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Open Access

Open access (OA) is a set of principles and a range of practices through which research outputs are distributed online, free of cost or other access barriers.[1] With open access strictly defined (according to the 2001 definition), or libre open access, barriers to copying or reuse are also reduced or removed by applying an open license for copyright.[1] The main focus of the open access movement is "peer reviewed research literature."[2] Historically, this has centered mainly on print-based academic journals. Whereas conventional (non-open access) journals cover publishing costs through access tolls such as subscriptions, site licenses or pay-per-view charges, open-access journals are characterised by funding models which do not require the reader to pay to read the journal's contents
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Stanford, California

Stanford is located at 37°25′21″N 122°9′55″W / 37.42250°N 122.16528°W / 37.42250; -122.16528 (37.422590, -122.165413).[5] According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2), of which, 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2) is land and 0.045 square miles (0.12 km2) (1.64%) is water.

Climate

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F (22 °C)
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University Of Sydney Library
The University of Sydney Library is the library system of the University of Sydney. It is composed of twelve locations across the seven campuses of the university. Its largest library, Fisher Library, is named after Thomas Fisher, an early benefactor. Amongst the collection are many rare items such as one of the two extant copies of the Gospel of Barnabas, and an annotated first edition of Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica by Sir Isaac Newton,[1] which is also available in the Digital Collections.. In 2017, a member of staff discovered an original Giorgione sketch with a definitive date and cause of death written above it for him, information that had been lost for over 500 years in a 1497 edition of Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy
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University Of Amsterdam
The University of Amsterdam (abbreviated as UvA, Dutch: Universiteit van Amsterdam) is a public university located in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The UvA is one of two large, publicly funded research universities in the city, the other being the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (VU). Established in 1632 by municipal authorities and later renamed for the city of Amsterdam, the University of Amsterdam is the third-oldest university in the Netherlands.[3] It is one of the largest research universities in Europe with 31,186 students, 4,794 staff, 1,340 PhD students[1] and an annual budget of €600 million.[4][5] It is the largest university in the Netherlands by enrollment. The main campus is located in central Amsterdam, with a few faculties located in adjacent boroughs
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Institute For Logic, Language And Computation
The Institute for Logic, Language and Computation (ILLC) is a research institute of the University of Amsterdam, in which researchers from the Faculty of Science and the Faculty of Humanities collaborate. The ILLC's central research area is the study of fundamental principles of encoding, transmission and comprehension of information. Emphasis is on natural and formal languages, but other information carriers, such as images and music, are studied as well. Research at the ILLC is interdisciplinary, and aims at bringing together insights from various disciplines concerned with information and information processing, such as logic, mathematics, computer science, computational linguistics, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, and philosophy
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Southeastern Library Network
LYRASIS is an academic consortium based in the United States. It was created in April 2009 from the merger of SOLINET and PALINET, two US based library networks.[1] NELINET, the New England library network, also merged into LYRASIS in late 2009.[2] In January 2011, the Bibliographical Center for Research, Denver, CO (BCR) phased out operations and joined LYRASIS. [3][4] LYRASIS is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit membership organization whose mission is: "to support enduring access to the world’s shared academic, scientific and cultural heritage through leadership in open technologies, content services, digital solutions[buzzword] and collaboration with archives, libraries, museums and knowledge communities worldwide."[5] Organizational goals include: the development and selection of new technology solutions;[
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Doi (identifier)

A digital object identifier (DOI) is a persistent identifier or handle used to identify objects uniquely, standardized by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).[1] An implementation of the Handle System,[2][3] DOIs are in wide use mainly to identify academic, professional, and government information, such as journal articles, research reports, data sets, and official publications. However, they also have been used to identify other types of information resources, such as commercial videos. A DOI aims to be "resolvable", usually to some form of access to the information object to which the DOI refers. This is achieved by binding the DOI to metadata about the object, such as a URL, indicating where the object can be found. Thus, by being actionable and interoperable, a DOI differs from identifiers such as ISBNs and ISRCs which aim only to identify their referents uniquely
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