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Stalin Era
The HISTORY OF THE SOVIET UNION BETWEEN 1927 AND 1953 covers the period in Soviet history from establishment of Stalinism through victory in the Second World War and down to the death of Joseph Stalin in 1953. He sought to destroy his enemies while transforming Soviet society with aggressive economic planning, in particular a sweeping collectivization of agriculture and rapid development of heavy industry. Stalin consolidated his power within the party and the state and fostered an extensive cult of personality . Soviet secret-police and the mass-mobilization Communist party served as Stalin's major tools in molding Soviet society . Stalin's brutal methods in achieving his goals, which included party purges , political repression of the general population , and forced collectivization, led to millions of deaths: in Gulag labor camps and during man-made famine
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State Committee Of The Soviet Union
A USSR STATE COMMITTEE was a central government body within the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics . Unlike a ministry , which was responsible for the management of the country's economic and social resources within a particular field of development or activity, a state committee was acting on an inter-agency level. State committees were not directly subordinate to the Soviet Government —rather the heads of state committees (along with ministers) formed the government (cabinet ) such as the Council of People\'s Commissars (1922–1946), Council of Ministers (1946–1991) or the Cabinet of Ministers (1991)
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Executive Officer Of The Soviet Union
The ADMINISTRATOR OF AFFAIRS OF THE SOVIET UNION, or SECRETARY TO THE PREMIER, was a high-standing officer within the Soviet Government whose main task was to co-sign, with the Premier of the Soviet Union
Premier of the Soviet Union
, decrees and resolutions made by either the Council of People\'s Commissars (1922–1946), Council of Ministers (1946–1991) or the Cabinet of Ministers (1991). The government apparatus prepared items of policy, which the office holder would check systematically against decrees of the Party-Government. This function consisted of several departments and other structural units. The Soviet Government apparatus was headed by the Administrator of Affairs who, in accordance with the established order, was a member of the federal government body
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Premier Of The Soviet Union
The office of PREMIER OF THE SOVIET UNION (Russian : Глава Правительства СССР) was synonymous with head of government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Twelve individuals became premier over the time span of the office. Two of the twelve premiers died in office of natural causes (Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
), three resigned ( Alexei Kosygin
Alexei Kosygin
, Nikolai Tikhonov and Ivan Silayev
Ivan Silayev
), and three held the offices of party leader and premier simultaneously (Lenin, Stalin and Nikita Khrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev
). The first premier was Lenin, who was inaugurated in 1922 after the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR . Ivan Silayev
Ivan Silayev
spent the shortest time in office at 126 days in 1991
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Government Of The Soviet Union
The GOVERNMENT OF THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS. (Russian : Правительство СССР, Pravíteljstvo SSSR) was the main body of the executive branch of government in the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
. Its head of government was the officeholder generally known in the West as the Premier of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
. The members of the Soviet Government—people\'s commissars , ministers , and heads of state committees —were recommended by the Premier and appointed by the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet . The Government of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
exercised its executive powers in conformity with the Soviet Constitution and legislation enacted by the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union

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1977 Soviet Constitution
At the 7th (Special) Session of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union Ninth Convocation on October 7, 1977, the third and last Soviet Constitution, also known as the BREZHNEV CONSTITUTION, was unanimously adopted. The official name of the Constitution
Constitution
was "Constitution (Fundamental Law) of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics" (Russian : Конститу́ция (Основно́й Зако́н) Сою́за Сове́тских Социалисти́ческих Респу́блик). The preamble stated that "the aims of the dictatorship of the proletariat having been fulfilled, the Soviet state has become the state of the whole people." Compared with previous constitutions, the Brezhnev Constitution
Constitution
extended the bounds of constitutional regulation of society
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Soviet Union Legislative Election, 1989
In 1989, ELECTIONS WERE HELD for the Congress of People\'s Deputies of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
. The main elections were held on 26 March and a second round on 9 April. They were the first relatively free nationwide elections held in the Soviet Union, and would prove to be the final national elections held before that country dissolved in 1991 . The elections were followed by regional elections in 1990 , the last legislative elections to take place in the country. CONTENTS * 1 Background * 2 The elections * 3 Aftermath * 4 References * 5 External links BACKGROUNDIn January 1987, Mikhail Gorbachev , General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(CPSU), announced the new policy of demokratizatsiya (democratization )
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Official Names Of The Soviet Union
The OFFICIAL NAMES OF THE SOVIET UNION , officially known as the UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS in the languages of the Soviet Republics (presented in the constitutional order) and other languages of the USSR (in alphabetical order) were as follows
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1924 Soviet Constitution
The 1924 SOVIET CONSTITUTION legitimated the December 1922 Treaty on the Creation of the USSR between the Russian SFSR , the Ukrainian SSR , the Byelorussian SSR , and the Transcaucasian SFSR to form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics . In essence, it was but an expansion of the Treaty, as most of the key points were already outlined there. The Constitution
Constitution
contained the identical to the Treaty Declaration, reflecting the current world order, and the common good causes of such a Union, allowing for a potential expansion. Whereas the original Treaty contained only 26 articles, the Constitution
Constitution
now encompassed 72, divided into eleven chapters. Ratified by the Second Congress of Soviets of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
31 January 1924, it survived six editions, before being superseded by the 1936 constitution
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1936 Soviet Constitution
The 1936 SOVIET CONSTITUTION , adopted on December 5, 1936, and also known as the STALIN CONSTITUTION, redesigned the government of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
. Beginning in 1936, December 5th was celebrated as Soviet Constitution day in the USSR until the 1977 Soviet Constitution
1977 Soviet Constitution
moved the day to October 7. Before 1936, there was no Soviet Constitution
Constitution
day. CONTENTS * 1 Basic provisions * 2 Nomenclature changes * 3 Leading role of Communist Party * 4 Soviet portrayal and liberal criticism * 5 Freedom of religion * 6 Freedom of speech * 7 Reorganization of the armed forces and the republics * 8 References * 9 External links BASIC PROVISIONSThe constitution repealed restrictions on voting and added universal direct suffrage and the right to work to rights guaranteed by the previous constitution
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Council Of People's Commissars
The COUNCIL OF PEOPLE\'S COMMISSARS (Russian : Совет народных комиссаров or Совнарком, translit. Soviet narodnykh kommissarov or SOVNARKOM, also as generic SNK) was a government institution formed shortly after the October Revolution in 1917. Created in the Russian Republic , the council laid foundations in restructuring the country to form the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
. It evolved to become the highest government authority of executive power in the government of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
. The chairman of this council was thus the head of government (whereas the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet was head of state )
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History Of The Soviet Union
The "HISTORY OF SOVIET RUSSIA AND THE SOVIET UNION" reflects a period of change for both Russia
Russia
and the world. Though the terms "Soviet Russia
Russia
" and " Soviet Union
Soviet Union
" are synonymous in everyday vocabulary, when referring to the foundations of the Soviet Union, "Soviet Russia" refers to the few years after the October Revolution
October Revolution
of 1917, but before the creation of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
in 1922
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October Revolution
The OCTOBER REVOLUTION (Russian : Октя́брьская револю́ция, tr. Oktyabr'skaya revolyutsiya; IPA: ), officially known in Soviet literature as the GREAT OCTOBER SOCIALIST REVOLUTION (Вели́кая Октя́брьская социалисти́ческая револю́ция, Velikaya Oktyabr'skaya sotsialističeskaya revolyutsiya), and commonly referred to as RED OCTOBER, the OCTOBER UPRISING or the BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION, was a revolution in Russia
Russia
led by the Bolsheviks which was instrumental in the larger Russian Revolution
Russian Revolution
of 1917 . It took place with an armed insurrection in Petrograd on the 25th of October
October
(7 November, New Style ) 1917
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Russian Civil War
RUSSIAN SFSR (7 November 1917–30 December 1922) Ukrainian SSR (20 November 1917–30 December 1922) ------------------------- Left SR Green armies (1919–1920) ------------------------- Makhnovschyna (1918–1920) WHITE MOVEMENT Including: * Orenburg Cossacks (8 November 1917–7 February 1921) * Don Republic
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