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Territorial Changes Of The Baltic States
Territorial changes of the Baltic states
Baltic states
refers to the redrawing of borders of Lithuania, Latvia
Latvia
and Estonia
Estonia
after 1940. The three republics, formerly autonomous regions within the former Russian Empire and before that of former Polish - Lithuanian Commonwealth, gained independence in the aftermath of World War I
World War I
and the Russian Revolution of 1917. After a two-front independence war fought against both Bolshevist Russian and Baltic German nationalist forces, the countries concluded peace and border treaties with Soviet Russia
Russia
in 1920. However, with World War II
World War II
and the occupation and annexation of these republics into the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
twenty years after their independence, certain territorial changes were made in favour of the Russian SFSR
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Vitebsk Governorate
Coordinates: 55°11′N 30°10′E / 55.183°N 30.167°E / 55.183; 30.167 Vitebsk
Vitebsk
Governorate Витебская губернияGovernorate of Russian Empire1802–1924FlagMap of Vitebsk
Vitebsk
Governorate, ca 1821 (Russian-Polish)Capital VitebskHistory •  Established 1802 •  Disestablished 1924Political subdivisions twelve uyezdsToday part of  Belarus  Latvia  Russia Vitebsk
Vitebsk
Governorate (Витебская губерния, Vitebskaya guberniya) was an administrative unit (guberniya) of the Russian Empire, with the seat of governorship in Vitebsk. It was established in 1802 by splitting the Byelorussia Governorate and existed until 1924
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Suwałki
Suwałki
Suwałki
[suˈvau̯kʲi] ( listen) (Lithuanian: Suvalkai, Yiddish: סואוואַלק‎ Suvalk, German: Suwalken) is a city in northeastern Poland
Poland
with 69,210 inhabitants (2011). It is the capital of Suwałki County
Suwałki County
and one of the most important centers of commerce in the Podlaskie Voivodeship.[1] Suwałki
Suwałki
is the largest city and the capital of the historical Suwałki
Suwałki
Region. Until 1999 it was the capital of Suwałki
Suwałki
Voivodeship. Suwałki
Suwałki
is located about 30 kilometres (19 miles) from the southwestern Lithuanian border and gives its name to the Polish protected area known as Suwałki Landscape Park
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Governorate Of Estonia
The Governorate of Est(h)onia[1] (Estonian: Eestimaa kubermang) or Duchy of Estonia, also known as the Government of Estonia, was a governorate of the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
in what is now northern Estonia. The Governorate was gained by the Russian Empire
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Lavry
Coordinates: 57°34′32″N 27°28′46″E / 57.57556°N 27.47944°E / 57.57556; 27.47944 Lavry (Russian: Лавры) is a village in Pechorsky District
Pechorsky District
of Pskov Oblast, Russia
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Kolpina Island
Kolpina (Russian: Колпинa, Estonian: Kulkna, Seto/Võro: Kulḱna) is the largest island in Lake Pskov (the southern part of Lake Peipus-Pskov). It is part of Pechorsky District, Pskov Oblast, Russia. 1920–1944 it belonged to Estonia
Estonia
and was part of Kulje Parish, Petseri County. After the annexation of Estonia
Estonia
by the Soviet Union in 1940, it went to the Russian SFSR
Russian SFSR
in 1944 and then to Russia.[1] The island has an area of 11.5 km2 (4.4 sq mi). References[edit]^ http://www.ohtuleht.ee/365147Coordinates: 58°02′54″N 27°38′48″E / 58.04833°N 27.64667°E / 58.04833; 27.64667This Pskov Oblast
Pskov Oblast
location article is a stub
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Latvian SSR
The Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic
Socialist Republic
(Latvian SSR; Latvian: Latvijas Padomju Sociālistiskā Republika; Russian: Латвийская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Latviyskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), also known as Soviet Latvia
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Pytalovo
Pytalovo
Pytalovo
(Russian: Пыта́лово; Latvian: Pitalova) is a town and the administrative center of Pytalovsky District
Pytalovsky District
in Pskov
Pskov
Oblast, Russia, located on the Utroya River
Utroya River
(a tributary of the Velikaya), 102 kilometers (63 mi) southwest of Pskov, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 5,826 (2010 Census);[5] 6,806 (2002 Census);[10] 7,166 (1989 Census).[11]Contents1 Etymology 2 History 3 Administrative and municipal status 4 Economy4.1 Industry 4.2 Transportation5 Culture 6 References6.1 Notes 6.2 Sources7 External linksEtymology[edit] Accounts of the origin of Pytalovo's name reflect the region's dichotomy
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Baltic People
Pontic SteppeDomestication of the horse Kurgan Kurgan
Kurgan
culture Steppe culturesBug-Dniester Sredny Stog Dnieper-Donets Samara Khvalynsk YamnaMikhaylovka cultureCaucasusMaykopEast-AsiaAfanasevoEastern EuropeUsatovo Cernavodă CucuteniNorthern EuropeCorded wareBaden Middle DnieperBronze AgePontic SteppeChariot Yamna Catacomb Multi-cordoned ware Poltavka SrubnaNorthern/Eastern SteppeAbashevo culture Andronovo SintashtaEuropeGlobular Amphora Corded ware Beaker Unetice Trzciniec Nordi
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Pskov Oblast
Pskov
Pskov
Oblast (Russian: Пско́вская о́бласть, Pskovskaya oblast') is a federal subject of Russia
Russia
(an oblast), located in the west of the country. Its administrative center is the city of Pskov
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Lithuanian SSR
The Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic
Soviet Socialist Republic
(Lithuanian SSR; Lithuanian: Lietuvos Tarybų Socialistinė Respublika; Russian: Литовская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Litovskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), one of the USSR republics that existed in 1940–1941 and 1944–1990, was formed on the basis of the Soviet occupation rule. It was also known as Soviet Lithuania
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Vilnius Region
Vilnius
Vilnius
Region (Lithuanian: Vilniaus kraštas, Polish: Wileńszczyzna, Belarusian: Віленшчына, also formerly known in English: as Wilno Region or Vilna Region) is the territory in the present-day Lithuania
Lithuania
and Belarus
Belarus
that was originally inhabited by ethnic Baltic tribes and was a part of Lithuania
Lithuania
proper, but came under East Slavic and Polish cultural influences over time. The territory included Vilnius, the historical capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Lithuania, after declaring independence from the Russian Empire, claimed the Vilnius
Vilnius
Region based on this historical legacy. Poland
Poland
argued for the right of self-determination of the local Poles. As a result, throughout the interwar period the control over the area was disputed between Poland
Poland
and Lithuania
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Narva
Narva
Narva
(Russian: Нарва) is the third largest city in Estonia
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Švenčionys
Švenčionys ( pronunciation (help·info), known also by several alternative names) is a town located 84 kilometers (52 mi) north of Vilnius in Lithuania. It is the capital of the Švenčionys district municipality. As of 2011[update], it had population of 4,963 of which about 17% is part of the Polish minority in Lithuania.[1]Contents1 Etymology 2 History 3 Notable residents 4 References 5 External linksEtymology[edit] There are two established hypotheses about the etymology of the Švenčionys name: one that it is the name of the nearby lake Šventas (literally: saint) with the addition of the Lithuanian suffix -onys; another is that it is derived from the personal name, Švenčionis
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Druskininkai
Druskininkai
Druskininkai
([ˈdrʊsʲkʲɪnʲɪŋkɐɪ] ( listen), Polish: Druskieniki, Belarusian: Друскенiкi, Yiddish: דרוזגעניק‎ Druzgenik) is a spa town on the Nemunas River
Nemunas River
in southern Lithuania, close to the borders of Belarus
Belarus
and Poland. The city of Druskininkai
Druskininkai
has a population of 23136 (2015 Census) and dates back as a spa resort to the 19th century.Contents1 Geography 2 History 3 Culture 4 International relations4.1 Twin towns – Sister cities5 People 6 References 7 External linksGeography[edit]Druskonis lake, City museum and a tower of the church.The town is located at the Ratnyčia River
River
estuary to the Nemunas River
River
and is surrounded by a natural forest reserve
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Dieveniškės
Dieveniškės (literally: Gods' place, Polish: Dziewieniszki, Belarusian: Дзевянішкі) is a town in the Vilnius County of Lithuania, about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) from the Belarusian border in the so-called Dieveniškės appendix. It is surrounded by the Dieveniškės Regional Park. History[edit]Jewish cemetery of the town.The estate of Dieveniškės was first mentioned in 1385 as a village of a Lithuanian noble Mykolas Mingaila, possibly the son of Gedgaudas, later ruled by the Goštautai family. Stanislovas Goštautas visited Dieveniškės with his wife Barbara Radziwill (Lithuanian: Barbora Radvilaitė), who used to pray in Dieveniškės church, built in the 16th century. According to the 1897 census, 75% of the village population were jewish. The shtetl had 2 synagogues
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