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Vikram Samvat
Vikram Samvat
Vikram Samvat
(Hindi: विक्रम सम्वत्, Nepali: विक्रम सम्वत्) (abbreviated as V.S. (or VS) or B.S. (or BS));  Listen (help·info)) is the historical Hindu calendar mainly in Nepal
Nepal
and India. It uses lunar months and solar sidereal year (see: Vedic time keeping).[citation needed] It is used as the official calendar in Nepal.[citation needed] The Vikram Samvat
Vikram Samvat
has two alternative systems. It started in 56 BCE in southern (purnimanta) and 57–56 BCE in northern (amanta) systems of Hindu calendar. The Shukla Paksha in both systems coincides, most festivals occur in the Shukla Paksha. The era is named after King Vikramaditya
Vikramaditya
of India.[1][2] The lunisolar Vikram Samvat
Vikram Samvat
calendar is 56.7 years ahead (in count) of the solar Gregorian calendar
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Malavas
The Malavas
Malavas
or Malwas were an ancient Indian tribe settled in the present-day North-western Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
state in India, which is known as Malwa
Malwa
after them.[2] They successfully maintained their tribal organisation till the time of Samudragupta.[3] The era, which later became known as the Vikrama Samvat
Vikrama Samvat
is associated with the Malavas. Initially it was mentioned as the Krita era and then as the Malava era
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Falgun
Fālgun or Phālgun (Bengali: ফাল্গুন, Assamese: ফাগুন, Nepali: फाल्गुन) is the eleventh month in the Bengali calendar[1] and Nepali calendar. This month is named after the star Uttorfalguni (উত্তরফাল্গুনী Uttôrfalguni). It marks the arrival of spring, the sixth and final season in Bangladesh, Nepāl and Assam. The first of Falgun
Falgun
usually falls on 13 February of the Gregorian Calendar.[2]Contents1 Culture1.1 Bangladesh 1.2 Nepāl2 See also 3 ReferencesCulture[edit] Bangladesh[edit] The first day of Falgun
Falgun
is celebrated as Pohela Falgun
Pohela Falgun
in Bangladesh,[3] the celebrations first took place in 1991 and where organised Fine Arts Institute of Dhaka University.[4] Nepāl[edit] In Nepāl, Holi, known locally as Fāgu Purnimā (फागुपुर्णिमा), falls during a full moon night of this month
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New Moon
In astronomy, the new moon is the first lunar phase, when the Moon
Moon
and Sun
Sun
have the same ecliptic longitude.[1] At this phase, the lunar disk is not visible to the unaided eye, except when silhouetted during a solar eclipse. Daylight
Daylight
outshines the earthlight that dimly illuminates the dark side of the new Moon. The actual phase is usually a very thin crescent because the Moon
Moon
rarely passes directly in front of the Sun, except in a solar eclipse.[note 1] The original meaning of the term new moon, which is still sometimes used in non-astronomical contexts, was the first visible crescent of the Moon, after conjunction with the Sun.[2] This crescent Moon
Moon
is briefly visible when low above the western horizon shortly after sunset and before moonset. A lunation or synodic month is the average time from one new moon to the next
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Full Moon
The full moon is the lunar phase when the Moon
Moon
appears fully illuminated from Earth's perspective. This occurs when Earth
Earth
is located directly between the Sun
Sun
and the Moon
Moon
(more exactly, when the ecliptic longitudes of the Sun
Sun
and Moon
Moon
differ by 180°). This means that the lunar hemisphere facing Earth
Earth
– the near side – is completely sunlit and appears as a circular disk, while the far side is dark
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Shukla Paksha
Paksha (or pakṣa: Sanskrit: पक्ष) refers to a fortnight or a lunar phase in a month of the Hindu lunar calendar.[1][2] Literally meaning "side",[3] a paksha is the period either side of the Full Moon
Full Moon
Day
Day
(Purnima). A lunar month in the Hindu calendar
Hindu calendar
has two fortnights, and begins with the New moon, (Amavasya). The lunar days are called tithis and each month has 30 tithis, which may vary from 20 – 27 hours. A paksha has 15 tithis, which are calculated by a 12 degree motion of the Moon
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Ritu (Hindu Calendar)
Ritu (Sanskrit: ऋतु, Bengali: ঋতু) defines "season" in different calendars around the South Asian countries of India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka, and there are six ritus (also transliterated rutu) or seasons. The word is derived from the Vedic Sanskrit
Sanskrit
word Ṛtú, a fixed or appointed time, especially the proper time for sacrifice (yajna) or ritual in Vedic religion; this in turn comes from the word Ṛta
Ṛta
(ऋत), as used in Vedic Sanskrit literally means the "order or course of things"
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Bhadra (Nepali Calendar)
Bhadra (Nepali: भाद्र) also known as Bhadau (Nepali: भदौ) is the fifth month in the Bikram Sambat, the official Nepali calendar. This month coincides with August 17 to September 16 of the Western Calendar and is 31 days long. Being mostly based on Hindu calendar, Nepali calendar's festival dates are flexible
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Ashwin (Nepali Calendar)
Ashwin (Nepali: आश्विन) also known as Asoj (Nepali: असोज) is the sixth month in the Bikram Sambat, the official Nepali calendar. This month coincides with September 17 to October 17 of the Western Calendar and is 31 days long. Ashwin is the month of the 15-day harvest festival Dashain, Nepal's main festival. Most of people are free in this month, Nepal's holiday month. Being mostly based on Hindu calendar, Nepali calendar's festival dates are flexible
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Mangsir
Mangsir (Nepali: मंसिर or मार्ग) is the eighth month in the Bikram Samwat, the official Nepali calendar
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Poush
Poush (Bengali: পৌষ; Nepali: पौष) is the 9th month of both the Bengali calendar[1] and the Nepali calendar. It overlaps December and January of the Gregorian calendar. It is the first month of the winter season. This month is named after the star Pushya (পুষ্যা). This month marks the start of Winter
Winter
(শীত Shīt) in the Bengali calendar. Culture[edit] During Poush crops are harvested and farmers often have ample food and income
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Magh (Nepali Calendar)
Magh (Nepali: माघ) is the tenth month in Bikram Sambat or B.S., the official and Hindu
Hindu
religious calendar of Nepal
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Chaitra (Nepali Calendar)
Chaitra (Nepali: चैत्र) also known as Chait (Nepali: चैत) is the last (12th) month in the Bikram Sambat, the official Nepali calendar
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Masa
Masa
Masa
(English: /ˈmɑːsə/; Spanish pronunciation: [ˈmasa]) or masa harina is a maize (corn) flour or dough that has been soaked and cooked in an alkaline solution in the nixtamalization process. It is used for making corn tortillas, tamales, pupusas, and many other Latin American dishes. The full name is masa de maíz; the dried and powdered form is called masa harina, masa de harina, and sometimes Maseca, the name of a leading commercial brand
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Saka
Pontic SteppeDomestication of the horse Kurgan Kurgan
Kurgan
culture Steppe culturesBug-Dniester Sredny Stog Dnieper-Donets Samara Khvalynsk YamnaMikhaylovka cultureCaucasusMaykopEast-AsiaAfanasevoEastern EuropeUsatovo Cernavodă CucuteniNorthern EuropeCorded wareBaden Middle DnieperBronze AgePontic SteppeChariot Yamna Catacomb Multi-cordoned ware Poltavka SrubnaNorthern/Eastern SteppeAbashevo culture Andronovo SintashtaEuropeGlobular Amphora Corded ware Beaker Unetice Trzciniec Nordi
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Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya
kalpak sanjay Bhoi Fort, Mumbai, IndiaCoordinates 18°55′36″N 72°49′56″E / 18.926667°N 72.832222°E / 18.926667; 72.832222Collection size Approx. 50,000 artefacts[1]Director Sabyasachi Mukherjee[2]Website Chhatrapati Shivaji
Shivaji
Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya, MumbaiThe Chhatrapati Shivaji
Shivaji
Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya (translation: 'king Shivaji
Shivaji
museum'), abbreviated CSMVS and formerly named the Prince of Wales Museum of Western India, is the main museum in Mumbai, Maharashtra.[3] It was founded in the early years of the 20th century by prominent citizens of Mumbai, with the help of the government, to commemorate the visit of Edward VIII, who was Prince of Wales
Prince of Wales
at the time. It is located in the heart of South Mumbai
Mumbai
near the Gateway of India
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