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Spanish Florida
Royal standard of Castile (1503) Cross of Burgundy (1565) First national flag of Spain (1785)Motto Plus Ultra (Further Beyond)Anthem Marcha Real (Royal March)Spanish Florida
Florida
after Pinckney's Treaty
Pinckney's Treaty
in 1795Capital St. AugustineGovernment MonarchyHistory •  Spanish exploration and settlement 1513–1698 •  Transferred to Britain 1763 •  Returned to Spain 1783 •  Pinckney's Treaty 1795 •  Occupation of Pensacola 1814 •  Adams–Onís Treaty
Adams–Onís Treaty
signed 1819 •  Treaty ratified
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Ais People
The Ais or Ays were a tribe of Native Americans who inhabited the Atlantic Coast of Florida. They ranged from present-day Cape Canaveral to the St. Lucie Inlet,[1] in the present-day counties of Brevard,[1] Indian River, St. Lucie and northernmost Martin. They lived in villages and towns along the shores of the great saltwater lagoon called Rio de Ais by the Spanish, and now called the Indian River. The name "Ais" is derived from a great Indian cacique (chief).[2] Little is known of the origins of the Ais, or of their language. The Ais language has been tentatively assigned by some scholars to the Muskogean language family, and by others to the Arawakan language family.[citation needed] The best single source for information on the Ais at the end of the 17th century is Jonathan Dickinson's Journal, in which he makes observations on their appearance, diet, and customs
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Marcha Real
The "Marcha Real" (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈmartʃa reˈal], "Royal March") is the national anthem of Spain. It is one of only four national anthems in the world (along with those of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, and San Marino) that has no official lyrics.[2] One of the oldest in the world, the Spanish national anthem was first printed in a document dated 1761 and entitled Libro de la Ordenanza de los Toques de Pífanos y Tambores que se tocan nuevamente en la Ynfantª Española ( Book
Book
of the Ordenance of Newly Played Military Drum
Drum
and Fife Calls by The Spanish Infantry), by Manuel de Espinosa. There, it is entitled La Marcha Granadera ("March of the Grenadiers"). According to the document, Manuel de Espinosa de los Monteros is the composer. There is a false belief that its author was Frederick II of Prussia, a great lover of music
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Native Americans In The United States
American Indian and Alaska
Alaska
Native (2010 Census Bureau)[1] One race: 2,932,248 are registered In combination with one or more of the other races listed: 2,288,331 Total: 5,220,579 ~ 1.6% of the total U.S
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Southeastern United States
The Southeastern United States
United States
is the eastern portion of the Southern United States, and the southern portion of the Eastern United States. It comprises 12 states in the southern United States.Contents1 Demographics1.1 Most populous states2 History2.1 Culture 2.2 Climate3 Economy3.1 Research and development4 Education4.1 Higher education5 Largest cities 6 Metropolitan Statistical Areas 7 Combined Statistical Areas 8 Fauna 9 Sports 10 See also 11 References 12 External linksDemographics[edit] There is no official Census Bureau
Census Bureau
definition of the southeastern United States
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Treaty Of Paris (1763)
The Treaty of Paris, also known as the Treaty of 1763, was signed on 10 February 1763 by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal
Portugal
in agreement, after Great Britain's victory over France and Spain
Spain
during the Seven Years' War. The signing of the treaty formally ended the Seven Years' War, known as the French and Indian War
French and Indian War
in the North American theatre,[1] and marked the beginning of an era of British dominance outside Europe.[2] Great Britain and France each returned much of the territory that they had captured during the war, but Great Britain gained much of France's possessions in North America. Additionally, Great Britain agreed to protect Roman Catholicism in the New World
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Monarchy
A monarchy is a form of government in which a group, generally a family representing a dynasty (aristocracy), embodies the country's national identity and its head, the monarch, exercises the role of sovereignty. The actual power of the monarch may vary from purely symbolic (crowned republic), to partial and restricted (constitutional monarchy), to completely autocratic (absolute monarchy). Traditionally the monarch's post is inherited and lasts until death or abdication. In contrast, elective monarchies require the monarch to be elected.[1] Both types have further variations as there are widely divergent structures and traditions defining monarchy. For example, in some[which?] elected monarchies only pedigrees are taken into account for eligibility of the next ruler, whereas many hereditary monarchies impose requirements regarding the religion, age, gender, mental capacity, etc
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Appalachian Mountains
The Appalachian Mountains
Appalachian Mountains
(/ˌæpəˈlæʃɪn, -ˈleɪtʃɪn/ ( listen);[note 1] French: les Appalaches), often called the Appalachians, are a system of mountains in eastern North America. The Appalachians first formed roughly 480 million years ago during the Ordovician
Ordovician
Period. They once reached elevations similar to those of the Alps
Alps
and the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
before experiencing natural erosion.[3][4] The Appalachian chain is a barrier to east-west travel, as it forms a series of alternating ridgelines and valleys oriented in opposition to most highways and railroads running east-west. Definitions vary on the precise boundaries of the Appalachians
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Texas
Texas
Texas
(/ˈtɛksəs/, locally /-sɪz/; Spanish: Texas
Texas
or Tejas [ˈtexas]) is the second largest state in the United States
United States
by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas
Texas
shares borders with the U.S
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National Anthem
A national anthem (also state anthem, national hymn, national song, etc.) is generally a patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions, and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nation's government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. The majority of national anthems are marches or hymns in style. The countries of Latin America, Central Asia, and Europe
Europe
tend towards more ornate and operatic pieces, while those in the Middle East, Oceania, Africa, and the Caribbean
Caribbean
use a more simplistic fanfare.[1]Contents1 Languages 2 History 3 Usage 4 Creators 5 Modality 6 See also 7 References 8 External linksLanguages[edit] A national anthem is most often in the national or most common language of the country, whether de facto or official, there are notable exceptions
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Plus Ultra (motto)
Plus ultra[note 1] ("Further beyond") is a Latin motto and the national motto of Spain. It is taken from the personal motto of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
and King of Spain, and is a reversal of the original phrase Non plus ultra ("Nothing further beyond").[note 2] This was said to have been inscribed as a warning on the Pillars of Hercules at the Strait of Gibraltar, which marked the edge of the known world
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Flag Of Spain
The flag of Spain
Spain
(Spanish: Bandera de España, colloquially known as "la Rojigualda"), as it is defined in the Spanish Constitution of 1978, consists of three horizontal stripes: red, yellow and red, the yellow stripe being twice the size of each red stripe. Traditionally, the middle stripe was defined by the more archaic term of gualda, and hence the popular name rojigualda (red-weld). The origin of the current flag of Spain
Spain
is the naval ensign of 1785, Pabellón de la Marina de Guerra under Charles III of Spain. It was chosen by Charles III himself among 12 different flags designed by Antonio Valdés y Bazán
Antonio Valdés y Bazán
(all projected flags were presented in a drawing which is in the Naval Museum of Madrid).[1] The flag remained marine for much of the next 50 years, flying over coastal fortresses, marine barracks and other naval property
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Cross Of Burgundy Flag
The Cross of Burgundy
Cross of Burgundy
(Spanish: Cruz de Borgoña, Cruz de San Andrés), a form of St. Andrew's cross, was first used in the 15th century as an emblem by the Valois Dukes of Burgundy, who ruled a large part of eastern France
France
and the Low Countries
Low Countries
as effectively an independent state. The Duchy of Burgundy
Duchy of Burgundy
was inherited by the House of Habsburg on the extinction of the Valois ducal line
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Flag Of Castile And León
The flag of Castile and León
Castile and León
is the official flag of the Spanish autonomous community of Castile and León. It consists of the quartered coats of arms of Castile, represented by a castle, and León, represented by a lion. Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus
bearing the flag of the Crown of Castile
Crown of Castile
when reaching the "New World"This flag is used to represent the two cultural identities who share this administrative region, the Castle
Castle
for Castile, and the Lion for León. The lion design is attributed to Alfonso VII of León,[2] who became king of León and Castile in 1126
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Spanish Missions In The Carolinas
The Spanish missions in the Carolinas were part of a series of religious outposts established by Spanish Catholics in order to spread the Christian doctrine among the local Native Americans. Spanish missions extended north almost to the site of present-day Charleston, and they remained until the arrival of the English (1670).http://www.cas.sc.edu/sciaa/staff/depratterc/archse1.html Missions[edit]Mission Santa Elena (1566–1587), on Parris IslandThis section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it
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