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Sfântu Gheorghe
Sfântu Gheorghe
Sfântu Gheorghe
(Romanian: [ˈsfɨntu ˈɡe̯orɡe]; Hungarian: Sepsiszentgyörgy or Szentgyörgy [ˈʃɛpʃisɛɲɟørɟ] ( listen); Yiddish: סנט דזשארדזש‎) is the capital city of Covasna
Covasna
County, Romania. Located in the central part of the country and in the historical region of Transylvania, it lies on the Olt River
Olt River
in a valley between the Baraolt Mountains
Baraolt Mountains
and Bodoc Mountains
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Textile
A textile[1] is a flexible material consisting of a network of natural or artificial fibres (yarn or thread). Yarn
Yarn
is produced by spinning raw fibres of wool, flax, cotton, hemp, or other materials to produce long strands.[2] Textiles are formed by weaving, knitting, crocheting, knotting, or felting. The related words fabric[3] and cloth[4] are often used in textile assembly trades (such as tailoring and dressmaking) as synonyms for textile. However, there are subtle differences in these terms in specialized usage. A textile is any material made of interlacing fibres, including carpeting and geotextiles. A fabric is a material made through weaving, knitting, spreading, crocheting, or bonding that may be used in production of further goods (garments, etc.)
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Kingdom Of Romania
The Kingdom of Romania (Romanian: Regatul României) was a constitutional monarchy in Southeastern Europe which existed from 1881, when prince Carol I of Romania was proclaimed King, until 1947, when King Michael I of Romania abdicated and the Parliament proclaimed Romania a republic. From 1859 to 1877, Romania evolved from a personal union of two vassal principalities (Moldavia and Wallachia) under a single prince to an autonomous principality with a Hohenzollern monarchy. The country gained its independence from the Ottoman Empire during the 1877-1878 Russo-Turkish War (known locally as the Romanian War of Independence), when it also received Northern Dobruja in exchange for the southern part of Bessarabia
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Hungarian Minority In Romania
The Hungarian minority of Romania
Romania
is the largest ethnic minority in Romania, consisting of 1,227,623 people and making up 6.1% of the total population, according to the 2011 census.[1] Most ethnic Hungarians
Hungarians
of Romania
Romania
live in areas that were, before the 1920 Treaty of Trianon, parts of Hungary. Encompassed in a region known as Transylvania, the most prominent of these areas is known generally as Székely Land
Székely Land
(Ținutul Secuiesc, Szekelyföld), where Hungarians
Hungarians
comprise the majority of the population, comprising Harghita
Harghita
and Covasna counties and parts of Mureș county.[1] Transylvania
Transylvania
also includes the historic regions of Banat, Crișana
Crișana
and Maramureș
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Romanians
  Romania
Romania
16,792,868 (2011 Romanian census)[4]   Moldova
Moldova
192,800 (2014 Moldovan census) (additional 2,423,328 Moldovans)[5][6]Other countriesEurope Italy1 1,151,395[7] (addi
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Roma In Romania
Coordinates: 46°N 25°E / 46°N 25°E / 46; 25Romania România  (Romanian)FlagCoat of armsAnthem: Deșteaptă-te, române! '"Awaken thee, Romanian!"Location of  Romania  (dark green) – in Europe  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]Capital and largest city Bucharest 44°25′N 26°06′E / 44.417°N 26.100°E / 44.417; 26.100Official languages Romanian[1]Recognised minority languages[2]Albanian Armenian Bulgarian Czech Croatian German Greek Italian Macedonian Hungarian Polish Romani Russian Rusyn Serbian Slovak Tatar Turkish Ukrainian YiddishEthnic groups (2011[3])88.9% Romanians 6.1% Hungarians 3.0% Roma 0.2% Ukrainians 0.2% GermansDemonym RomanianGovernment Unitary semi-presidential republic• PresidentKlaus Iohannis• Pr
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German Language
No official regulation ( German orthography
German orthography
regulated by the Council for German Orthography[4]). Language
Language
codesISO 639-1 deISO 639-2 ger (B) deu (T)ISO 639-3 Variously: deu – German gmh&#
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Sebeș
Sebeș
Sebeș
(Romanian pronunciation: [ˈsebeʃ]; German: Mühlbach; Hungarian: Szászsebes; Transylvanian Saxon dialect: Melnbach) is a city in Alba County, central Romania, southern Transylvania.Contents1 Geography 2 History 3 Economy 4 Population 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksGeography[edit] The city lies in the Mureș River
Mureș River
valley and it straddles the river Sebeș. It is at the crossroads of two main highways in Romania: European route E68
European route E68
- DN7
DN7
coming from Sibiu
Sibiu
and going towards Deva and European route E81
European route E81
- DN1
DN1
coming from Sibiu
Sibiu
and going towards Alba-Iulia
Alba-Iulia
and Cluj Napoca
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Transylvanian Saxons
The Transylvanian Saxons
Saxons
(German: Siebenbürger Sachsen; Transylvanian Saxon: Siweberjer Såksen; Romanian: Sași ardeleni, sași transilvăneni; Hungarian: Erdélyi szászok) are a people of German ethnicity who settled in Transylvania
Transylvania
(German: Siebenbürgen) from the mid 12th c
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Kingdom Of Hungary
Magyar Királyság  (Hungarian) Regnum Hungariae  (Latin) Königreich Ungarn  (German)1000–1918 1920–1946Flag (1867-1918)Coat of armsMotto Regnum Mariae Patrona Hungariae[1] "Kingdom of Mary, the Patron of Hungary"Anthem Himnusz HymnRoyal anthem God save, God protect Our Emperor, Our Country!Kingdoms of Hungary (dark green) and Croatia-Slavonia (light green) within Austria-Hungary in 1914Capital BudapestHistorical capitals:Esztergom (10th to mid-13th century) Buda (mid-13th century to 1541)a Pressburg (1536–1783) Debrecen (1849) Székesfehérvár (place of diets, royal seat, crowning and burial site from 1000 to 1543)Languages Official languages:Latin (1000–1784; 1790–1844) German (1784–1790; 1849–1867) Hungarian (1836–1849; 1867–1946)Other spoken languages: Polish, Romanian, Slovak, Croatian, Slovene, Serbian, Italian, Ruthenian, Carpathian Romani,
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Brașov County
Brașov
Brașov
(Romanian pronunciation: [braˈʃov] ( listen)) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Transylvania, with the capital city at Brașov. The county incorporates within its boundaries most of the Medieval "lands" (țări) Burzenland
Burzenland
and Făgăraș.Contents1 Name 2 Demographics 3 Geography3.1 Neighbours4 Economy 5 Tourism 6 Politics 7 Administrative divisions 8 References 9 External linksName[edit] In Hungarian, it is known as Brassó megye, and in German as Kreis Kronstadt
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Treaty Of Trianon
The Treaty of Trianon
Treaty of Trianon
was the peace agreement of 1920 to formally end World War I
World War I
between most of the Allies of World War I[1] and the Kingdom of Hungary, the latter being one of the successor states to Austria-Hungary.[2][3][4][5] The treaty regulated the status of an independent Hungarian state and defined its borders. It left Hungary as a landlocked state covering 93,073 square kilometres (35,936 sq mi), only 28% of the 325,411 square kilometres (125,642 sq mi) that had constituted the pre-war Kingdom of Hungary
Hungary
(the Hungarian half of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy)
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Köppen Climate Classification
Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by Russian German climatologist Wladimir Köppen
Wladimir Köppen
in 1884,[2][3] with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936.[4][5] Later, German climatologist Rudolf Geiger (1954, 1961) collaborated with Köppen on changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.[6][7] The Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
system has been further modified, within the Trewartha climate classification
Trewartha climate classification
system in the middle 1960s (revised in 1980)
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Second Vienna Award
The Second Vienna
Vienna
Award was the second of two territorial disputes arbitrated by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and Fascist Italy
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Paris Peace Treaties, 1947
The Paris
Paris
Peace Treaties (French: Traité de Paris) was signed on 10 February 1947, as the outcome of the Paris
Paris
Peace Conference, held from 29 July to 15 October 1946. The victorious wartime Allied powers (principally the United Kingdom, Soviet Union, United States, and France) negotiated the details of peace treaties with Italy, the minor Axis powers
Axis powers
(Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria), and Finland, following the end of World War II
World War II
in 1945
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Magyar Autonomous Region
The Magyar Autonomous Region[1][2][a] (1952-1960) (Romanian: Regiunea Autonomă Maghiară, Hungarian: Magyar Autonóm Tartomány) and Mureș- Magyar Autonomous Region
Magyar Autonomous Region
(1960-1968) were autonomous regions in the People's Republic of Romania
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