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Subah (province)
A Subah was the term for a province in the Mughal Empire. The word is derived from Arabic
Arabic
and Persian. The governor/ruler of a Subah was known as a subahdar (sometimes also referred to as a "Subeh"[1]), which later became subedar to refer to a ranking officer in the Pakistan
Pakistan
Army. The subahs were established by badshah (emperor) Akbar the Great during his administrative reforms of years 1572-1580; initially they numbered to 12, but his conquests expanded the number of subahs to 15 by the end of his reign. Subahs were divided into Sarkars, or districts. Sarkars were further divided into Parganas or Mahals. His successors, most notably Aurangzeb, expanded the number of subahs further through their conquests
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Subah (other)
Subah may refer to:Subah, a country division in Mughal IndiaSubah, a misnomer for a subahdar or nazim (governor) of a SubahSubah (TV series), a 1987 Indian Hindi-language TV series Subah, a character from The Lingo Show, a children's TV showThis disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Subah. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the
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Ajmer
RJ-01(Ajmer) RJ-36 (Beawar) RJ-42 (Kishangarh) RJ-48 (Kekri)Nearest city Jaipur, Udaipur, JodhpurWebsite www.ajmer.rajasthan.gov.in Ajmer
Ajmer
(pronounced [ədʒmeːr] ( listen)) is one of the major cities in the Indian state of Rajasthan
Rajasthan
and is the centre of the eponymous Ajmer
Ajmer
District. According to the 2011 census, Ajmer
Ajmer
had a population of 542,321 in the city, 551,101 including its suburbs.[1] Ajmer
Ajmer
is surrounded by the Aravalli Mountains. It is a pilgrimage centre for the shrine of the Sufi
Sufi
Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti
Moinuddin Chishti
and is also the base for visiting Pushkar
Pushkar
(11 km), an ancient Hindu pilgrimage city, famous for the temple of Lord Brahma
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Pakistan
Coordinates: 30°N 70°E / 30°N 70°E / 30; 70 Islamic Republic
Islamic Republic
of Pakistan اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاكِستان‬ (Urdu) Islāmī Jumhūriyah Pākistān[1]FlagEmblemMotto: Īmān, Ittihād, Nazam ایمان، اتحاد، نظم‬ (Urdu) "Faith, Unity, Discipline" [2]Anthem: Qaumī Tarānah قَومی ترانہ‬ "The National Anthem"[3]Area controlled by
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Kabul Subah
The history of Afghanistan, (Persian: تاریخ افغانستان‎ , Tārīkh e Afġānistān, Pashto: د افغانستان تاريخ‎ , Da Afġānistān Tārīkh) began in 1747 with its establishment by Ahmad Shah
Shah
Durrani
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Kashmir
Kashmir
Kashmir
is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent. Until the mid-19th century, the term "Kashmir" denoted only the Kashmir Valley
Kashmir Valley
between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal Range
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Kabul
Kabul
Kabul
(/ˈkɑːbʊl/; Persian: [ˈkɒːbul]) is the capital of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and its largest city, located in the eastern section of the country. It is also a municipality, forming part of the greater Kabul
Kabul
Province. According to estimates in 2015, the population of Kabul
Kabul
is 4.635 million,[1] which includes all the major ethnic groups.[2] Rapid urbanization had made Kabul
Kabul
the world's 75th largest city.[3] Kabul
Kabul
is located high up in a narrow valley between the Hindu Kush mountains, with an elevation of 1,790 metres (5,873 ft) making it one of the highest capitals in the world. The city is said to be over 3,500 years old, mentioned since at least the time of the Achaemenid Empire. It is at a strategic location along the trade routes of South and Central Asia, and a key location of the ancient Silk Road
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Lahore Subah
Lahore (Urdu: لاہور‎, Punjabi: لہور; /ləˈhɔːr/) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab, and is the country’s second-most populous city after Karachi.[3] The city is located in the north-eastern end of Pakistan's Punjab province, near the border with the Indian state of Punjab. Lahore is one of Pakistan's wealthiest cities with an estimated GDP of $58.14 billion (PPP) as of 2014,[7][8] Lahore is the historic cultural centre of the Punjab region,[9][10][11] and is one of Pakistan's most socially liberal,[12] progressive,[13] and cosmopolitan cities.[14] Lahore's origins reach into antiquity. The city has been controlled by numerous empires throughout the course of its history, including the Hindu Shahis, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, and Delhi Sultanate by the medieval era. Lahore reached the height of its splendour under the Mughal Empire between the late 16th and early 18th century, and served as its capital city for a number of years
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Lahore
Lahore
Lahore
(Urdu: لاہور‎, Punjabi: لہور; /ləˈhɔːr/) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab, and is the country’s second-most populous city after Karachi.[3] The city is located in the north-eastern end of Pakistan's Punjab province, near the border with the Indian state of Punjab. Lahore
Lahore
is one of Pakistan's wealthiest cities with an estimated GDP of $58.14 billion (PPP) as of 2014,[7][8] Lahore
Lahore
is the historic cultural centre of the Punjab region,[9][10][11] and is one of Pakistan's most socially liberal,[12] progressive,[13] and cosmopolitan cities.[14] Lahore's origins reach into antiquity. The city has been controlled by numerous empires throughout the course of its history, including the Hindu Shahis, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, and Delhi Sultanate
Delhi Sultanate
by the medieval era
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Multan Subah
Punjab province of Pakistan. It is one of the oldest cities in South Asia, though the exact age has yet to be determined. Its modern name comes from its old Sanskrit
Sanskrit
name Mūlasthān.[citation needed] It has seen a lot of warfare because of its location on a major invasion route between South Asia
South Asia
and Central Asia. It is famous for its Sufi shrines.Contents1 Early history 2 Early Muslim
Muslim
era2.1 Ismailis3 Mughal era 4 Maratha Empire 5 Sikh
Sikh
era 6 British era6.1 Siege of Multan7 Post-independence 8 See also 9 ReferencesEarly history[edit] Ancient name of Multan
Multan
was Kashep Puri. The town was built by Raja Kashep. After Hurnakas his son Parhilaad succeeded the throne and the town was then named after him as Parhilaad Puri
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Multan
Multan
Multan
(Punjabi, Saraiki, Urdu: مُلتان ‬‎ [mʊltaːn] ( listen)), is a Pakistani city and the headquarters of Multan District
Multan District
in the province of Punjab. Located on the banks of the Chenab River, Multan
Multan
is Pakistan's seventh most populous city,[4][5] and is the major cultural and economic centre of southern Punjab. Multan's history stretches deep into antiquity. The ancient city was site of the renowned Multan
Multan
Sun Temple, and was besieged by Alexander the Great during the Mallian Campaign.[6] Multan
Multan
was one of the most important trading centres of medieval Islamic India,[7] and attracted a multitude of Sufi
Sufi
mystics in the 11th and 12th centuries, earning the city the nickname City of Saints
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Ajmer Subah
Ajmer is a historical region in central Rajasthan, a central part of a Shakambari Chahamana (Chauhan) kingdom in 11–12th centuries. The region includes a present-day Ajmer district and is bounded on the west by Marwar, on the northeast by Dhundhar, on the southeast by Hadoti, and on the south by Mewar regions.Contents1 Ajmer subah 2 Ajmer state 3 See also 4 NotesAjmer subah[edit] Under Mughal imperial rule, Ajmer was a central subah (top-level province), roughly most of present Rajasthan, one of the twelve original provinces created by Akbar the Great, bordering Delhi (later Shahjahanbad), Agra (later Akbarabad), Malwa, Gujarat, Thatta (Sindh) and Multan subahs. Ajmer state[edit] In 1950, Ajmer state became a "Part C" state, governed by a chief commissioner appointed by the President of India
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Gujarat Subah
In 1573, Akbar
Akbar
(1573-1605), the emperor of the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
captured Gujarat
Gujarat
(now a state in western India) by defeating Gujarat
Gujarat
Sultanate under Muzaffar Shah III. Muzaffar tried to regain the Sultanate in 1584 but failed. Gujarat
Gujarat
remained the Mughal province (subah) governed by the viceroys and officers appointed by the Mughal emperors
Mughal emperors
from Delhi. Akbar's foster brother Mirza Aziz Kokaltash was appointed as the viceroy who strengthened Mughal hold over the region. The nobles of former Sultanate continued to resist and rebel during the reign of the next emperor Jehangir
Jehangir
(1605-1627) but Kokaltash and his successor viceroys subdued them
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Princely State
A princely state, also called native state (legally, under the British) or Indian state (for those states on the subcontinent), was a vassal state[1] under a local or regional ruler in a subsidiary alliance with the British Raj. Though the history of the princely states of the subcontinent dates from at least the classical period of Indian history, the predominant usage of the term princely state specifically refers to a semi-sovereign principality on the Indian subcontinent during the British Raj
British Raj
that was not directly governed by the British, but rather by a local ruler, subject to a form of indirect rule on some matters; similar political entities also existed on or in the region of the Arabian Peninsula, in Africa and in Malaya, and which were similarly recognised under British rule,[2] subject to a subsidiary alliance and the suzerainty or paramountcy of the British Crown
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Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad
(/ˈɑːmɪdəbɑːd/ ( listen)), also known as Amdavad[7] is the largest city and former capital of Gujarat, which is a state in India. It is the administrative headquarters of the Ahmedabad district
Ahmedabad district
and the seat of the Gujarat
Gujarat
High Court. Ahmedabad's population of 5,633,927 (as per 2011 population census) makes it the fifth most populous city in India,[3] and the encompassing urban agglomeration population estimated at 7,650,000 is the seventh most populous in India.[8][9] Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad
is located on the banks of the Sabarmati
Sabarmati
River, 30 km (19 mi) from the state capital Gandhinagar, which is its twin city.[10] Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad
has emerged as an important economic and industrial hub in India
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Delhi Subah
Old Delhi or Purani Dilli was founded as a walled city of Delhi, India, founded as Shahjahanabad in 1638, when Shah Jahan, the Mughal emperor at the time, decided to shift the Mughal capital from Agra.[1] The construction of the city was completed in 1648, and it remained the capital of the Mughal Empire until its fall in 1857,[1][2][3] when the British Raj took over a paramount power in India. It was once filled with mansions of nobles and members of the royal court, along with elegant mosques and gardens
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