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Tarahuasi
Tarahuasi[1] (possibly from Quechua tara (Caesalpinia spinosa), a small tree native to Peru,[2][3] wasi house)[4] is an archaeological site in Peru. It is located in the Cusco Region, Anta Province, Limatambo District.[1]Closer view of the wallThe stones used for the wallReferences[edit]^ a b drc-cusco.gob.pe "Sitio arqueológico de Tarahuasi" ^ Diccionario Quechua - Español - Quechua, Academía Mayor de la Lengua Quechua, Gobierno Regional Cusco, Cusco 2005 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary) ^ A. Brack Egg (1999)
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Cerro Baúl
Cerro Baúl
Cerro Baúl
(Spanish: Cerro "hill", Spanish: Baúl "trunk" (i.e. a place to store treasured items)) is an ancient political outpost and ceremonial center settlement in Peru
Peru
established by the pre-Incan empire called the Wari. It was evacuated after a siege by the Inca Empire in about 1475. Cerro Baúl
Cerro Baúl
is a terraced mountain, 2000 feet above its surroundings, with a settlement on the cliff tops themselves and in the immediate surroundings. Among other finds are the remnants of a brewery and large buildings that may have been used for ceremonial feasting
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Cusco Region
Cusco, also spelled Cuzco (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkusko]; Quechua: Qusqu suyu), is a region in Peru. It is bordered by the Ucayali Region
Ucayali Region
on the north; the Madre de Dios and Puno regions on the east; the Arequipa Region
Arequipa Region
on the south; and the Apurímac, Ayacucho and Junín regions on the west. Its capital is Cusco, the capital of the Inca
Inca
Empire.[2]Contents1 Geography 2 Provinces 3 Languages 4 Toponyms 5 Gallery 6 See also 7 Sources 8 External linksGeography[edit] The plain of Anta contains some of the best communal cultivated lands of the Cusco
Cusco
Region
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Peru
Coordinates: 10°S 76°W / 10°S 76°W / -10; -76 Republic
Republic
of Peru República del Perú  (Spanish)[a]FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Firme y feliz por la unión" (Spanish) "Firm and Happy for the Union"Anthem: "Himno Nacional del Perú"  (Spanish) "National Anthem of Peru"National SealGran Sello del Estado  (Spanish) Great Seal of the StateLocation of  Peru  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital and largest city Lima 12°2.6′S 77°1.7′W / 12.0433°S 77.0283°W / -12.0433; -77.0283<
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Geographic Coordinate System
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols.[n 1] The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position, and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position
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Quechua Language
Quechua (/ˈkɛtʃuə/, in AmE also /ˈkɛtʃwɑː/)[2], known as Runasimi ("people's language") in the Quechuan language, is an indigenous language family, with variations spoken by the Quechua peoples, primarily living in the Andes
Andes
and highlands of South America.[3] Derived from a common ancestral language, it is the most widely spoken language family of indigenous peoples of the Americas, with a total of probably some 8–10 million speakers.[4] Approximately 25% (7.7 million) of Peruvians speak some variation of Quechua.[5][6] It is perhaps most widely known for being the main language of the Inca Empire. The colonisers initially encouraged its use, but from the middle of their reign they suppressed it
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Caesalpinia Spinosa
Tara spinosa, commonly known as tara (Quechua),[1] is a small leguminous tree or thorny shrub native to Peru.[2] T. spinosa is cultivated as a source of tannins based on a galloylated quinic acid structure.[3] This chemical structure has been confirmed also by LC-MS.[4] It is also grown as an ornamental plant because of its large colorful flowers and pods.Contents1 Names and taxonomy 2 Description 3 Distribution and habitat 4 Uses 5 References 6 External linksNames and taxonomy[edit] Common names: Spiny holdback; tara, taya, algarroba tanino (Peru). T. spinosa is in the Fabaceae
Fabaceae
family, the Caesalpinioideae subfamily, and Caesalpinieae tribe.[5] Description[edit] T. spinosa typically grows 2–5 m tall; its bark is dark gray with scattered prickles and hairy twigs
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Chacamarca Historic Sanctuary
Chacamarca Historic Sanctuary[1] (Spanish: Santuario Histórico de Chacamarca), is a historical site in Junín Province, Junín, Peru.[1] The sanctuary protects the site of the Battle of Junín
Battle of Junín
and archaeological remains of the Pumpush culture.[1][2]Contents1 History 2 Geography 3 Climate 4 Ecology4.1 Flora 4.2 Fauna5 Activities 6 Environmental issues 7 References 8 External linksHistory[edit] Prior to the arrival of the conquistadors, the area was occupied by the Pumpush and the Yarovilca cultures and after them, the Incas.[2] The Incas occupied the area gradually and integrated it to the rest of the empire
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Choquepuquio
Choquepuquio[1][2][3] (possibly from Quechua chuqi metal, gold (<Aymara), every kind of precious metal, pukyu spring, well)[4][5][6] is an ancient Wari site in Peru
Peru
in the valley of Cusco. These extensive ruins are situated in the Quispicanchi Province, Lucre District, near the village of Huacarpay and the homonymous lake.[7] The site dates back to c. 400 BC and lasted into the Colonial Period before its abandonment around 1530 BCE. See also[edit]Pikillaqta RumiqullqaReferences[edit]^ Y, Franklin Pease G.; Robinson, David James (1977). Collaguas: Yanque Collaguas : sociedad, economía y población. 1604-1617 (in Spanish). Fondo Editorial PUCP. pp. XXIV. ISBN 9789972427596.  ^ Hyslop, John (2014). Inka Settlement Planning. University of Texas Press. pp. 20–21. ISBN 9780292762640.  ^ Bauer, Brian S. (2014). The Development of the Inca State. University of Texas Press. p. 42
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Chan Chan
Chan Chan, the largest city of the pre-Columbian era in South America,[1] is now an archaeological site in La Libertad Region
La Libertad Region
5 kilometres (3.1 mi) west of Trujillo, Peru.[2] Chan Chan
Chan Chan
is located in the mouth of the Moche Valley[3] and was the capit
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Chanquillo
Chanquillo[1][2][3][4][5] or Chankillo[3][6][7][8] is an ancient monumental complex in the Peruvian coastal desert, found in the Casma-Sechin basin in the Ancash Department of Peru. The ruins include the hilltop Chankillo fort, the nearby Thirteen Towers solar observatory, and residential and gathering areas
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Chauchilla Cemetery
Chauchilla Cemetery
Cemetery
is a cemetery that contains prehispanic mummified human remains and archeological artifacts, located 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of the city of Nazca
Nazca
in Peru.[1][2]Contents1 History 2 Preservation of the bodies 3 In popular culture 4 See also 5 ReferencesHistory[edit] The cemetery was discovered in the 1920s,[3] but had not been used since the 9th century AD. The cemetery includes many important burials over a period of 600 to 700 years. The start of the interments was in about 200 AD. It is important as a source of archaeology to Nazca culture.[4] The cemetery has been extensively plundered by huaqueros (grave robbers) who have left human bones and pottery scattered around the area.[4] Similar local cemeteries have been damaged to a greater extent.[2] The site has been protected by Peruvian law since 1997 and tourists pay around seven U.S. dollars
U.S

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Chavín De Huantar
Chavín de Huántar is an archaeological site in Peru, containing ruins and artifacts constructed beginning at least by 1200 BC and occupied by later cultures until around 400-500 BC by the Chavín, a major pre- Inca
Inca
culture. The site is located in the Ancash Region, 250 kilometers (160 mi) north of Lima, at an elevation of 3,180 meters (10,430 ft), east of the Cordillera Blanca
Cordillera Blanca
at the start of the Conchucos Valley. Chavín de Huántar has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Some of the Chavín relics from this archaeological site are on display in the Museo de la Nación
Museo de la Nación
in Lima and the Museo Nacional de Chavín in Chavin itself. Occupation at Chavín de Huántar has been carbon dated to at least 3000 BC, with ceremonial center activity occurring primarily toward the end of the second millennium, and through the middle of the first millennium BC
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Chawaytiri
Chawaytiri (hispanicized Chahuaytire, Chahuaytiri) is an archaeological site with rock paintings in Peru. It is situated in the Cusco Region, Calca Province, Pisac District, near the village Chawaytiri.[1][2] The principal section with paintings predominantly showing llamas is named Llamachayuq Qaqa (Quechua llama llama, -cha, -yuq suffixes, qaqa rock,[3] "a rock with a little llama") or Chawaytiri. It lies on the slope of the mountain Muruwiksa (Moro-Wicsa, Morowiqsa, Morro Huicsa). The other sections are named Wamanwachana, Kawituyuq (Cahuituyoc), P'allqapata (Pallcapata), Musuqllaqta (Mosoqllaqta), Misaqaqa and Qaqa.[1] References[edit]^ a b Rainer Hostnig, Pinturas rupestres de posible afiliación Inca en el departamento del Cusco, SIARB
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Cheqollo
Cheqollo (Quechua for nightingale)[1] is an archaeological site in Peru. It is located in the Cusco Region, Cusco Province, San Jerónimo District, north of San Jerónimo.[2] The site was declared a National Cultural Heritage (Patrimonio Cultural) by Resolucion Directorial Nacional No. 514/ 2003.[2] See also[edit]Pachatusan Wanakawri WaqutuReferences[edit]^ Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk'ancha, La Paz, 2007 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary) ^ a b "Sitio Arqueológico de Cheqollo". mincetur. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016
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Chichakuri
Chichakuri (Quechua chichaku, meaning chigoe flea (Tunga penetrans),[2] -(i)ri an Aymara suffix; Hispanicized spelling Chichacori) is an archaeological site in Peru
Peru
consisting of stone tombs (chullpa), walls, houses and squares. The place was declared a National Cultural Heritage by Resolución Directoral Nacional No. 296/INC-2003 by the National Institute of Culture
National Institute of Culture
on May 16, 2003. Chichakuri is situated in the Puno Region, Carabaya Province, Ollachea District, at a height of about 2,800 m (9,200 ft).[1] References[edit]^ a b "Sitio arqueológico de Chichacori". mincetur. Archived from the original on May 12, 2014. Retrieved May 10, 2014.  ^ R. García, Nombre Quechua de insectos peruanos, Nombre de algunos insectos y otros invertebrados en "Quechua", Renán J. García A., in: Revista Peruana de Entomología Vol
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