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Telets
Telets (Bulgarian: Телец), a member of the Ugain clan, was the ruler of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
from 762 to 765. Byzantine sources[which?] indicate that Telets replaced the legitimate rulers of Bulgaria. The same sources describe Telets as a brave and energetic man in his prime (about 30 years old). Scholars[who?] have conjectured that Telets may have belonged to an anti-Slavic faction of the Bulgarian nobility. After his accession, Telets led a well-trained and well-armed army against the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
and devastated the Empire's frontier zone, inviting the emperor to a contest of strength
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Dynasty
A dynasty (UK: /ˈdɪnəsti/, US: /ˈdaɪnəsti/) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,[1] usually in the context of a feudal or monarchical system, but sometimes also appearing in elective republics. The dynastic family or lineage may be known as a "house",[2] which may be styled as "royal", "princely", "ducal", "comital", etc., depending upon the chief or present title borne by its members. Historians periodize the histories of many sovereign states, such as Ancient Egypt, the Carolingian Empire
Carolingian Empire
and Imperial China, using a framework of successive dynasties. As such, the term "dynasty" may be used to delimit the era during which the family reigned and to describe events, trends, and artifacts of that period ("a Ming-dynasty vase")
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Bulgarian Language
 Moldova  Ukraine  Serbia  Albania  RomaniaRegulated by Institute for the Bulgarian language
Bulgarian language
at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (Институт за български език при Българската академия на науките (БАН))Language codesISO 639-1 bgISO 639-2 bulISO 639-3 bulGlottolog bulg1262[7]Linguasphere 53-AAA-hb < 53-AAA-hThis article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters
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Bulgaria
Coordinates: 42°45′N 25°30′E / 42.750°N 25.500°E / 42.750; 25.500Republic of Bulgaria Република България  (Bulgarian) Republika BǎlgariyaFlagCoat of armsMotto: Съединението прави силата (Bulgarian) "Sǎedinenieto pravi silata"  (transliteration) "Unity makes strength"Anthem:  Мила Родино  (Bulgarian) Mila Rodino  (transliteration) Dear MotherlandLocation of  Bulgaria  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]Capital and largest city Sofia 42°41′N 23°19′E / 42.683°N 23.317°E / 42.683; 23.317Official languages BulgarianOfficial script CyrillicEthnic groups (2011[1])84.8% Bulgarians 8.8% Turks 4.9% Roma 1.5% othersReligion Bulgarian O
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Byzantine Empire
The Byzantine
Byzantine
Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, was the continuation of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the East during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople
Constantinople
(modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium). It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453.[2] During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe
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Constantine V
Constantine V
Constantine V
(Greek: Κωνσταντῖνος Ε΄; July, 718 AD – September 14, 775 AD), denigrated by his enemies as Kopronymos or Copronymus, meaning the dung-named, was Byzantine emperor
Byzantine emperor
from 741 to 775.Contents1 Life1.1 Early life 1.2 Civil war against Artabasdos 1.3 Campaign pro iconoclasm 1.4 Campaigns against the Arabs and Bulgaria2 Family 3 See also 4 References 5 Sources 6 Literature 7 External linksLife[edit] Early life[edit] Constantine was born in Constantinople, the son and successor of Emperor Leo III and Maria. In August 720 he was associated on the throne by his father, who had him marry Tzitzak, daughter of the Khazar khagan Bihar. His new bride was baptized as Irene (Eirēnē, "peace") in 732
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Pincer Movement
The pincer movement, or double envelopment, is a military maneuver in which forces simultaneously attack both flanks (sides) of an enemy formation. The pincer movement typically occurs when opposing forces advance towards the center of an army that responds by moving its outside forces to the enemy's flanks to surround it. At the same time, a second layer of pincers may attack on the more distant flanks to keep reinforcements from the target units.Contents1 Description 2 History 3 Examples 4 See also 5 References 6 Further readingDescription[edit] A full pincer movement leads to the attacking army facing the enemy in front, on both flanks, and in the rear. If attacking pincers link up in the enemy's rear, the enemy is encircled. Such battles often end in surrender or destruction of the enemy force, but the encircled force can try to break out
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Second Bulgarian Empire
The Second Bulgarian Empire
Bulgarian Empire
(Bulgarian: Второ българско царство, Vtorо Bălgarskо Tsarstvo) was a medieval Bulgarian state that existed between 1185 and 1396.[2] A successor to the First Bulgarian Empire, it reached the peak of its power under Tsars Kaloyan and Ivan Asen II before gradually being conquered by the Ottomans in the late 14th and early 15th centuries. It was succeeded by the Principality and later Kingdom of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
in 1878.[3][4] Until 1256, the Second Bulgarian Empire
Bulgarian Empire
was the dominant power in the Balkans, defeating the Byzantine Empire
Byzantine Empire
in several major battles. In 1205 Emperor Kaloyan defeated the newly established Latin Empire
Latin Empire
in the Battle of Adrianople
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First Bulgarian Empire
The First Bulgarian Empire
Bulgarian Empire
(Old Bulgarian: ц︢рьство бл︢гарское, ts'rstvo bl'garskoe) was a medieval Bulgarian state that existed in southeastern Europe
Europe
between the 7th and 11th centuries AD. It was founded circa 681 when Bulgar tribes led by Asparukh moved to the north-eastern Balkans. There they secured Byzantine recognition of their right to settle south of the Danube
Danube
by defeating – possibly with the help of local South Slavic tribes – the Byzantine army led by Constantine IV
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Constantinople
Κωνσταντινούπολις (in Greek) Constantinopolis (in Latin)Map of ConstantinopleShown within Asia
Asia
MinorAlternate name Byzantion (earlier Greek name), Miklagard/Miklagarth (Old Norse), Tsarigrad (Slavic), Basileuousa ("Queen of Cities"), Megalopolis ("the Great City")Location Istanbul, Istanbul
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History Of Bulgaria
The history of Bulgaria
Bulgaria
can be traced from the first settlements on the lands of modern Bulgaria
Bulgaria
to its formation as a nation-state and includes the history of the Bulgarian people and their origin. The earliest evidence of human occupation discovered on what is today Bulgaria
Bulgaria
date from at least 1.4 million years ago.[1] Around 5000 BC, a sophisticated civilization already existed and produced some of the first pottery and jewelry in the world. After 3000 BC, the Thracians appeared on the Balkan peninsula
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Bulgars
The Bulgars
Bulgars
(also Bulghars, Bulgari, Bolgars, Bolghars, Bolgari,[1] pre-Bulgarians, Proto-Bulgarians[2]) were Turkic semi-nomadic warrior tribes that flourished in the Pontic-Caspian steppe
Pontic-Caspian steppe
and the Volga region during the 7th century. Emerging as nomadic equestrians in the Volga-Ural region, according to some researchers their roots can be traced to Central Asia.[3] During their westward migration across the Eurasian steppe
Eurasian steppe
the Bulgars
Bulgars
absorbed other ethnic groups and cultural influences, including Hunnic and Indo-European peoples.[4][5][6][7][8][9] Modern genetic research on Central Asian Turkic people
Turkic people
and ethnic groups related to the Bulgars
Bulgars
points to an affiliation with Western Eurasian populations.[9][10][11] The Bulgars spoke a Turkic language, i.e
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Taurus (film)
Taurus (Russian: Телец, translit. Telets) is a 2001 Russian biographical drama film directed by Alexander Sokurov, portraying Vladimir Lenin. It was entered into the 2001 Cannes Film Festival.[1]Contents1 Plot 2 Cast 3 Awards 4 References 5 External linksPlot[edit] The second film of the director-conceived cinema theater about the decline of power, started by the film Moloch
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Roman Of Bulgaria
Roman (Bulgarian: Роман; 930s–997) was emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria from 977 to 991, being in Byzantine captivity thereafter still claiming the title. Reign[edit] Roman was the second surviving son of Emperor Peter I of Bulgaria
Peter I of Bulgaria
by his marriage with Maria (renamed Eirene) Lekapene, the granddaughter of the Byzantine Emperor
Byzantine Emperor
Romanos I Lekapenos.[1] It is possible that he had the double name Roman-Simeon, but this may be due to confusion with another man in the sources. He was born around 930, and had probably visited Constantinople
Constantinople
with his mother and older brothers soon after 931. We know nothing about Roman’s life until 968, when he joined his older brother Boris in Constantinople
Constantinople
to negotiate a peace agreement between Bulgaria and Byzantium, during which they apparently served as honorary hostages at the Byzantine court
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Samuel Of Bulgaria
Samuel[2] (also Samuil, representing Bulgarian Самуил, pronounced [samuˈil], Old Church Slavonic: Самоилъ) was the Tsar
Tsar
(Emperor) of the First Bulgarian Empire
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Peter I Of Bulgaria
Peter I (Bulgarian: Петър I) (died 30 January 970) was emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria from 27 May 927 to 969.Contents1 Early reign 2 Revolts and incursions 3 Domestic rule 4 Conflict with Byzantium and Rus 5 Reputation 6 Family 7 Honour 8 Notes 9 ReferencesEarly reign[edit] Petar I was the son of Simeon I of Bulgaria
Simeon I of Bulgaria
by his second marriage to the sister of George Sursuvul. Petar had been born early in the 10th century, but it appears that his maternal uncle was very influential at the beginning of his reign. In 913 Petar may have visited the imperial palace at Constantinople
Constantinople
together with his older brother Michael
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