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V-Disc
V-Disc
V-Disc
("V" for Victory) was a record label that was formed in 1943 to provide records for U.S. military personnel. Captain Robert Vincent supervised the label from the Special
Special
Services division.[1] The label was a morale-boosting initiative involving the production of recordings during World War II
World War II
by arrangement between the U.S. government and record companies. Many popular singers, big bands, and orchestras recorded V-discs. The name referred to both the label and the discs, which were 12-inch vinyl 78s produced from October 1943–May 1949.Contents1 History 2 See also 3 References 4 Further readingHistory[edit] The V-Disc
V-Disc
project began in June 1941, six months before the United States' involvement in World War II, when Captain Howard Bronson was assigned to the Army's Recreation and Welfare Section as a musical advisor
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Videodisc
Videodisc
Videodisc
(or video disc) is a general term for a laser- or stylus-readable random-access disc that contains both audio and analog video signals recorded in an analog form. Typically, it is a reference to any such media that predates the mainstream popularity of the DVD format.Contents1 History 2 Classification 3 See also 4 References4.1 Notes 4.2 Bibliography5 External linksHistory[edit] Georges Demeny
Georges Demeny
on 3 March 1892 patented a 'phonoscope', designed in 1891, that projected chronophotographic pictures on a glass disc.[1][2] Eadweard Muybridge
Eadweard Muybridge
used his zoopraxiscope to project chronophotographic pictures on a glass disc in 1893.[3] E & H T Anthony, a camera maker based in New York, marketed in 1898 a combination motion picture camera and projector called "The Spiral" that could capture 200 images arranged in a spiral on an 8 inch diameter glass plate
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The Columbia Years 1943–1952
Columbia may refer to:Columbia (name), the historical female personification of the United States of America, and a poetic name for the AmericasContents1 Places1.1 North America 1.2 Elsewhere2 Companies2.1 Music and entertainment 2.2 Other companies3 Music 4 Schools4.1 School districts5 Ships5.1 Naval vessels 5.2 America's Cup yachts 5.3 Other ships6 Aircraft and spacecraft 7 In fiction 8 Publications 9 People 10 Other uses 11 See alsoPlaces[edit] North America[edit]District of Columbia, the United States' capital district Columbia District, a Hudson's Bay Company fur trading district in the Pacific Northwest Columbia Plateau, a geologic and geographic region in the U.S
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International Sweethearts Of Rhythm
The International Sweethearts of Rhythm was the first integrated all women's band in the United States
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Billy Eckstine
William Clarence Eckstine (July 8, 1914 – March 8, 1993)[1] was an American jazz and pop singer, and a bandleader of the swing era. He was noted for his rich, resonant, almost operatic bass-baritone[2] voice. Eckstine's recording of "I Apologize" (MGM, 1948) was awarded the Grammy Hall of Fame Award
Grammy Hall of Fame Award
in 1999
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Swing Music
Swing music, or simply swing, is a form of popular music developed in the United States that dominated in the 1930s and 1940s. The name swing came from the 'swing feel' where the emphasis is on the off–beat or weaker pulse in the music. Swing bands usually featured soloists who would improvise on the melody over the arrangement. The danceable swing style of big bands and bandleaders such as Benny Goodman was the dominant form of American popular music from 1935 to 1946, a period known as the swing era. The verb "to swing" is also used as a term of praise for playing that has a strong groove or drive. Notable musicians of the swing era include Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Benny Goodman, Artie Shaw, Glenn Miller, Woody Herman, and Cab Calloway. Swing has roots in the 1920s as larger dance music ensembles began using new styles of written arrangements incorporating rhythmic innovations pioneered by Louis Armstrong
Louis Armstrong
and Earl Hines
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Columbia Records
Columbia Records
Columbia Records
is an American major record label owned by Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment through Sony
Sony
Entertainment, both are subsidiaries of Sony Corporation
Sony Corporation
of America, the United States division of Sony Corporation. It was founded in 1887 from an earlier enterprise named the American Graphophone
Graphophone
Company, the successor to the Volta Graphophone
Graphophone
Company.[1] From 1961 to 1990, Columbia's recordings were released outside the U.S. and Canada under the name CBS
CBS
Records to avoid being confused with the Columbia Graphophone Company
Columbia Graphophone Company
in the UK
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Decca Records
Decca Records
Decca Records
is a British record label established in 1929 by Edward Lewis. Its U.S. label was established in late 1934 by Lewis, along with American Decca's first president Jack Kapp and later American Decca president Milton Rackmil. In 1937, anticipating Nazi aggression leading to World War II, Lewis sold American Decca and the link between the UK and U.S. Decca labels was broken for several decades.[1] The British label was renowned for its development of recording methods, while the American company developed the concept of cast albums in the musical genre. Both wings are now part of the Universal Music Group, which is owned by Vivendi, a media conglomerate headquartered in Paris, France
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RCA Victor
RCA
RCA
Records is an American record label owned by Sony
Sony
Music, a subsidiary of Sony
Sony
Corporation of America. It is one of Sony
Sony
Music Entertainment's three flagship record labels, alongside Columbia Records and Epic Records. The label has released multiple genres of music, including pop, rock, hip hop, electronic, R&B, blues, jazz, and country. The company's name is derived from the initials of the label's defunct parent company, the Radio Corporation of America[1] (RCA). It is the second oldest recording company in US history, after sister label Columbia Records. RCA's Canadian
Canadian
unit (formerly Berliner Gramophone Canada, then RCA
RCA
Victor Company Ltd. Canada), is Sony's oldest label in Canada
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Artists And Repertoire
Artists and repertoire (A&R) is the division of a record label or music publishing company that is responsible for talent scouting and overseeing the artistic development of recording artists and songwriters.[1] It also acts as a liaison between artists and the record label or publishing company; every activity involving artists to the point of album release is generally considered under the purview, and responsibility, of A&R.Contents1 Responsibilities1.1 Finding talent 1.2 Overseeing the recording process 1.3 Assisting with marketing and promotion2 History and influence 3 Regional variations 4 Recent changes 5 See also 6 Citations 7 ReferencesResponsibilities[edit] Finding talent[edit] The A&R division of a record label is responsible for find
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Library Of Congress
The Library of Congress
Library of Congress
(LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States
United States
Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States. It is the oldest federal cultural institution in the United States. The Library is housed in three buildings on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C.; it also maintains the Packard Campus in Culpeper, Virginia, which houses the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center.[3] The Library of Congress
Library of Congress
claims to be the largest library in the world.[4][5] Its "collections are universal, not limited by subject, format, or national boundary, and include research materials from all parts of the world and in more than 450 languages
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Coleman Hawkins
Coleman Randolph Hawkins (November 21, 1904 – May 19, 1969), nicknamed Hawk and sometimes "Bean", was an American jazz tenor saxophonist.[1] One of the first prominent jazz musicians on his instrument, as Joachim E
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Louis Armstrong
Louis Daniel Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971), nicknamed Satchmo,[2] Satch, and Pops,[3] was an American trumpeter, composer, singer and occasional actor who was one of the most influential figures in jazz. His career spanned five decades, from the 1920s to the 1960s, and different eras in the history of jazz.[4] In 2017, he was inducted into the Rhythm & Blues Hall of Fame. Armstrong was born and raised in New Orleans. Coming to prominence in the 1920s as an "inventive" trumpet and cornet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence in jazz, shifting the focus of the music from collective improvisation to solo performance.[5] Around 1922, he followed his mentor, Joe "King" Oliver, to Chicago to play in the Creole Jazz
Jazz
Band. In the Windy City, he networked with other jazz musicians, reconnecting with his friend, Bix Biederbecke, and made new contacts, which included Hoagy Carmichael
Hoagy Carmichael
and Lil Hardin
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American Federation Of Musicians
The American Federation of Musicians
American Federation of Musicians
of the United States and Canada (AFM/AFofM) is a 501(c)(5)[2] labor union representing professional musicians in the United States and Canada. The AFM, which has its headquarters in New York City, is led by president Raymond M. Hair, Jr. Founded in Cincinnati
Cincinnati
in 1896 as the successor to the "National League of Musicians," the AFM is the largest organization in the world to represent professional musicians. They negotiate fair agreements, protect ownership of recorded music, secure benefits such as health care and pension, and lobby legislators
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Provost Marshal
A provost marshal is a title given to a person in charge of a group of military police (MP). The title originated with an older term for military police, provosts. While a provost marshal is now usually a senior commissioned officer, he/she may be a person of any rank, who commands any number of MPs; historically, the title was sometimes applied to civilian officials, especially under conditions of martial law, or when a military force had day-to-day responsibility for some or all aspects of civilian law enforcement (such as some British colonies)
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James Caesar Petrillo
James Caesar Petrillo (March 16, 1892 – October 23, 1984) was the leader of the American Federation of Musicians, a trade union of professional musicians in the United States and Canada.Contents1 Biography 2 Radio 3 Death 4 In popular culture 5 References 6 Notes 7 External linksBiography[edit] Petrillo was born in Chicago, Illinois. Though, in his youth, Petrillo played the trumpet, he finally made a career out of organizing musicians into the union starting in 1919. Petrillo became president of the Chicago Local 10 of the musician's union in 1922, and was president of the American Federation of Musicians from 1940 to 1958.[1] He was ousted from his role as president when segregation became unpopular. It was becoming a more popular idea that the Local 10 (white musicians union) and Local 208 (black musicians union) would merge. He opposed this, which contributed to his dethroning. The round-faced, bespectacled Petrillo dominated the union with absolute authority
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