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Supreme Soviet
The SUPREME SOVIET (Russian : Верховный Совет, Verkhóvnyj Sovét, English: literally "Supreme Council") was the common name for the legislative bodies (parliaments) of the Soviet socialist republics (SSR) in the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
. These soviets were modeled after the Supreme Soviet
Supreme Soviet
of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
, established in 1938, and were nearly identical. Soviet-approved delegates to the Supreme Soviets were periodically elected in unopposed elections. The first free or semi-free elections took place during perestroika in late 1980s. The soviets were largely rubber-stamp institutions, approving decisions handed to them by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
or of each SSR
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Bashkir Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
The BASHKIR AUTONOMOUS SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC (Bashkir : Башҡорт Автономиялы Совет Социалистик Республикаhы, Başqort Avtonomiyalı Sovet Sotsialistik Respublikahı; Russian : Башкирская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика, Bashkirskaya Avtonomnaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika); also known as SOVIET BASHKORTOSTAN or simply BASHKORTOSTAN was an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic within the Russian SFSR . Currently it is known as Bashkortostan
Bashkortostan
. Bashkir ASSR was the first Autonomous Soviet Republic in RSFSR
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Russian Language
RUSSIAN (Russian: ру́сский язы́к, tr. rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia
Russia
, Belarus
Belarus
, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
, Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
and many minor or unrecognised territories throughout Eurasia
Eurasia
(particularity in Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
, the Baltics , the Caucasus
Caucasus
, and Central Asia
Central Asia
). It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Latvia
Latvia
, Moldova
Moldova
, Ukraine
Ukraine
and to a lesser extent, the other post-Soviet states
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Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic საქართველოს საბჭოთა სოციალისტური რესპუბლიკა Грузинская Советская Социалистическая Республика Gruzinskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika 1921–1922 1936–1991 Flag (1951–1990) State emblem (1978–1990) ANTHEM Anthem of the Georgian SSR Location of Georgia (red) within the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
. CAPITAL Tbilisi
Tbilisi
LANGUAGES Georgian Russian Abkhaz a Ossetian b, Mingrelian language, Svan language
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Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
TATAR AUTONOMOUS SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC (TASSR) was part of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic . It was created on May 27, 1920. Kazan
Kazan
served as its capital. The territory of the TASSR was a part of Kazan
Kazan
, Simbirsk , and Ufa Governorates (guberniyas ) of the Imperial Russia
Imperial Russia
before the October Revolution of 1917
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World War II
Allied victory * Collapse of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
* Fall of Japanese and Italian Empires * Dissolution of the League of Nations
League of Nations
* Creation of the United Nations
United Nations
* Emergence of the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
as superpowers * Beginning of the Cold War
Cold War
(more... ) PARTICIPANTS ALLIED POWERS AXIS POWERS COMMANDERS AND LEADERS MAIN ALLIED LEADERS * Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
* Franklin D
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Legislative Bodies
A LEGISLATURE is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city . Legislatures form important parts of most governments ; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of government. Laws enacted by legislatures are known as legislation . Legislatures observe and steer governing actions and usually have exclusive authority to amend the budget or budgets involved in the process. The members of a legislature are called legislators . In a democracy , legislators are most commonly popularly elected , although indirect election and appointment by the executive are also used, particularly for bicameral legislatures featuring an upper chamber
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Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic
KIRGHIZIA, officially the KIRGHIZ SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC (KIRGHIZ SSR; Kyrgyz : Кыргыз Советтик Социалисттик Республикасы Kyrgyz Sovettik Sotsialisttik Respublikasy; Russian : Киргизская Советская Социалистическая Республика Kirgizskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika) and the REPUBLIC OF KIRGHIZIA, also referred to as SOVIET KIRGHIZIA, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(USSR) from 1936 to 1991. Landlocked and mountainous , it bordered the Tajikistan and China
China
to the south, Uzbekistan to the west and Kazakhstan to the north. The Kirghiz branch of the Soviet Communist Party governed the republic from 1936 until 1990. On 15 December 1990, the Kirghiz SSR was renamed to SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF KIRGHIZIA after declaring its state sovereignty
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Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
"Молдова Советикэ " (" Moldova
Moldova
Sovietică") (1980-1991) Location of the Moldavian SSR within the Soviet Union
Soviet Union

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Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic
KAZAKHSTAN (Kazakh : Қазақстан, Qazaqstan), formally the KAZAKH SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC (KAZAKH SSR or KSSR; Kazakh : Қазақ Кеңестік Социалистік Республикасы, Qazaq Keñestik Socïalïstik Respwblïkası; Russian : Казахская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Kazakhskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika) and the REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN, also known by its alternative name of SOVIET KAZAKHSTAN, was one of the transcontinental constituent republics of the Soviet Union from 1936-1991 in northern Central Asia
Central Asia
. It was created on December 5, 1936 from the Kazakh ASSR , an autonomous republic of the Russian SFSR
Russian SFSR
. At 2,717,300 square kilometres (1,049,200 sq mi) in area, it was the second-largest republic in the USSR, after the Russian SFSR
Russian SFSR

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February Revolution
Revolutionary victory * Abdication
Abdication
of Tsar Nicholas II
Nicholas II
, creation of the
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Russian Revolution
The RUSSIAN REVOLUTION was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
. The Russian Empire
Russian Empire
collapsed with the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II and the old regime was replaced by a provisional government during the first revolution of February 1917 (March in the Gregorian calendar
Gregorian calendar
; the older Julian calendar
Julian calendar
was in use in Russia at the time). Alongside it arose grassroots community assemblies (called 'soviets ') which contended for authority. In the second revolution that October, the Provisional Government was toppled and all power was given to the soviets
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Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic
The LITHUANIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC (LITHUANIAN SSR; Lithuanian : Lietuvos Tarybų Socialistinė Respublika; Russian : Литовская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Litovskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), also known as SOVIET LITHUANIA or LITHUANIA was a republic of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
. It existed from 1940 to 1990. Established on 21 July 1940 as a puppet state , during World War II in the territory of the previously independent Republic of Lithuania after it had been occupied by the Soviet army
Soviet army
on 16 June 1940, in conformity with the terms of the 23 August 1939 Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact . Between 1941 and 1944, the German invasion of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
caused its de facto dissolution. However, with the retreat of the Germans in 1944–1945, Soviet hegemony was re-established, and existed for fifty years
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Stalinism
STALINISM is the means of governing and related policies implemented by Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
. Stalinist policies in the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
included rapid industrialization , the theory of socialism in one country , a centralized state , collectivization of agriculture , cult of personality , and subordination of interests of foreign communist parties to those of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Communist Party of the Soviet Union
—deemed by Stalinism
Stalinism
to be the leading vanguard party of communist revolution at the time. Stalinism
Stalinism
promoted the escalation of class conflict , utilizing state violence to forcibly purge society of claimed supporters of the bourgeoisie , regarding them as threats to the pursuit of the communist revolution that resulted in substantial political violence and persecution of such people
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Russian Civil War
RUSSIAN SFSR (7 November 1917–30 December 1922) Ukrainian SSR (20 November 1917–30 December 1922) ------------------------- Left SR Green armies (1919–1920) ------------------------- Makhnovschyna (1918–1920) WHITE MOVEMENT Including: * Orenburg Cossacks (8 November 1917–7 February 1921) * Don Republic
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Great Purge
The GREAT PURGE or the GREAT TERROR (Russian : Большо́й терро́р) was a campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union which occurred from 1936 to 1938. It involved a large-scale purge of the Communist Party and government officials , repression of peasants and the Red Army
Red Army
leadership, widespread police surveillance, suspicion of "saboteurs", "counter-revolutionaries", imprisonment, and arbitrary executions. Mobile gas vans were invented to execute people without trial. In Russian historiography, the period of the most intense purge, 1937–1938, is called YEZHOVSHCHINA (Russian : Ежовщина; literally, "Yezhov phenomenon", commonly translated as "times of Yezhov" or "doings of Yezhov"), after Nikolai Yezhov
Nikolai Yezhov
, the head of the Soviet secret police , NKVD
NKVD

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