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UN
The UNITED NATIONS (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international co-operation and to create and maintain international order. A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations , the organization was established on 24 October 1945 after World War II
World War II
in order to prevent another such conflict. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states ; there are now 193. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan
Manhattan
, New York City
New York City
, and experiences extraterritoriality . Further main offices are situated in Geneva
Geneva
, Nairobi
Nairobi
, and Vienna
Vienna
. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states
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Extraterritoriality
EXTRATERRITORIALITY is the state of being exempted from the jurisdiction of local law, usually as the result of diplomatic negotiations. Historically, this applied to individuals. Extraterritoriality
Extraterritoriality
can also be applied to physical places, such as foreign embassies , military bases of foreign countries, or offices of the United Nations
United Nations
. The three most common cases recognized today internationally relate to the persons and belongings of foreign heads of state , the persons and belongings of ambassadors and other diplomats , and ships in foreign waters. Extraterritoriality
Extraterritoriality
is often extended to friendly or allied militaries, particularly for the purposes of allowing that military to simply pass through one's territory. It is distinguished from personal jurisdiction in the sense that extraterritoriality operates to the prejudice of local jurisdiction
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Standard Chinese
STANDARD CHINESE, also known as MODERN STANDARD MANDARIN, STANDARD MANDARIN, or simply MANDARIN, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of both China
China
and Taiwan
Taiwan
, and also one of the four official languages of Singapore
Singapore
. Its pronunciation is based on the Beijing dialect , its vocabulary on the Mandarin dialects , and its grammar is based on written vernacular Chinese . Like other varieties of Chinese, Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
is a tonal language with topic-prominent organization and subject–verb–object word order. It has more initial consonants but fewer vowels, final consonants and tones than southern varieties. Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
is an analytic language , though with many compound words
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Replacement Character
SPECIALS is a short Unicode
Unicode
block allocated at the very end of the Basic Multilingual Plane
Basic Multilingual Plane
, at U+FFF0–FFFF. Of these 16 code points, five are assigned as of Unicode
Unicode
10.0: * U+FFF9 INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION ANCHOR, marks start of annotated text * U+FFFA INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION SEPARATOR, marks start of annotating character(s) * U+FFFB INTERLINEAR ANNOTATION TERMINATOR, marks end of annotation block * U+FFFC  OBJECT REPLACEMENT CHARACTER, placeholder in the text for another unspecified object, for example in a compound document . * U+FFFD � REPLACEMENT CHARACTER used to replace an unknown, unrecognized or unrepresentable character * U+FFFE not a character. * U+FFFF not a character.FFFE and FFFF are not unassigned in the usual sense, but guaranteed not to be a Unicode
Unicode
character at all
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San Francisco
California
California
------------------------- CSA San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland METRO San Francisco–Oakland–Hayward MISSION June 29, 1776 INCORPORATED April 15, 1850 FOUNDED BY José Joaquín Moraga Francisco Palóu NAMED FOR St
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United Nations Conference On International Organization
INTERNATIONAL mostly means something (a company , language , or organization ) involving more than a single country . The term international as a word means involvement of, interaction between or encompassing more than one nation, or generally beyond national boundaries. For example, international law , which is applied by more than one country and usually everywhere on Earth , and international language which is a language spoken by residents of more than one country. CONTENTS * 1 Origin of the word * 2 Meaning in particular fields * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links * 6 Sources ORIGIN OF THE WORDThe term international was coined by the utilitarian philosopher Jeremy Bentham in his Introduction to Principles of Morals and Legislation , which was printed for publication in 1780 and published in 1789
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Chinese Character
CHINESE CHARACTERS are logograms used in the writing of Chinese , Japanese , Korean , and some other Asian languages. In Standard Chinese , they are called HàNZì (simplified Chinese : 汉字; traditional Chinese : 漢字, lit "Han characters"). They have been adapted to write a number of other languages, including Japanese , where they are known as Kanji
Kanji
(漢字); Korean , where they are known as Hanja
Hanja
(漢字); Vietnamese , in a system known as chữ Nôm ; and Zhuang , in a system known as " Sawndip ". Collectively, they are known as CJK CHARACTERS . Chinese characters constitute the oldest continuously used system of writing in the world. By virtue of their widespread current use in East Asia , and historic use throughout the Sinosphere , Chinese characters are among the most widely adopted writing systems in the world by number of users
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English Language
ENGLISH is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now the third most widespread native language in the world, after Standard Chinese
Standard Chinese
and Spanish , as well as the most widely spoken Germanic language . Named after the Angles
Angles
, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to Great Britain
Great Britain
, it ultimately derives its name from the Anglia (Angeln) peninsula in the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
. It is closely related to the other West Germanic languages
Germanic languages
of Frisian , Low German/Low Saxon , German , Dutch , and Afrikaans
Afrikaans
. The English vocabulary has been significantly influenced by French (a Romance language ), Norse (a North Germanic language ), and by Latin
Latin

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Arabic Script
The ARABIC SCRIPT is the writing system used for writing Arabic
Arabic
and several other languages of Asia and Africa, such as Persian , Urdu
Urdu
, Azerbaijani , Pashto , Central Kurdish , Luri , dialects of Mandinka , and others. Until the 16th century, it was also used to write some texts in Spanish . It is the second-most widely used writing system in the world by the number of countries using it and the third by the number of users, after Latin and Chinese characters
Chinese characters
. The Arabic
Arabic
script is written from right to left in a cursive style. In most cases the letters transcribe consonants, or consonants and a few vowels, so most Arabic
Arabic
alphabets are abjads . The script was first used to write texts in Arabic, most notably the Qurʼān , the holy book of Islam
Islam

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Chinese Language
LEGEND: Countries identified Chinese as a primary, administrative, or native language Countries with more than 5,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 1,000,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 500,000 Chinese speakers Countries with more than 100,000 Chinese speakers Major Chinese-speaking settlements THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS IPA PHONETIC SYMBOLS. Without proper rendering support , you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters
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French Language
FRENCH (le français ( listen ) or la langue française ) is a Romance language
Romance language
of the Indo-European family . It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
, as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance , the spoken Latin
Latin
in Gaul
Gaul
, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d\'oïl —languages historically spoken in northern France
France
and in southern Belgium
Belgium
, which French ( Francien ) has largely supplanted
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Intergovernmental Organization
An INTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION or INTERNATIONAL GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION (IGO) is an organization composed primarily of sovereign states (referred to as member states ), or of other intergovernmental organizations. Intergovernmental organizations are often called international organizations , although that term may also include international nongovernmental organization such as international nonprofit organizations or multinational corporations . Intergovernmental organizations are an important aspect of public international law . IGOs are established by treaty that acts as a charter creating the group. Treaties are formed when lawful representatives (governments) of several states go through a ratification process, providing the IGO with an international legal personality . Intergovernmental organizations in a legal sense should be distinguished from simple groupings or coalitions of states, such as the G8 or the Quartet
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Arabic Language
ARABIC ( Arabic
Arabic
: العَرَبِيَّة‎, al-ʻarabiyyah ( listen ) or Arabic
Arabic
: عَرَبِيّ‎ ʻarabī ( listen ) or ) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world
Arab world
. It is named after the Arabs
Arabs
, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula . The modern written language ( Modern Standard Arabic ) is derived from Classical Arabic . It is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media
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Arabic
ARABIC ( Arabic
Arabic
: العَرَبِيَّة‎, al-ʻarabiyyah ( listen ) or Arabic
Arabic
: عَرَبِيّ‎ ʻarabī ( listen ) or ) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world
Arab world
. It is named after the Arabs
Arabs
, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula . The modern written language ( Modern Standard Arabic ) is derived from Classical Arabic . It is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media
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World Bank Group
The WORLD BANK GROUP (WBG) is a family of five international organizations that make leveraged loans to developing countries. It is the largest and most famous development bank in the world and is an observer at the United Nations Development Group . The bank is based in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
and provided around $61 billion in loans and assistance to "developing" and transition countries in the 2014 fiscal year. The bank's stated mission is to achieve the twin goals of ending extreme poverty and building shared prosperity. Total lending as of 2015 for the last 10 years through Development Policy Financing was approximately $117 billion
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