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Slieve Gullion
Slieve Gullion
Slieve Gullion
(from Irish: Sliabh gCuillinn, meaning "mountain of the steep slope"[2] or Sliabh Cuilinn, "Culann's mountain")[3] is a mountain in the south of County Armagh, Northern Ireland. The mountain is the heart of the Ring of Gullion
Ring of Gullion
and is the highest point in the county, with an elevation of 573 metres (1,880 ft). At the summit is a small lake and two ancient burial cairns, one of which is the highest surviving passage grave in Ireland. Slieve Gullion
Slieve Gullion
plays a prominent role in the mythology and history of the area and dominates the countryside around it, offering views of as far away as Antrim, Dublin Bay
Dublin Bay
and Wicklow
Wicklow
on a clear day.[4] Villages around Slieve Gullion
Slieve Gullion
include Drumintee, Mullaghbawn, Lislea, Forkhill
Forkhill
and Meigh
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Cathbad
Cathbad (Old Irish pronunciation: [ˈkaθvað]) or Cathbhadh (modern spelling) is the chief druid in the court of King Conchobar mac Nessa in the Ulster Cycle of Irish Mythology. He features in both accounts of Conchobar's birth, in one of which he is the king's father. In the first, Nessa, daughter of Eochaid Sálbuide, the then king of Ulster, asks the druid what it is an auspicious time for (as he had the ability to foretell the future). Cathbad replies, "for begetting a king on a queen". There were no other men around, so Ness takes Cathbad to bed and conceives a son.[1][2] In the second version,[3][4] Cathbad, who is a leader of a band of fianna (landless warriors) as well as a druid, attacks Ness's foster-father's house, killing all 12 of them. Because the culprit cannot be identified, Eochaid is powerless to do anything about it, so Ness forms her own band of 27 fianna to track him down
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Heath (habitat)
A heath (/ˈhiːθ/) is a shrubland habitat found mainly on free-draining infertile, acidic soils and is characterised by open, low-growing woody vegetation. Moorland
Moorland
is generally related to high-ground heaths[1] with—especially in Great Britain—a cooler and more damp climate. Heaths are widespread worldwide, but are fast disappearing and considered a rare habitat in Europe.[2] They form extensive and highly diverse communities across Australia
Australia
in humid and sub-humid areas where fire regimes with recurring burning are required for the maintenance of the heathlands.[3] Even more diverse though less widespread heath communities occur in Southern Africa. Extensive heath communities can also be found in the California
California
chaparral, New Caledonia, central Chile
Chile
and along the shores of the Mediterranean Sea
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Cú Chulainn
Cú Chulainn, also spelled Cú Chulaind or Cúchulainn ([kuːˈxʊlˠɪnʲ] ( listen); Irish for "Culann's Hound") and sometimes known in English as Cuhullin /kəˈhʊlɪn/,[1] is an Irish mythological hero who appears in the stories of the Ulster Cycle, as well as in Scottish and Manx folklore.[2] He is believed to be an incarnation of the god Lugh, who is also his father.[3][4][5] His mother is the mortal Deichtine, sister of Conchobar mac Nessa. Born Sétanta, he gained his better-known name as a child, after killing Culann's fierce guard-dog in self-defence and offered to take its place until a replacement could be reared
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Lughnasadh
LughnasadhAlso called Lúnasa (Modern Irish) Lùnastal (Scottish Gaelic) Luanistyn (Manx Gaelic)Observed by Historically: Gaels Today: Irish people, Scottish people, Manx people, Celtic neopagans, WiccansType Cultural, Pagan (Celtic polytheism, Celtic Neopaganism)Significance Beginning of the harvest seasonCelebrations Offering of First Fruits, feasting, handfasting, fairs, athletic contestsDate 1 AugustRelated to Calan Awst, Lammas Lughnasadh
Lughnasadh
or Lughnasa (pronounced /ˈluːnəsə/, LOO-nə-sə) is a Gaelic festival marking the beginning of the harvest season. Historically, it was widely observed throughout Ireland, Scotland
Scotland
and the Isle of Man. In Modern Irish it is called Lúnasa, in Scottish Gaelic: Lùnastal, and in Manx: Luanistyn. Originally it was held on 1 August, or about halfway between the summer solstice and autumn equinox
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Cornucopia
In classical antiquity, the cornucopia /ˌkɔːrnjəˈkoʊpiə, ˌkɔːrnə-/ (from Latin cornu copiae), also called the horn of plenty, was a symbol of abundance and nourishment, commonly a large horn-shaped container overflowing with produce, flowers or nuts.Contents1 In mythology 2 Modern depictions 3 Gallery 4 See also 5 ReferencesIn mythology[edit] Allegory
Allegory
of Fortune (1658) by Salvator Rosa, representing Fortuna, the Goddess of luck, with the horn of plentyPoster of cornucopia for CaliforniaA cornucopia made of bread, prepared for a Thanksgiving
Thanksgiving
meal in 2005 for U.S. Navy
U.S. Navy
personnel Mythology
Mythology
offers multiple explanations of the origin of the cornucopia. One of the best-known involves the birth and nurturance of the infant Zeus, who had to be hidden from his devouring father Kronus
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Fianna
Fianna
Fianna
(singular fiann) were small, semi-independent warrior bands in Irish mythology. They are featured in the stories of the Fenian Cycle, where they are led by Fionn mac Cumhaill
Fionn mac Cumhaill
(Finn MacCool). They are based on historical bands of aristocratic landless young men in early medieval Ireland.Contents1 Historicity 2 Legendary depiction2.1 War cry and mottos 2.2 Notable fénnid3 Modern use of the term 4 See also 5 ReferencesHistoricity[edit] The historical institution of the fiann is known from references in early medieval Irish law tracts
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Paleocene
The Paleocene
Paleocene
( /ˈpæliəˌsiːn, ˈpæ-, -lioʊ-/[2]) or Palaeocene, the "old recent", is a geologic epoch that lasted from about 66 to 56 million years ago. It is the first epoch of the Paleogene Period in the modern Cenozoic
Cenozoic
Era. As with many geologic periods, the strata that define the epoch's beginning and end are well identified, but the exact ages remain uncertain. The Paleocene
Paleocene
Epoch is bracketed by two major events in Earth's history. It started with the mass extinction event at the end of the Cretaceous, known as the Cretaceous– Paleogene (K–Pg) boundary. This was a time marked by the demise of non-avian dinosaurs, giant marine reptiles and much other fauna and flora. The die-off of the dinosaurs left unfilled ecological niches worldwide
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Ring Dike
A ring dike or ring dyke is an intrusive igneous body that is circular, oval or arcuate in plan and has steep contacts.[1] While the widths of ring dikes differ, they can be up to several thousand meters.[2] The most commonly accepted method of ring dike formation is directly related to collapse calderas.[3]Contents1 Caldera
Caldera
collapse and ring dike formation 2 Another mechanism of ring dike formation 3 Implications 4 Well known examples4.1 Ossipee ring-dike complex 4.2 Loch Bà ring dike5 See also 6 References Caldera
Caldera
collapse and ring dike formation[edit] Collapse calderas form due to the emptying of a magma chamber. Effusive eruptions that take place on the flanks of the associated volcano and a fissure system that direct magma away from the chamber are both mechanisms that can empty a magma chamber
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Area Of Outstanding Natural Beauty
An Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
(AONB) is an area of countryside in England, Wales
Wales
or Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
which has been designated for conservation due to its significant landscape value. Areas are designated in recognition of their national importance, by the relevant public body: Natural England, Natural Resources Wales, or the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Environment Agency. In place of AONB, Scotland uses the similar national scenic area designation. Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty enjoy levels of protection from development similar to those of UK national parks, but unlike with national parks the responsible bodies do not have their own planning powers
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Special Area Of Conservation
A Special
Special
Area of Conservation (SAC) is defined in the European Union's Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC), also known as the Directive on the Conservation of Natural Habitats and of Wild Fauna and Flora. They are to protect the 220 habitats and approximately 1000 species listed in annex I and II of the directive which are considered to be of European interest following criteria given in the directive. They must be chosen from the Sites of Community Importance by the State Members and designated SAC by an act assuring the conservation measures of the natural habitat.[1] SACs complement Special
Special
Protection Areas and together form a network of protected sites across the European Union
European Union
called Natura 2000
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Conchobar Mac Nessa
Conchobar[1] mac Nessa (son of Ness) was the king of Ulster in the Ulster Cycle of Irish mythology. He ruled from Emain Macha
Emain Macha
(Navan Fort, near Armagh), which still to this day, is claimed to be the spiritual home of the MacArtáin clan. He is said to be the son of Fachtna Fáthach, of the Ulaid, and is recognised as such. Although unusually his descent references his mother, Ness, daughter of Eochaid Sálbuide, King of Ulster.Contents1 Legendary biography1.1 Birth 1.2 Conchobar becomes king 1.3 Marriages and family 1.4 Deirdre 1.5 The Cattle Raid of Cooley 1.6 The Battle of Ros na Ríg 1.7 Death2 Notes 3 References3.1 Primary sources4 Further reading 5 Links to texts in translation 6 See alsoLegendary biography[edit] Birth[edit] There are several versions of how Conchobar was conceived
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Environmentally Sensitive Area
An environmentally sensitive area (ESA) is a type of designation for an agricultural area which needs special protection because of its landscape, wildlife or historical value [1]. The scheme was introduced in 1987. Originally it was administered by Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, then the Rural Development Service for the United Kingdom Governments Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, and currently Natural England following successive re-organisation of the departments. In 2005 the scheme was superseded by Environmental Stewardship and closed to new entrants
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Gorse
11–58; see text.SynonymsNepa Webb Ulex
Ulex
(commonly known as gorse, furze or whin) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Fabaceae. The genus comprises about 20 species of thorny evergreen shrubs in the subfamily Faboideae
Faboideae
of the pea family Fabaceae. The species are native to parts of western Europe and northwest Africa, with the majority of species in Iberia. Gorse is closely related to the brooms, and like them, has green stems and very small leaves and is adapted to dry growing conditions. However it differs in its extreme thorniness, the shoots being modified into branched thorns 1–4 centimetres (0.4–1.6 in) long, which almost wholly replace the leaves as the plant's functioning photosynthetic organs
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Wildfire
A wildfire or wildland fire is a fire in an area of combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside or rural area.[1] Depending on the type of vegetation where it occurs, a wildfire can also be classified more specifically as a brush fire, bush fire, desert fire, forest fire, grass fire, hill fire, peat fire, vegetation fire, or veld fire.[2] Fossil
Fossil
charcoal indicates that wildfires began soon after the appearance of terrestrial plants 420 million years ago.[3] Wildfire’s occurrence throughout the history of terrestrial life invites conjecture that fire must have had pronounced evolu
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Arson
Arson[1] is a crime of intentionally, deliberately and maliciously setting fire to buildings, wildland areas, abandoned homes,[2] vehicles[3][4] or other property with the intent to cause damage. It may be distinguished from other causes such as spontaneous combustion, accidental fires (smoking in bed, e.g.) and natural wildfires. Arson often involves someone deliberately burning their own property, or having someone else do it, to collect the insurance.[5] A person who commits this crime is called an arsonist
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