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Temple Mount
The Temple Mount
Temple Mount
(Hebrew: הַר הַבַּיִת‎, Har HaBáyit, "Mount of the House [of God, i.e. the Temple]"), known to Muslims as the Haram esh-Sharif (Arabic: الحرم الشريف‎, al-Ḥaram al-Šarīf, "the Noble Sanctuary", or الحرم القدسي الشريف, al-Ḥaram al-Qudsī al-Šarīf, "the Noble Sanctuary of Jerusalem") is a hill located in the Old City of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
that for thousands of years has been venerated as a holy site, in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
Islam
alike. The present site is dominated by three monumental structures from the early Umayyad
Umayyad
period: the al-Aqsa Mosque, the Dome of the Rock
Dome of the Rock
and the Dome of the Chain, as well as four minarets
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Siege Of Jerusalem (1244)
The 1244 Siege of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
took place after the Sixth Crusade, when the Khwarezmians conquered the city on July 15, 1244. Sequence of events[edit] Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
led the Sixth Crusade to the Holy Land in 1228, and claimed the kingship of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
by right of his wife, Queen Yolande of Jerusalem, who had inherited the title of 'Queen of Jerusalem' from her mother, Maria of Montferrat, the wife of John of Brienne.[citation needed] The size of Frederick II's army and his reputation was sufficient to regain Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Nazareth
Nazareth
and a number of neighbouring castles by treaty from the Ayyubid
Ayyubid
Sultan
Sultan
Al-Kamil
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West Jerusalem
Coordinates: 31°46′55″N 35°13′10″E / 31.78194°N 35.21944°E / 31.78194; 35.21944 Jerusalem
Jerusalem
municipal area between 1948 and 1967West Jerusalem
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Battle Of Jerusalem
 British Empire United Kingdom  Australia  India  New Zealand Ottoman Empire  German EmpireCommanders and leaders Edmund Allenby Edward Bulfin Philip Chetwode Harry Chauvel Erich von Falkenhayn Friedrich Kress von Kressenstein Djevad Pasha Ali Fuad PashaUnits involvedEgyptian Expeditionary ForceXX Corps XXI Corps Desert Mounted CorpsSeventh Army Eighth ArmyCasualties and losses18,000 (for entire campaign) 25,000 (for entire campaign)v t eSinai and Palestine CampaignSinaiSuez Canal Jifjafa Katia Romani Bir el Abd Magdhaba Nekhl Bir el HassanaSouthern PalestineRafa 1st Gaza 2nd Gaza 1st Southern PalestineBuggar Ridge2nd Southern PalestineBeersheba Khuweilfe 3rd Gaza Hareira & Sheria Wadi el Hesi Huj Mughar Ridge Junction Station Ayun Kara JerusalemNebi Samwil Jaffa El BurjJudean HillsTell 'A
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Siege Of Jerusalem (587 BC)
In 589 BC, Nebuchadnezzar II laid siege to Jerusalem, culminating in the destruction of the city and its temple in the summer of 587 or 586 BC.Contents1 Siege 2 Chronological notes 3 Timeline of events in final siege 4 ReferencesSiege[edit] Following the siege of 597 BC, the Neo-Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar installed Zedekiah as tributary king of Judah, at the age of 21. However, Zedekiah revolted against Babylon, and entered into an alliance with Pharaoh Hophra, the king of Egypt. Nebuchadnezzar responded by invading Judah[1] and began a siege of Jerusalem in December 589 BC. During this siege, the duration of which was either 18 or 30 months,[2] "every worst woe befell the city, which drank the cup of God's fury to the dregs".[3] In 586 BC, after completion of the eleventh year of Zedekiah's reign,[4] Nebuchadnezzar broke through Jerusalem's walls, conquering the city
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Assyrian Siege Of Jerusalem
Both sides claim victory Kingdom of Judah
Kingdom of Judah
subjugated King Hezekiah
Hezekiah
of Judah remains in powerBelligerents Neo-Assyrian Empire Kingdom of JudahCommanders and leadersSennacherib's Rabshakeh Sennacherib's Rabsaris Sennacherib's T
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Reunification Of Jerusalem
A political union is a type of state which is composed of or created out of smaller states. The process is called unification. Unifications of states that used to be together and are reuniting is referred to as reunification. Unlike a personal union or real union, the individual states share a central government and the union is recognized internationally as a single political entity
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Battle For Jerusalem
Battle for Jerusalem
Jerusalem
(1948)Part of 1948 Palestine WarThe Arab Legion
Arab Legion
attacking the Jewish Quarter of Jerusalem, May 1948.Date December 1947 – 18 July 1948Location JerusalemResult Stalemate
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Mutasarrifate Of Jerusalem
FlagVital Cuinet's 1896 map of Syria, including the "Mutessariflik de Jerusalem"Capital JerusalemHistory •  Established 1872 •  British conquest 1917Area •  1862[2] 12,486 km2 (4,821 sq mi)Population •  1897[1] 298,653 Today part of  Egypt  Israel  Jordan  PalestineThe Mutasarrifate of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
(Ottoman Turkish: Kudüs-i Şerif Mutasarrıflığı‎; Arabic: متصرفية القدس الشريف‎), also known as the
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Jerusalem Biblical Zoo
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
(Hebrew: גן החיות התנ"כי בירושלים על שם משפחת טיש‎, Arabic: حديقة الحيوان الكتابية في أورشليم القدس‎ Ḥadīqat al-Ḥaiwān Ūrushalīm al-Quds), popularly known as the Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Biblical Zoo, is a zoo located in the Malha
Malha
neighborhood of Jerusalem, Israel
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Mayor Of Jerusalem
The Mayor of the City of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
is head of the executive branch of the political system in Jerusalem, Israel. The Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Municipality. The mayor's office administers all city services, public property, most public agencies, and enforces all city and state laws within Jerusalem. The mayor's office is located in Safra Square; it has jurisdiction over all the city's neighborhoods
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Knesset
Government (66)[1]     Likud
Likud
(30)      Kulanu
Kulanu
(10)      The Jewish
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Hebrew University Of Jerusalem
The Hebrew
Hebrew
University of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
(Hebrew: האוניברסיטה העברית בירושלים‬, Ha-Universita ha-Ivrit bi-Yerushalayim; Arabic: الجامعة العبرية في القدس‎, Al-Jami'ah al-Ibriyyah fi al-Quds; abbreviated HUJI) is Israel's second oldest university, established in 1918, 30 years before the establishment of the State of Israel. The Hebrew
Hebrew
University has three campuses in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
and one in Rehovot.[2] The world's largest Jewish studies
Jewish studies
library is located on its Edmond J. Safra Givat Ram campus. The university has 5 affiliated teaching hospitals including the Hadassah
Hadassah
Medical Center, 7 faculties, more than 100 research centers, and 315 academic departments
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Meleke
Meleke
Meleke
(Arabic: ملكي‎, "royal", "kingly")—also transliterated melekeh or malaki—is a lithologic type of white, coarsely crystalline, thickly bedded limestone found in the Judean Hills
Judean Hills
in
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List Of Mountain Types
Mountains and hills can be characterized in several ways. Some mountains are volcanoes and can be characterized by the type of lava and eruptive history. Other mountains are shaped by glacial processes and can be characterized by their shape
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Judean Mountains
The Judaean Mountains, or Judaean Hills (Hebrew: הרי יהודה‬ Harei Yehuda, Arabic: جبال الخليل‎ Jibal Al Khalil), is a mountain range in Israel
Israel
and the West Bank
West Bank
where Jerusalem
Jerusalem
and several other biblical cities are located. The mountains reach a height of 1,026 metres (3,366 ft).[1] The Judean Mountains can be separated to a number of sub-regions, including the Mount Hebron
Mount Hebron
ridge, the Jerusalem
Jerusalem
ridge and the Judean slopes. These mountains formed the heartland of the Kingdom of Judah, where the earliest Jewish settlements emerged.Contents1 Geography 2 Geology and history 3 Transportation 4 Gallery 5 References 6 External linksGeography[edit] The range runs in a north south direction from Galilee
Galilee
to the Negev with an average height of 900 metres (2,953 ft)
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