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Twerski
TWERSKY, TWERSKI, or TVERSKI is the surname of a pedigree of rebbes in the Chernobyl Hasidic dynasty . It was begun by the Grand Rabbi Menachum Nachum Twerski
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Amos Tversky
AMOS NATHAN TVERSKY (Hebrew : עמוס טברסקי‎‎; March 16, 1937 – June 2, 1996) was a cognitive and mathematical psychologist , a student of cognitive science , a collaborator of Daniel Kahneman , and a figure in the discovery of systematic human cognitive bias and handling of risk . Much of his early work concerned the foundations of measurement. He was co-author of a three-volume treatise, Foundations of Measurement (recently reprinted). His early work with Kahneman focused on the psychology of prediction and probability judgment; later they worked together to develop prospect theory , which aims to explain irrational human economic choices and is considered one of the seminal works of behavioral economics . Six years after Tversky's death, Kahneman received the 2002 Nobel Prize in Economics for the work he did in collaboration with Amos Tversky
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Maggid
MAGGID (Hebrew : מַגִּיד‎), sometimes spelled as MAGID, is a term used to describe two distinct concepts, the more common one defining a concrete person, and the other defining a celestial entity. The usual meaning is that of a traditional Eastern European Jewish RELIGIOUS ITINERANT PREACHER , skilled as a narrator of Torah
Torah
and religious stories. A preacher of the more scholarly sort was called a "darshan", and usually occupied the official position of rabbi . The title of "maggid mesharim" (= "a preacher of uprightness"; abbreviated מ"מ‎) probably dates from the sixteenth century. The other meaning appears in the context of Jewish mysticism
Jewish mysticism
and describes a CELESTIAL ENTITY, most commonly an angel, who manifests itself as a voice delivering mystical secrets to a kabbalist, or sometimes speaking through the mouths of the chosen ones
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Rebbe
REBBE (Hebrew : רבי‎‎) /ˈrɛbɛ/ or /ˈrɛbi/ , is a Yiddish
Yiddish
word derived from the Hebrew word rabbi , which means "master, teacher, or mentor". Like the title "rabbi" it refers to teachers of Torah
Torah
or leaders of Judaism
Judaism
. In common parlance of modern times, the term "The Rebbe" is often used specifically by Hasidim to refer to the leader of their Hasidic movement
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Applied Mathematics
APPLIED MATHEMATICS is a branch of mathematics that deals with mathematical methods that find use in science , engineering , business , computer science , and industry . Thus, applied mathematics is a combination of mathematical science and specialized knowledge. The term "applied mathematics" also describes the professional specialty in which mathematicians work on practical problems by formulating and studying mathematical models. In the past, practical applications have motivated the development of mathematical theories, which then became the subject of study in pure mathematics where abstract concepts are studied for their own sake. The activity of applied mathematics is thus intimately connected with research in pure mathematics
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Barbara Tversky
BARBARA TVERSKY is a Professor Emerita of Psychology at Stanford University and a Professor of Psychology and Education at Teachers College, Columbia University . Tversky specializes in cognitive psychology . She is a leading authority in the areas of visual-spatial reasoning and collaborative cognition. Tversky's additional research interests include language and communication, comprehension of events and narratives, and the mapping and modeling of cognitive processes. Tversky received a B.A. in Psychology from the University of Michigan in 1963 and a Ph.D. in Psychology from the University of Michigan in 1969. She has served on the faculty of Stanford University since 1977 and of Teachers College, Columbia University since 2005. Tversky was named a Fellow of the American Psychological Society in 1995, the Cognitive Science Society in 2002, and the Society of Experimental Psychologists in 2004. In 1999, she received the Phi Beta Kappa Excellence in Teaching Award
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Joseph B. Keller
JOSEPH BISHOP KELLER (July 31, 1923 – September 7, 2016) was an American mathematician who specialized in applied mathematics . He was best known for his work on the "geometrical theory of diffraction" (GTD). CONTENTS * 1 Early life and education * 2 Research * 3 Awards and honors * 4 Personal life * 5 References * 6 External links EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATIONBorn in Paterson, New Jersey on July 31, 1923, Keller attended Eastside High School , where he was a member of the math team. After earning his undergraduate degree in 1943 at New York University , Keller obtained his PhD in 1948 from NYU under the supervision of Richard Courant . He was a Professor of Mathematics in the Courant Institute at New York University until 1979. Then he was Professor of Mathematics and Mechanical Engineering at Stanford University until 1993, when he became Professor Emeritus
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Given Name
A GIVEN NAME (also known as a FIRST NAME or a FORENAME) is a part of a person's personal name . It identifies a specific person, and differentiates that person from other members of a group, such as a family or clan , with whom that person shares a common surname . The term given name refers to the fact that the name usually is bestowed upon a person, normally given to a child by its parents at or near the time of birth. This contrasts with a surname (also known as a family name, last name, or gentile name), which is normally inherited and shared with other members of the child's immediate family. Regnal names and religious or monastic names are special types of given names, as they are given to adults upon them receiving a crown or entering a religious order and as such are replacing the original given name of those persons. Given names are often used in a familiar and friendly manner in informal situations
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Surname
A SURNAME, FAMILY NAME, or LAST NAME is the portion of a personal name that indicates a person's family (or tribe or community, depending on the culture). Depending on the culture all members of a family unit may have identical surnames or there may be variations based on the cultural rules. In the English-speaking world
English-speaking world
, a surname is commonly referred to as a last name because it is usually placed at the end of a person's full name, after any given names. In many parts of Asia, as well as some parts of Europe
Europe
and Africa, the family name is placed before a person's given name. In most Spanish-speaking and Portuguese-speaking countries, two surnames are commonly used and in some families that claim a connection to nobility even three are used. Surnames have not always existed and today are not universal in all cultures. This tradition has arisen separately in different cultures around the world
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Society For Industrial And Applied Mathematics
The SOCIETY FOR INDUSTRIAL AND APPLIED MATHEMATICS (SIAM) was founded by a small group of mathematicians from academia and industry who met in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
in 1951 to start an organization whose members would meet periodically to exchange ideas about the uses of mathematics in industry. This meeting led to the organization of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. The membership of SIAM has grown from a few hundred in the early 1950s to more than 14,000 as of 2013 . SIAM retains its North American influence, but it also has East Asian, Argentinian, Bulgarian, and UK it has been suggested it be split into its own page
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Scattering Theory
In mathematics and physics , SCATTERING THEORY is a framework for studying and understanding the scattering of waves and particles . Wave
Wave
scattering corresponds to the collision and scattering of a wave with some material object, for instance sunlight scattered by rain drops to form a rainbow . Scattering also includes the interaction of billiard balls on a table, the Rutherford scattering (or angle change) of alpha particles by gold nuclei , the Bragg scattering (or diffraction) of electrons and X-rays by a cluster of atoms, and the inelastic scattering of a fission fragment as it traverses a thin foil. More precisely, scattering consists of the study of how solutions of partial differential equations , propagating freely "in the distant past", come together and interact with one another or with a boundary condition , and then propagate away "to the distant future"
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University Of Illinois At Chicago
The UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT CHICAGO or UIC is a state-funded public research-intensive university located in Chicago, Illinois
Illinois
, United States. Its campus is in the Near West Side community area, adjacent to the Chicago
Chicago
Loop . The second campus established under the University
University
of Illinois
Illinois
system , UIC is also the largest university in the Chicago
Chicago
area , having approximately 29,000 students enrolled in 15 colleges. UIC operates the largest medical school in the United States, and serves as the principal educator for Illinois’ physicians, dentists, pharmacists, physical therapists, nurses and other healthcare professionals. UIC's medical school has research expenditures exceeding $412 million and consistently ranks in the top 50 U.S. institutions for research expenditures. In the 2015 U.S
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Physicist
A PHYSICIST is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field of physics , the exploration of the interactions of matter and energy across the physical universe. CONTENTS * 1 Overview * 2 History * 3 Education * 3.1 Honors and awards * 4 Careers * 5 Professional Certification * 5.1 United Kingdom * 5.2 Canada * 5.3 South Africa * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links OVERVIEWA physicist is a scientist who specializes or works in the field of physics. The field generally includes two types of physicists: experimental physicists who are concerned with the observation of physical phenomena and experiments, and theoretical physicists who employ mathematical models and abstractions of physical objects and systems to rationalize, explain and predict natural phenomena
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Yeshiva Toras Moshe
YESHIVA TORAS MOSHE is an English-speaking Litvish Orthodox Yeshiva in Jerusalem , Israel . Founded in 1982, it was established in Israel to cater to post-high school students from English-speaking countries. It has since graduated over 1,000 students. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Staff * 2 Studies * 2.1 Students * 2.2 Curriculum * 2.3 Institutional Philosophy * 3 References * 4 External links HISTORYThe yeshiva was founded in 1982 by Rabbi Moshe Meiselman , a grandson of Rabbi Moshe Soloveichik and nephew and student of Rabbi Joseph B. Soloveitchik , together with Rabbi Doniel Lehrfeld, now Rosh yeshiva of Yeshivas Bais Yisroel . Meiselman named the yeshiva after his grandfather Rabbi Moshe Soloveichik (1879–1941). The yeshiva was first housed in Machon Harry Fischel in the Bucharian neighborhood of Jerusalem. In the early 1990s the Yeshiva moved to the center of Jerusalem in a building founded by the Dean of Yeshivas Novhardok, Rabbi Ben-Zion Brook
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Multiple Scattering
SCATTERING is a general physical process where some forms of radiation , such as light , sound , or moving particles, are forced to deviate from a straight trajectory by one or more paths due to localized non-uniformities in the medium through which they pass. In conventional use, this also includes deviation of reflected radiation from the angle predicted by the law of reflection . Reflections that undergo scattering are often called diffuse reflections and unscattered reflections are called specular (mirror-like) reflections. Scattering may also refer to particle-particle collisions between molecules, atoms, electrons , photons and other particles. Examples include: cosmic ray scattering in the Earth's upper atmosphere; particle collisions inside particle accelerators ; electron scattering by gas atoms in fluorescent lamps; and neutron scattering inside nuclear reactors
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