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Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
(Sanskrit: "City of Victory") was the capital city of the historic Vijayanagara
Vijayanagara
Empire.[2] Located on the banks of the Tungabhadra River, it spread over a large area and included the modern era Group of Monuments at Hampi
Hampi
site in Ballari district
Ballari district
and others in and around that district in Karnataka, India. A part of Vijayanagara ruins called Hampi
Hampi
have been designated as a UNESCO world heritage site
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Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru
(/ˈneɪruː, ˈnɛruː/;[1] Hindustani: [ˈdʒəʋaːɦərˈlaːl ˈneːɦru] ( listen); 14 November 1889 – 27 May 1964) was the first Prime Minister of India
India
and a central figure in Indian politics before and after independence. He emerged as the paramount leader of the Indian independence movement
Indian independence movement
under the tutelage of Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi
and ruled India
India
from its establishment as an independent nation in 1947 until his death in 1964. He is considered to be the architect of the modern Indian nation-state: a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic
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Parvati
Parvati
Parvati
(Sanskrit: पार्वती, IAST: Pārvatī) or Uma (IAST: Umā) is the Hindu
Hindu
goddess of fertility, love and devotion; as well as of divine strength and power.[5][6][7] Known by many other names, she is the gentle and nurturing aspect of the Hindu
Hindu
goddess Shakti
Shakti
and one of the central deities of the Goddess-oriented Shakta sect. She is the mother goddess in Hinduism,[1][8] and has many attributes and aspects
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Shiva
Shiva
Shiva
(/ˈʃiːvə, ˈʃɪ-/; Sanskrit: शिव, IAST: Śiva, lit. the auspicious one) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism. He is the Supreme Being within Shaivism, one of the major traditions within contemporary Hinduism.[10][11] Shiva
Shiva
is the "destroyer of evil and the transformer" within the Trimurti, the Hindu
Hindu
trinity that includes Brahma
Brahma
and Vishnu.[1][12] In Shaivism
Shaivism
tradition, Shiva
Shiva
is the Supreme being who creates, protects and transforms the universe.[13][14][15] In the goddess tradition of Hinduism
Hinduism
called Shaktism, the goddess is described as supreme, yet Shiva
Shiva
is revered along with Vishnu
Vishnu
and Brahma
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Sita
Sita
Sita
(pronounced [ˈsiː t̪aː]  listen (help·info), Sanskrit: सीता, IAST: Sītā) or Seeta, is the consort of Lord Rama
Rama
(incarnation of Vishnu) and an avatar of Sri Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess that denotes good sign, good fortune, prosperity, success, and happiness. She is esteemed as the paragon of spousal and feminine virtues for all women.[6] Sita
Sita
is the central female character and one of the central figures in the Hindu
Hindu
epic, the Ramayana. She is described as the daughter of the earth goddess, Bhūmi
Bhūmi
and the adopted daughter of King Janaka
Janaka
of Videha
Videha
and his wife, Queen Sunaina
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Lakshmana
Lakshmana
Lakshmana
(Sanskrit: लक्ष्मण, IAST: lakṣmaṇa, lit. he who has the signs of fortune) also spelled as Laxman or Lakhan, is the younger brother of Rama
Rama
and his aide in the Hindu epic, the Ramayana. He is also known by other names- Saumitra (Sanskrit: सौमित्र, IAST: saumitra, lit. son of Sumitra), Ramanuja (Sanskrit: रामानुज, IAST: rāmānuja, lit. younger brother of Rama) and Bharatanuja (Sanskrit: भरतानुज, IAST: bharatānuja, lit. younger brother of Bharata) or Laxman. Lakshmana
Lakshmana
is the twin brother of Shatrughna
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Ramayana
ArtsBharatanatyam Kathak Kathakali Kuchipudi Manipuri Mohiniyattam Odissi Sattriya Bhagavata Mela Yakshagana Dandiya Raas Carnatic musicRites of passageGarbhadhana Pumsavana Simantonayana Jatakarma Namakarana Nishkramana Annaprashana Chudakarana Karnavedha Vidyarambha Upanayana Keshanta Ritushuddhi Samavartana Vivaha AntyeshtiAshrama DharmaAshrama: Brahmacharya Grihastha Vanaprastha SannyasaFestivalsDiwali Holi Shivaratri Navaratri Durga
Durga
Puja Ramlila Vijayadashami-DussehraRaksha Bandhan Ganesh Chat
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Kishkindha
Kishkindha
Kishkindha
(Kannada: ಕಿಷ್ಕಿಂಧೆ Kiṣkindhe; IAST: Kiṣkindhā, Devanagari: किष्किन्‍धा) is the monkey (Vanara) kingdom of the Vanara
Vanara
King Sugriva, The younger brother of Vali, in the Indian theology of Ramayana
Ramayana
times. This was the kingdom where he ruled with the assistance of his friend, Hanuman.View of KishkindhaThis kingdom is identified to be the regions around the Tungabhadra river (then known as Pampa Saras) near Hampi
Hampi
and belongs to Koppal district, Karnataka
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Sugriva
In the Hindu
Hindu
epic Ramayana, Sugriva
Sugriva
(Sanskrit: सुग्रीव, IAST: sugrīva, lit. beautiful necked) was younger brother of Vali, whom he succeeded as ruler of the vanara or monkey kingdom of Kishkindha. Rumā
Rumā
was his first wife and Tara was his second wife. He was son of Surya, the Hindu
Hindu
deity of sun. As the king of monkeys, Sugriva
Sugriva
aided Rama
Rama
in his quest to liberate his wife Sita
Sita
from captivity at the hands of the Rakshasa
Rakshasa
king Ravana
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Etymology Of Karnataka
Etymology
Etymology
(/ˌɛtɪˈmɒlədʒi/)[1] is the study of the history of words, their origins, and how their form and meaning have changed over time.[1] By extension, the term "the etymology (of a word)" means the origin of the particular word. For a language such as Greek with a long written history, etymologists make use of texts in these languages and texts about the languages to gather knowledge about how words were used during earlier periods of their history and when they entered the languages in question. Etymologists also apply the methods of comparative linguistics to reconstruct information about languages that are too old for any direct information to be available. By analyzing related languages with a technique known as the comparative method, linguists can make inferences about their shared parent language and its vocabulary
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Kalachuris Of Kalyani
The Kalachuris (IAST: Kalacuri) were an Indian dynasty that ruled in west-central India
India
between 6th and 7th centuries. They are also known as the Haihayas or as the "early Kalachuris" to distinguish them from their later namesakes. The Kalachuri territory included parts of present-day Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra. Their capital was probably located at Mahishmati. Epigraphic and numismatic evidence suggests that the earliest of the Ellora
Ellora
and Elephanta cave monuments were built during the Kalachuri rule. The origin of the dynasty is uncertain. In the 6th century, the Kalachuris gained control of the territories formerly ruled by the Guptas, the Vakatakas and the Vishnukundinas. Only three Kalachuri kings are known from inscriptional evidence: Shankaragana, Krishnaraja, and Buddharaja. The Kalachuris lost their power to the Chalukyas of Vatapi
Chalukyas of Vatapi
in the 7th century
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[n 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position, and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position
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Niccolò De' Conti
Niccolò de' Conti
Niccolò de' Conti
(c. 1395–1469)[1] was an Italian merchant and explorer, born in Chioggia, who traveled to India
India
and Southeast Asia, and possibly to Southern China, during the early 15th century. He was one of the human sources used to create the 1450 Fra Mauro
Fra Mauro
map, which indicated that there was a sea route from Europe around Africa to India. De' Conti departed from Venice about 1419 and established himself in Damascus, Syria, where he studied Arabic. Over a period of 25 years, he traveled as a merchant to numerous places in Asia. His familiarity with the languages and cultures of the Islamic world allowed him to travel to many places, on board ships owned by Islamic merchants. De' Conti's travels followed the period of Timurid relations with Europe.[2] They also occurred around the same time and in the same places as the Chinese expeditions of Admiral Zheng He
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Rashtrakuta Dynasty
Rashtrakuta (IAST: rāṣṭrakūṭa) was a royal dynasty ruling large parts of the Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
between the sixth and 10th centuries. The earliest known Rashtrakuta inscription is a 7th-century copper plate grant detailing their rule from Manapura, a city in Central or West India. Other ruling Rashtrakuta clans from the same period mentioned in inscriptions were the kings of Achalapur (modern Elichpur in Maharashtra) and the rulers of Kannauj. Several controversies exist regarding the origin of these early Rashtrakutas, their native home and their language. The Elichpur clan was a feudatory of the Badami
Badami
Chalukyas, and during the rule of Dantidurga, it overthrew Chalukya Kirtivarman II and went on to build an empire with the Gulbarga
Gulbarga
region in modern Karnataka
Karnataka
as its base
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Golkonda
Golkonda, also known as Golconda, Gol konda ("Round shaped hill"), or Golla konda, (Shepherds Hill) is a citadel and fort in Southern India and was the capital of the medieval sultanate of the Qutb Shahi dynasty (c.1518–1687), is situated 11 km (6.8 mi) west of Hyderabad. It is also a tehsil of Hyderabad
Hyderabad
district, Telangana, India
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Chalukya Dynasty
The Chalukya
Chalukya
dynasty ([tʃaːɭukjə]) was an Indian royal dynasty that ruled large parts of southern and central India
India
between the 6th and the 12th centuries. During this period, they ruled as three related yet individual dynasties. The earliest dynasty, known as the " Badami
Badami
Chalukyas", ruled from Vatapi (modern Badami) from the middle of the 6th century. The Badami
Badami
Chalukyas
Chalukyas
began to assert their independence at the decline of the Kadamba kingdom of Banavasi
Banavasi
and rapidly rose to prominence during the reign of Pulakeshin II. After the death of Pulakeshin II, the Eastern Chalukyas
Eastern Chalukyas
became an independent kingdom in the eastern Deccan. They ruled from Vengi until about the 11th century
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