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Théâtre Royal De La Monnaie
The THéâTRE ROYAL DE LA MONNAIE (or LA MONNAIE) in French , or The KONINKLIJKE MUNTSCHOUWBURG (or DE MUNT) in Dutch , is an Opera house in Brussels
Brussels
, Belgium
Belgium
. Both of its names translate as Royal Theatre of the Mint. Today the National Opera of Belgium, a federal institution, takes the name of the theatre in which it is housed. Therefore, la Monnaie or de Munt refers both to the structure as well as the opera company. As Belgium's leading opera house it is one of the few cultural institutions which receives financial support from the federal government of Belgium. Other opera houses in Belgium, such as the Vlaamse Opera and the Opéra Royal de Wallonie , are funded by regional governments
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Neo-renaissance
RENAISSANCE REVIVAL (sometimes referred to as "NEO-RENAISSANCE") is an all-encompassing designation that covers many 19th century architectural revival styles which were neither Grecian (see Greek Revival ) nor Gothic (see Gothic Revival ) but which instead drew inspiration from a wide range of classicizing Italian modes. Under the broad designation " Renaissance architecture " nineteenth-century architects and critics went beyond the architectural style which began in Florence
Florence
and central Italy in the early 15th century as an expression of Humanism
Humanism
; they also included styles we would identify as Mannerist or Baroque . Self-applied style designations were rife in the mid- and later nineteenth century: "Neo-Renaissance" might be applied by contemporaries to structures that others called "Italianate ", or when many French Baroque features are present (Second Empire )
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Neo-Rococo
ROCOCO (/rəˈkoʊkoʊ/ or /roʊkəˈkoʊ/ ), less commonly ROCCOCO, or "LATE BAROQUE", is an early to late 18th-century French artistic movement and style, affecting many aspects of the arts including painting, sculpture, architecture, interior design, decoration , literature, music, and theatre. It developed in the early 18th century in Paris, France
France
as a reaction against the grandeur, symmetry, and strict regulations of the previous Baroque
Baroque
style, especially of the Palace of Versailles
Palace of Versailles
, until it was redone. Rococo
Rococo
artists and architects used a more jocular, florid, and graceful approach to the Baroque. Their style was ornate and used light colours, asymmetrical designs, curves, and gold. Unlike the political Baroque, the Rococo had playful and witty themes
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Fromental Halévy
JACQUES-FRANçOIS-FROMENTAL-ÉLIE HALéVY, usually known as FROMENTAL HALéVY (French: ; 27 May 1799 – 17 March 1862), was a French composer. He is known today largely for his opera La Juive . CONTENTS * 1 Early career * 2 La Juive * 3 Later career * 4 Works * 5 Halévy\'s family * 6 References * 7 External links EARLY CAREERHalévy was born in Paris, son of the cantor Élie Halfon Halévy , who was the secretary of the Jewish
Jewish
community of Paris and a writer and teacher of Hebrew, and a French Jewish
Jewish
mother. The name Fromental, (meaning 'oat grass') by which he was generally known, reflects his birth on the day dedicated to that plant, 7 Prairial , in the French Revolutionary calendar , which was still operative at that time
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Jaguarita L'Indienne
JAGUARITA L\'INDIENNE is a three-act opéra comique , to a libretto by Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges and Adolphe de Leuven, with music by Fromental Halévy . The opera is somewhat satiric in its intentions, but the plot element of the love of an exotic queen for a European is also found in Meyerbeer 's later opera L\'Africaine . An English version of the libretto, (moving the action to North America and substituting Oanita for Jaguarita) was set by Wallace in 1863 and produced at Covent Garden Theatre , under the title The Desert Flower . PERFORMANCE HISTORYThe opera was premiered on 14 May 1855 at the Théâtre-Lyrique , Paris , with the soprano Marie Cabel in the title role, whose performance in the part was much admired by Berlioz in a contemporary review. The opera was also chosen as the opening performance of the rebuilt Théâtre La Monnaie in Brussels in 1856. SYNOPSIS Time: Place: Jaguarita is set in Dutch Guyana in 1772
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Giacomo Meyerbeer
GIACOMO MEYERBEER (born JACOB LIEBMANN BEER; 5 September 1791 – 2 May 1864) was a German opera composer of Jewish
Jewish
birth who has been described as perhaps the most successful stage composer of the nineteenth century. With his 1831 opera Robert le diable
Robert le diable
and its successors, he gave the genre of grand opera 'decisive character'. Meyerbeer's grand opera style was achieved by his merging of German orchestra style with Italian vocal tradition. These were employed in the context of sensational and melodramatic libretti created by Eugène Scribe
Eugène Scribe
and were enhanced by the up-to-date theatre technology of the Paris Opéra
Paris Opéra
. They set a standard which helped to maintain Paris as the opera capital of the nineteenth century
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Baroque Revival Architecture
The BAROQUE REVIVAL, also known as NEO-BAROQUE (or Second Empire architecture in France), was an architectural style of the late 19th century. The term is used to describe architecture which displays important aspects of Baroque style, but is not of the Baroque period proper—i.e., the 17th and 18th centuries. Elements of the Baroque architectural tradition were an essential part of the curriculum of the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, the pre-eminent school of architecture in the second half of the 19th century, and are integral to the Beaux-Arts architecture
Beaux-Arts architecture
it engendered both in France
France
and abroad
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Eclecticism In Art
ECLECTICISM is a kind of mixed style in the fine arts : "the borrowing of a variety of styles from different sources and combining them" (Hume 1998 , 5). Significantly, Eclecticism hardly ever constituted a specific style in art : it is characterized by the fact that it was not a particular style. In general, the term describes the combination in a single work of a variety of influences—mainly of elements from different historical styles in architecture , painting , and the graphic and decorative arts . In music the term used may be either eclecticism or polystylism
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Kingdom Of Belgium
Coordinates : 50°50′N 4°00′E / 50.833°N 4.000°E / 50.833; 4.000 Kingdom of Belgium * Koninkrijk België (Dutch ) * Royaume de Belgique (French ) * Königreich Belgien (German ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Eendracht maakt macht" (Dutch ) "L'union fait la force" (French ) "Einigkeit macht stark" (German ) "Unity makes Strength" ANTHEM: " La Brabançonne " Location of Belgium (dark green) – in Europe
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Daniel Auber
DANIEL FRANçOIS ESPRIT AUBER (French: ; 29 January 1782 – 12/13 May 1871) was a French composer. CONTENTS * 1 Personal life * 2 Career * 3 Works * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links PERSONAL LIFEThe son of a Paris
Paris
print-seller, Auber was born in Caen
Caen
in Normandy
Normandy
. Though his father expected him to continue in the print-selling business, he also allowed his son to learn how to play several musical instruments. His first teacher was the Tirolean composer, Josef Alois Ladurner. At the age of 20 Auber was sent to London for business training, but he was obliged to leave England in 1804 when the Treaty of Amiens was breached. Daniel François Esprit Auber CAREERAuber had already attempted musical composition, and at this period produced several concertos pour basse, modelled after the violoncellist Lamare , in whose name they were published
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La Muette De Portici
LA MUETTE DE PORTICI (The Dumb Girl of Portici, or The Mute Girl of Portici ), also called MASANIELLO (Italian pronunciation: ) in some versions, is an opera in five acts by Daniel Auber
Daniel Auber
, with a libretto by Germain Delavigne , revised by Eugène Scribe . The work has an important place in music history as the earliest French grand opera . It is also known for its role in the Belgian Revolution of 1830. CONTENTS* 1 Background * 1.1 Belgian revolution * 2 Roles * 3 Synopsis * 3.1 Act I * 3.2 Act II * 3.3 Act III * 3.4 Act IV * 3.5 Act V * 4 Influence * 5 Recordings * 6 References * 7 External links BACKGROUNDThe opera was first given at the Salle Le Peletier of the Paris Opéra on 29 February 1828. The role of Masaniello was taken by the famous tenor Adolphe Nourrit and Princess Elvire was sung by Laure Cinti-Damoreau
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Foyer
A LOBBY is a room in a building used for entry from the outside. Sometimes referred to as a FOYER (/ˈfɔɪ.eɪ/ ), RECEPTION or an ENTRANCE HALL, it often is a large, vast room or complex of rooms (in a theatre , opera , concert hall , showroom , cinema , etc.) adjacent to the auditorium . It is a repose area for spectators and place of venues, especially used before performance and during intermissions but also as a place of celebrations or festivities after performance. Many office buildings , hotels and skyscrapers go to great lengths to decorate their lobbies to create the right impression and convey an image. This is known as a "power lobby". Since the mid-1980s, there has been a growing trend to think of lobbies as more than just ways to get from the door to the elevator but instead as social spaces and places of commerce. Some research has even been done to develop scales to measure lobby atmosphere to improve hotel lobby design
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Gioachino Rossini
GIOACHINO ANTONIO ROSSINI (Italian: ; 29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote operas , as well as some sacred music , songs, chamber music and piano pieces. A precocious composer of operas, he made his full debut at the age of eighteen (with La cambiale di matrimonio ). His best-known operas include the Italian comedies Il barbiere di Siviglia (The Barber of Seville ), L'italiana in Algeri
L'italiana in Algeri
(The Italian Girl in Algiers ) and La Cenerentola (Cinderella). He also wrote a string of serious operas in Italian, including works such as Tancredi , Otello and Semiramide . The semi-serious opera La Gazza Ladra ( The Thieving Magpie ) has one of Rossini's most celebrated overtures . After moving to Paris in 1824, he eventually started to write in French
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Gaetano Donizetti
DOMENICO GAETANO MARIA DONIZETTI (Italian: ; 29 November 1797 – 8 April 1848) was an Italian composer. Along with Gioachino Rossini and Vincenzo Bellini
Vincenzo Bellini
, Donizetti was a leading composer of the bel canto opera style during the first half of the nineteenth century. Donizetti's close association with the bel canto style was undoubtedly an influence on other composers such as Giuseppe Verdi (1813–1901). Donizetti was born in Bergamo
Bergamo
in Lombardy . Although he did not come from a musical background, at an early age he was taken under the wing of composer Simon Mayr who had enrolled him by means of a full scholarship in a school which he had set up. There he received detailed training in the arts of fugue and counterpoint
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Daniel Buren
DANIEL BUREN (born 25 March 1938) is a French conceptual artist . CONTENTS* 1 Work * 1.1 Early work * 1.2 Installations * 1.3 Performance * 1.4 Writing * 2 Exhibitions * 2.1 List of selected exhibitions * 2.2 Collections * 3 Recognition * 4 List of permanent public installations * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Literature * 8 External links WORKSometimes classified as a Minimalist , Buren is known best for using regular, contrasting colored stripes in an effort to integrate visual surface and architectural space, notably on historical, landmark architecture. Among his chief concerns is the "scene of production" as a way of presenting art and highlighting facture (the process of 'making' rather than for example, mimesis or representation of anything but the work itself). The work is site-specific installation , having a relation to its setting in contrast to prevailing ideas of an autonomous work of art
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Sam Francis
SAMUEL LEWIS FRANCIS (June 25, 1923 – November 4, 1994) was an American painter and printmaker . CONTENTS * 1 Early life * 2 Career and artistic development * 3 Personal life * 4 International reputation * 4.1 International collections * 5 Legacy * 5.1 Auction records * 5.2 The Sam Francis Foundation * 5.3 Documentary * 6 Solo exhibitions 1952–1994 * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Reading and video * 10 Writings * 11 External links EARLY LIFESam Francis was born in San Mateo, California , the son of Katherine Lewis Francis and Samuel Augustus Francis, Sr. The 1935 death of his mother, who had encouraged his interest in music affected him deeply, but he later developed a strong bond with his stepmother, Virginia Peterson Francis. Francis served in the United States Air Force during World War II before being injured during test flight maneuvers
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