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Siraj-ud-daulah
Mirza Muhammad Siraj ud-Daulah
Siraj ud-Daulah
(Persian: مرزا محمد سراج الدولہ‎, Bengali: মির্জা মুহম্মদ সিরাজউদ্দৌলা), more commonly known as Siraj ud-Daulah[a] (1733 – 2 July 1757), was the last independent Nawab
Nawab
of Bengal. The end of his reign marked the start of British East India Company rule over Bengal
Bengal
and later almost all of South Asia. Siraj succeeded his maternal grandfather, Alivardi Khan
Alivardi Khan
as the Nawab of Bengal
Bengal
in April 1756 at the age of 23. Betrayed by Mir Jafar, then commander of Nawab's army, Siraj lost the Battle of Plassey
Battle of Plassey
on 23 June 1757
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Nawab Of Bengal
Persian Bengali Hindi Urdu ArabicGovernment NobilityHistorical era Mughal Empire Company rule
Company rule
in India •  Emergence of the Mughal Empire 1526 •  Established 1717 •  Battle of Plassey 23 June 1757 •  Battle of Buxar 22 October 1764 •  Abolition of the title of Nawab of Bengal 1880 •  Abdication of Mansoor Ali Khan, the last Nawab of Bengal 1 November 1880 •  Emergence of the Nawab o
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Marathas
The Maratha
Maratha
(IPA: [ˈˈməraʈʰa"]; IAST:Marāṭhā; archaically transliterated as Marhatta or Mahratta) is a group of castes in India found predominantly in the state of Maharashtra. According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, "Marathas are people of India, famed in history as yeoman warriors and champions of Hinduism"[1][note 1]. The Maratha
Maratha
group of castes is a largely rural class of peasant cultivators, landowners, and soldiers
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Motijheel Palace
Motijhil
Motijhil
(also Motijheel, literal translation: Pearl Lake), also known as Company Bagh due to its association with the East India
India
Company,[1] is a horse-shoe shaped lake in Murshidabad, West Bengal, India. It was created by Nawazish Muhammad Khan, the son-in-law of Nawab Alivardi Khan. He also constructed a precious palatial palace beside this lake which is called the Sang-i- dalan (literal translation:stone palace) which is also known as the Motijhil
Motijhil
Palace. It is located at the bend of this lake. It was used as the residence of Nawazish and Ghaseti Begum, Nawazish's beloved wife. It is said that after Nawazish died, Ghaseti Begum lived here until Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah
Siraj ud-Daulah
took over the palace and seized humongous amount of treasures in 1756 AD
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Mir Madan
Mir Madan
Mir Madan
Khan (? - June 23, 1757) was one of the most trusted officer and chief of the artillery of Nawab Siraj Ud Dowla
Nawab Siraj Ud Dowla
army who died in Battle of Plassey.[1][2][3]Contents1 Early life 2 Death 3 Tomb 4 ReferencesEarly life[edit] At first Mir Madan
Mir Madan
worked in Dhaka
Dhaka
under Hossain Kuli Khan's nephew Hasan-Uddin Khan. Nawab Alivardi Khan
Alivardi Khan
preferred him due to his good performance, trustworthiness and brought him in Murshidabad. Here he got the Title 'Bakshi' (Paymaster of the army)
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Diwan Mohanlal
Diwan Mohanlal
Diwan Mohanlal
(c. 1756 - 1757), was a Diwan of Siraj Ud Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal
Nawab of Bengal
at Murshidabad. The Nawab made the decision of elevating a Hindu
Hindu
Kayastha
Kayastha
bureaucrat named Mohanlal as his supreme Diwan[1]. The elevation of a Hindu
Hindu
to such a prominent position caused the Muslim
Muslim
nobility, and in particular Mir Jafar, great offense
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Purnia
Purnia
Purnia
(also romanized as Purnea) is a city that serves as the administrative headquarters of both Purnia district
Purnia district
and Purnia division in the Indian state of Bihar. It is the largest city in northeastern Bihar.Total geographical area of Purnia
Purnia
municipal corporation is 92 km sq.[2] which is next only to Patna. Population density of the city is 3058 persons per km sq. making it the 5th most densly populated city of Bihar. It is nearly 300 kilometres from Patna, the capital of Bihar, as well as 171 km from Siliguri, 92 km from Bhagalpur, and 214 km from Muzaffarpur. It is 450 km from Kolkata, the capital of the adjacent state of West Bengal
Bengal
and the largest city in East India. Purnia district
Purnia district
covers 3202.31 sq. km of the state of Bihar
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Black Hole Of Calcutta
The Black Hole of Calcutta
Calcutta
was a small prison or dungeon in Fort William where troops of Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab
Nawab
of Bengal, held British prisoners of war for one fatal night on 20 June 1756. John Zephaniah Holwell, one of the British prisoners and an employee of the East India C
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Fort William (India)
Fort
Fort
William is a fort in Calcutta (Kolkata), built during the early years of the Bengal Presidency
Bengal Presidency
of British India. It sits on the eastern banks of the River Hooghly, the major distributary of the River Ganges. One of Kolkata's most enduring Raj-era edifices, it extends over an area of 70.9 hectares. The fort was named after King William III.[1] In front of the Fort
Fort
is the Maidan, the largest park in the city. An internal guard room became the Black Hole of Calcutta.Contents1 History1.1 Presidency of Fort
Fort
William2 Structure 3 Gallery 4 See also 5 ReferencesHistory[edit]A view of Calcutta from Fort
Fort
William (1807).Plan (top-view) of Fort
Fort
William, c. 1844Main article: History of Kolkata There are two Fort
Fort
Williams
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Dhaka
Dhaka
Dhaka
(/ˈdɑːkə/ DAH-kə or /ˈdækə/ DAK-ə; Bengali: ঢাকা, pronounced [ɖʱaka]; formerly anglicized as Dacca)[11] is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. It is one of the world's largest cities, with a population of 18.89 million people in the Greater Dhaka Area.[12][6][13] It is also the 4th most densely populated city in the world. Dhaka
Dhaka
is the chief economic, political and cultural center of Bangladesh. It is one of the major cities of South Asia, the largest city in Eastern South Asia
South Asia
and among the Bay of Bengal countries; and one of the largest cities among OIC countries. As part of the Bengal plain, the city is bounded by the Buriganga River, Turag River, Dhaleshwari River
Dhaleshwari River
and Shitalakshya River
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Kolkata
Kolkata
Kolkata
/koʊlˈkɑːtə/ (Bengali pronunciation: [kolkat̪a]), formerly Calcutta /kælˈkʌtə/ until 2001, is the capital of the Indian state
Indian state
of West Bengal. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River, it is the principal commercial, cultural, and educational centre of East India, while the Port of Kolkata
Port of Kolkata
is India's oldest operating port and its sole major riverine port. The city is widely regarded as the "cultural capital" of India, and is also nicknamed the "City of Joy". In 2011, the city had a population of 4.5 million, while the population of the city and its suburbs was 14.1 million, making it the third-most populous metropolitan area in India
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Sir William Meredith, 3rd Baronet
Sir William Meredith, 3rd Baronet
Sir William Meredith, 3rd Baronet
(c. 1725 – 2 January 1790) was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons
House of Commons
from 1754 to 1780.Depiction of Henbury Hall in 1707Contents1 Early life 2 Political career 3 Later life and legacy 4 ReferencesEarly life[edit] Meredith was the son of Amos Meredith (1688–1745) of Chester and Johanna Cholmondlely, daughter of Thomas Cholmondely of Vale Royal, Chester.[1] He matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford
Christ Church, Oxford
on 24 March 1743 aged 18.[2] His father died in 1744 and in 1752 he inherited his baronetcy and estates on the death of his grandfather, Sir William Meredith, 2nd Baronet.[1] Political career[edit] At the 1754 general election Meredith was returned unopposed as Member of Parliament for Wigan
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Ahmad Shah Durrani
Ahmad Shāh Durrānī (c. 1722 – 16 October 1772) (Pashto: احمد شاه دراني), also known as Ahmad Khān Abdālī (احمد خان ابدالي), was the founder of the Durrani
Durrani
Empire and is regarded as the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan.[1][2][3][4] He began his career by enlisting as a young soldier in the military of the Afsharid kingdom and quickly rose to become a commander of the Abdali Regiment, a cavalry of four thousand Abdali Pashtun soldiers.[5] After the assassination of Nader Shah
Nader Shah
Afshar in 1747, Ahmad Shah Durrani
Durrani
was chosen as King of Afghanistan. Rallying his Afghan tribes and allies, he pushed east towards the Mughal and the Maratha empires of India, west towards the disintegrating Afsharid Empire of Persia, and north toward the Khanate of Bukhara
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Plassey
Palashi [pəˈlaːsi]), also known as Plassey, is a village on the Bhagirathi river, located approximately 50 kilometres north of the city of Krishnanagar in Kaliganj CD Block in the Nadia District of West Bengal, India. The nearest major town is Beldanga. It has its own two local gram panchayat. It is particularly well known due to the Battle of Plassey fought there in 1757, between the private army of the British East India Company and the army of the king of Bengal Nawab Siraj Ud Daulah.[1]Contents1 Etymology 2 History 3 Geography 4 Demographics 5 Transportation 6 Culture and Memorials 7 ReferencesEtymology[edit] The name Palashi is derived from the Bengali word for the red-flowered tree Pôlash (Bengali: পলাশ (palāś), English: Butea, Latin: Butea frondosa or Butea monosperma)
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Motijhil
Motijhil
Motijhil
(also Motijheel, literal translation: Pearl Lake), also known as Company Bagh due to its association with the East India
India
Company,[1] is a horse-shoe shaped lake in Murshidabad, West Bengal, India. It was created by Nawazish Muhammad Khan, the son-in-law of Nawab Alivardi Khan. He also constructed a precious palatial palace beside this lake which is called the Sang-i- dalan (literal translation:stone palace) which is also known as the Motijhil
Motijhil
Palace. It is located at the bend of this lake. It was used as the residence of Nawazish and Ghaseti Begum, Nawazish's beloved wife. It is said that after Nawazish died, Ghaseti Begum lived here until Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah
Siraj ud-Daulah
took over the palace and seized humongous amount of treasures in 1756 AD
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William Watts
William Watts (c. 1722 – 4 August 1764) was a British official with the East India Company. He was involved in the overthrow of the last independent ruler of Bengal, leading directly to the consolidation of Company rule in India
Company rule in India
and his own personal enrichment. Through his wife Begum Johnson, he had notable descendants, including a Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.Contents1 Early life and marriage 2 Career 3 Later life and death 4 Family 5 References 6 External linksEarly life and marriage[edit] Watts was born about 1722, a son of William Watts of London, an academy master (teacher), and his first wife Mary Hills.[1] On 24 March 1749 in Calcutta, William married Frances Altham, née Croke (10 April [1725] 1728 – 3 February 1812), a well-connected widow
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