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Thai Malays
THAI MALAYS (Malay : Orang Melayu Thai, Thai : ไทยเชื้อสายมลายู, Jawi : ملايو تاي, Pattani Malay : Oré Nayu, Jawi or Bangso Yawi) is a term used to refer to ethnic Malays in Thailand
Thailand
. Thailand
Thailand
hosts the third largest ethnic Malay population after Malaysia
Malaysia
and Indonesia
Indonesia
, and most Malays are concentrated in the Southern provinces of Narathiwat , Pattani , Yala , Songkhla , and Satun . Phuket and Ranong , home to a sizeable Muslim
Muslim
population, also has many people who are of Malay descent. A sizeable community also exists in Thailand's capital Bangkok
Bangkok
, having descended from migrants or deportees who were relocated from the South from the 13th century onwards
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Sukhothai Kingdom
The KINGDOM OF SUKHOTHAI (Thai : สุโขทัย; pronunciation) was an early kingdom in the area around the city Sukhothai , in north central Thailand
Thailand
. The Kingdom existed from 1238 until 1438. The old capital, now 12 km outside of Sukhothai in Tambon Mueang Kao, is in ruins and has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Historical Park . CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 History * 2.1 Liberation from Lavo * 2.2 Expansions under Ram Kamhaeng * 2.3 Decline and domination of Ayutthaya * 2.4 Gradual merger with Ayutthaya * 2.5 Fall of Sukhothai * 3 The kings of Sukhothai * 4 Sukhothai in Thai historiography * 5 References * 6 External links ETYMOLOGYSukhothai is from Sanskrit sukha (सुख "happiness") + udaya (उदय "rise, emergence"), meaning "dawn of happiness"
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Pattani Kingdom
PATTANI (Patani) or the SULTANATE OF PATANI was a Malay sultanate in the historical Patani Region . It covered approximately the area of the modern Thai provinces of Pattani , Yala , Narathiwat and much of the northern part of modern Malaysia
Malaysia
. The 6–7th century Hindu
Hindu
state of Pan Pan may or may not have been related. CONTENTS * 1 Early history * 2 Patani and the Siamese Kingdom * 2.1 Sukhothai * 2.2 Ayutthaya * 2.2.1 Fall of Ayutthaya * 2.2.2 Growth as a trade entrepot * 2.2.3 Reassertion of Thai power * 2.2.4 Death of the Yellow Queen * 2.3 Patani in the Bangkok
Bangkok
Period * 3 Chronology of Rulers * 4 See also * 5 Further reading * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY HISTORY Further information: Pan Pan (kingdom) The Hikayat Patani
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Setul Kingdom
SETUL, officially the KINGDOM OF SETUL MAMBANG SEGARA (Malay : Kerajaan Setul Mambang Segara; Jawi :نڬري ستول ممبڠ سڬارا; Thai : เมืองสตูล; RTGS : Muang Satun ) was a traditional Malay kingdom founded in the northern coast of Malay Peninsular . The state was established in 1808 in wake of the partition between the rulers in the Royal House of Kedah . The partition witnessed the territory being seceded to the cadet branch of the royal family. The sovereignty of the kingdom effectively ended in 1916, following the dissolution by the Siamese government. Her borders was largely inherited to her successive province, the present-day Satun , Thailand
Thailand

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Phatthalung
PHATTHALUNG (Thai : พัทลุง, pronounced ) is a town (thesaban mueang ) in southern Thailand
Thailand
, capital of Phatthalung Province . The town covers the whole tambon Khuhu Sawan, and small parts of the tambon Khao Chiak, Tha Mi Ram, Prang Mu, Lampam, Tamnan and Khuan Maphrao, all in Mueang Phatthalung
Phatthalung
district . In 2005 it had a population of 38,576. Phatthalung
Phatthalung
is 851 km south of Bangkok. REFERENCES * ^ "Phatthalung". Tourism Authority of Thailand
Thailand
(TAT). Retrieved 23 May 2015. * ^ "Distance: Bangkok
Bangkok
to Phatthalung". Google Maps. Retrieved 23 May 2015
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Trang Province
TRANG (Thai : ตรัง, pronounced ), also called Mueang Thap Thiang, is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand
Thailand
, on the west side of the Malay Peninsula
Malay Peninsula
facing the Strait of Malacca
Strait of Malacca
. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Krabi , Nakhon Si Thammarat , Phatthalung , and Satun . Trang was formerly a port involved in foreign trade. It was the first place where rubber was planted in Thailand. Phraya Ratsadanupradit Mahison Phakdi brought rubber saplings from Malaya and planted them here in 1899, and rubber is now an important export of the country. The Trang River flows through the province from its origin in the Khao Luang mountain range, and the Palian River flows from the Banthat mountains
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Thai People
The THAI people or THAIS (Thai : ไทยสยาม), formerly known also as SIAMESE, are a nation and Tai ethnic group native to Southeast Asia, primarily Thailand
Thailand
. As a part of the larger Tai ethnolinguistic group native to Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
as well as southern China
China
and Northeast India
India
, Thais speak the Thai language
Thai language
, which exists in different regional variants, and is classified as part of the Tai–Kadai family of languages . Majority of Thais are followers of Theravada
Theravada
Buddhism
Buddhism
. "Thai people" usually includes central and southern Thai (Siamese proper, or Tai Siam), northern Thai (Lanna) and Isan people
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Bangkok
BANGKOK (UK : /bæŋˈkɒk/ , US : /ˈbæŋkɒk/ ) is the capital and most populous city of the Kingdom of Thailand
Thailand
. It is known in Thai as KRUNG THEP MAHA NAKHON (กรุงเทพมหานคร, pronounced ( listen )) or simply KRUNG THEP ( listen (help ·info )). The city occupies 1,568.7 square kilometres (605.7 sq mi) in the Chao Phraya River delta in Central Thailand
Thailand
, and has a population of over 8 million, or 12.6 percent of the country's population. Over 14 million people (22.2 percent) live within the surrounding Bangkok Metropolitan Region
Bangkok Metropolitan Region
, making Bangkok
Bangkok
an extreme primate city , significantly dwarfing Thailand's other urban centres in terms of importance
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Songkhla Province
SONGKHLA (Thai : สงขลา, pronounced ; Malay : Singgora) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand
Thailand
. Neighboring provinces are (from east clockwise) Satun , Phatthalung , Nakhon Si Thammarat , Pattani , and Yala . To the south it borders Kedah and Perlis of Malaysia
Malaysia
. In contrast to most other provinces, the capital Songkhla is not the largest city in the province. The much newer city of Hat Yai , with a population of 359,813, is considerably larger, with twice the population of Songkhla (163,072). This often leads to the misconception that Hat Yai is the provincial capital
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Satun Province
SATUN (Thai : สตูล, pronounced ; Malay : Setul) is one of the southern provinces (changwat) of Thailand
Thailand
. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Trang , Phatthalung , and Songkhla . To the south it borders Perlis
Perlis
of Malaysia
Malaysia
. CONTENTS * 1 Etymology * 2 Geography * 3 History * 4 Demographics * 5 Symbols * 6 Administrative divisions * 7 Tourism * 7.1 Sights * 8 Culture * 8.1 Festivals * 9 Media * 9.1 Television * 9.2 Radio * 10 References * 11 External links ETYMOLOGYThe name Satun is a Thai version of its original Malay name, Setul (santol , or wild mangosteen tree). GEOGRAPHYThe province is on the Malay Peninsula
Malay Peninsula
, on the shore of the Andaman Sea
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Phuket City
Coordinates : 7°53′17″N 98°23′51″E / 7.88806°N 98.39750°E / 7.88806; 98.39750 Phuket ภูเก็ต City Municipality Phuket Municipality COUNTRY Thailand
Thailand
PROVINCE Phuket Province
Phuket Province
GOVERNMENT • MAYOR Somjai Suwansupana AREA • CITY MUNICIPALITY 12 km2 (5 sq mi) • METRO 224 km2 (86 sq mi) POPULATION (2007) • CITY MUNICIPALITY 75,573 • DENSITY 6,300/km2 (16,000/sq mi) • METRO 230,000 TIME ZONE ICT ( UTC+7
UTC+7
)PHUKET CITY (/puːˈkɛt/ poo-KET ; Thai : ภูเก็ต, pronounced ) is a city in south-east Phuket Island , Thailand
Thailand
. It is the capital of Phuket Province
Phuket Province
. As of 2007 the city had a population of 75,573
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Ranong
RANONG (Thai : ระนอง (Pronunciation)) is a town (thesaban mueang ) in southern Thailand
Thailand
, former capital of the Ranong
Ranong
Province and the Mueang Ranong
Ranong
district . The town covers completely the area of the tambon Khao Niwet (เขานิเวศน์). As of 2005 it had a population of 16,163. Ranong
Ranong
lies 586 km south-south-west of Bangkok by road. CONTENTS * 1 Geography * 2 Climate * 3 Transportation * 4 References * 5 External links GEOGRAPHY Ranong
Ranong
is on the estuary of the Pak Chan (or Kraburi) River , opposite Myanmar
Myanmar
's Victoria Point . The Tenasserim Hills
Tenasserim Hills
rise directly to the east of Ranong, and another small ridge runs along the edge of the estuary to the town's north
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Krabi
KRABI (Thai : กระบี่, pronounced , Malay : Ghraibi) is the main town in the province of Krabi
Krabi
(thesaban mueang ) on the west coast of southern Thailand
Thailand
at the mouth of the Krabi River
Krabi River
where it empties in Phang Nga Bay
Phang Nga Bay
. As of 2010 the town had a population of 52,867. The town is the capital of Krabi Province and Krabi
Krabi
District . Tourism is an important industry. Krabi
Krabi
is 783 km south of Bangkok
Bangkok
by road. CONTENTS * 1 Administration * 2 Location * 3 Climate * 4 History * 5 Tourism * 6 Transport * 7 References * 8 External links ADMINISTRATIONThe town covers the tambon Paknam and Krabi
Krabi
Yai of Krabi
Krabi
district, and is subdivided into 10 communities (chumchon )
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Phang Nga
PHANG NGA (Thai : พังงา, rtgs : Phangnga, pronounced ) is a town (thesaban mueang ) in southern Thailand
Thailand
, capital of Phang Nga Province . The town covers the whole tambon Thai Chang of Mueang Phang Nga district . As of 2005 it had a population of 9,559 and covered an area of 6.75 km². Phang Nga
Phang Nga
is 764 km from Bangkok
Bangkok
by road. The municipal administration was created on 11 February 1937. The town is subdivided into nine wards (chumchon )
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Buddhism
BUDDHISM ( /ˈbʊdɪzəm/ or /ˈbuːdɪzəm/ ) is a religion and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions , beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha
Buddha
and resulting interpreted philosophies . Buddhism originated in Ancient India
Ancient India
sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, from where it spread through much of Asia
Asia
, whereafter it declined in India
India
during the Middle Ages
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Theravada
THERAVāDA ( Pali
Pali
, literally "school of the elder monks ") is a branch of Buddhism
Buddhism
that uses the Buddha's teaching preserved in the Pāli Canon
Pāli Canon
as its doctrinal core. The Pali
Pali
canon is the only complete Buddhist canon which survives in a classical Indic Language , Pali
Pali
, which serves as the sacred language and lingua franca of Theravada Buddhism. Another feature of Theravada
Theravada
is its tendency to be very conservative with regard to matters of doctrine and monastic discipline. As a distinct sect, Theravada
Theravada
Buddhism
Buddhism
developed in Sri Lanka and spread to the rest of Southeast Asia
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