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Tonatiuh
In Aztec mythology , TONATIUH (Nahuatl : ŌLLIN TōNATIUH "Movement of the Sun") was the sun god . The Aztec
Aztec
people considered him the leader of Tollan , heaven . He was also known as the fifth sun, because the Aztecs believed that he was the sun that took over when the fourth sun was expelled from the sky. CONTENTS * 1 Description * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links DESCRIPTION Aztec
Aztec
theology held that each sun was a god with its own cosmic era, the Aztecs believed they were still in Tonatiuh's era. According to the Aztec
Aztec
creation myth , the god demanded human sacrifice as tribute and without it would refuse to move through the sky
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Tonacacihuatl
In Aztec mythology
Aztec mythology
, TōNACACIHUATL (Classical Nahuatl : Tonacacihuātl ) was a creator and goddess of fertility, worshiped for peopling the earth and making it fruitful. Most Colonial-era manuscripts equate her with Ōmecihuātl . Tōnacācihuātl was the consort of Tonacatecuhtli . She is also referred to as Ilhuicacihuātl or "Heavenly Lady." CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Origin and role * 3 Notes * 4 References ETYMOLOGYThe god's name is a compound of two Nahuatl words: "tōnacā" and "cihuātl." While "cihuātl" can be translated "woman" or "lady," "tōnacā" presents several possible interpretations. Some read this root as "tonacā" (without the long 'o'), consisting of "nacatl," meaning "human flesh" or "food," with the possessive prefix "to" ("our")
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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Chicomecoatl
In Aztec mythology
Aztec mythology
, CHICOMECōāTL "seven snakes", was the Aztec goddess of agriculture during the Middle Culture period. She is sometimes called "goddess of nourishment", a goddess of plenty and the female aspect of corn. She is regarded as the female counterpart of the maize god Centeōtl , their symbol being an ear of corn. She is occasionally called Xilonen , (meaning doll made of corn), who was married also to Tezcatlipoca
Tezcatlipoca
. Her appearance is mostly represented with red ochre on the face, paper headdress on top, water-flowers patterned shirt, and foam sandals on the bottom. She is also described as carrying a sun flower shield. She is also often appeared with attributes of Chalchiuhtlicue , such as her headdress and the short lines rubbing down her cheeks. She is usually distinguished by being shown carrying ears of maize
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Tepeyollotl
In Aztec mythology
Aztec mythology
, TEPēYōLLōTL Nahuatl
Nahuatl
pronunciation: ("heart of the mountains"; also TEPEYOLLOTLI) was the god of earthquakes , echoes and jaguars . He is the god of the Eighth Hour of the Night, and is depicted as a jaguar leaping towards the sun. In the calendar, Tepeyollotl
Tepeyollotl
rules over both the third day, Calli (house), and the third trecena, 1-Mazatl (deer). He is the eighth Lord of the Night. The word is derived as a compound of the Nahuatl
Nahuatl
words tepētl ("mountain"), and yōllōtl ("heart" or "interior"). Tepeyollotl
Tepeyollotl
is usually depicted as cross-eyed holding the typical white staff with green feathers. Sometimes Tezcatlipoca wore Tepeyollotl
Tepeyollotl
for an animal skin or disguise to trick other gods into not knowing who he was
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Citlalicue
In Aztec mythology
Aztec mythology
, CITLALICUE ( Nahuatl
Nahuatl
pronunciation: ) "star garment"; also CITLALINICUE ( Nahuatl
Nahuatl
pronunciation: ), ILAMATECUHTLI ( Nahuatl
Nahuatl
pronunciation: ) was a creator goddess who created the stars along with her husband, Citlalatonac , the Milky Way
Milky Way
, Earth
Earth
, and also death and darkness . This pair of gods are sometimes associated with the first pair of humans, Nata and Nena . In tonalpohualli , Citlalicue is the Lord of the Day for days that land on the 13th of the month (mahtlactli-omei in Nahuatl
Nahuatl
). REFERENCES * ^ A B C Aztec Calendar. This article relating to a myth or legend from Mesoamerica
Mesoamerica
is a stub . You can help by expanding it
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Chimalma
CHIMALMAN or CHIMALMA is a goddess in Aztec mythology , and was considered by the Aztecs to be the mother of the Toltec
Toltec
god Quetzalcoatl . Her name means "shield -hand." Several oral traditions consider that Chimalman is that she was a spirit which accompanied the Azteca from the homeland of Aztlán . Huitzilopochtli
Huitzilopochtli
and Quetzalcoatl were spiritual entities adopted from the Toltec
Toltec
legacy when the Azteca lived among the Chichimeca . As with many Aztec myths, there are multiple versions of the Chimalma
Chimalma
story depending on which tribe and time period is examined
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Zacatzontli
ZACATZONTLI, in Aztec mythology
Aztec mythology
, is the god of day road, he has an eagle as sun's symbol guide. He holds in his left hand a staff and his right hand supports an backpack full of quetzals . He can be a protector of merchants, thus equating him with the Mayan god Ek Chuáj . He also helps travellers making him like Jokõjin and Jizu in Japanese mythology
Japanese mythology
. One of the odd things about Zacatzontli
Zacatzontli
is that he doesn't have a headdress, only a feather. His name could mean Lord of the Road or His Road The Lord, although the former seems more likely. SEE ALSO * List of Aztec gods * Aztec religion SOURCES * ^ Biblioteca Porrúa. Imprenta del Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Historia y Etnología, ed. (1905). Diccionario de Mitología Nahua (in Spanish). México. p. 161. ISBN 978-9684327955
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Yacatecuhtli
In Aztec mythology
Aztec mythology
, YACATECUHTLI (pronounced Ya-te-coo-tli) was the patron god of commerce and travelers, especially business travelers. His symbol is a bundle of sticks. Merchants would carry an uttal cane as they moved from village to village peddling their wares, and at night-time would tie them together into a neat bundle before sprinkling them with blood from their ears. It was believed that this ritual in Yacatecuhtli's honor would guarantee success in future business ventures, not to mention protection from vicious beasts and robbers on their journeys. His name means "lord of the nose" (Nahuatl yacatl, nose and tecuhtli, lord). REFERENCES * ^ "YACATECUHTLI". www.godslaidbare.com
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Tlaltecuhtli
TLALTECUHTLI is a pre-Columbian Mesoamerican deity, identified from sculpture and iconography dating to the Late Postclassic period of Mesoamerican chronology
Mesoamerican chronology
(ca. 1200–1519), primarily among the Mexica (Aztec) and other Nahuatl
Nahuatl
-speaking cultures. Tlaltecuhtli
Tlaltecuhtli
is also known from several post-conquest manuscripts that surveyed Mexica mythology and belief systems , such as the Histoyre du méchique compiled in the mid-16th century. According to Alfonso Caso there were four earth gods - Tlaltecuhtli who was male and three earth goddesses - Coatlique , Cihuacoatl
Cihuacoatl
and Tlazolteotl
Tlazolteotl

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Maya Civilization
The MAYA CIVILIZATION was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples , and noted for its hieroglyphic script —the only known fully developed writing system of the pre-Columbian Americas—as well as for its art , architecture , mathematics , calendar , and astronomical system. The Maya civilization
Maya civilization
developed in an area that encompasses southeastern Mexico
Mexico
, all of Guatemala
Guatemala
and Belize
Belize
, and the western portions of Honduras
Honduras
and El Salvador
El Salvador

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Tonacatecuhtli
In Aztec mythology
Aztec mythology
, TONACATECUHTLI was a creator and fertility god , worshiped for peopling the earth and making it fruitful. Most Colonial-era manuscripts equate him with Ōmetēuctli . His consort was Tonacacihuatl . CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Origin and Role * 3 Notes * 4 References ETYMOLOGYThe god's name is a compound of two Nahuatl words: "tōnacā" and "tēcuhtli." While "tēcuhtli" is generally translated "lord," "tōnacā" presents several possible interpretations. Some read this root as "tonacā" (without the long 'o'), consisting of "nacatl," meaning "human flesh" or "food," with the possessive prefix "to" ("our")
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Aztec
AZTEC CULTURE (/ˈæztɛk/ ), also known as Mexica culture, was a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in Central Mexico
Mexico
in the post-classic period from 1300-1521, during the time in which a triple alliance of the Mexica, Texcoca and Tepaneca tribes established the Aztec empire
Aztec empire
. The Aztec
Aztec
people were certain ethnic groups of central Mexico
Mexico
, particularly those groups who spoke the Nahuatl language and who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica
Mesoamerica
from the 14th to 16th centuries
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Solar Calendar
A SOLAR CALENDAR is a calendar whose dates indicate the position of Earth
Earth
on its revolution around the Sun
Sun
or, equivalently, the apparent position of the sun moving on the celestial sphere . The other commonly used system is a lunar calendar which dates the months based on cycles of the lunar phases. The Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
, widely accepted as standard in the world, is an example of solar calendar. CONTENTS * 1 Astronomy
Astronomy
* 2 Tropical solar calendars * 3 Sidereal solar calendars * 4 Non-solar calendars * 5 Lunisolar calendars * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links ASTRONOMY Main article: Astronomy
Astronomy
The natural science of astronomy is the study of celestial objects , observations and phenomena in the night sky . The ancient discipline of astronomy is the key method of calculating a date and time
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Tollan
TOLLAN, TOLAN, or TOLáN is a name used for the capital cities of two empires of Pre-Columbian
Pre-Columbian
Mesoamerica
Mesoamerica
; first for Teotihuacan
Teotihuacan
, and later for the Toltec
Toltec
capital, Tula , both in Mexico
Mexico
. The name has also been applied to the Postclassic Mexican settlement Cholula . The name Tōllān means "Among the reeds " in the Nahuatl
Nahuatl
language, with the figurative sense of a densely populated "place where people are thick as reeds". Names with the same meaning were used in Maya and other native Mexican languages. Teotihuacan
Teotihuacan
seems to have been the first city known by this name. After the collapse of the Teotihuacan
Teotihuacan
empire, central Mexico
Mexico
broke into various petty states
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