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Stanisława Walasiewicz
Stanisława Walasiewicz, also known as Stefania Walasiewicz,[2] Stanisława Walasiewiczówna (see Polish name) and Stella Walsh (3 April 1911 – 4 December 1980) was a Polish track and field athlete, who became a women's Olympic champion in the 100 metres. Upon her death, it was discovered that Walasiewicz had a Y chromosome
Y chromosome
and was intersex.[3] She became an American citizen in 1947.Contents1 Background 2 Athletic career 3 Post-athletic career 4 Death and controversy 5 Legacy 6 Records 7 See also 8 References 9 External linksBackground[edit] Walasiewicz was born on 3 April 1911 in Wierzchownia (now Brodnica County), Congress Poland.[4] Her family emigrated to the United States when she was three months old
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Wierzchownia, Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship
Wierzchownia [vjɛʂˈxɔvɲa] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina
Gmina
Górzno, within Brodnica County
Brodnica County
in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland.[1]
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Long Jump
The long jump (historically called the broad jump) is a track and field event in which athletes combine speed, strength and agility in an attempt to leap as far as possible from a take off point. Along with the triple jump, the two events that measure jumping for distance as a group are referred to as the "horizontal jumps"
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Discus Throw
The discus throw ( pronunciation) is a track and field event in which an athlete throws a heavy disc—called a discus—in an attempt to mark a farther distance than their competitors. It is an ancient sport, as demonstrated by the fifth-century-BC Myron
Myron
statue, Discobolus
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1928 Summer Olympics
The 1928 Summer Olympics
1928 Summer Olympics
(Dutch: Olympische Zomerspelen 1928), officially known as the Games of the IX Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was celebrated from 28 July to 12 August 1928 in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The city of Amsterdam
Amsterdam
had previously bid for the 1920 and 1924 Olympic Games, but were obliged to give way to war-torn Antwerp
Antwerp
in Belgium
Belgium
for the 1920 Games and Pierre de Coubertin's Paris
Paris
for the 1924 Games. The only other candidate city for the 1928 Olympics was Los Angeles, which would eventually be selected to host the Olympics four years later
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Sokół
Sokół
Sokół
(Polish: [ˈsɔkuw] ( listen)), or in full the "Falcon" Polish Gymnastic Society (Polish: Polskie Towarzystwo Gimnastyczne "Sokół"), is the Polish offshoot of the Czech (pan-Slavic oriented) Sokol
Sokol
movement, and the oldest youth movement organization of Poland. Created in Lwów
Lwów
in 1867, by the end of World War I the movement had its units – gniazda ("Nests") – in all parts of Poland, as well as among the Polish communities abroad. The group's goal was to develop fitness, both physically and mentally, with a motto mens sana in corpore sano ("a fit spirit in a fit body").Contents1 History1.1 In Greater Poland 1.2 Between wars2 See also 3 ReferencesHistory[edit] Sokół
Sokół
was formed February 7, 1867 in Lwów, then a capital of Austro-Hungarian Galicia
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Polish Diaspora
The Polish diaspora
Polish diaspora
refers to people of Polish origin who live outside Poland. The Polish diaspora
Polish diaspora
is also known in modern Polish language
Polish language
as Polonia, which is the name for Poland
Poland
in Latin
Latin
and in many other Romance languages. There are roughly 20 million people of Polish ancestry living outside Poland, making the Polish diaspora
Polish diaspora
one of the largest in the world,[2] as well as one of the most widely dispersed. Reasons for this displacement vary from border shifts, forced expulsions and resettlement, to political and economic emigration. Major populations of Polish ancestry can be found in their native home region of Central Europe and many other European countries, as well as abroad in the Americas, Australasia, and South Africa
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Poznań
Poznań
Poznań
(/ˈpoʊznæn, -nɑːn/ POHZ-na(h)n;[1] Polish: [ˈpɔznaɲ] ( listen); German: Posen; known also by other historical names) is a city on the Warta
Warta
River in west-central Poland, in the Greater Poland
Poland
region. It is best known for its renaissance Old Town and Ostrów Tumski Cathedral. Today, Poznań
Poznań
is an important cultural and business centre and one of Poland's most populous regions with many regional customs such as Saint John's Fair (Jarmark Świętojański), traditional Saint Martin's croissants and a local dialect. Poznań
Poznań
is among the oldest and largest cities in Poland
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Gold Medals
A gold medal is a medal awarded for highest achievement in a non-military field. Its name derives from the use of at least a fraction of gold in form of plating or alloying in its manufacture. Since the eighteenth century, gold medals have been awarded in the arts, for example, by the Royal Danish Academy, usually as a symbol of an award to give an outstanding student some financial freedom. Others offer only the prestige of the award. Many organizations now award gold medals either annually or extraordinarily, including UNESCO
UNESCO
and various academic societies. While some gold medals are solid gold, others are gold-plated or silver-gilt, like those of the Olympic Games, the Lorentz Medal, the United States Congressional Gold
Gold
Medal
Medal
and the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
medal. Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
medals consist of 18 karat green gold plated with 24 karat gold
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60 Metres
60 metres, or 60-meter dash, is a sprint event in track and field. It is a championship event for indoor championships, normally dominated by the best outdoor 100 metres
100 metres
runners. At outdoor venues it is a rare distance, at least for senior athletes. The 60 metres
60 metres
was an Olympic event in the 1900 and 1904 Summer Games but was removed from the schedule thereafter. American Christian Coleman currently holds the men's world record in the 60 metres
60 metres
with a time of 6.34 seconds,[1] while Russian Irina Privalova holds the women's world record at 6.92. In the past, it was common for athletes to compete in the 60 yards (54.86 m) race. This is not part of the lineage of the 60 metres, but is the predecessor of the 55 metres race
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200 Metres
The 200 metres
200 metres
(also spelled 200 meters) is a sprint running event. On an outdoor race 400 m track, the race begins on the curve and ends on the home straight, so a combination of techniques are needed to successfully run the race. A slightly shorter race, called the stadion and run on a straight track, was the first recorded event at the ancient Olympic Games. The 200 m places more emphasis on speed endurance than shorter sprint distances as athletes rely on different energy systems during the longer sprint. In the United States
United States
and elsewhere, athletes previously ran the 220-yard dash (201.168 m) instead of the 200 m (218.723 yards), though the distance is now obsolete. The standard adjustment used for the conversion from times recorded over 220 yards to 200 m times is to subtract 0.1 seconds,[1] but other conversion methods exist
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400 Metres
The 400 metres, or 400 metre dash, is a sprinting event in track and field competitions. It has been featured in the athletics programme at the Summer Olympics
Summer Olympics
since 1896 for men and since 1964 for women. On a standard outdoor running track, it is one lap around the track. Runners start in staggered positions and race in separate lanes for the entire course. In many countries, athletes previously competed in the 440 yard dash (402.336 m)—which is a quarter of a mile and was referred to as the 'quarter-mile'—instead of the 400 m (437.445 yards), though this distance is now obsolete. Maximum sprint speed capability is a significant contributing factor to success in the event, but athletes also require substantial speed endurance and the ability to cope well with high amounts of lactic acid to sustain a fast speed over a whole lap
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100-yard Dash
The 100-yard dash is a track and field event of 100 yards or 91.44 metres. It was part of the Commonwealth Games
Commonwealth Games
until 1966, and was included in the decathlon of the Olympics, at least in 1904. It is not generally used in international events (having been replaced by the 100-metre sprint). However, it is still occasionally run in the United States in certain competitions
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Congress Poland
The Kingdom of Poland,[1] informally known as Congress Poland[2] or Russian Poland, was created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna
as a sovereign state of the Russian part of Poland
Poland
connected by personal union with the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
under the Constitution of the Kingdom of Poland
Poland
until 1832
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New York City
Bronx, Kings (Brooklyn), New York (Manhattan), Queens, Richmond (Staten Island)Historic colonies New Netherland Province of New YorkSettled 1624Consolidated 1898Named for James, Duke of YorkGovernment[2] • Type Mayor–Council • Body New York City
New York City
Council • Mayor Bill de Blasio
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