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Vinayagamoorthy Muralitharan
Vinayagamoorthy Muralitharan (nom de guerre: Colonel Karuna Amman; Tamil: விநாயகமூர்த்தி முரளிதரன், born 1966) is a Sri Lankan politician and former militant. After fighting for the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam for over 20 years, he rose to prominence as the leader of the Tamil Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal (TMVP), a breakaway faction of the LTTE. After giving up arms and entering politics, he was appointed as a National List Member of Parliament for the ruling United People's Freedom Alliance (UPFA), the party of President Mahinda Rajapakse,[1] in 2008 and sworn in as Minister of National Integration[2] on March 9, 2009
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Sri Lankan Parliament
Government (156)  UNFGG (106)  UPFA (Pro-Sirisena) (49)  SLMC (1)Opposition (69)  UPFA (Pro-Rajapaksa) (46)  TNA (16)  JVP (6)  EPDP (1)Length of term5 yearsElectionsVoting systemProportional representationLast election17 August 2015Next electionOn or before 17 August 2020Meeting placeParliament Building, Sri Jayawardenepura KotteWebsitewww.parliament.lkThe Parliament of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා පාර්ලිමේන්තුව Shri Lanka Parlimenthuwa, Tamil: இலங்கை நாடாளுமன்றம்) is the supreme legislative body Sri Lanka. It alone possesses legislative supremacy and thereby ultimate power over all other political bodies in the island
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Torture
Torture
Torture
(from the Latin tortus, "twisted") is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim. Torture, by definition, is a knowing and intentional act; deeds which unknowingly or negligently inflict pain without a specific intent to do so are not typically considered torture. Torture
Torture
has been carried out or sanctioned by individuals, groups, and states throughout history from ancient times to modern day, and forms of torture can vary greatly in duration from only a few minutes to several days or longer
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UNICEF
The United Nations
United Nations
Children's Fund[3] ( UNICEF
UNICEF
/ˈjuːnɪsɛf/)[4] is a United Nations
United Nations
(UN) program headquartered in New York City
New York City
that provides humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries. It is a member of the United Nations Development Group. The United Nations
United Nations
International Children's Emergency Fund was created by the United Nations
United Nations
General Assembly on the 11th of December 1946, to provide emergency food and healthcare to children in countries that had been devastated by World War II. The Polish physician Ludwik Rajchman is widely regarded as the founder of UNICEF
UNICEF
and served as its first chairman from 1946
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Human Rights Watch
Human Rights Watch
Human Rights Watch
(HRW) is an international non-governmental organization that conducts research and advocacy on human rights
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United States Department Of State
The United States
United States
Department of State (DOS),[3] often referred to as the State Department, is the United States
United States
federal executive department that advises the President and represents the country in international affairs and foreign policy issues.[4] Equivalent to the foreign ministry of other countries, the State Department is responsible for the international relations of the United States, negotiates treaties and agreements with foreign entities, and represents the United States
United States
at the United Nations
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Metropolitan Police
The Metropolitan Police
Metropolitan Police
Service (MPS), commonly known as the Metropolitan Police
Metropolitan Police
and informally as the Met, is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement in Greater London, excluding the "square mile" of the City of London, which is the responsibility of the City of London
City of London
Police.[12] The Met also has significant national responsibilities, such as co-ordinating and leading on UK-wide national counter-terrorism matters, and the protection of the senior members of the British Royal Family, and also members of The Cabinet and other ministerial members of Her Majesty's Government.[13] As of January 2017, the Met employed more than 43,000 full-time personnel. This included 31,075 sworn police officers, 8,732 police staff, and 1,464 non-sworn police community support officers
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Border And Immigration Agency
The Border and Immigration Agency
Border and Immigration Agency
(BIA) was an executive agency of the British Home Office, created on 1 April 2007 and replaced on 1 April 2008. The agency replaced the Immigration and Nationality Directorate, assuming its responsibilities for managing immigration control in the United Kingdom. The BIA also considered applications for visas to enter the UK, permission to remain, citizenship, asylum and in-country enforcement of immigration law. The headquarters were located in Croydon. The BIA was responsible for delivering the e-border programme, a modernised border control system proposed by the UK Government, and a new programme of biometrically controlled identity documents for foreign nationals. On 1 April 2008, the BIA merged with UKVisas and the port of entry functions of HM Revenue and Customs
HM Revenue and Customs
to form the UK Border Agency
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Gotabhaya Rajapaksa
Rana Wickrama Padakkama Rana Sura Padakkama Doctor of Letters
Doctor of Letters
(Honoris Causa), UoC Lieutenant Colonel Nandasena Gotabaya Rajapaksa, RWP, RSP, psc, GR (Sinhalese: ගෝඨාභය රාජපක්ෂ) (born 20 June 1949) is a retired officer of the Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Army, a former Secretary to Ministry of Defence and Urban Development of Sri Lanka. After serving through the early parts of the country's civil war against the Tamil Tiger
Tamil Tiger
rebels, he retired from the army in 1992 and emigrated to the US
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Amnesty International
Amnesty International
Amnesty International
(commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is a London-based non-governmental organization focused on human rights. The organization claims to have over 7 million members and supporters around the world. The stated objective of the organization is "to conduct research and generate action to prevent and end abuses of human rights, and to demand justice for those whose rights have been violated. "[3] Amnesty International
Amnesty International
was founded in London
London
in 1961, following the publication of the article "The Forgotten Prisoners" in The Observer on 28 May 1961,[4] by the lawyer Peter Benenson. Amnesty draws attention to human rights abuses and campaigns for compliance with international laws and standards
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War Crimes
A war crime is an act that constitutes a serious violation of the laws of war that gives rise to individual criminal responsibility.[1] Examples of war crimes include intentionally killing civilians or prisoners, torture, destroying civilian property, taking hostages, perfidy, rape, using child soldiers, pillaging, declaring that no quarter will be given, and serious violations of the principles of distinction and proportionality, such as strategic bombing of civilian populations.[2] The concept of war crimes emerged at the turn of the twentieth century when the body of customary international law applicable to warfare between sovereign states was codified. Such codification occurred at the national level, such as with the publication of the Lieber Code in the United States, and at the international level with the adoption of the treaties during the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907
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Hostage-taking
A hostage is a person or entity[citation needed] which is held by one of two belligerent parties to the other or seized as security for the carrying out of an agreement, or as a preventive measure against war.[1] However, in contemporary usage, it means someone who is seized by a criminal abductor in order to compel another party such as a relative, employer, law enforcement, or government to act, or refrain from acting, in a particular way, often under threat of serious physical harm to the hostage(s) after expiration of an ultimatum. A person who seizes one or more hostages is known as a hostage-taker; if the hostages are present voluntarily, then the receiver is known as a host.TerrorismDefinitionsHistory IncidentsBy ideologyAnarchist Communist Conservative Left-wing Narcotics-driven Nationalist Right-wingReligiousBuddhist Christian (Mormon) Hindu Islamic Jewish SikhSpecial-interest / Single-issueAnti-abortion


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Death Squad
A death squad is an armed group that conducts extrajudicial killings or forced disappearances of persons for the purposes of political repression, genocide, or revolutionary terror. These killings are often conducted in ways meant to ensure the secrecy of the killers' identities. Death
Death
squads may have the support of domestic or foreign governments (see state terrorism). They may comprise a secret police force, paramilitary groups, government soldiers, policemen, or combinations thereof. They may also be organized as vigilantes
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Child Soldiers
Children in the military
Children in the military
are children (defined by the Convention on the Rights of the Child
Child
as persons under the age of 18) who are associated with military organization
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Deported
Deportation
Deportation
is the expulsion of a person or group of people from a place or country
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The Hindu
The Hindu
The Hindu
is an Indian daily newspaper. Headquartered at Chennai, The Hindu was published weekly when it was launched in 1878, and started publishing daily in 1889. It is one of the two Indian newspapers of record[6][7] and the second most circulated English-language newspaper in India, after The Times
The Times
of India
India
with average qualifying sales of 1.21 million copies as of Jan–Jun 2017.[4] The Hindu
The Hindu
has its largest base of circulation in southern India, and is the most widely read English daily newspaper in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
and Kerala, Telangana, Karnataka. The newspaper and other publications in The Hindu Group are owned by a family-held company, Kasturi and Sons Ltd. In 2010, the newspaper employed over 1,600 workers and annual turnover reached almost $200 million[8] according to data from 2010
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