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Thai Chinese
(9,349,900 (est) 14 percent of the Thai population (2012) up to 26,000,000 Thais of at least partial Chinese descent (around 40 percent of the Thai population) (2012) ) REGIONS WITH SIGNIFICANT POPULATIONS Thailand
Thailand
LANGUAGES Thai , Mandarin , Southern Min
Southern Min
(
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Guangdong Province
GUANGDONG (Chinese : 广东) is a province in South China , located on the South China Sea coast. Traditionally romanised as CANTON or KWANGTUNG, Guangdong
Guangdong
surpassed Henan and Sichuan
Sichuan
to become the most populous province in China
China
in January 2005, registering 79.1 million permanent residents and 31 million migrants who lived in the province for at least six months of the year; the total population was 104,303,132 in the 2010 census , accounting for 7.79 percent of Mainland China 's population. The provincial capital Guangzhou
Guangzhou
and economic hub Shenzhen
Shenzhen
are among the most populous and important cities in China. The population increase since the census has been modest, the province at 2015 had 108,500,000 people
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Ayutthaya Kingdom
Phitsanulok
Phitsanulok
(1463–1488) Ayutthaya (1463–1666) Lopburi (1666–1688) Ayutthaya (1688–1767) LANGUAGES Ayutthayan Thai RELIGION MAJORITY: Theravada BuddhismMINORITY:
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Sanpet III
SANPET III (Thai : สรรเพชญ์ที่ 3) or EKATHOTSAROT (Thai : เอกาทศรถ;-1620) was the King of Ayutthaya from 1605 to 1620 and overlord of Lan Na from 1605 to 1608/09 succeeding his brother Naresuan . His reign was mostly peaceful as Siam was then a powerful state through the conquests of Naresuan. It was also during his reign that foreigners of various origin began to fill the mercenary corps. In particular, the king had a regiment of professional Japanese guards under the command of Yamada Nagamasa . :51 During Ekathotsarot's reign, the English first came to Siam in 1612. :53 :242 CONTENTS * 1 The White Prince * 2 The Second King * 3 King of Siam * 3.1 Mission to Dutch Republic * 3.2 Foreign Mercenaries * 3.3 Prince Suthat * 4 Notes * 5 References THE WHITE PRINCEThe White Prince was the son of Maha Thammarachathirat of Phitsanulok and Queen Wisutkasat
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Portugal
PORTUGAL (Portuguese : ), officially the PORTUGUESE REPUBLIC (Portuguese: República Portuguesa ), is a sovereign state located mostly on the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe
Europe
. It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe
Europe
, being bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
and to the north and east by Spain
Spain
. Its territory also includes the Atlantic
Atlantic
archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira , both autonomous regions with their own regional governments . At 1.7 million km2, its Exclusive Economic Zone is the 3rd largest in the European Union
European Union
and the 11th largest in the world
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Fujian Province
FUJIAN (Chinese : 福建; pinyin : Fújiàn; pronounced ( listen )), formerly romanised as Foken, Fouken, Fukien, and Hokkien, is a province on the southeast coast of mainland China
China
. Fujian
Fujian
is bordered by Zhejiang
Zhejiang
to the north, Jiangxi
Jiangxi
to the west, and Guangdong
Guangdong
to the south. The name Fujian
Fujian
came from the combination of Fuzhou
Fuzhou
and Jianzhou (a former name for Jian\'ou ) two cities in Fujian, during the Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
. While its population is chiefly of Han origin, it is one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse provinces in China. Most of Fujian
Fujian
is administered by the People\'s Republic of China (PRC)
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Han Chinese
The HAN CHINESE, HAN PEOPLE or simply HAN (/hɑːn/ ; Mandarin: ; Han characters : 漢人 ( Mandarin pinyin : Hànrén; literally "Han people" ) or 漢族 (pinyin: Hànzú; literally "Han ethnicity" or "Han ethnic group" )) are an East Asian ethnic group and nation . They constitute the world\'s largest ethnic group , making about one fifth of the global population . The estimated 1.3 billion Han Chinese are concentrated in Mainland China
China
, where they make up about 92% of the total population. The Han Chinese in Taiwan make up about 98.5% of the population and they form the overwhelming majority in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau
Macau
as well as making up three quarters of the total population in Singapore
Singapore

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Wat Mangkon Kamalawat
WAT MANGKON KAMALAWAT (Thai : วัดมังกรกมลาวาส), previously (and still commonly) known as WAT LENG NOEI YI (Thai : วัดเล่งเน่ยยี่, Chinese : 龍蓮寺、龙莲寺; pinyin : Lónglián Sì), is the largest and most important Chinese Buddhist
Buddhist
temple in Bangkok
Bangkok
, Thailand
Thailand
. It hosts celebrations of a number of year-round events, including Chinese New Year , and the annual Chinese vegetarian festival . It is located in the district of Pom Prap Sattru Phai in the city's Chinatown , in a courtyard off Charoen Krung Road , accessed by an alleyway
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Hakka People
The HAKKAS (Chinese : 客家), sometimes HAKKA HAN, are Han Chinese people whose ancestral homes are chiefly from the Hakka -speaking provincial areas of Guangdong
Guangdong
, Fujian
Fujian
, Jiangxi , Guangxi
Guangxi
, Sichuan , Hunan , Zhejiang
Zhejiang
, Hainan
Hainan
and Guizhou
Guizhou
. The Chinese characters for Hakka (客家) literally mean "guest families". Unlike other Han Chinese groups, the Hakkas are not named after a geographical region, e.g. a province, county or city. The Hakkas are usually identified with people who speak the Hakka language or share at least some Hakka ancestry
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Rama I
PHRA PHUTTHAYOTFA CHULALOK (Thai : พระพุทธยอดฟ้าจุฬาโลก), born THONGDUANG (Thai : ทองด้วง) and also known as RAMA I (20 March 1737 – 7 September 1809), was the founder of Rattanakosin Kingdom and the first monarch of the reigning House of Chakri of Siam (now Thailand
Thailand
). His full title in Thai is Phra Bat Somdet Phra Paramoruracha Mahachakkriborommanat Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok (Thai : พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรโมรุราชามหาจักรีบรมนารถ พระพุทธยอดฟ้าจุฬาโลก). He ascended the throne in 1782, after defeating a rebellion which had deposed King Taksin
Taksin
of Thonburi. He was also celebrated as the founder of Rattanakosin (now Bangkok
Bangkok
) as the new capital of the reunited kingdom
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Thonburi Dynasty
KINGDOM OF THONBURI (Thai: ธนบุรี) was a Siamese kingdom after the downfall of the Ayutthaya Kingdom by the Konbaung Burmese invader . The kingdom was founded by King Taksin the Great , who relocated the capital to Thonburi . The kingdom of Thonburi existed from 1768 to 1782. In 1782, King Rama I founded the Rattanakosin Kingdom and relocated the capital to Bangkok on the other side of the Chao Phraya River , thus bringing the Thonburi kingdom to an end. The city of Thonburi remained an independent town and province until it was merged into Bangkok in 1971
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Spain
Coordinates : 40°N 4°W / 40°N 4°W / 40; -4 Kingdom of Spain Reino de España (Spanish ) 6 other official names * ARAGONESE : Reino d'Espanya ASTURIAN : Reinu d'España BASQUE : Espainiako Erresuma CATALAN : Regne d'Espanya GALICIAN : Reino de España OCCITAN : Reiaume d'Espanha Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Plus Ultra " (Latin ) "Further Beyond" ANTHEM: " Marcha Real " (Spanish ) "Royal March" Location of Spain
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Philippines
Coordinates : 13°N 122°E / 13°N 122°E / 13; 122 Republic
Republic
of the Philippines Republika ng Pilipinas Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: " Maka-Diyos, Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa " "For God, People, Nature, and Country" ANTHEM: Lupang Hinirang
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Sino-Burmese War
Burmese victory * Treaty of Kaungton * Assured Burmese independence * Siam regained independence from Burma BELLIGERENTS Qing Empire Konbaung Dynasty COMMANDERS AND LEADERS QIANLONG EMPEROR Liu Zao Yang Yingju Ming Rui † E\'erdeng\'e Aligui † Fuheng (DOW) Arigun † Agui HSINBYUSHIN Maha Thiha Thura Maha Sithu Ne Myo Sithu Balamindin Teingya Minkhaung Pierre de Milard UNITS INVOLVED Eight Banners Army Green Standard Army Mongols Tai-Shan militias Royal Burmese Army Bamar and Shan levies STRENGTHFIRST INVASION Total strength: 5,000 foot, 1000 horse * 3,500 Green Standard * Tai-Shan militias (balance)-------------------------SECOND INVASION Total: 25,000 foot, 2500 horse * 14,000 Green Standard * Tai-Shan militias (balance)-------------------------THIRD INVA
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Burmese–Siamese War (1765–1767)
Royal Burmese Army including: Shan regiments Laotian regiments Mon levies Cassay Horse Siamese levies Royal Siamese Army Royal Siamese Navy including: 1 British sloop STRENGTHINITIAL INVASION FORCE: 40,000 to 50,000 * Northern front: 20,000 * Southern front: 20,000–30,000NONTHABURI: 20,000 OUTER AYUTTHAYA: 50,000 SIEGE OF AYUTTHAYA: 40,000+ INITIAL DEFENSES: * Northern front: unknown * Southern front: over 60,000 NONTHABURI: 60,000 OUTER AYUTTHAYA: 50,0
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Chaozhou
CHAOZHOU (Chinese : 潮州), alternatively transliterated as CHIUCHOW, CHAOCHOW, or TEOCHEW, is a city in the eastern Guangdong province of the China. It borders Shantou to the south, Jieyang to the southwest, Meizhou to the northwest, the province of Fujian
Fujian
to the east and the South China Sea to the southeast. It is administered as a prefecture-level city with a jurisdiction area of 3,110 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi) and a total population of 2,669,844. Along with Shantou and Jieyang, Chaozhou
Chaozhou
is part of the Chaoshan region
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