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Tampukancha
TAMPUKANCHA (Quechua , tampu inn, kancha enclosure, enclosed place, yard, a frame, or wall that encloses, Hispanicized Tambocancha, also Tambokancha) is an ancient Incan religious center located in Peru. It is located in the Cusco Region
Cusco Region
, Anta Province , Zurite District , about 30 miles from Cusco
Cusco
, the historic capital of the Inca
Inca
Empire. REFERENCES * ^ Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk'ancha, La Paz, 2007 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary) * ^ mincetur.gob.pe "Zona Arqueológica de Tambocancha" (in Spanish) * ^ Catchpole, Heather (21 September 2004). "Incans smash and burn before leaving". News in Science. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved June 24, 2010
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Tambo (Incan Structure)
A TAMBO (Quechua : tampu, "inn") was an Incan structure built for administrative and military purposes. Found along Incan roads , tambos typically contained supplies, served as lodging for itinerant state personnel, and were depositories of quipu -based accounting records. Individuals from nearby communities within the Inca
Inca
empire were conscripted to serve in the tambos, as part of the mit\'a labor system. CONTENTS * 1 Characteristics and Functions * 2 Spacing * 3 Architecture * 4 Tambos after the Inca
Inca
collapse * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTIONSThe Incas built many of their tambos when they began to upgrade the road system during the reign of Thupa Inka Yupanki from 1471 to 1493. Scholars estimate that there were 2,000 or more tambos. Given this amount, the sheer variety of tambo size and function are hard to fully describe
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Chauchilla Cemetery
CHAUCHILLA CEMETERY is a cemetery that contains prehispanic mummified human remains and archeological artifacts, located 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of the city of Nazca
Nazca
in Peru
Peru
. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Preservation of the bodies * 3 In popular culture * 4 See also * 5 References HISTORYThe cemetery was discovered in the 1920s, but had not been used since the 9th century AD . The cemetery includes many important burials over a period of 600 to 700 years. The start of the interments was in about 200 AD. It is important as a source of archaeology to Nazca
Nazca
culture . The cemetery has been extensively plundered by huaqueros (grave robbers) who have left human bones and pottery scattered around the area. Similar local cemeteries have been damaged to a greater extent. The site has been protected by Peruvian law since 1997 and tourists pay around seven U.S
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Quechua Language
QUECHUA (/ˈkɛtʃuə/ , in AmE also /ˈkɛtʃwɑː/ ) , known as RUNASIMI ("people's language") in the Quechuan language, is an indigenous language family , with variations spoken by the Quechua peoples , primarily living in the Andes
Andes
and highlands of South America . Derived from a common ancestral language, it is the most widely spoken language family of indigenous peoples of the Americas , with a total of probably some 8–10 million speakers. Approximately 25% (7.7 million) of Peruvians speak some variation of Quechua. It is perhaps most widely known for being the main language of the Inca Empire . The colonisers initially encouraged its use, but from the middle of their reign they suppressed it. However, Quechua ultimately survived , and variants are still widely spoken today
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Chacamarca Historic Sanctuary
CHACAMARCA HISTORIC SANCTUARY (Spanish : Santuario Histórico de Chacamarca), is a historical site in Junín Province
Junín Province
, Junín , Peru
Peru
. The sanctuary protects the site of the Battle of Junín
Battle of Junín
and archaeological remains of the Pumpush culture. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Climate * 4 Ecology * 4.1 Flora * 4.2 Fauna * 5 Activities * 6 Environmental issues * 7 References * 8 External links HISTORYPrior to the arrival of the conquistadors , the area was occupied by the Pumpush and the Yarovilca cultures and after them, the Incas . The Incas occupied the area gradually and integrated it to the rest of the empire through the Capac Ñan (Inca road system). As a result, an Inca settlement flourished at Chacamarca
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Peru
Coordinates : 10°S 76°W / 10°S 76°W / -10; -76 Republic
Republic
of Peru República del Perú (Spanish ) Flag Coat of arms MOTTO: "Firme y feliz por la unión" (Spanish) "Firm and Happy for the Union" ANTHEM: Himno Nacional del Perú (Spanish) National Anthem of Peru NATIONAL SEAL : Gran Sello del Estado (Spanish) Great Seal of the State Location of
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Cusco Region
CUSCO, also spelled CUZCO (Spanish pronunciation: ; Quechua : Qusqu suyu), is a region in Peru
Peru
. It is bordered by the Ucayali Region on the north; the Madre de Dios and Puno regions on the east; the Arequipa Region
Arequipa Region
on the south; and the Apurímac , Ayacucho and Junín regions on the west. Its capital is Cusco
Cusco
, the capital of the Inca Empire . CONTENTS * 1 Geography
Geography
* 2 Provinces * 3 Languages * 4 Toponyms * 5 Gallery * 6 See also * 7 Sources * 8 External links GEOGRAPHYThe plain of Anta contains some of the best communal cultivated lands of the Cusco
Cusco
Region. It is located about 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) above sea level and is used to cultivate mainly high altitude crops such as potatoes , tarwi (edible lupin ), barley and quinoa
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Cerro Baúl
CERRO BAúL (Spanish : Cerro "hill", Spanish : Baúl "trunk" (i.e. a place to store treasured items)) is an ancient political outpost and ceremonial center settlement in Peru
Peru
established by the pre-Incan empire called the Wari . It was evacuated after a siege by the Inca Empire in about 1475. Cerro Baúl
Cerro Baúl
is a terraced mountain, 2000 feet above its surroundings, with a settlement on the cliff tops themselves and in the immediate surroundings. Among other finds are the remnants of a brewery and large buildings that may have been used for ceremonial feasting. There is evidence of damage that has been interpreted as a careful and deliberate destruction, by the city's own people, of several buildings prior to the mesa 's being vacated
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Chawaytiri
CHAWAYTIRI (hispanicized Chahuaytire, Chahuaytiri) is an archaeological site with rock paintings in Peru
Peru
. It is situated in the Cusco Region , Calca Province , Pisac District , near the village Chawaytiri. The principal section with paintings predominantly showing llamas is named Llamachayuq Qaqa (Quechua llama llama , -cha, -yuq suffixes , qaqa rock, "a rock with a little llama") or Chawaytiri. It lies on the slope of the mountain Muruwiksa (Moro-Wicsa, Morowiqsa, Morro Huicsa). The other sections are named Wamanwachana, Kawituyuq (Cahuituyoc), P'allqapata (Pallcapata), Musuqllaqta (Mosoqllaqta), Misaqaqa and Qaqa. REFERENCES * ^ A B Rainer Hostnig, Pinturas rupestres de posible afiliación Inca en el departamento del Cusco, SIARB
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Chichakuri
CHICHAKURI (Quechua chichaku, meaning chigoe flea ( Tunga penetrans ), -(i)ri an Aymara suffix ; Hispanicized spelling Chichacori) is an archaeological site in Peru
Peru
consisting of stone tombs (chullpa ), walls, houses and squares. The place was declared a National Cultural Heritage by Resolución Directoral Nacional No. 296/INC-2003 by the National Institute of Culture on May 16, 2003. Chichakuri is situated in the Puno Region
Puno Region
, Carabaya Province
Carabaya Province
, Ollachea District , at a height of about 2,800 m (9,200 ft). REFERENCES * ^ A B "Sitio arqueológico de Chichacori". mincetur. Archived from the original on May 12, 2014. Retrieved May 10, 2014. * ^ R. García, Nombre Quechua de insectos peruanos, Nombre de algunos insectos y otros invertebrados en "Quechua", Renán J. García A., in: Revista Peruana de Entomología Vol
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Chipaw Marka
CHIPAW MARKA (Hispanicized spelling Chipaomarca) is an archaeological site in Peru
Peru
. It was declared a National Cultural Heritage in 2003. Chipaw Marka lies in the Ayacucho Region , Lucanas Province , Chipao District . REFERENCES * ^ A B El Peruano, Normas Legales, p
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Chavín De Huantar
CHAVíN DE HUáNTAR is an archaeological site containing ruins and artifacts constructed beginning at least by 1200 BC and occupied by later cultures until around 400-500 BC by the Chavín , a major pre- Inca
Inca
culture. The site is located in the Ancash Region
Ancash Region
of Peru
Peru
, 250 kilometers (160 mi) north of Lima
Lima
, at an elevation of 3,180 meters (10,430 ft), east of the Cordillera Blanca
Cordillera Blanca
at the start of the Conchucos Valley . Chavín de Huántar has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
. Some of the Chavín relics from this archaeological site are on display in the Museo de la Nación in Lima and the Museo Nacional de Chavín in Chavin itself
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Chanquillo
CHANQUILLO or CHANKILLO is an ancient monumental complex in the Peruvian coastal desert, found in the Casma-Sechin basin in the Ancash Department of Peru. The ruins include the hilltop Chankillo fort, the nearby THIRTEEN TOWERS solar observatory, and residential and gathering areas. The Thirteen Towers have been interpreted as an astronomical observatory built in the 4th century BC. The culture that produced Chankillo is called the Casma/Sechin culture or the Sechin Complex. The site covers about four square kilometres (1.5 square miles) and has been interpreted as a fortified temple. CONTENTS * 1 The Thirteen Towers solar observatory * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links THE THIRTEEN TOWERS SOLAR OBSERVATORYThe regularly-spaced thirteen towers of Chankillo were constructed atop the ridge of a low hill running near north to south, forming a "toothed" horizon with narrow gaps at regular intervals
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Cerro Pátapo Ruins
The CERRO PáTAPO RUINS or NORTHERN WARI RUINS are the remains of an entire prehistoric city relatively near the site of present-day Chiclayo
Chiclayo
, Peru
Peru
. The ruins are primarily of the Wari (Huari) culture, which flourished from 350 CE to 1000 CE in the area along the coast and reaching to the highlands. These northern Wari ruins are distinguished from the Wari ruins in the Ayacucho Region to the south. The discovery was announced on 16 December 2008 by the lead archeologist , Cesar Soriano . The ruins both present the first evidence of Wari influence found in Northern Peru
Peru
and by their quality and extent, show this was an important site. Located 14 miles (23 km) from Chiclayo, the ruins stretch over an area of 3 miles (4.8 km)
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Chan Chan
CHAN CHAN, the largest city of the pre-Columbian era in South America , is now an archaeological site in La Libertad Region 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) west of Trujillo, Peru
Peru
. Chan Chan
Chan Chan
is located in the mouth of the Moche Valley and was the capital of the historical empire of the Chimor from 900 to 1470, when they were defeated and incorporated into the Inca Empire
Inca Empire
. Chimor, a conquest state, developed from the Chimú culture which established itself along the Peruvian coast around 1400 AD. In the Chimú tongue, Quingnam , Chan Chan
Chan Chan
means "Sun Sun;" it was named for its sunny climate which is cooled year round by a southerly breeze. Chan Chan
Chan Chan
is in a particularly arid section of the coastal desert of northern Peru
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