra Harding Gilbert Harman Sally Haslanger Friedrich A. Hayek G.W.F. Hegel John Hawthorne Thomas Hobbes David Hume James VI and I Carrie Ichikawa Jenkins Immanuel Kant Søren Kierkegaard Peter D
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Confucius
Confucius
Confucius
(/kənˈfjuːʃəs/ kən-FEW-shəs;[1] 551 BC – 479 BC)[2][3] was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period
Spring and Autumn period
of Chinese history. The philosophy of Confucius, also known as Confucianism, emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. His followers competed successfully with many other schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the Legalists during the Qin Dynasty
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