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Terms For Syriac Christians
Syriac Christians
Syriac Christians
are an ethnoreligious grouping of various ethnic communities of indigenous pre- Arab
Arab
Semitic and often Neo-Aramaic-speaking Christian
Christian
people of Iraq, Syria, Iran, Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine and Israel. Syriac Christians
Syriac Christians
advocate different terms for ethnic self-designation
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Indigenous Peoples
Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently. Groups are usually described as indigenous when they maintain traditions or other aspects of an early culture that is associated with a given region. Not all indigenous peoples share this characteristic, usually having adopted substantial elements of a colonising culture, such as dress, religion or language. Indigenous peoples
Indigenous peoples
may be settled in a given region (sedentary) or exhibit a nomadic lifestyle across a large territory, but they are generally historically associated with a specific territory on which they depend
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Moab
Moab
Moab
(/ˈmoʊæb/; Moabite: 𐤌𐤀𐤁‬ mʾb; Arabic: مؤاب‎ muʾāb; Hebrew: מוֹאָב‬, Modern Mō'av, Tiberian Mōʾôḇ; Ancient Greek: Μωάβ Mōáb; Assyrian Mu'aba, Ma'ba, Ma'ab; Egyptian Mu'ab) is the historical name for a mountainous tract of land in Jordan. The land lies alongside much of the eastern shore of the Dead Sea
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Phoenicia
Coordinates: 34°07′25″N 35°39′04″E / 34.12361°N 35.65111°E / 34.12361; 35.65111Phoeniciaknʿn / kanaʿan  (Phoenician) Φοινίκη / Phoiníkē  (Greek)1500 BC[1]–539 BCMap of Phoenicia
Phoenicia
and its Mediterranean trade routesCapital Not specifiedLanguages Phoenician, PunicReligion Canaanite religionGovernment City-states ruled by kingsWell-known kings of Phoenician cities •  c. 1000 BC Ahiram •  969 – 936 BC Hiram I 
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Aramea
Aram is a region mentioned in the Bible located in present-day central Syria, including where the city of Aleppo
Aleppo
now stands. At its height, Aram stretched from the Lebanon
Lebanon
mountains eastward across the Euphrates, including parts of the Khabur River valley in northwestern Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
on the border of Assyria. The region was known as The Land of the Amurru during the Akkadian Empire
Akkadian Empire
(2335-2154 BC), Neo-Sumerian Empire (2112-2004 BC) and Old Assyrian Empire
Old Assyrian Empire
(2025-1750 BC) in reference to its largely Amorite
Amorite
inhabitants
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Palestinian Territories
Palestinian territories
Palestinian territories
and occupied Palestinian territories
Palestinian territories
(OPT or oPt) are terms often used to describe the West Bank
West Bank
(including East Jerusalem) and the Gaza Strip, which are occupied or otherwise under the control of Israel.[7][8][9] Israeli governments have maintained that the area involved is within territorial dispute.[10][11] The extent of the territories, while subject to future negotiations, have frequently been defined by the Green Line. The term "Palestinian Territory, Occupied" was used by the United Nations (UN) and other international organizations between 1998 to 2013 in order to refer to areas controlled by the Palestinian National Authority
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Sinai Peninsula
The Sinai Peninsula
Peninsula
or simply Sinai (/ˈsaɪnaɪ/;[1][2] Arabic: سِينَاء‎ Sīnāʼ ; Egyptian Arabic: سينا‎ Sīna, IPA: [ˈsiːnæ]; Classical Syriac: ܣܝܢܝ‎, Hebrew: סִינַי‬ Sinai) is a peninsula in Egypt, the only part of the country located in Asia. It is situated between the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Red Sea
Red Sea
to the south, and is a land bridge between Asia
Asia
and Africa. Sinai has a land area of about 60,000 km2 (23,000 sq mi) and a population of approximately 1,400,000 people. Administratively, the Sinai Peninsula is divided into two governorates: the South Sinai Governorate
South Sinai Governorate
and the North Sinai Governorate
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Canaan
Canaan
Canaan
(/ˈkeɪnən/; Northwest Semitic: knaʿn; Phoenician: 𐤊𐤍𐤏𐤍 Kana‘n; Hebrew: כְּנָעַן‬ Kənā‘an) was a Semitic-speaking region in the Ancient Near East
Ancient Near East
during the late 2nd millennium BC
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Judea
Coordinates: 31°41′56″N 35°18′23″E / 31.69889°N 35.30639°E / 31.69889; 35.30639Map which shows Judea
Judea
(south of Samaria
Samaria
and the Galilee)A verda
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Samarra
Coordinates: 34°11′54″N 43°52′27″E / 34.19833°N 43.87417°E / 34.19833; 43.87417Samarra سامَرّاءCityThe spiral minaret of the Great Mosque of SamarraSamarraLocation of Samarra
Samarra
within IraqCoordinates: 34°11′54″N 43°52′27″E / 34.19833°N 43.87417°E / 34.19833; 43.87417Country  IraqGovernorate Saladin GovernoratePopulation (2003 est) • Total 348,700 UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage SiteOfficial name Samarra
Samarra
Archaeological CityCriteria Cultural: ii, iii, ivReference 276Inscription 2007 (31st Session)Endangered 2007-Area 15,058 haBuffer zone 31,414 haSāmarrā (Arabic: سامَرّاء‎) is a city in Iraq. It stands on the east bank of the Tigris
Tigris
in the Saladin Governorate, 125 kilometers (78 mi) north of Baghdad. In 2003 the city had an estimated population of 348,700
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Edom
Edom
Edom
(/ˈiːdəm, -dʌm/;[1][2] Hebrew: אֱדוֹם‬, Modern ʼEdōm, Tiberian ʼEḏōm, , lit.: "red"; Assyrian: Udumi; Syriac: ܐܕܘܡ) was an ancient kingdom in Transjordan located between Moab
Moab
to the northeast, the Arabah
Arabah
to the west and the Arabian Desert to the south and east.[3] Most of its former territory is now divided between Israel
Israel
and Jordan. Edom
Edom
appears in written sources relating to the late Bronze Age
Bronze Age
and to the Iron Age
Iron Age
in the Levant, such as the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
and Egyptian and Mesopotamian records
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Ammon
Ammon
Ammon
(Hebrew: עַמּוֹן‬, Modern Ammon, Tiberian ʻAmmôn; Arabic: عمّون‎, translit. ʻAmmūn) was an ancient Semitic-speaking nation occupying the east of the Jordan
Jordan
River, between the torrent valleys of Arnon and Jabbok, in present-day Jordan.[1][2] The chief city of the country was Rabbah
Rabbah
or Rabbath Ammon, site of the modern city of Amman, Jordan's capital. Milcom and Molech (who may be one and the same) are named in the Hebrew Bible
Hebrew Bible
as the gods of Ammon
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Amalekites
Amalek
Amalek
(Hebrew: עֲמָלֵק‬, Modern Amalek, Tiberian ʻĂmālēq, Arabic: عماليق‎) is a nation described in the Old Testament
Old Testament
of the Hebrew Bible. The name "Amalek" can refer to the nation's founder, a grandson of Esau; his descendents, the Amalekites; or the territories of Amalek
Amalek
which they inhabited. The Old Testament
Old Testament
describes the Amalekites as a tribe which lived in ancient Israel and in the land called Moab, in what the Romans
Romans
called Arabia Petraea
Arabia Petraea
(Moab and the desert of Sinai), a region depopulated in the fourteenth century BC and then occupied by Edomites. According to the Book of Genesis
Book of Genesis
and 1 Chronicles, Amalek
Amalek
was the son of Eliphaz and the concubine Timna
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Arabs
Historically: Arabian mythology (Hubal · al-Lāt · Al-‘Uzzá · Manāt · Other Goddesses) Predominantly: Islam (Sunni · Shia · Sufi · Ibadi · Alawite · Ismaili) Sizable minority: Christianity (Eastern Orthodox · Maronite · Coptic Orthodox · Greek Orthodox · Greek Catholic · Chaldean Christian) Smaller minority: Other monotheistic religions (Druze · Bahá'í Faith · Sabianism · Bábism · Mandaeism)Related ethnic groupsOther Afroasiatic-speaking peoplesa Arab
Arab
ethnicity should not be confused with non- Arab
Arab
ethnicities that are also native to the Arab
Arab
world.[30] b Not all Arabs
Arabs
are Muslims
Muslims
and not all Muslims
Muslims
are Arabs
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Babylonia
Babylonia
Babylonia
(/ˌbæbəˈloʊniə, -ˈloʊnjə/) was an ancient Akkadian-speaking state and cultural area based in central-southern Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
(present-day Iraq). A small Amorite-ruled state emerged in 1894 BC, which contained the minor administrative town of Babylon.[1] It was merely a small provincial town during the Akkadian
Akkadian
Empire (2335–2154 BC) but greatly expanded during the reign of Hammurabi
Hammurabi
in the first half of the 18th century BC and became a major capital city. During the reign of Hammurabi
Hammurabi
and afterwards, Babylonia
Babylonia
was called "the country of Akkad" (Māt Akkadī in Akkadian).[2][3] It was often involved in rivalry with the older state of Assyria
Assyria
to the north and Elam
Elam
to the east in Ancient Iran
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Arabian Peninsula
The Arabian Peninsula, simplified Arabia[1] (Arabic: شبه الجزيرة العربية‎ Shibhu al-jazīrati al-ʿarabiyya, ‘Arabian island’ or Arabic: جزيرة العرب‎ Jazīratu Al-ʿArab, ‘Island of the Arabs’),[2] is a peninsula of Western Asia
Asia
situated northeast of Africa
Africa
on the Arabian plate
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