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Transleithania
The official name "Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen" (Hungarian: "a Szent Korona Országai") denominated the Hungarian territories of Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
during the totality of the existence of the latter (30 March 1867 – 16 November 1918).[2][3][4] This union of polities is sometimes denominated "Archiregnum Hungaricum" ("Arch-Kingdom of Hungary"), pursuant to Medieval Latin
Medieval Latin
terminology. Pursuant to Article 1 of the Croatian–Hungarian Settlement
Croatian–Hungarian Settlement
of 1868, this territory was officially defined as "a state union of Kingdom of Hungary
Kingdom of Hungary
and Triune Kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia"
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Medieval Latin
Medieval Latin
Latin
was the form of Latin
Latin
used in the Middle Ages, primarily as a medium of scholarly exchange, as the liturgical language of Chalcedonian Christianity[dubious – discuss] and the Roman Catholic Church, and as a language of science, literature, law, and administration. Despite the clerical origin of many of its authors, medieval Latin
Latin
should not be confused with Ecclesiastical Latin. There is no real consensus on the exact boundary where Late Latin
Latin
ends and medieval Latin
Latin
begins
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First Czechoslovak Republic
The first Czechoslovak Republic (Czech / Slovak: Československá republika) was the Czechoslovak state that existed from 1918 to 1938. The state was commonly called Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
(Československo). It was composed of Bohemia, Moravia, Czech Silesia, Slovakia
Slovakia
and Subcarpathian Ruthenia. After 1933, Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
remained the only functioning democracy in Central Europe. Under pressure from its Sudeten German
Sudeten German
minority, supported by neighbouring Nazi Germany, Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
was forced to cede its Sudetenland
Sudetenland
region to Germany
Germany
on 1 October 1938 as part of the Munich Agreement
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Gyula Andrássy
Gyula may refer to: Gyula (title), Hungarian title of the 9th–10th century Gyula (name), Hungarian male given name, derived from the titlePeople Gyula II, the gyula who was baptized in Constantinople around 950
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Mihály Károlyi
Count Mihály Ádám György Miklós Károlyi de Nagykároly (4 March 1875 – 19 March 1955) was briefly Hungary's leader from 1918 to 1919 during the short-lived First Hungarian People's Republic. He served as Prime Minister between 1 and 16 November 1918 and as President between 16 November 1918 and 21 March 1919.Contents1 Background and early career1.1 World War I2 Marriage and family 3 Leading the Democratic Republic3.1 Károlyi's cabinet4 Later life 5 Legacy 6 Footnotes 7 References 8 External linksBackground and early career[edit] Mihály Károlyi
Mihály Károlyi
in Franzensbad
Franzensbad
around 1887.The Károlyi family were an illustrious, extremely wealthy, Roman Catholic aristocratic family who had played an important role in Hungarian life since the 17th century. Mihály was born in Fót, Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
in what is today Hungary
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New Imperialism
In historical contexts, New Imperialism
Imperialism
characterizes a period of colonial expansion by European powers, the United States, and Japan during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.[1] The period featured an unprecedented pursuit of overseas territorial acquisitions. At the time, states focused on building their empires with new technological advances and developments, making their territory bigger through conquest, and exploiting their resources. During the era of New Imperialism, the Western powers (and Japan) individually conquered almost all of Africa
Africa
and parts of Asia. The new wave of imperialism reflected ongoing rivalries among the great powers, the economic desire for new resources and markets, and a "civilizing mission" ethos
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List Of Countries And Dependencies By Area
This is a list of the world's countries and their dependent territories by area, ranked by total area. Entries in this list, include, but are not limited to, those in the ISO standard 3166-1, which includes sovereign states and dependent territories
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List Of Countries By Population
This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population. It includes sovereign states, inhabited dependent territories and, in some cases, constituent countries of sovereign states, with inclusion within the list being primarily based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1. For instance, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
is considered as a single entity while the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Kingdom of the Netherlands
are considered separately. In addition, this list includes certain states with limited recognition not found in ISO 3166-1. The population figures do not reflect the practice of countries that report significantly different populations of citizens domestically and overall
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Austro-Hungarian Krone
The Krone or korona (German: Krone, Hungarian: korona, Slovene: krona, Serbo-Croatian: kruna, Czech and Slovak: koruna) was the official currency of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1892 (when it replaced the gulden, forint, florén or zlatka as part of the adoption of the gold standard) until the dissolution of the empire in 1918
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Kingdom Of Hungary (1526–1867)
The Kingdom of Hungary
Kingdom of Hungary
between 1526 and 1867 was, while outside the Holy Roman Empire, part of the lands of the Habsburg Monarchy, that became the Empire of Austria in 1804. After the Battle of Mohács
Battle of Mohács
of 1526, the country was ruled by two crowned kings (John I and Ferdinand I). Initially the exact territory under Habsburg rule was disputed because both rulers claimed the whole kingdom
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First Hungarian Republic
The First Hungarian Republic[4] (Hungarian: Első magyar köztársaság) or by its contemporary name Hungarian People's Republic (Hungarian: Magyar Népköztársaság) was a short-lived people's republic that existed, apart from a 133-day interruption, from late 1918 until mid-1919. It was established in the wake of the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire following World War I
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Kingdom Of Romania
The Kingdom of Romania
Romania
(Romanian: Regatul României) was a constitutional monarchy in Southeastern Europe
Southeastern Europe
which existed from 1881, when prince Carol I of Romania
Carol I of Romania
was proclaimed King, until 1947, when King Michael I of Romania
Michael I of Romania
abdicated and the Parliament proclaimed Romania
Romania
a republic. From 1859 to 1877, Romania
Romania
evolved from a personal union of two vassal principalities ( Moldavia
Moldavia
and Wallachia) under a single prince to an autonomous principality with a Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
monarchy
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Franz Joseph I Of Austria
Franz Joseph I or Francis Joseph I (Franz Joseph Karl; 18 August 1830 – 21 November 1916) was Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, and monarch of other states in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, from 2 December 1848 to his death.[1] From 1 May 1850 to 24 August 1866 he was also President of the German Confederation. He was the longest-reigning Emperor of Austria
Emperor of Austria
and King of Hungary, as well as the third-longest-reigning monarch of any country in European history, after Louis XIV of France
Louis XIV of France
and Johann II of Liechtenstein.[2] In December 1848, Emperor Ferdinand abdicated the throne at Olomouc, as part of Minister-president
Minister-president
Felix zu Schwarzenberg's plan to end the Revolutions of 1848
Revolutions of 1848
in Hungary. This allowed Ferdinand's nephew Franz Joseph to accede to the throne
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Kingdom Of Italy
The Kingdom of Italy
Italy
(Italian: Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II
King Victor Emmanuel II
of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the Italian Republic. The state was founded as a result of the unification of Italy
Italy
under the influence of the Kingdom of Sardinia, which can be considered its legal predecessor state. Italy
Italy
declared war on Austria in alliance with Prussia in 1866 and received the region of Veneto
Veneto
following their victory. Italian troops entered Rome
Rome
in 1870, ending more than one thousand years of Papal temporal power
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Austria
Coordinates: 47°20′N 13°20′E / 47.333°N 13.333°E / 47.333; 13.333 Republic
Republic
of Austria Republik Österreich  (German)FlagCoat of armsAnthem: Land der Berge, Land am Strome  (German) Land of Mountains, Land by the RiverLocation of  Austria  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]Capital and largest city Vienna 48°12′N 16°21′E / 48.200°N 16.350°E / 48.200; 16.350Off
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Hungary
Coordinates: 47°N 20°E / 47°N 20°E / 47; 20Hungary Magyarország  (Hungarian)FlagCoat of armsAnthem: "Himnusz" (Hungarian)[1] "Hymn"Location of  Hungary  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]Capital and largest city Budapest 47°26′N 19°15′E / 47.433°N 19.250°E / 47.433; 19.250Official language and national language Hungarian[2]Ethnic groups (2011)80.7% Hungarians 14.7% not declared 3.1% Roma 1.3% Germans[3]Religion52.9% Christianity –38.9% Catholicism –13.7% Protestantism –0.1% Orthodox Church 0.1% Judaism 1.7% other 18.2% not religious 27.2% unanswered[4]Demonym HungarianGovernment Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic• PresidentJános Áder• Prime MinisterViktor O
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