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South Estonian
SOUTH ESTONIAN is spoken in South-Eastern Estonia
Estonia
, encompassing the Tartu, Mulgi, Võro and Seto varieties . There is no academic consensus on its status, as some linguists consider South Estonian
South Estonian
a dialect of Estonian whereas other linguists consider South Estonian an independent Finnic language . South Estonian
South Estonian
is largely mutually intelligible with modern standard Estonian, although diachronically North and South Estonian
South Estonian
are separate branches of the Finnic languages. Modern standard Estonian has evolved on the basis of the dialects of Northern Estonia. However, in the 17th to 19th century in Southern Estonia
Estonia
literature was published in a standardized form of Southern Tartu and Northern Võro. This usage was called the Tartu (or South Estonian) literary language
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2011 Estonia Census
The 2011 POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS (PHC 2011) (Estonian : Rahva ja eluruumide loendus (REL 2011)). was a census that was carried out during 31 December 2011 – 31 March 2012 in Estonia
Estonia
by Statistics Estonia
Estonia
. The total actual population recorded was 1,294,455 persons. SEE ALSO * Demographics of Estonia
Estonia
REFERENCES * ^ "PHC2011 - Statistics Estonia
Estonia
launched the census publicity campaign called “Everyone counts!”". Stat.ee. Retrieved 2013-11-04. * ^ "Population and Housing Census
Census
2011". Estonia.eu. Retrieved 2013-11-04. * ^ "Official Census
Census
Figures: Estonia\'s Population Is 1,294,236 Society News ERR". News. Retrieved 2013-11-04. * ^ "Estonian Embassy in Tel Aviv". Telaviv.vm.ee. 2012-03-31. Retrieved 2013-11-04
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Universal Declaration Of Human Rights
The UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS (UDHR) is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly
United Nations General Assembly
on 10 December 1948 at the Palais de Chaillot
Palais de Chaillot
in Paris
Paris
, France
France
. The Declaration arose directly from the experience of the two world wars. The full text is available on the United Nations
United Nations
website. The Declaration consists of thirty articles which, although not legally binding, have been elaborated in subsequent international treaties, economic transfers, regional human rights instruments, national constitutions, and other laws
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Baltic States
Coordinates : 55°N 24°E / 55°N 24°E / 55; 24 The BALTIC STATES, also known as the BALTIC COUNTRIES, BALTIC REPUBLICS, BALTIC NATIONS, or simply the BALTICS (Estonian : Balti riigid, Baltimaad, Latvian : Baltijas valstis, Lithuanian : Baltijos valstybės), is a geopolitical term used for grouping the three sovereign countries in Northern Europe
Europe
on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
: Estonia
Estonia
, Latvia
Latvia
, and Lithuania
Lithuania
. The term is not used in the context of cultural areas , national identity or language . The three countries cooperate on a regional level in several intergovernmental organizations . All three countries are members of the European Union
European Union
, NATO
NATO
and the Eurozone
Eurozone

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German Language
No official regulation ( German orthography regulated by the Council for German Orthography )
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Lord's Prayer
The LORD\'S PRAYER (also called the OUR FATHER or PATER NOSTER, among other names) is a venerated Christian prayer that, according to the New Testament
New Testament
, Jesus
Jesus
taught as the way to pray. Two versions of this prayer are recorded: the long form in the Gospel of Matthew in the middle of the Sermon on the Mount
Sermon on the Mount
, and the short form in the Gospel of Luke
Gospel of Luke
when 'one of his disciples said to him, “Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples."' The Sermon on the Mount
Sermon on the Mount
discourse also precludes advice to secrecy and least wording to attain reward in heaven instead of earth
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Consonant Cluster
In linguistics , a CONSONANT CLUSTER, CONSONANT SEQUENCE or CONSONANT COMPOUND is a group of consonants which have no intervening vowel . In English, for example, the groups /spl/ and /ts/ are consonant clusters in the word splits. Some linguists argue that the term can only be properly applied to those consonant clusters that occur within one syllable . Others contend that the concept is more useful when it includes consonant sequences across syllable boundaries. According to the former definition, the longest consonant clusters in the word extra would be /ks/ and /tr/, whereas the latter allows /kstr/. CONTENTS * 1 Phonotactics * 2 Loanwords * 3 English * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links PHONOTACTICSLanguages' phonotactics differ as to what consonant clusters they permit. Many languages are more restrictive than English in terms of consonant clusters
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Isogloss
An ISOGLOSS, also called a HETEROGLOSS (see Etymology below), is the geographic boundary of a certain linguistic feature, such as the pronunciation of a vowel letter, the meaning of a word, or the use of some syntactic feature. Major dialects are typically demarcated by groups of isoglosses, such as the Benrath line
Benrath line
that distinguishes High German from the other West Germanic languages
West Germanic languages
and the La Spezia–Rimini Line that divides the Northern Italian dialects from Central Italian dialects. However, an individual isogloss may or may not have any coincidence with a language border . For example, the front-rounding of /y/ cuts across France and Germany, while the /y/ is absent from Italian and Spanish words that are cognates with the /y/-containing French words. One of the best-known isoglosses is the centum-satem isogloss
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Encyclopædia Britannica
The ENCYCLOPæDIA BRITANNICA ( Latin
Latin
for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. , is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia . It is written by about 100 full-time editors and more than 4,000 contributors, who have included 110 Nobel Prize winners and five American presidents . The 2010 version of the 15th edition, which spans 32 volumes and 32,640 pages, was the last printed edition; digital content and distribution has continued since then. The Britannica is the oldest English-language encyclopaedia still in production. It was first published between 1768 and 1771 in the Scottish capital of Edinburgh
Edinburgh
, as three volumes. The encyclopaedia grew in size: the second edition was 10 volumes, and by its fourth edition (1801–1810) it had expanded to 20 volumes
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International Standard Serial Number
An INTERNATIONAL STANDARD SERIAL NUMBER (ISSN) is an eight-digit serial number used to uniquely identify a serial publication . The ISSN is especially helpful in distinguishing between serials with the same title. ISSN are used in ordering, cataloging, interlibrary loans, and other practices in connection with serial literature. The ISSN system was first drafted as an International Organization for Standardization (ISO) international standard in 1971 and published as ISO 3297 in 1975. ISO subcommittee TC 46/SC 9 is responsible for maintaining the standard. When a serial with the same content is published in more than one media type , a different ISSN is assigned to each media type. For example, many serials are published both in print and electronic media . The ISSN system refers to these types as PRINT ISSN (P-ISSN) and ELECTRONIC ISSN (E-ISSN), respectively
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Russian Sign Language
RUSSIAN SIGN LANGUAGE is the sign language of the Deaf community in Russia . It has a grammar unlike the (spoken or written) Russian language , with much stricter word order and word formation rules. Russian Sign Language belongs to the French Sign Language family . Vocabulary from Austrian Sign Language also heavily influences Russian Sign Language. Russian Sign Language (РЖЯ) has its own grammar and is used by Deaf Russians in everyday communication. However, there is a "signed Russian " which is mainly used in official communications, such as sign language lectures at universities, conference papers, and in the past it was used on television in interpreted news programs
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Inari Sami Language
LANGUAGE is the ability to acquire and use complex systems of communication , particularly the human ability to do so, and A LANGUAGE is any specific example of such a system. The scientific study of language is called linguistics . Questions concerning the philosophy of language , such as whether words can represent experience, have been debated since Gorgias and Plato in Ancient Greece . Thinkers such as Rousseau have argued that language originated from emotions while others like Kant have held that it originated from rational and logical thought. 20th-century philosophers such as Wittgenstein argued that philosophy is really the study of language. Major figures in linguistics include Ferdinand de Saussure and Noam Chomsky . Estimates of the number of languages in the world vary between 5,000 and 7,000. However, any precise estimate depends on a partly arbitrary distinction between languages and dialects
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Swedish Language
SWEDISH ( svenska (help ·info ) ) is a North Germanic language spoken natively by more than 10 million people - predominantly in Sweden
Sweden
(as sole official language), and in parts of Finland
Finland
, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish . It is largely mutually intelligible with Norwegian and to some extent also Danish , although the amount of mutual intelligibility is largely dependent on the dialect and accent of the speaker. Both Norwegian and Danish are generally easier to read than to listen to because of difference in accent and tone when speaking. Swedish is a descendant of Old Norse
Old Norse
, the common language of the Germanic peoples
Germanic peoples
living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era . It is currently the largest of the North Germanic languages
Germanic languages
by number of speakers
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Russian Language
RUSSIAN (Russian: ру́сский язы́к, tr. rússkiy yazýk) is an East Slavic language and an official language in Russia
Russia
, Belarus
Belarus
, Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
, Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan
and many minor or unrecognised territories throughout Eurasia
Eurasia
(particularity in Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe
, the Baltics , the Caucasus
Caucasus
, and Central Asia
Central Asia
). It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Latvia
Latvia
, Moldova
Moldova
, Ukraine
Ukraine
and to a lesser extent, the other post-Soviet states
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International Standard Book Number
The INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BOOK NUMBER (ISBN) is a unique numeric commercial book identifier. An ISBN is assigned to each edition and variation (except reprintings) of a book. For example, an e-book , a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book would each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is 13 digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007, and 10 digits long if assigned before 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-based and varies from country to country, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN configuration of recognition was generated in 1967 based upon the 9-digit STANDARD BOOK NUMBERING (SBN) created in 1966. The 10-digit ISBN format was developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and was published in 1970 as international standard ISO 2108 (the SBN code can be converted to a ten digit ISBN by prefixing it with a zero)
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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