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Strait Of Hormuz
The STRAIT OF HORMUZ (/hɔːrˈmuːz/ Persian : تنگه هرمز‎‎ Tange-ye Hormoz listen (help ·info ) is a strait between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman . It provides the only sea passage from the Persian Gulf to the open ocean and is one of the world's most strategically important choke points . On the north coast lies Iran
Iran
, and on the south coast the United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates
and Musandam , an exclave of Oman
Oman
. At its narrowest, the strait has a width of 29 nautical miles (54 km). About 20% of the world's petroleum (about 35% of the petroleum traded by sea) passes through the strait, making it a highly important strategic location for international trade
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Airbus A300
The AIRBUS A300 is a wide-body twin-engine jet airliner that was developed and manufactured by Airbus
Airbus
. Formally announced in 1969 and first flying in October 1972, it holds the distinction of being the world's first twin-engined widebody airliner; it was also the first product of Airbus
Airbus
Industrie , a consortium of European aerospace manufacturers , now a subsidiary of Airbus
Airbus
. The A300 can typically seat 266 passengers in a two-class layout , with a maximum range of 4,070 nautical miles (7,540 km ) when fully loaded, depending on model. Development of the A300 began during the 1960s as a European collaborative project between various aircraft manufacturers in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, France
France
, and West Germany
West Germany

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United States Navy
U.S. Department of Defense * Dept. of the Navy
Navy
(since 1798) HEADQUARTERS The Pentagon
The Pentagon
Arlington County, Virginia , U.S
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Guided Missile
In modern language, a MISSILE is a self-propelled precision-guided munition system, as opposed to an unguided self-propelled munition, referred to as a rocket (although these too can also be guided ). Missiles have four system components: targeting or missile guidance , flight system, engine, and warhead. Missiles come in types adapted for different purposes: surface-to-surface and air-to-surface missiles (ballistic , cruise , anti-ship , anti-tank , etc.), surface-to-air missiles (and anti-ballistic ), air-to-air missiles , and anti-satellite weapons . All known existing missiles are designed to be propelled during powered flight by chemical reactions inside a rocket engine , jet engine , or other type of engine. Non-self-propelled airborne explosive devices are generally referred to as shells and usually have a shorter range than missiles
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Cruiser
A CRUISER is a type of warship . The term has been in use for several hundred years, and has had different meanings throughout this period. During the Age of Sail , the term cruising referred to certain kinds of missions – independent scouting, commerce protection, or raiding – fulfilled by a frigate or sloop , which were the cruising warships of a fleet. Modern cruisers are generally the largest ships in a fleet after aircraft carriers , and can usually perform several roles. In the middle of the 19th century, cruiser came to be a classification for the ships intended for cruising distant waters, commerce raiding, and scouting for the battle fleet. Cruisers came in a wide variety of sizes, from the medium-sized protected cruiser to large armored cruisers that were nearly as big (although not as powerful or as well-armored) as a pre-dreadnought battleship
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Iran Air
IRAN AIR, branded as THE AIRLINE OF THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN (Persian : هواپیمايی جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎‎ Havâpeymâyiye Jomhuriye Eslâmiye Irân), is the national flag carrier airline of Iran
Iran
headquartered on the grounds of Mehrabad Airport in Tehran
Tehran
. Tehran-Imam Khomeini and Tehran-Mehrabad are its main bases for international and domestic flights. As of August 2017, it operates scheduled services to 59 destinations in Asia and Europe. The airline has a subsidiary for cargo services, called IRAN AIR CARGO, that operates scheduled and charter services. Iran Air is also referred to by its pre-revolution Persian acronym, Homa (Havâpeymâyiye Melliye Irân), which is also the name of a mythical Persian griffin, Homa
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Gunboat
A GUNBOAT is a naval watercraft designed for the express purpose of carrying one or more guns to bombard coastal targets, as opposed to those military craft designed for naval warfare, or for ferrying troops or supplies. CONTENTS* 1 History * 1.1 Pre-steam era * 1.2 Steam era * 1.3 World War II * 1.3.1 United Kingdom * 1.3.2 United States * 1.3.3 Soviet Union * 1.4 Vietnam War
Vietnam War
* 2 See also * 3 Notes * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYPRE-STEAM ERAIn the age of sail , a gunboat was usually a small undecked vessel carrying a single smoothbore cannon in the bow, or just two or three such cannons . A gunboat could carry one or two masts or be oar-powered only, but the single-masted version of about 15 m (49 ft) length was most typical. Some types of gunboat carried two cannons, or else mounted a number of swivel guns on the railings
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Energy Information Administration
The U.S. ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION (EIA) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System responsible for collecting, analyzing, and disseminating energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment. EIA programs cover data on coal , petroleum , natural gas , electric , renewable and nuclear energy. EIA is part of the U.S. Department of Energy
Energy
. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 Independence * 3 Products * 4 Legislation * 5 References * 6 External links BACKGROUNDThe Department of Energy
Energy
Organization Act of 1977 established EIA as the primary federal government authority on energy statistics and analysis, building upon systems and organizations first established in 1974 following the oil market disruption of 1973
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Center For Strategic And International Studies
The CENTER FOR STRATEGIC AND INTERNATIONAL STUDIES (CSIS) is an American think tank based in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
, in the United States. CSIS was founded as the "Center for Strategic and International Studies" of Georgetown University
Georgetown University
in 1962. The center conducts policy studies and strategic analyses of political, economic and security issues throughout the world, with a specific focus on issues concerning international relations , trade, technology, finance, energy and geostrategy . In the University of Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
's 2013 Global Go To Think Tanks Report, CSIS is ranked the number one think tank in the world for "Top Defense and National Security Think Tanks (Table 14)" and was also ranked as the 4th best think tank for "Think Tanks with the Most Innovative Policy Ideas/Proposals (Table 44)"
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USS Samuel B. Roberts (FFG-58)
USS SAMUEL B. ROBERTS (FFG-58) is one of the final ships in the United States Navy
United States Navy
's Oliver Hazard Perry-class of guided missile frigates (FFG). Commissioned in 1986, the ship was severely damaged by an Iranian mine in 1988, leading U.S. forces to respond with Operation Praying Mantis . Repaired and returned to duty, the ship served until decommissioned in 2015. CONTENTS * 1 Commissioning and namesake * 2 1988 deployment and mine strike * 3 Repairs * 4 After repair * 5 Gallery * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links COMMISSIONING AND NAMESAKEThe frigate was named for Samuel B. Roberts , a Navy coxswain who was killed while evacuating the U.S. Marines during the battle of Guadalcanal in 1942. Roberts was posthumously awarded the Navy Cross
Navy Cross
. Samuel B. Roberts was the third U.S
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USS Newport News (SSN-750)
USS NEWPORT NEWS (SSN-750), a Los Angeles-class submarine , was the third ship of the United States Navy to be named for Newport News, Virginia . CONTENTS * 1 Construction * 2 Initial operations * 3 Collision with Japanese ship * 4 Gallery * 5 References * 6 External links CONSTRUCTIONThe contract to build her was awarded to Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company in Newport News, Virginia on 19 April 1982 and her keel was laid down on 3 March 1984. She was launched on 15 March 1986 sponsored by Mrs. Rosemary D. Trible , and commissioned on 3 June 1989 with Commander Mark B. Keef in command. Mayor Jessie M. Rattley presented the ship with a commemorative plaque containing the poem "Newport News," written by Newport News native Ronald W. Bell, whose poem "Admiral Rickover " also appears upon a plaque aboard the Los Angeles class submarine Hyman G. Rickover .Ref: Naval Submarine Base, Groton, Ct
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Mohammad Ali Jafari
Major General
Major General
MOHAMMAD ALI JAFARI (Persian : محمدعلی جعفری‎, born 1 September 1957 in Yazd
Yazd
, also known as AZIZ JAFARI and ALI JAFARI ) is the Iranian commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). He was appointed by the Supreme Leader of Iran
Iran
, Ali Khamenei
Ali Khamenei
, on September 1, 2007, to succeed Major General Yahya Rahim Safavi
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San Antonio Class Amphibious Transport Dock
The SAN ANTONIO CLASS is a class of amphibious transport docks , also called a landing platform/dock (LPD), used by the United States Navy
United States Navy
. These warships replace the older Austin-class LPDs (including Cleveland and Trenton sub-classes), as well as the Newport-class tank landing ships , and the Charleston-class amphibious cargo ships that have already been retired. Twelve ships of the San Antonio class were proposed, but only eleven were funded. Their original target price was $890 million; as built, their average cost is $1.6 billion. Defense Authorization for Fiscal Year 2015 included partial funding for a twelfth San Antonio-class ship. As of November 2014 nine warships of this class are in service with the U.S. Navy with an additional three ships under construction or authorized
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Amphibious Transport Dock
An AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT DOCK, also called a LANDING PLATFORM/DOCK (LPD), is an amphibious warfare ship , a warship that embarks, transports, and lands elements of a landing force for expeditionary warfare missions. Several navies currently operate this kind of ship. The ships are generally designed to transport troops into a war zone by sea, primarily using landing craft, although invariably they also have the capability to operate transport helicopters. Amphibious transport docks perform the mission of amphibious transports , amphibious cargo ships , and the older LSDs by incorporating both a flight deck and a well deck that can be ballasted and deballasted to support landing craft or amphibious vehicles . One of the main differences between LSDs and LPDs is that while the former have a helicopter landing deck, the latter have hangar facilities in addition to a landing deck
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Vice President Of Iran
The VICE PRESIDENT OF IRAN (Persian : معاون ریاست جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎‎) is defined by article 124 of the Constitution of Iran , as anyone appointed by the President of Iran
Iran
to lead an organization related to Presidential affairs. As of July 2009 , there are 12 Vice Presidents in Iran. The FIRST VICE PRESIDENT (Persian : معاون‌اول‎‎) is the most important as he or she leads cabinet meetings in the absence of the president. CONTENTS* 1 Vice Presidents * 1.1 First Vice President * 1.1.1 List * 1.2 Ex-officio Vice Presidents * 1.3 Optional Vice Presidents * 2 Current Vice Presidents * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links VICE PRESIDENTSFIRST VICE PRESIDENTThe role of First Vice President was created in the revision of the Constitution in 1989. It took over some of the responsibilities of Prime Minister
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Submarine
A SUBMARINE (or simply SUB) is a watercraft capable of independent operation underwater. It differs from a submersible , which has more limited underwater capability. The term most commonly refers to a large, crewed vessel. It is also sometimes used historically or colloquially to refer to remotely operated vehicles and robots , as well as medium-sized or smaller vessels, such as the midget submarine and the wet sub . The noun submarine evolved as a shortened form of submarine boat; by naval tradition , submarines are usually referred to as "boats " rather than as "ships ", regardless of their size (boat is usually reserved for seagoing vessels of relatively small size). Although experimental submarines had been built before, submarine design took off during the 19th century, and they were adopted by several navies. Submarines were first widely used during World War I (1914–1918), and now figure in many navies large and small
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