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Section D'Or
The Section d'Or
Section d'Or
("Golden Section"), also known as Groupe de Puteaux (or Puteaux
Puteaux
Group), was a collective of painters, sculptors, poets and critics associated with Cubism
Cubism
and Orphism. Based in the Parisian suburbs, the group held regular meetings at the home of the Duchamp brothers in Puteaux
Puteaux
and at the studio of Albert Gleizes
Albert Gleizes
in Courbevoie.[1] Active from 1911 to around 1914, members of the collective came to prominence in the wake of their controversial showing at the Salon des Indépendants
Salon des Indépendants
in the spring of 1911
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Painting
Painting
Painting
is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium[1] to a solid surface (support base). The medium is commonly applied to the base with a brush, but other implements, such as knives, sponges, and airbrushes, can be used. Painting
Painting
is a mode of creative expression, and can be done in numerous forms. Drawing, gesture (as in gestural painting), composition, narration (as in narrative art), or abstraction (as in abstract art), among other aesthetic modes, may serve to manifest the expressive and conceptual intention of the practitioner.[2] Paintings can be naturalistic and representational (as in a still life or landscape painting), photographic, abstract, narrative, symbolistic (as in Symbolist art), emotive (as in Expressionism), or political in nature (as in Artivism). A portion of the history of painting in both Eastern and Western art is dominated by spiritual motifs and ideas
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André Salmon
André Salmon
André Salmon
(4 October 1881, Paris
Paris
– 12 March 1969, Sanary-sur-Mer) was a French poet, art critic and writer. He was one of the early defenders of Cubism, with Guillaume Apollinaire
Guillaume Apollinaire
and Maurice Raynal.Contents1 Biography 2 Works2.1 Poetry 2.2 Books and short stories 2.3 Critiques, essays, memoirs 2.4 Theatre3 References 4 Sources 5 External linksBiography[edit] Andre Salmon was born in Paris, into a Jewish
Jewish
family,[1] fourth child of Émile-Frédéric Salmon, a sculptor and etcher, and Sophie-Julie Cattiaux, daughter of a founder of the Radical Socialist party. They were secular Republicans, frequently in financial difficulty, and moved several times. Salmon's education was neglected, although he received some tuition from the Parnassian poet Gaston de Raisme, a friend of François Coppée
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Fauvism
Fauvism
Fauvism
is the style of les Fauves (French for "the wild beasts"), a group of early twentieth-century modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities and strong color over the representational or realistic values retained by Impressionism
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René Blum (ballet)
René Blum (13 March 1878 – September 1942) was a French theatrical impresario. He was the founder of the Ballet de l'Opéra at Monte Carlo and was the younger brother of the Socialist Prime Minister of France, Léon Blum.[1]Contents1 Biography1.1 Founder of Ballet of Monte-Carlo 1.2 Deportation and death2 ReferencesBiography[edit] Blum was born in Paris. At the turn of the 20th century he was an editor at the Parisian literary journal Gil Blas and a popular theatre critic.[2] He became a friend of Marcel Proust, and it was on his advice that Proust turned to Bernard Grasset to publish Du côté de chez Swann.[3] During World War I, Blum served in the Battle of the Somme
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Niels Bohr
Niels Henrik David Bohr (Danish: [nels ˈboɐ̯ˀ]; 7 October 1885 – 18 November 1962) was a Danish physicist who made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum theory, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics
Nobel Prize in Physics
in 1922. Bohr was also a philosopher and a promoter of scientific research. Bohr developed the Bohr model
Bohr model
of the atom, in which he proposed that energy levels of electrons are discrete and that the electrons revolve in stable orbits around the atomic nucleus but can jump from one energy level (or orbit) to another. Although the Bohr model
Bohr model
has been supplanted by other models, its underlying principles remain valid. He conceived the principle of complementarity: that items could be separately analysed in terms of contradictory properties, like behaving as a wave or a stream of particles
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Max Jacob
Max Jacob
Max Jacob
(French: [maks ʒakɔb]; 12 July 1876 – 5 March 1944) was a French poet, painter, writer, and critic.Contents1 Life and career 2 Death 3 Pseudonyms 4 Gallery 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksLife and career[edit]French literatureby categoryFrench literary historyMedieval Renaissance 17th 18th 19th 20th century ContemporaryFrench writersChronological list Writers by category Essayists Novelists Playwrights Poets Short story writers Children's writersPortalsFrance French language Literature French/Francophone literaturev t eAfter spending his childhood in Quimper, Brittany, France, he enrolled in the Paris Colonial School, which he left in 1897 for an artistic career
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French Language
French (le français [lə fʁɑ̃sɛ] ( listen) or la langue française [la lɑ̃ɡ fʁɑ̃sɛz]) is a Romance language
Romance language
of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin
Vulgar Latin
of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French has evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin
Latin
in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France
France
and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages
Celtic languages
of Northern Roman Gaul
Gaul
like Gallia Belgica
Gallia Belgica
and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders
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Montmartre
Montmartre
Montmartre
(French pronunciation: ​[mɔ̃.maʁtʁ]) is a large hill in Paris's 18th arrondissement. It is 130 m (430 ft) high and gives its name to the surrounding district, part of the Right Bank in the northern section of the city. The historic district established by the City of Paris
Paris
in 1995 is bordered by rue Caulaincourt and rue Custine on the north, rue de Clignancourt on the east, and boulevard de Clichy and boulevard de Rochechouart to the south,[1] containing 60 ha (150 acres).[2] Montmartre
Montmartre
is primarily known for its artistic history, the white-domed Basilica of the Sacré-Cœur on its summit, and as a nightclub district
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Pierre Reverdy
Pierre Reverdy
Pierre Reverdy
(French: [ʁəvɛʁdi]; 13 September 1889 – 17 June 1960) was a French poet whose works were inspired by and subsequently proceeded to influence the provocative art movements of the day, Surrealism, Dadaism
Dadaism
and Cubism. The loneliness and spiritual apprehension that ran through his poetry appealed to the Surrealist credo. He, though, remained independent of the prevailing “isms,” searching for something beyond their definitions. His writing matured into a mystical mission seeking, as he wrote: “the sublime simplicity of reality."[1]Contents1 Early life 2 Paris 3 Retreat into seclusion 4 Personal life 5 Death 6 Praise 7 Works 8 Translations in English 9 References 10 External linksEarly life[edit] The son of a winegrower,[2] Reverdy was born in Occitanie (southern France), in the region of Narbonne, and grew up near the Montagne Noire
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Georges Seurat
Georges-Pierre Seurat (French: [ʒɔʁʒ pjɛʁ sœʁa];[1] 2 December 1859 – 29 March 1891) was a French post-Impressionist painter and draftsman. He is noted for his innovative use of drawing media and for devising the painting techniques known as chromoluminarism and pointillism
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Léonce Rosenberg
Léonce Rosenberg
Léonce Rosenberg
(12 September 1879 in Paris
Paris
– 31 July 1947 in Neuilly-sur Seine) was an art historian, art collector, publisher and one of the most influential French art dealers of the 20th century. The son of an antique dealer Alexander Rosenberg and brother of the gallery owner Paul Rosenberg (21 rue de la Boétie, Paris), Léonce, a prominent gallery owner in Paris
Paris
at the end of World War I, would become one of the world's major dealers of Modern art. Leaving the family-owned gallery in 1910 Léonce opened his own business called Haute Epoque at 19 rue de La Baume, Paris. As an antiquarian Rosenberg began buying works by Cubist
Cubist
artists. By 1914 his collection included works by Pablo Picasso, Jean Metzinger, Albert Gleizes, Auguste Herbin, and Juan Gris
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Philadelphia Museum Of Art
The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Museum of Art is an art museum originally chartered in 1876 for the Centennial Exposition
Centennial Exposition
in Philadelphia.[1] The main museum building was completed in 1928[6] on Fairmount, a hill located at the northwest end of the Benjamin Franklin Parkway
Benjamin Franklin Parkway
at Eakins Oval.[2] The museum administers collections containing over 240,000 objects including major holdings of European, American and Asian origin.[3] The various classes of artwork include sculpture, paintings, prints, drawings, photographs, armor, and decorative arts.[3] The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Museum of Art administers several annexes including the Rodin Museum, also located on the Benjamin Franklin Parkway, and the Ruth and Raymond G
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Leonardo Da Vinci
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (Italian: [leoˈnardo di ˌsɛr ˈpjɛːro da (v)ˈvintʃi] ( listen); 15 April 1452 – 2 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci
Leonardo da Vinci
or simply Leonardo, was an Italian Renaissance
Italian Renaissance
polymath whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography. He has been variously called the father of palaeontology, ichnology, and architecture, and is widely considered one of the greatest painters of all time
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Joséphin Péladan
Joséphin Péladan
Joséphin Péladan
(28 March 1858 in Lyon
Lyon
– 27 June 1918 in Neuilly-sur-Seine) was a French novelist and Martinist. His father was a journalist who had written on prophecies, and professed a philosophic-occult Catholicism. He established the Salon de la Rose + Croix for painters, writers, and musicians sharing his artistic ideals, the Symbolists
Symbolists
in particular.Contents1 Biography 2 Career 3 Ordre du Temple de la Rose + Croix and the Salon de la Rose + Croix 4 Publications 5 See also 6 ReferencesBiography[edit] Péladan was born into a Lyon
Lyon
family that was devoutly Roman Catholic. He studied at Jesuit colleges at Avignon
Avignon
and Nîmes
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Mysticism
Mysticism
Mysticism
is popularly known as becoming one with God
God
or the Absolute, but may refer to any kind of ecstasy or altered state of consciousness which is given a religious or spiritual meaning.[web 1] It may also re
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