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Spanish America
Hispanic
Hispanic
America (Spanish: Hispanoamérica, or América hispana), also known as Spanish America (Spanish: América española), is the region comprising the Spanish-speaking nations in the Americas.[1][2] These countries have significant commonalities with each other and with Spain, its former European metropolis
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El Salvador
Coordinates: 13°50′N 88°55′W / 13.833°N 88.917°W / 13.833; -88.917 Republic
Republic
of El Salvador República de El Salvador
El Salvador
(Spanish)FlagCoat of armsM
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Costa Rica
Coordinates: 10°N 84°W / 10°N 84°W / 10; -84Republic of Costa Rica República de Costa Rica  (Spanish)FlagCoat of armsAnthem: "Noble patria, tu hermosa bandera" (Spanish) "Noble motherland, your beautiful flag"Capital and largest city San José 9°56′N 84°5′W / 9.933°N 84.083°W / 9.933; -84.083Official languages SpanishRecognized regional languagesMekatelyu Bribri PatoisEthnic groups (2011[2])83.6% White/Castizo or Mestizo 6.7% Mulatto 2.4% Amerindian 1.1% Black (of African descent) 6.2% Others[1]Religion Roman CatholicismDemonymCosta Rican Tico(a)Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic• PresidentLuis Guillermo Solís• 1st Vice-PresidentHelio Fallas Venegas• 2nd Vice-PresidentAna Helena Chacón EcheverríaLegislature Legislative Assembly<
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Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°12′N 66°30′W / 18.2°N 66.5°W / 18.2; -66.5Commonwealth of Puerto Rico Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico  (Spanish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Joannes est nomen ejus" (Latin) "John is his name"Anthem: "La Borinqueña"[a] "The Borinquenian""The Star-Spangled Banner"Great SealStatus Unincorporated territoryCapital and largest city San Juan 18°27′N 66°6′W / 18.450°N 66.100°W / 18.450; -66.100Official languages Spanish English[1]Common languages94.7% Spanish[2]5.3% EnglishEthnic groups75.8% White12.4% Black3.3% Two or more races0.5% American Indian & Alaskan Native0.2% Asian<0.1% Pacific Islander7.8% Other[3]DemonymPuerto Rican (formal) American (since 1917) Boricua (colloquial)Country  United StatesGovernment Commonwealth[b
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Spanish Language
Spanish (/ˈspænɪʃ/ (listen); español (help·info)) or Castilian[3] (/kæˈstɪliən/ (listen), castellano (help·info)) is a Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain
Spain
and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in the Americas
Americas
and Spain. It is a global language and the world's second-most spoken native language, after Mandarin Chinese.[4][5][6][7][8] Spanish is a part of the Ibero-Romance group of languages, which evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin
Vulgar Latin
in Iberia after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire
Western Roman Empire
in the 5th century
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Paraguay
Coordinates: 23°S 58°W / 23°S 58°W / -23; -58Republic of ParaguayRepública del Paraguay  (Spanish) Tetã Paraguái  (Guaraní)Flag (obverse)Seal [nb 1]Motto: "Paz y justicia" (Spanish) "Peace and justice"Anthem:  Paraguayos, República o Muerte  (Spanish) Paraguayans, Republic or DeathLocation of  Paraguay  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital and largest city Asunción 25°16′S 57°40′W / 25.267°S 57.667°W / -25.267; -57.667Official languagesSpanish GuaraniEthnic groups (2016[1])95% Mestizo 5% otherDemonym Paraguayan Guaraní (colloquial)[2]Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic• PresidentHoracio Cartes• Vice PresidentJuan AfaraLegislature Congress• Upper houseSenate• Lowe
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Uruguay
Coordinates: 33°S 56°W / 33°S 56°W / -33; -56Oriental Republic of Uruguay República Oriental del Uruguay  (Spanish)FlagCoat of armsMotto: "Libertad o Muerte" (Spanish) "Freedom or Death"Anthem: Himno Nacional de Uruguay National Anthem of UruguayLocation of  Uruguay  (dark green) in South America  (grey)Capital and largest city Montevideo 34°53′S 56°10′W / 34.883°S 56.167°W / -34.883; -56.167Official languages Spanish[fn 1]National language SpanishEthnic groups (2016[1])88% White 8% Mestizo 4% BlackReligion See Religion in UruguayDemonym UruguayanGovernment Unitary presidential constitutional republic• PresidentTabaré Vázquez• Vice PresidentLucía TopolanskyLegislature General Assembly• Upper houseSenate• Lower hous
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Mexico City
Mexico
Mexico
City, or the City of Mexico
Mexico
(Spanish: Ciudad de México, American Spanish: [sjuˈða(ð) ðe ˈmexiko] ( listen);[13] abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico
Mexico
and the most populous city in North America.[14] Mexico
Mexico
City is one of the most important cultural and financial centers in the Americas.[15] It is located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México), a large valley in the high plateaus in the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 metres (7,350 ft)
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Europe
Europe
Europe
(Europa) is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean
Arctic Ocean
to the north, the Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
to the west, Asia
Asia
to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia. Europe
Europe
is most commonly considered to be separated from Asia
Asia
by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus
Caucasus
Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits.[7] Although the term "continent" implies physical geography, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several times since its first conception in classical antiquity
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Discovery (observation)
Discovery is the act of detecting something new, or something "old" that had been unrecognized as meaningful. With reference to sciences and academic disciplines, discovery is the observation of new phenomena, new actions, or new events and providing new reasoning to explain the knowledge gathered through such observations with previously acquired knowledge from abstract thought and everyday experiences. A discovery may sometimes be based on earlier discoveries, collaborations, or ideas. Some discoveries represent a radical breakthrough in knowledge or technology.Contents1 Description1.1 Within science2 Exploration 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksDescription[edit] New discoveries are acquired through various senses and are usually assimilated, merging with pre-existing knowledge and actions. Questioning is a major form of human thought and interpersonal communication, and plays a key role in discovery. Discoveries are often made due to questions
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Canada
Coordinates: 60°N 95°W / 60°N 95°W / 60; -95Canada Flag Coat of arms Motto: A Mari Usque Ad Mare  (Latin)"From Sea to Sea"Anthem: "O Canada"[a] CapitalOttawa45°24′N 75°40′W / 45.400°N 75.667°W / 45.400; -75.667Largest cityTorontoOfficial languagesEnglishFrenchEthnic groups (2016)[2] List of ethnicities 74.3% European 14.5% Asian 5.1% Indigenous 3.4% Caribbean and Latin American 2.9% African 0.2% Oceanian Religion (2011)[3] List of religions 67.2% Christianity
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United States
Coordinates: 40°N 100°W / 40°N 100°W / 40; -100 United States
United States
of America Flag Coat of arms Motto: "In God
God
We Trust"[1][a] .mw-parser-outpu
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French Colonization Of The Americas
The French colonization of the Americas
French colonization of the Americas
began in the 16th century, and continued on into the following centuries as France
France
established a colonial empire in the Western Hemisphere. France
France
founded colonies in much of eastern North America, on a number of Caribbean islands, and in South America. Most colonies were developed to export products such as fish, rice sugar, and furs. As they colonized the New World, the French established forts and settlements that would become such cities as Quebec
Quebec
and Montreal
Montreal
in Canada; Detroit, Green Bay, St
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Zona Metropolitana De La Ciudad De México
Greater Mexico City
Mexico City
refers to the conurbation around Mexico
Mexico
City, officially called Valley of Mexico
Valley of Mexico
Metropolitan Area (Zona Metropolitana del Valle de México),[1] constituted by Mexico
Mexico
City itself composed of 16 Municipalities—and 41 adjacent municipalities of the states of Mexico
Mexico
and Hidalgo. For normative purposes, however, Greater Mexico City
Mexico City
most commonly refers to the Metropolitan Area of the Valley of Mexico
Valley of Mexico
(Zona Metropolitana del Valle de México) an agglomeration that incorporates 18 additional municipalities. As of 2016[update] an estimated 21,157,000 people lived in Greater Mexico City,[2] making it the largest metropolitan area in North America
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Ibero-America
Ibero-America
Ibero-America
(Spanish: Iberoamérica, Portuguese: Ibero-América) or Iberian America is a region in the Americas
Americas
comprising countries or territories where Spanish or Portuguese are predominant languages, usually former territories of Portugal
Portugal
or Spain. Portugal
Portugal
and Spain are themselves included in some definitions, such as that of the Ibero-American Summit
Ibero-American Summit
and the Organization of Ibero-American States. The Organization of Ibero-American States
Organization of Ibero-American States
also includes Spanish-speaking Equatorial Guinea, in Central Africa,[1][2] but not the Portuguese-speaking African countries. The prefix Ibero- and the adjective Iberian refer to the Iberian Peninsula in Europe, which includes Portugal
Portugal
and Spain
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Brazil
Coordinates: 10°S 52°W / 10°S 52°W / -10; -52Federative Republic
Republic
of BrazilRepública Federativa do Brasil  (Portuguese) Flag Coat of arms Motto: Ordem e Progresso (Portuguese) "Order and Progress"Anthem: "Hino Nacional Brasileiro" (Portuguese) "Brazilian National Anthem" Flag anthem: "Hino à Bandeira Nacional" (Portuguese)[1] "National Flag Anthem" National sealSelo Nacional do Brasil National Seal of
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