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Timurids
The Timurid dynasty (Persian: تیموریان‎), self-designated as Gurkani (Persian: گورکانیان‎, Gūrkāniyān), was a Sunni Muslim[1] dynasty or clan of Turco-Mongol
Turco-Mongol
lineage[2][3][4][5] descended from the warlord Timur
Timur
(also known as Tamerlane). The word "Gurkani" derived from "gurkan", a Persianized form of the Mongolian word "kuragan" meaning "son-in-law",[6] as the Timurids were in-laws of the line of Genghis Khan,[7][full citation needed] founder of the Mongol
Mongol
Empire
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Taraz
Coordinates: 42°54′N 71°22′E / 42.900°N 71.367°E / 42.900; 71.367Taraz ТаразSealTarazLocation in KazakhstanCoordinates: 42°54′N 71°22′E / 42.900°N 71.367°E / 42.900; 71.367Country KazakhstanRegion Jambyl RegionFounded 568Government • Akim (mayor) Rustem DauletArea • Total 187.8 km2 (72.5 sq mi)Elevation 610 m (2,000 ft)Population (2009) • Total 406,262 • Density 2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)Postal code 080001 - 080019Area code(s) +7 7262Vehicle registration H, 08Website taraz-gov.kz Taraz
Taraz
(Kazakh: Тараз) (known to Europeans as Talas) is a city and the administrative center of Jambyl Region
Jambyl Region
in Kazakhstan, located on the Talas (Taraz) River in the south of the country near the border with Kyrgyzstan
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Uzun Hassan
Uzun Hasan
Uzun Hasan
or Uzun Hassan
Uzun Hassan
(1423 – January 6, 1478) (Azerbaijani: اوزون حسن , Uzun Həsən; Turkish: Uzun Hasan, where uzun means "tall"; Persian: اوزون حسن‎) was the 9th shahanshah of the Oghuz Turkic Aq Qoyunlu
Aq Qoyunlu
dynasty, also known as the White Sheep Turkomans, and generally considered to be its strongest ruler.[3] Hasan ruled between 1453 and 1478, and would preside over the federations' territorial apex, when it included parts or all of present-day Iraq, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Iran, Transcaucasia
Transcaucasia
and Syria.Contents1 Reign 2 Marriages and children 3 In literature 4 External links 5 References 6 SourcesReign[edit] Timur
Timur
appointed his great-grandfather, Kara Yülük Osman, as a governor of Diyarbakır, with the cities of Erzincan, Mardin, Ruha
Ruha
(or Urfa), and Sivas
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Ulugh Beg
Mīrzā Muhammad Tāraghay bin Shāhrukh (Chagatay: میرزا محمد طارق بن شاہ رخ, Persian: میرزا محمد تراغای بن شاہ رخ‎), better known as Ulugh Beg (الغ‌ بیگ‬) (March 22, 1394 in Sultaniyeh, Persia
Persia
– October 27, 1449, Samarkand), was a Timurid ruler as well as an astronomer, mathematician and sultan. His commonly known name is not truly a personal name, but rather a moniker, which can be loosely translated as "Great Ruler" (compare modern Turkish ulu great, and bey, chief) or "Patriarch Ruler" and was the Turkic equivalent of Timur's Perso-Arabic title Amīr-e Kabīr.[1] His real name was Mīrzā Mohammad Tāraghay bin Shāhrukh. Ulugh Beg
Ulugh Beg
was also notable for his work in astronomy-related mathematics, such as trigonometry and spherical geometry
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Sultan Mahmud (Chagatai)
Sultan Mahmud Khan (died 1402) was Khan of the Western Chagatai Khanate (1384–1402). He was the son of Suurgatmish. Upon his father's death in 1384, Sultan Mahmud was made khan by Timur. Like Suurgatmish, Sultan Mahmud was completely powerless, and served as a puppet for Timur. Coins in his name were produced by Timur during his lifetime. Sultan Mahmud's death in 1402 marked the effective end of the line of Chagatai Khans in Transoxiana, who had long been mere figureheads anyway. Although Timur's grandson Ulugh Beg appointed khans as well, they were even less noteworthy, although one, Satuq Khan, was known for attempting to become khan of Moghulistan. His daughter Aqi Sultan Khanika was married to Timur's grandson Ulugh Beg.Preceded by Suurgatmish Western Chagatai Khan 1384–1402 Succeeded by UnknownThis article related to Central Asian history is a stub. You can help by expanding it.v t eThis biography of a member of an Asian royal house is a stub
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Suurgatmish
Soyurghatmïsh Khan (died 1384) was Khan of the Western Chagatai Khanate (1370–1384). He was the son of Danishmendji, of the House of Ogedei. When Timur gained control of the territory of the western Chagatai Khanate in the 1360s, he did not abolish the office of khan. Instead, in order to legitimatize his authority, he placed on the throne Suurgatmish, that was not a member of the house of Chagatai Khan, but from the house of Ogedei. Timur ruled as an amir in Suurgatmish's name. The khan, however, was only a ceremonial figure, and Timur held all of the power within the state. Upon Suurgatmish's death in 1384, he was replaced by his son Sultan Mahmud. His daughter named Urun Sultan Khanika was married to Timur's son Miran Shah.Preceded by: Khabul Shah Western Chagatai Khan 1370–1384 Followed by: Sultan MahmudThis article related to Central Asian history is a stub. You can help by expanding it.v t eThis biography of a member of an Asian royal house is a stub
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Abdal-Latif Mirza
Abdal-Latif Mirza,(c. 1420 – 9 May 1450) was the great-grandson of Central Asian emperor Timur. He was the third son of Ulugh Beg, Timurid ruler of Transoxiana (modern Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and parts of Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan). Early years[edit] Having been given the governorship of Balkh, Abdal-Latif Mirza served under his father. During the succession struggle that followed the death of Shah Rukh, he occupied Herat, although after Ulugh Beg left the city at the end of 1448 it was conquered by Mirza Abul-Qasim Babur bin Baysonqor. Abdal-Latif Mirza did not remain loyal to his father. Angry over the fact that he was to be passed over in the transfer of rule of Samarkand, he revolted while Ulugh Beg was marching to retake Khorasan
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Islam
Islam
Islam
(/ˈɪslɑːm/)[note 1] is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God
God
(Allah)[1] and that Muhammad
Muhammad
is the messenger of God.[2][3] It is the world's second-largest religion[4] and the fastest-growing major religion in the world,[5][6][7] with over 1.8 billion followers or 24.1% of the global population,[8] known as Muslims.[9] Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries.[4] Islam
Islam
teaches that God
God
is merciful, all-powerful, unique[10] and has guided mankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs.[3][11] The primary scriptures of Islam
Islam
are the Quran, viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad
Muhammad
(c
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Turkic Languages
The Turkic languages
Turkic languages
are a language family of at least thirty-five[2] documented languages, spoken by the Turkic peoples
Turkic peoples
of Eurasia
Eurasia
from Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and West Asia
West Asia
all the way to North Asia
North Asia
(particularly in Siberia) and East Asia
East Asia
(including the Far East)
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Mughal Empire
The Mughal Empire
Empire
(Urdu: مغلیہ سلطنت‬‎, translit. Mughliyah Saltanat)[8][2] or Mogul Empire[9] was an empire in the Indian subcontinent, founded in 1526
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Aq Qoyunlu
The Aq Qoyunlu
Aq Qoyunlu
or Ak Koyunlu, also called the White Sheep Turkomans (Persian: آق‌ قویونلو‎ Āq Quyūnlū; Turkish: Ak Koyunlu), was a Persianate[3] Sunni[2] Oghuz Turkic tribal federation that ruled present-day Azerbaijan, Armenia, Eastern Turkey, part of Iran, and northern Iraq
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Almaty
Almaty
Almaty
/ˈælməti/ (Kazakh: Алматы, Almaty
Almaty
[ɑlmɑˈtə]; Russian: Алматы), formerly known as Alma-Ata /ˌælmə.əˈtɑː/ (Russian: Алма-Ата) and Verny (Russian: Верный Vernyy), is the largest city in Kazakhstan, with a population of 1,797,431 people, about 8% of the country's total population.[1] It served as capital of the Kazakh state in its various forms from 1929 to 1997, under the influence of the then Soviet Union and its appointees.[3] Alma-Ata
Alma-Ata
was the host city for a 1978 international conference on Primary Health Care
Primary Health Care
where the Alma Ata Declaration was adopted, marking a paradigm shift in global public health
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Sultan Muhammad Bin Baysonqor
Sultan Muhammad (died c. 1451) was the Timurid ruler of Persia and Fars from around 1447 until his death. He was the son of Baysonqor
Baysonqor
son of Shahrukh Mirza. During the last years of Shahrukh's reign, Sultan Muhammad raised a revolt in the western provinces of the Timurid Empire. Shahrukh was able to stop the revolt and capture many of its supporters in 1446, but Sultan Muhammad took refuge in Luristan. After Shahrukh's death, Sultan Muhammad returned from Luristan
Luristan
and from there assumed control of central Persia. Together with his half-brother Mirza Abul-Qasim Babur bin Baysonqor
Baysonqor
of Khurasan and uncle Ulugh Beg
Ulugh Beg
of Transoxiana, he became one of the three most powerful rulers of the splintering empire. Sultan Muhammad, eager to expand his domain, soon started a war with Mirza Abul-Qasim Babur and invaded Khurasan
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Shymkent
Shymkent
Shymkent
(Kazakh: Shymkent, شىمكەنت, known until 1993 as Chimkent[2] (Uzbek: Чимкент, چىمكېنت; Russian: Чимкент, Čimkent), is the capital city of South Kazakhstan Region, the most densely populated region in the Republic of Kazakhstan
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Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan[b] (Kazakh: Қазақстан, translit. Qazaqstan, IPA: [qɑzɑqˈstɑn] ( listen); Russian: Казахстан, IPA: [kəzɐxˈstan]), officially the Republic
Republic
of Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
(Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасы, translit. Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy; Russian: Республика Казахстан, tr. Respublika Kazakhstan),[4][13] is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of 2,724,900 square kilometres (1,052,100 sq mi).[4][14] Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
is the dominant nation of Central Asia
Central Asia
economically, generating 60% of the region's GDP, primarily through its oil/gas industry
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Mongol Conquest Of Central Asia
Central is an adjective usually referring to being in the center of some place or (mathematical) object. Central may also refer to:Contents1 Directions and generalised locations 2 Specific locations2.1 Countries 2.2 States and provinces 2.3 Cities and districts2.3.1 United States 2.3.2 Other nations2.4 Railway stations and lines3 Sports 4 Companies 5 Schools 6 Other uses 7 See alsoDirections and generalised locations[edit]Central Africa, a region in the centre of Africa continent, also known as Middle Africa Central America, a region in the centre of America continent Central Asia, a region in the centre of Eurasian continent Central Australia, a region of the Australian continent Central Europe, a region of the European continent Central United States, a region of the United States of America Central Belt, an area in the centre of Scotland Central Region (other) Central London, the centre of LondonSpecific locatio
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