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University Of Cambridge
The UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE (informally CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY) is a collegiate public research university in Cambridge
Cambridge
, England
England
. Founded in 1209 and granted a royal charter by King Henry III in 1231, Cambridge
Cambridge
is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and the world's fourth-oldest surviving university . The university grew out of an association of scholars who left the University of Oxford
University of Oxford
after a dispute with the townspeople. The two medieval universities share many common features and are often referred to jointly as " Oxbridge ". The history and influence of the University of Cambridge
Cambridge
has made it one of the most prestigious universities in the world
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Undergraduate Education
UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATION is the post-secondary education previous to the postgraduate education . It includes all the academic programs up to the level of a bachelor\'s degree . For example, in the United States , an entry level university student is known as an undergraduate, while students of higher degrees are known as graduates . In some other educational systems and subjects, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a master\'s degree ; this is the case for some science courses in Britain and some medicine courses in Europe
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Legal Deposit Library
LEGAL DEPOSIT is a legal requirement that a person or group submit copies of their publications to a repository, usually a library . The requirement is mostly limited to books and periodicals . The number of copies varies and can range from one to 19 (in Poland). Typically, the national library is one of the repositories of these copies. In some countries there is also a legal deposit requirement placed on the government, and it is required to send copies of documents to publicly accessible libraries. In the year 2000, UNESCO
UNESCO
published recommendations for the construction of legal deposit legislation
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Postgraduate Education
POSTGRADUATE EDUCATION, or GRADUATE EDUCATION in North America
North America
, involves learning and studying for academic or professional degrees , academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or bachelor\'s degree generally is required, and it is normally considered to be part of higher education . In North America, this level is generally referred to as graduate school (or sometimes colloquially as GRAD SCHOOL). The organization and structure of postgraduate education varies in different countries, as well as in different institutions within countries. This article outlines the basic types of courses and of teaching and examination methods, with some explanation of their history
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Libraries Of The University Of Cambridge
A UNIVERSITY ( Latin
Latin
: universitas, "a whole") is an institution of higher (or tertiary ) education and research which awards academic degrees in various academic disciplines . Universities typically provide undergraduate education and postgraduate education . The word "university" is derived from the Latin
Latin
universitas magistrorum et scholarium, which roughly means "community of teachers and scholars." While antecedents had existed in Asia
Asia
and Africa
Africa
, the modern university system has roots in the European medieval university , which was created in Italy
Italy
and evolved from Christian Cathedral schools for the clergy during the High Middle Ages
High Middle Ages

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School Colors
In the United States, SCHOOL COLORS are the colors chosen by a school to represent it on uniforms and other items of identification. Most schools have two colors, which are usually chosen to avoid conflicts with other schools with which the school competes in sports and other activities. The colors are often worn to build morale among the teachers and pupils, and as an expression of school spirit . School
School
colors are often found in pairs and rarely no more than trios, though some professional teams use up to four colors in a set. The choice of colors usually follows the rule of tincture from heraldry , but exceptions to this rule are known. Common primary colors include ORANGE , PURPLE , BLUE , RED , and GREEN . These colors are either paired with a color representing a metal (often BLACK , BROWN , GRAY (or SILVER ), WHITE , or GOLD ), or occasionally each other, such as ORANGE/BLUE, RED/GREEN, or BLUE/YELLOW
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English-speaking World
Approximately 330 to 360 million people speak English as their first language . The United States
United States
has the most native speakers at 258 million. Additionally, there are 62 million native English speakers in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, 32 million in Canada
Canada
, 20 million in Australia
Australia
, 4.5 million in Ireland , and 3.8 million in New Zealand
New Zealand
. Other countries also use English as their primary and official languages. English is the third largest language by number of native speakers , after Mandarin and Spanish . Estimates that include second language speakers vary greatly, from 470 million to more than 1 billion. David Crystal calculates that non-native speakers as of 2003 outnumbered native speakers by a ratio of 3 to 1
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European University Association
The EUROPEAN UNIVERSITY ASSOCIATION (EUA) represents and supports more than 850 institutions of higher education in 47 countries, providing them with a forum for cooperation and exchange of information on higher education and research policies. Members of the Association are European universities involved in teaching and research, national associations of rectors and other organisations active in higher education and research. EUA is the result of a merger between the Association of European Universities (CRE) and the Confederation of European Union Rectors\' Conferences . The merger took place in Salamanca on 31 March 2001
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Business Cluster
A BUSINESS CLUSTER is a geographic concentration of interconnected businesses , suppliers, and associated institutions in a particular field. Clusters are considered to increase the productivity with which companies can compete , nationally and globally. In urban studies , the term agglomeration is used. Clusters are also important aspects of strategic management . CONTENTS * 1 Concept * 2 Types * 2.1 By composition * 2.2 By type of comparative advantage * 3 Process * 4 The Silicon Valley
Silicon Valley
case * 5 The Digital Media City case * 6 Cluster effect * 7 See also * 8 References CONCEPTThe term business cluster, also known as an INDUSTRY CLUSTER, COMPETITIVE CLUSTER, or PORTERIAN CLUSTER, was introduced and popularized by Michael Porter in The Competitive Advantage of Nations (1990)
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Public University
A PUBLIC UNIVERSITY is a university that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government, as opposed to private universities . Whether a national university is considered public varies from one country (or region) to another, largely depending on the specific education landscape
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Academic Health Science Centre
An ACADEMIC HEALTH SCIENCE CENTRE (AHSC; also known as an ACADEMIC HEALTH SCIENCES CENTRE, an ACADEMIC HEALTH SCIENCE(S) SYSTEM, an ACADEMIC HEALTH SCIENCE(S) PARTNERSHIP or an ACADEMIC MEDICAL CENTRE) is a partnership between two or more universities and healthcare providers focusing on research, clinical services, education and training. AHSCs are intended to ensure that medical research breakthroughs lead to direct clinical benefits for patients. The organisational structures that comprise an AHSC can take a variety of forms, ranging from simple partnerships to, less frequently, fully integrated organisations with a single management board
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British Prime Ministers
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
is the head of the Government of the United Kingdom
Government of the United Kingdom
, and chairs Cabinet meetings. There is no specific date when the office of Prime Minister first appeared, as the role was not created but rather evolved over a period of time. The term was used in the House of Commons in 1805 and it was certainly in parliamentary use by the 1880s, and in 1905 the post of Prime Minister was officially given recognition in the order of precedence . Modern historians generally consider Sir Robert Walpole , who led the government of Great Britain from 1721 to 1742, as the first Prime Minister. Walpole is also the longest-serving Prime Minister by this definition
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Circa
CIRCA (from Latin , meaning 'around, about'), usually abbreviated C., CA. or CA (also CIRC. or CCA.), means "approximately" in several European languages (and as a loanword in English), usually in reference to a date. Circa is widely used in historical writing when the dates of events are not accurately known. When used in date ranges, circa is applied before each approximate date, while dates without circa immediately preceding them are generally assumed to be known with certainty. Circa should only be used for dates in the past. For example: * 1732–1799 or 1732–99: both years are known precisely. * c. 1732 – 1799: only the end year is known accurately; the start year is approximate. * 1732 – c. 1799: only the start year is known accurately; the end year is approximate. * c. 1732 – c. 1799: both years are approximate.SEE ALSO * Floruit REFERENCES * ^ "circa". Dictionary.com
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Research University
A RESEARCH UNIVERSITY is a university that expects all its tenured and tenure-track faculty to continuously engage in research , as opposed to merely requiring it as a condition of an initial appointment or tenure. Such universities can be recognized by their strong focus on innovative research and the prestige of their brand names. On the one hand, research universities strive to recruit faculty who are the most brilliant minds in their disciplines in the world, and their students enjoy the opportunity to learn from such experts. On the other hand, new students are often disappointed to realize their undergraduate courses at research universities are overly academic and fail to provide vocational training with immediate "real world" applications; but many employers value degrees from research universities because they know that such coursework develops fundamental skills like critical thinking
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Pounds Sterling
UNITED KINGDOM 9 British territories * British Antarctic Territory * Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands
(alongside Falkland Islands
Falkland Islands
pound ) * Gibraltar
Gibraltar
(alongside Gibraltar
Gibraltar
pound ) * Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha ( Tristan da Cunha
Tristan da Cunha
; alongside Saint Helena pound in Saint Helena
Saint Helena
and Ascension ) * South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
(alongside Falkland Islands pound ) * British Indian Ocean Territory (de jure, U.S. dollar
U.S

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Cambridge Blue (colour)
CAMBRIDGE BLUE is the colour commonly used by sports teams from Cambridge University . There is considerable dispute regarding the exact shade of the colour that should be used. Most notably, the colour used by the Cambridge University Boat Club is different from that used by Cambridge University R.U.F.C. . The Boat Club colour was created when Alf Twinn added more yellow to this shade. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Usage * 3 See also * 4 References BACKGROUNDThe Cambridge University official colour style guide defines CAMBRIDGE BLUE as Pantone 557; with RGB values of R 163, G 193, B 173. This colour is actually a medium tone of spring green . Spring green colours are colours with an h code (hue code) of between 135 and 165; this colour has an h code of 140, putting it within the range of spring green colours on the RGB colour wheel
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