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Valencia (DO)
Valencia is a Spanish Denominación de Origen
Denominación de Origen
(DO) (Denominació d'Origen in Valencian) for wines located in the province of Valencia ( Valencian
Valencian
Community) and is divided into two separate zones and four sub-zones each one of which produces a different type of wine.Contents1 History 2 Sub-zones2.1 Valentino 2.2 Alto Turia 2.3 Moscatel 2.4 Clariano3 Soils 4 Climate 5 Grapes 6 Wines 7 References 8 External linksHistory[edit] Grape growing and wine production has been present in this area for thousands of years as attested by several archaeological finds, including Neolithic
Neolithic
tombs containing remains of grapes. The wine from Sagunto
Sagunto
was mentioned in texts by Juvenal
Juvenal
and Marcial in the 2nd century BC
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Macabeo
Macabeo, also called Viura or Macabeu (Catalan: [məkəˈβew], French: [makabø]) is a white variety of wine grape. It is widely grown in the Rioja region of northeastern Spain, the Cava producing areas south of Barcelona, and the Languedoc-Roussillon region of France. Spanish plantations stood at near 32,000 hectares (79,000 acres) in 2004,[1] and French plantations at 2,800 hectares (6,900 acres) in 2007.[2] Styles and winemaking[edit]A white Rioja made mostly from the Viura grape.The grape is mostly used to make mildly acidic and young white wines mostly suitable for early consumption or blending with other varieties, both red and white. It is often the main grape of white Rioja and is sometimes blended in small amounts with Tempranillo
Tempranillo
and red Garnacha, both in unoaked and oaked versions
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Garnacha Tintorera
Alicante Bouschet
Alicante Bouschet
or Alicante Henri Bouschet is a wine grape variety that has been widely cultivated since 1866. It is a cross of Petit Bouschet (itself a cross of the very old variety Teinturier
Teinturier
du Cher and Aramon) and Grenache.[1] Alicante is a teinturier, a grape with red flesh. It is one of the few teinturier grapes that belong to the Vitis vinifera
Vitis vinifera
species. Its deep color makes it useful for blending with light red wine. It was planted heavily during Prohibition
Prohibition
in California
California
for export to the East Coast. Its thick skin made it resistant to rot during the transportation process. The intense red color was also helpful for stretching the wine during prohibition, as it could be diluted without detracting from the appearance
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Malvasía
Malvasia
Malvasia
(Italian pronunciation: [malvaˈziːa], also known as Malvazia) is a group of wine grape varieties grown historically in the Mediterranean region, Balearic islands, Canary Islands
Canary Islands
and the island of Madeira, but now grown in many of the winemaking regions of the world. In the past, the names Malvasia, Malvazia, and Malmsey
Malmsey
have been used interchangeably for Malvasia-based wines; however, in modern oenology, "Malmsey" is now used almost exclusively for a sweet variety of Madeira
Madeira
wine made from the Malvasia
Malvasia
grape
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Moscatel Romano
Muscat of Alexandria is a white wine grape that is a member of the Muscat family of Vitis vinifera. It is considered an "ancient vine", and wine experts believe it is one of the oldest genetically unmodified vines still in existence.[1] It is still an important grape in the Australian and South African wine industry. It is also cultivated very heavily on the islands of Samos, and Lemnos in the North Eastern Aegean region of Greece, and reputedly Cleopatra drank muscat wine from there. It is also thought to rival the French Beaume de Venise in its most refined form. In Italy wine is made from the grape on the island of Pantelleria, and in Spain, the grape is used for wine around Málaga, Alicante, Valencia, and the Canary Islands. The grape originated in North Africa, and the name is probably derived from its association with Ancient Egyptians who used the grape for wine making
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List Of Wine-producing Regions
This list of wine-producing regions catalogues significant growing regions where vineyards are planted. Wine
Wine
grapes mostly grow between the 30th and the 50th degree of latitude, in both the Northern and Southern hemispheres
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Chardonnay
Chardonnay
Chardonnay
(pronounced [ʃaʁ.dɔ.nɛ]) is a green-skinned grape variety used in the production of white wine. The variety originated in the Burgundy wine
Burgundy wine
region of eastern France, but is now grown wherever wine is produced, from England to New Zealand. It is also used in Italy to produce sparkling wines like Franciacorta for example. For new and developing wine regions, growing Chardonnay
Chardonnay
is seen as a "rite of passage" and an easy entry into the international wine market.[1] The Chardonnay
Chardonnay
grape itself is very neutral, with many of the flavors commonly associated with the grape being derived from such influences as terroir and oak.[2] It is vinified in many different styles, from the lean, crisply mineral wines of Chablis, France, to New World wines with oak, and tropical fruit flavors
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Sauvignon Blanc
Sauvignon blanc
Sauvignon blanc
is a green-skinned grape variety that originates from the Bordeaux
Bordeaux
region of France. The grape most likely gets its name from the French words sauvage ("wild") and blanc ("white") due to its early origins as an indigenous grape in South West France.[1] It is possibly a descendant of Savagnin. Sauvignon blanc
Sauvignon blanc
is planted in many of the world's wine regions, producing a crisp, dry, and refreshing white varietal wine. The grape is also a component of the famous dessert wines from Sauternes and Barsac. Sauvignon blanc
Sauvignon blanc
is widely cultivated in France, Chile, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, the states of Washington and California
California
in the US
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Sémillon
Sémillon
Sémillon
is a golden-skinned grape used to make dry and sweet white wines, mostly in France and Australia
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Garnacha Tinta
Grenache
Grenache
(/ɡrəˈnɑːʃ/) or Garnacha (IPA: [ɡarˈnatʃa]) is one of the most widely planted red wine grape varieties in the world.[1] It ripens late, so it needs hot, dry conditions such as those found in Spain, where the grape most likely originated. It is also grown in the Italian isle of Sardinia, the south of France, Australia, and California's San Joaquin Valley. It is generally spicy, berry-flavored and soft on the palate and produces wine with a relatively high alcohol content, but it needs careful control of yields for best results. Characteristic flavor profiles on Grenache
Grenache
include red fruit flavors (raspberry and strawberry) with a subtle, white pepper spice note
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Quaternary
Quaternary
Quaternary
( /kwəˈtɜːrnəri/) is the current and most recent of the three periods of the Cenozoic
Cenozoic

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Cabernet Sauvignon
Cabernet Sauvignon
Cabernet Sauvignon
(French: [kabɛʁnɛ soviˈɲɔ̃]) is one of the world's most widely recognized red wine grape varieties. It is grown in nearly every major wine producing country among a diverse spectrum of climates from Canada's Okanagan Valley to Lebanon's Beqaa Valley. Cabernet Sauvignon
Cabernet Sauvignon
became internationally recognized through its prominence in Bordeaux wines where it is often blended with Merlot and Cabernet Franc. From France, the grape spread across Europe
Europe
and to the New World where it found new homes in places like California's Santa Cruz Mountains, Napa Valley, New Zealand's Hawkes Bay, Australia's Margaret River and Coonawarra regions, and Chile's Maipo Valley and Colchagua
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Pinot Noir
Pinot noir
Pinot noir
(French: [pino nwaʁ]) is a red wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera. The name may also refer to wines created predominantly from pinot noir grapes. The name is derived from the French words for pine and black. The pine alluding to the grape variety having tightly clustered, pine cone-shaped bunches of fruit.[1] Pinot noir
Pinot noir
grapes are grown around the world, mostly in the cooler climates, and the grape is chiefly associated with the Burgundy
Burgundy
region of France. Pinot noir
Pinot noir
is also used to make the Italian wine Franciacorta
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Merlot
Merlot
Merlot
is a dark blue-colored wine grape variety, that is used as both a blending grape and for varietal wines. The name Merlot
Merlot
is thought to be a diminutive of merle, the French name for the blackbird, probably a reference to the color of the grape
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Bobal
Bobal
Bobal
is a variety of Vitis vinifera, a red grape used in winemaking. It is native to the Utiel-Requena
Utiel-Requena
region in Valencia, Spain. The name derives from the Latin bovale, in reference to the shape of a bull’s head. It is grown predominantly in the Utiel-Requena
Utiel-Requena
DO where it represents about 90% of all vines grown, and is also present in significant quantities in Valencia, Cuenca and Albacete. It can only be found in small quantities in other regions of Spain: La Manchuela (Castile La Mancha), selected vineyards in Ribera del Guadiana, Alicante, Murcia, Campo de Borja, Calatayud, Cariñena, Valdejalón. Small quantities are also grown in Rosellón (south of France) and in Sardinia
Sardinia
(Italy)
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Syrah
Syrah, also known as Shiraz, is a dark-skinned grape variety grown throughout the world and used primarily to produce red wine. In 1999, Syrah
Syrah
was found to be the offspring of two obscure grapes from southeastern France, Dureza
Dureza
and Mondeuse Blanche.[1] Syrah
Syrah
should not be confused with Petite Sirah, a cross of Syrah
Syrah
with Peloursin
Peloursin
dating from 1880. The style and flavor profile of wines made from Syrah
Syrah
is influenced by the climate where the grapes are grown with moderate climates (such as the northern Rhone Valley and parts of the Walla Walla AVA
Walla Walla AVA
in Washington State) tending to produce medium to full-bodied wines with medium-plus to high levels of tannins and notes of blackberry, mint and black pepper
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