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The American Jewish Committee
American Jewish Committee
American Jewish Committee
(AJC) is a Jewish advocacy group established on November 11, 1906.[1][5] It is one of the oldest Jewish advocacy organizations and, according to The New York Times, is "widely regarded as the dean of American Jewish organizations".[6] Besides working in favor of civil liberties for Jews, the organization has a history of fighting against forms of discrimination in the United States
United States
and working on behalf of social equality, such as filing a friend-of-the-court brief in the May 1954 case of Brown v
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Taxpayer Identification Number
A Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) is an identifying number used for tax purposes in the United States. It is also known as a Tax Identification Number or Federal Taxpayer Identification Number. A TIN may be assigned by the Social Security Administration
Social Security Administration
or by the Internal Revenue Service
Internal Revenue Service
(IRS). Section 6109(a) of the Internal Revenue Code
Internal Revenue Code
provides (in part) that "When required by regulations prescribed by the Secretary [of the Treasury or his delegate] [ . .
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Supreme Court Of The United States
The Supreme Court of the United States
United States
(sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS[2]) is the highest federal court of the United States. Established pursuant to Article Three of the United States Constitution in 1789, it has ultimate (and largely discretionary) appellate jurisdiction over all federal courts and state court cases involving issues of federal law plus original jurisdiction over a small range of cases. In the legal system of the United States, the Supreme Court is generally the final interpreter of federal law including the United States
United States
Constitution, but it may act only within the context of a case in which it has jurisdiction
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Louis Marshall
Louis Marshall
Louis Marshall
(December 14, 1856 – September 11, 1929) was an American corporate, constitutional and civil rights lawyer as well as a mediator and Jewish community leader who worked to secure religious, political, and cultural freedom for all minority groups. Among the founders of the American Jewish Committee
American Jewish Committee
(AJC), he defended Jewish and minority rights and, though not a Zionist, he supported the Balfour Declaration
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Mayer Sulzberger
Mayer Sulzberger was an American judge and Jewish communal leader; born at Heidelsheim, Bruchsal, Baden, June 22, 1843. He went to Philadelphia with his parents in 1848, and was educated at the Central High School of Philadelphia, and after graduating he studied law in the office of Moses A. Dropsie. In 1864 he was admitted to the bar, and attained eminence in the practice of his profession. He was elected judge of the Court of Common Pleas on the Republican ticket in 1895, and was reelected as a nominee of both parties in 1904, becoming the presiding judge of the Court of Common Pleas No. 2. Sulzberger throughout his career showed great interest in Jewish affairs. While studying for the bar he taught at the Hebrew Education Society's school. For a time he was interested in the affairs of Maimonides College and was secretary of its board
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Joseph M. Proskauer
Joseph Meyer Proskauer (6 August 1877 – 10 September 1971) was an American lawyer, judge, philanthropist, and political activist.[1][2] Biography[edit] Proskauer was born in Mobile, Alabama, to a Jewish family in 1877. His parents were Alfred and Rebecca Proskauer. At age 15, he came to Manhattan, New York City
Manhattan, New York City
to attend Columbia University, earning an A.B. from Columbia Law School
Columbia Law School
in 1896 and an LL.B in 1899. He was admitted to the bar that same year
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Louis B. Marshall
Louis Marshall
Louis Marshall
(December 14, 1856 – September 11, 1929) was an American corporate, constitutional and civil rights lawyer as well as a mediator and Jewish community leader who worked to secure religious, political, and cultural freedom for all minority groups. Among the founders of the American Jewish Committee
American Jewish Committee
(AJC), he defended Jewish and minority rights and, though not a Zionist, he supported the Balfour Declaration
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American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee
The American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, also known as the Joint or the JDC, is a Jewish relief organization based in New York City.[1]Contents1 History1.1 Founding 1.2 Mission2 Projects2.1 Agro-Joint 2.2 The Holocaust 2.3 Post-War Rescue of Holocaust Survivors 2.4 Resettlement in Israel 2.5 Social welfare 2.6 Diaspora work3 Today3.1 Operations 3.2 JDC Entwine 3.3 Partners 3.4 Programs and priorities4 JDC Israel 5 Institutions5.1 Public policy making 5.2 Training 5.3 Disaster relief6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External linksHistory[edit] The JDC was founded in 1914, initially to provide assistance to Jews living in Palestine under Turkish rule.[2][3] Founding[edit] By 1914, approximately 59,000 Jews were living in Palestine under Ottoman rule. The settlement—the Yishuv—was largely made up of Jews that had emigrated from Europe and were largely dependent on sources outside of Palestine for their income
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World War I
Allied victoryCentral Powers' victory on the Eastern Front nullified by defeat on the Western Front Fall of the German, Russian, Ottoman, and Austro-Hungarian empires Russian Civil War
Russian Civil War
and foundation of the Soviet Union Formation of new countries in Europe
Europe
and the Middle East Transfer of German colonies
German colonies
and regions of the former Ottoman Empire to other powers Establishment of the League of Nations
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Henry Ford
Henry Ford
Henry Ford
(July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was an American captain of industry and a business magnate, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production. Although Ford did not invent the automobile or the assembly line,[1] he developed and manufactured the first automobile that many middle-class Americans could afford. In doing so, Ford converted the automobile from an expensive curiosity into a practical conveyance that would profoundly impact the landscape of the 20th century. His introduction of the Model T
Model T
automobile revolutionized transportation and American industry. As the owner of the Ford Motor Company, he became one of the richest and best-known people in the world. He is credited with "Fordism": mass production of inexpensive goods coupled with high wages for workers. Ford had a global vision, with consumerism as the key to peace
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Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
Hitler
(German: [ˈadɔlf ˈhɪtlɐ] ( listen); 20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
(Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany
Chancellor of Germany
from 1933 to 1945 and Führer
Führer
("Leader") of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
from 1934 to 1945.[a] As dictator, Hitler
Hitler
initiated World War II
World War II
in Europe with the invasion of Poland in September 1939, and was central to the Holocaust. Hitler
Hitler
was born in Austria—then part of Austria-Hungary—and was raised near Linz. He moved to Germany
Germany
in 1913 and was decorated during his service in the German Army in World War I
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United Nations
The United Nations
United Nations
(UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order. A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the organization was established on 24 October 1945 after World War II
World War II
with the aim of preventing another such conflict. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, and is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, promoting human rights, fostering social and economic development, protecting the environment, and providing humanitarian aid in cases of famine, natural disaster, and armed conflict
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David Ben-Gurion
David Ben-Gurion
David Ben-Gurion
(Hebrew: דָּוִד בֶּן-גּוּרִיּוֹן‎; pronounced [daˈvɪd ben gurˈjo:n] ( listen), born David Grün; 16 October 1886 – 1 December 1973) was the primary national founder of the State of Israel
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501(c)(3)
A 501(c)(3) organization is a corporation, trust, unincorporated association, or other type of organization that is exempt from federal income tax under section 501(c)(3) of Title 26 of the United States Code. It is the most common type of the 29 types of 501(c) nonprofit organizations in the United States. Many charitable non-profits in the United States that Americans commonly know of, and often make donations to, are 501(c)(3) organizations,[according to whom?] ranging from charitable foundations to universities and churches
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Catholic Church
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.29 billion members worldwide.[4] As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation.[5] Headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the Pope, the church's doctrines are summarised in the Nicene Creed
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Jewish-Christian Relations
Christianity
Christianity
is rooted in Second Temple
Second Temple
Judaism, but the two religions diverged in the first centuries of the Christian Era. Christianity emphasizes correct belief (or orthodoxy), focusing on the New Covenant as mediated through Jesus
Jesus
Christ,[1] as recorded in the New Testament. Judaism
Judaism
places emphasis on right conduct (or orthopraxy), focusing on the Mosaic Covenant, as recorded in the Torah
Torah
and Talmud. Christians
Christians
believe in individual salvation from sin through repentance and receiving Jesus
Jesus
Christ as their God
God
and Savior through Faith in Christianity
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