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Tarahuasi
TARAHUASI (possibly from Quechua tara (Caesalpinia spinosa), a small tree native to Peru
Peru
, wasi house) is an archaeological site in Peru . It is located in the Cusco Region
Cusco Region
, Anta Province , Limatambo District . * Closer view of the wall * The stones used for the wall REFERENCES * ^ A B drc-cusco.gob.pe "Sitio arqueológico de Tarahuasi" * ^ Diccionario Quechua - Español - Quechua, Academía Mayor de la Lengua Quechua, Gobierno Regional Cusco, Cusco 2005 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary) * ^ A. Brack Egg (1999)
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Caesalpinia Spinosa
TARA SPINOSA, commonly known as TARA (Quechua ), is a small leguminous tree or thorny shrub native to Peru
Peru
. T. spinosa is cultivated as a source of tannins based on a galloylated quinic acid structure. This chemical structure has been confirmed also by LC-MS . It is also grown as an ornamental plant because of its large colorful flowers and pods. CONTENTS * 1 Names and taxonomy * 2 Description * 3 Distribution and habitat * 4 Uses * 5 References * 6 External links NAMES AND TAXONOMYCOMMON NAMES: Spiny holdback; tara, taya, algarroba tanino (Peru). T. spinosa is in the Fabaceae
Fabaceae
family, the Caesalpinioideae subfamily, and Caesalpinieae tribe. DESCRIPTIONT. spinosa typically grows 2–5 m tall; its bark is dark gray with scattered prickles and hairy twigs
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Chacamarca Historic Sanctuary
CHACAMARCA HISTORIC SANCTUARY (Spanish : Santuario Histórico de Chacamarca), is a historical site in Junín Province
Junín Province
, Junín , Peru
Peru
. The sanctuary protects the site of the Battle of Junín
Battle of Junín
and archaeological remains of the Pumpush culture. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Climate * 4 Ecology * 4.1 Flora * 4.2 Fauna * 5 Activities * 6 Environmental issues * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYPrior to the arrival of the conquistadors , the area was occupied by the Pumpush and the Yarovilca cultures and after them, the Incas . The Incas occupied the area gradually and integrated it to the rest of the empire through the Capac Ñan (Inca road system). As a result, an Inca settlement flourished at Chacamarca
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Chauchilla Cemetery
CHAUCHILLA CEMETERY is a cemetery that contains prehispanic mummified human remains and archeological artifacts, located 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of the city of Nazca
Nazca
in Peru
Peru
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Preservation of the bodies * 3 In popular culture * 4 See also * 5 References HISTORYThe cemetery was discovered in the 1920s, but had not been used since the 9th century AD . The cemetery includes many important burials over a period of 600 to 700 years. The start of the interments was in about 200 AD. It is important as a source of archaeology to Nazca
Nazca
culture . The cemetery has been extensively plundered by huaqueros (grave robbers) who have left human bones and pottery scattered around the area. Similar local cemeteries have been damaged to a greater extent. The site has been protected by Peruvian law since 1997 and tourists pay around seven U.S
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Cerro Baúl
CERRO BAúL (Spanish : Cerro "hill", Spanish : Baúl "trunk" (i.e. a place to store treasured items)) is an ancient political outpost and ceremonial center settlement in Peru
Peru
established by the pre-Incan empire called the Wari . It was evacuated after a siege by the Inca Empire in about 1475. Cerro Baúl
Cerro Baúl
is a terraced mountain, 2000 feet above its surroundings, with a settlement on the cliff tops themselves and in the immediate surroundings. Among other finds are the remnants of a brewery and large buildings that may have been used for ceremonial feasting. There is evidence of damage that has been interpreted as a careful and deliberate destruction, by the city's own people, of several buildings prior to the mesa 's being vacated
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Quechua Language
QUECHUA (/ˈkɛtʃuə/ , in AmE also /ˈkɛtʃwɑː/ ) , known as RUNASIMI ("people's language") in the Quechuan language, is an indigenous language family , with variations spoken by the Quechua peoples , primarily living in the Andes
Andes
and highlands of South America . Derived from a common ancestral language, it is the most widely spoken language family of indigenous peoples of the Americas , with a total of probably some 8–10 million speakers. Approximately 25% (7.7 million) of Peruvians speak some variation of Quechua. It is perhaps most widely known for being the main language of the Inca Empire . The colonisers initially encouraged its use, but from the middle of their reign they suppressed it. However, Quechua ultimately survived , and variants are still widely spoken today
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Coricancha
CORICANCHA, KORICANCHA, QORICANCHA or QORIKANCHA (from Quechua quri gold; kancha enclosure) was the most important temple in the Inca Empire
Inca Empire
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Images * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYOriginally named INTIKANCHA or INTIWASI, it was dedicated to Inti , and is located at the old Inca capital of Cusco
Cusco
. Mostly destroyed after the 16th century war with the Spanish conquistadors much of its stonework forms the foundation of the Santo Domingo church and convent. Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui rebuilt Cusco
Cusco
and the House of the Sun, enriching it with more oracles and edifices, and adding plates of fine gold. He provided vases of gold and silver for the Mama-cunas, nuns, to use in the veneration services
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Cusco Region
CUSCO, also spelled CUZCO (Spanish pronunciation: ; Quechua : Qusqu suyu), is a region in Peru
Peru
. It is bordered by the Ucayali Region on the north; the Madre de Dios and Puno regions on the east; the Arequipa Region
Arequipa Region
on the south; and the Apurímac , Ayacucho and Junín regions on the west. Its capital is Cusco
Cusco
, the capital of the Inca Empire . CONTENTS * 1 Geography
Geography
* 2 Provinces * 3 Languages * 4 Toponyms * 5 Gallery * 6 See also * 7 Sources * 8 External links GEOGRAPHYThe plain of Anta contains some of the best communal cultivated lands of the Cusco
Cusco
Region. It is located about 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) above sea level and is used to cultivate mainly high altitude crops such as potatoes , tarwi (edible lupin ), barley and quinoa
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Peru
Coordinates : 10°S 76°W / 10°S 76°W / -10; -76 Republic
Republic
of Peru República del Perú (Spanish ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Firme y feliz por la unión" (Spanish) "Firm and Happy for the Union" ANTHEM: Himno Nacional del Perú (Spanish) National Anthem of Peru NATIONAL SEAL : Gran Sello del Estado (Spanish) Great Seal of the State Location of
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Geographic Coordinate System
A GEOGRAPHIC COORDINATE SYSTEM is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position , and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position . A common choice of coordinates is latitude , longitude and elevation . To specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection
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Chichakuri
CHICHAKURI (Quechua chichaku, meaning chigoe flea ( Tunga penetrans ), -(i)ri an Aymara suffix ; Hispanicized spelling Chichacori) is an archaeological site in Peru
Peru
consisting of stone tombs (chullpa ), walls, houses and squares. The place was declared a National Cultural Heritage by Resolución Directoral Nacional No. 296/INC-2003 by the National Institute of Culture on May 16, 2003. Chichakuri is situated in the Puno Region
Puno Region
, Carabaya Province
Carabaya Province
, Ollachea District , at a height of about 2,800 m (9,200 ft). REFERENCES * ^ A B "Sitio arqueológico de Chichacori". mincetur. Archived from the original on May 12, 2014. Retrieved May 10, 2014. * ^ R. García, Nombre Quechua de insectos peruanos, Nombre de algunos insectos y otros invertebrados en "Quechua", Renán J. García A., in: Revista Peruana de Entomología Vol
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Chipaw Marka
CHIPAW MARKA (Hispanicized spelling Chipaomarca) is an archaeological site in Peru
Peru
. It was declared a National Cultural Heritage in 2003. Chipaw Marka lies in the Ayacucho Region , Lucanas Province , Chipao District . REFERENCES * ^ A B El Peruano, Normas Legales, p
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Chavín De Huantar
CHAVíN DE HUáNTAR is an archaeological site containing ruins and artifacts constructed beginning at least by 1200 BC and occupied by later cultures until around 400-500 BC by the Chavín , a major pre- Inca
Inca
culture. The site is located in the Ancash Region
Ancash Region
of Peru
Peru
, 250 kilometers (160 mi) north of Lima
Lima
, at an elevation of 3,180 meters (10,430 ft), east of the Cordillera Blanca
Cordillera Blanca
at the start of the Conchucos Valley . Chavín de Huántar has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
. Some of the Chavín relics from this archaeological site are on display in the Museo de la Nación in Lima and the Museo Nacional de Chavín in Chavin itself
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Hatun Mach'ay
HATUN MACH\'AY (Quechua hatun big, mach'ay cave, "big cave") is a rock forest with archaeological remains in Peru
Peru
. It was declared a National Cultural Heritage by Resolución Directoral No. 944/INC-2010 on May 7, 2010. Hatun Mach'ay is situated on the western side of the Cordillera Negra in the Ancash Region
Ancash Region
, Recuay Province , Pampas Chico District , at a height of about 4,200 metres (13,780 ft). REFERENCES * ^ A B "Bosque de piedra Hatun Machay". mincetur. Archived from the original on April 27, 2014. Retrieved April 27, 2014
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Chan Chan
CHAN CHAN, the largest city of the pre-Columbian era in South America , is now an archaeological site in La Libertad Region 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) west of Trujillo, Peru
Peru
. Chan Chan
Chan Chan
is located in the mouth of the Moche Valley and was the capital of the historical empire of the Chimor from 900 to 1470, when they were defeated and incorporated into the Inca Empire
Inca Empire
. Chimor, a conquest state, developed from the Chimú culture which established itself along the Peruvian coast around 1400 AD. In the Chimú tongue, Quingnam , Chan Chan
Chan Chan
means "Sun Sun;" it was named for its sunny climate which is cooled year round by a southerly breeze. Chan Chan
Chan Chan
is in a particularly arid section of the coastal desert of northern Peru
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