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Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
The Solomon R. Guggenheim
Solomon R. Guggenheim
Museum, often referred to as The Guggenheim, is an art museum located at 1071 Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
on the corner of East 89th Street in the Upper East Side
Upper East Side
neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. It is the permanent home of a continuously expanding collection of Impressionist, Post-Impressionist, early Modern and contemporary art and also features special exhibitions throughout the year. The museum was established by the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation
Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation
in 1939 as the Museum of Non-Objective Painting, under the guidance of its first director, the artist Hilla von Rebay. It adopted its current name after the death of its founder, Solomon R. Guggenheim, in 1952. In 1959, the museum moved from rented space to its current building, a landmark work of 20th-century architecture
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German Expressionist
German Expressionism
Expressionism
consisted of a number of related creative movements in Germany before the First World War
First World War
that reached a peak in Berlin during the 1920s. These developments in Germany were part of a larger Expressionist movement in north and central European culture in fields such as architecture, dance, painting, sculpture, as well as cinema. This article deals primarily with developments in German Expressionist cinema before and immediately after World War I.Contents1 History1.1 1910s–1930s2 Influence and legacy 3 Cinema and architecture 4 Interpretation 5 See also 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External linksHistory[edit]Mary Wigman, pioneer of Expressionist dance
Expressionist dance
(left)1910s–1930s[edit]Still from the 1920 film The Cabinet of Dr. CaligariAmong the first Expressionist films, The Student of Prague[1] (1913), The Cabinet of Dr
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M3 (New York City Bus)
The M1, M2, M3, and M4 are four local bus routes that operate the Fifth and Madison Avenues Lines – along one-way pair of Madison and Fifth Avenues in the Manhattan
Manhattan
borough of New York City
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Piet Mondrian
Pieter Cornelis "Piet" Mondriaan, after 1906 Mondrian (/ˈmɔːndriˌɑːn, ˈmɒn-/;[1] Dutch: [ˈpit ˈmɔndrijaːn], later [ˈmɔndrijɑn]; 7 March 1872 – 1 February 1944), was a Dutch painter and theoretician who is regarded as one of the greatest artists of the 20th century.[2][3] He is known for being one of the pioneers of 20th century abstract art, as he changed his artistic direction from figurative painting to an increasingly abstract style, until he reached a point where his artistic vocabulary was reduced to simple geometric elements.[4] Mondrian's art was highly utopian and was concerned with a search for universal values and aesthetics. He proclaimed in 1914: Art is higher than reality and has no direct relation to reality. To approach the spiritual in art, one will make as little use as possible of reality, because reality is opposed to the spiritual. We find ourselves in the presence of an abstract art
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Midtown Manhattan
Midtown Manhattan, or Midtown, represents the central lengthwise portion of the borough and island of Manhattan
Manhattan
in New York City. Midtown is home to some of the city's most iconic buildings, including the Empire State Building, the Chrysler Building, and the headquarters of the United Nations, and it contains world-renowned commercial zones such as Rockefeller Center, Broadway, and Times Square. Midtown Manhattan
Manhattan
is the largest central business district in the world and ranks among the most expensive and intensely used pieces of real estate in the world, and Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
in Midtown Manhattan commands the world's highest retail rents, with average annual rents at US$3,000 per square foot ($32,000/m2) in 2017.[1] While Lower Manhattan
Manhattan
is the main financial center, Midtown is the country's largest commercial, entertainment, and media center
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Plaza Hotel
Coordinates: 40°45′53″N 73°58′28″W / 40.764712°N 73.974574°W / 40.764712; -73.974574Plaza HotelU.S. National Register of Historic PlacesU.S. National Historic LandmarkNYC LandmarkThe Plaza Hotel
Hotel
as seen from the corner of 5th Avenue and 58th Street in ManhattanShow map of ManhattanShow map of New YorkShow map of the USLocation 768 Fifth Avenue, Manhattan, New York City
Manhattan, New York City
10019Built 1907Architect Henry J
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Avant-garde
The avant-garde (/ˌævɒ̃ˈɡɑːrd/;[1] French pronunciation: ​[avɑ̃ɡaʁd];[2] from French, "advance guard" or "vanguard", literally "fore-guard")[3] are people or works that are experimental, radical, or unorthodox with respect to art, culture, or society.[3][4][5] It may be characterized by nontraditional, aesthetic innovation and initial unacceptability,[6] and it may offer a critique of the relationship between producer and consumer.[4] The avant-garde pushes the boundaries of what is accepted as the norm or the status quo, primarily in the cultural realm. The avant-garde is considered by some to be a hallmark of modernism, as distinct from postmodernism[citation needed]
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Old Masters
In art history, "Old Master" (or "old master")[1][2] refers to any painter of skill who worked in Europe before about 1800, or a painting by such an artist. An "old master print" is an original print (for example an engraving or etching) made by an artist in the same period. The term "old master drawing" is used in the same way. In theory, "Old Master" applies only to artists who were fully trained, were Masters of their local artists' guild, and worked independently, but in practice, paintings produced by pupils or workshops are often included in the scope of the term
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Guggenheim Museum Bilbao
The Guggenheim Museum
Museum
Bilbao
Bilbao
is a museum of modern and contemporary art designed by Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry, and located in Bilbao, Basque Country, Spain. The museum was inaugurated on 18 October 1997 by King Juan Carlos I
Juan Carlos I
of Spain. Built alongside the Nervion River, which runs through the city of Bilbao
Bilbao
to the Cantabrian Sea, it is one of several museums belonging to the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation and features permanent and visiting exhibits of works by Spanish and international artists
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Post-Impressionist
Post- Impressionism
Impressionism
(also spelled Postimpressionism) is a predominantly French art movement that developed roughly between 1886 and 1905, from the last Impressionist
Impressionist
exhibition to the birth of Fauvism. Post- Impressionism
Impressionism
emerged as a reaction against Impressionists' concern for the naturalistic depiction of light and colour. Due to its broad emphasis on abstract qualities or symbolic content, Post- Impressionism
Impressionism
encompasses Neo-Impressionism, Symbolism, Cloisonnism, Pont-Aven School, and Synthetism, along with some later Impressionists' work
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Impressionist
Impressionism
Impressionism
is a 19th-century art movement characterised by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles. Impressionism originated with a group of Paris-based artists whose independent exhibitions brought them to prominence during the 1870s and 1880s. The Impressionists faced harsh opposition from the conventional art community in France
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Modern Architecture
Modern architecture
Modern architecture
or modernist architecture is a term applied to a group of styles of architecture which emerged in the first half of the 20th century and became dominant after World War II. It was based upon new technologies of construction, particularly the use of glass, steel and reinforced concrete; and upon a rejection of the traditional neoclassical architecture and Beaux-Arts styles that were popular in the 19th century
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National Historic Landmark
A National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark
(NHL) is a building, district, object, site, or structure that is officially recognized by the United States government for its outstanding historical significance. Of over 90,000 places listed on the country's National Register of Historic Places, only some 2,500 are recognized as National Historic Landmarks. A National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark
District may include contributing properties that are buildings, structures, sites or objects, and it may include non-contributing properties
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National Register Of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places
National Register of Historic Places
(NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property. The passage of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) in 1966 established the National Register and the process for adding properties to it. Of the more than one million properties on the National Register, 80,000 are listed individually
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M86 SBS (New York City Bus)
The 86th Street Crosstown Line
86th Street Crosstown Line
is a bus line in Manhattan, New York City, United States, running mostly along 86th Street on the Upper West and Upper East Sides of Manhattan
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M4 (New York City Bus)
York
York
(/ˈjɔːrk/ ( listen)) is a historic walled city at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss in North Yorkshire, England. The municipality is the traditional county town of the historic county of Yorkshire
Yorkshire
to which it gives its name. The city has a rich heritage and has provided the backdrop to major political events in England throughout much of its two millennia of existence. The city offers a wealth of historic attractions, of which York Minster is the most prominent, and a variety of cultural and sporting activities making it a popular tourist destination. The city was founded by the Romans as Eboracum
Eboracum
in 71 AD. It became the capital of the Roman province
Roman province
of Britannia Inferior, and later of the kingdoms of Northumbria
Northumbria
and Jórvík
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