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Search And Optimization
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
(AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals
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Ai (other)
AI, A.I., Ai, or ai may refer to:Contents1 Computing 2 Media and entertainment 3 Animals 4 Geography 5 Organizations 6 Medicine and biology 7 People7.1 Chinese8 Mythical and fictional characters 9 Other uses 10 See alsoComputing[edit]Artificial intelligence, the intelligence of machines and robots Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
in video games .ai, a top-level Internet domain Adobe Illustrator, a vector graphics editor .ai, the filename extension for Adobe Illustrator
Adobe Illustrator
Artwork filesMedia and entertainment[edit]A.i. (band) A.I
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Go (game)
Go is an abstract strategy board game for two players, in which the aim is to surround more territory than the opponent. The game was invented in ancient China more than 2,500 years ago and is believed to be the oldest board game continuously played today.[1][2] It was considered one of the four essential arts of the cultured aristocratic Chinese scholars in antiquity. The earliest written reference to the game is generally recognized as the historical annal Zuo Zhuan[3][4] (c. 4th century BC).[5] Despite its relatively simple rules, Go is very complex. Compared to chess, Go has both a larger board with more scope for play and longer games, and, on average, many more alternatives to consider per move. The lower bound on the number of legal board positions in Go has been estimated to be 2 x 10170.[6][7] The playing pieces are called "stones". One player uses the white stones and the other, black
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Intelligence
Intelligence
Intelligence
has been defined in many different ways including the capacity for logic, understanding, self-awareness, learning, emotional knowledge, reasoning, planning, creativity, and problem solving. It can be more generally described as the ability to perceive or infer information, and to retain it as knowledge to be applied towards adaptive behaviors within an environment or context. Intelligence
Intelligence
is most widely studied in humans but has also been observed in both non-human animals and in plants
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Machine
A machine uses power to apply forces and control movement to perform an intended action. Machines can be driven by animals and people, by natural forces such as wind and water, and by chemical, thermal, or electrical power, and include a system of mechanisms that shape the actuator input to achieve a specific application of output forces and movement. They can also include computers and sensors that monitor performance and plan movement, often called mechanical systems. Renaissance
Renaissance
natural philosophers identified six simple machines which were the elementary devices that put a load into motion, and calculated the ratio of output force to input force, known today as mechanical advantage.[1] Modern machines are complex systems that consist of structural elements, mechanisms and control components and include interfaces for convenient use
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Computer Science
Computer science
Computer science
is the study of the theory, experimentation, and engineering that form the basis for the design and use of computers. It is the scientific and practical approach to computation and its applications and the systematic study of the feasibility, structure, expression, and mechanization of the methodical procedures (or algorithms) that underlie the acquisition, representation, processing, storage, communication of, and access to, information. An alternate, more succinct definition of computer science is the study of automating algorithmic processes that scale. A computer scientist specializes in the theory of computation and the design of computational systems.[1] Its fields can be divided into a variety of theoretical and practical disciplines
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Intelligent Agent
In artificial intelligence, an intelligent agent (IA) is an autonomous entity which observes through sensors and acts upon an environment using actuators (i.e. it is an agent) and directs its activity towards achieving goals (i.e. it is "rational", as defined in economics[1]). Intelligent agents may also learn or use knowledge to achieve their goals. They may be very simple or very complex. A reflex machine, such as a thermostat, is considered an example of an intelligent agent.[2]Simple reflex agentIntelligent agents are often described schematically as an abstract functional system similar to a computer program. For this reason, intelligent agents are sometimes called abstract intelligent agents (AIA)[citation needed] to distinguish them from their real world implementations as computer systems, biological systems, or organizations. Some definitions of intelligent agents emphasize their autonomy, and so prefer the term autonomous intelligent agents
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Human Mind
The mind is a set of cognitive faculties including consciousness, perception, thinking, judgement, language and memory
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AI Effect
The AI effect occurs when onlookers discount the behavior of an artificial intelligence program by arguing that it is not real intelligence. Author Pamela McCorduck writes: "It's part of the history of the field of artificial intelligence that every time somebody figured out how to make a computer do something—play good checkers, solve simple but relatively informal problems—there was chorus of critics to say, 'that's not thinking'."[1] AIS researcher
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Optical Character Recognition
Optical character recognition (also optical character reader, OCR) is the mechanical or electronic conversion of images of typed, handwritten or printed text into machine-encoded text, whether from a scanned document, a photo of a document, a scene-photo (for example the text on signs and billboards in a landscape photo) or from subtitle text superimposed on an image (for example from a television broadcast).[1] It is widely used as a form of information entry from printed paper data records, whether passport documents, invoices, bank statements, computerised receipts, business cards, mail, printouts of static-data, or any suitable documentation. It is a common method of digitising printed texts so that they can be electronically edited, searched, stored more compactly, displayed on-line, and used in machine processes such as cognitive computing, machine translation, (extracted) text-to-speech, key data and text mining
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Natural Language Understanding
Natural language understanding
Natural language understanding
(NLU) or natural language interpretation (NLI)[1] is a subtopic of natural language processing in artificial intelligence that deals with machine reading comprehension
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Strategic Game
A strategy game or strategic game is a game (e.g. video or board game) in which the players' uncoerced, and often autonomous decision-making skills have a high significance in determining the outcome. Almost all strategy games require internal decision tree style thinking, and typically very high situational awareness. The term "strategy" comes ultimately from Greek, (στρατηγια or strategia) meaning generalship.[1] It differs from "tactics" in that it refers to the general scheme of things, whereas "tactics" refers to organization and execution.[2]Contents1 History 2 Types2.1 Abstract strategy 2.2 Team strategy 2.3 Eurogames 2.4 Simulation 2.5 Wargame 2.6 Strategy
Strategy
video games2.6.1 Modern day turn-based3 See also 4 ReferencesHistory[edit] The history of turn-based strategy games goes back to the times of ancient civilizations found in such as Rome, Greece, Egypt, the Levant, and India
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Chess
Chess
Chess
is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.[1] The game is played by millions of people worldwide. Each player begins with 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns. Each of the six piece types moves differently, with the most powerful being the queen and the least powerful the pawn. The objective is to checkmate[note 1] the opponent's king by placing it under an inescapable threat of capture. To this end, a player's pieces are used to attack and capture the opponent's pieces, while supporting each other. In addition to checkmate, the game can be won by voluntary resignation of the opponent, which typically occurs when too much material is lost or checkmate appears inevitable
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Autonomous Car
An autonomous car (also known as a driverless car, self-driving car, robotic car, auto[1]) and unmanned ground vehicle is a vehicle that is capable of sensing its environment and navigating without human input.[2] Autonomous cars use a variety of techniques to detect their surroundings, such as radar, laser light, GPS, odometry and computer vision. Advanced control systems interpret sensory information to identify appropriate navigation paths, as well as obstacles and relevant signage.[3][4] Autonomous cars must have control systems that are capable of analyzing sensory data to distinguish between different cars on the road.[5] The potential benefits of autonomous cars include reduced mobility and infrastructure costs, increased safety, increased mobility, increased customer satisfaction and reduced crime. Specifically a significant reduction in traffic collisions;[6][7] the resulting injuries; and related costs, including less need for insurance
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List Of Programming Languages For Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence
researchers have developed several specialized programming languages for artificial intelligence:Contents1 Languages 2 See also 3 Notes 4 References4.1 Major AI textbooks 4.2 History of AILanguages[edit] AIML (meaning "Artificial Intelligence Markup Language")[1] is an XML dialect[2] for use with A.L.I.C.E.-type chatterbots. IPL[3] was the first language developed for artificial intelligence. It includes features intended to support programs that could perform general problem solving, such as lists, associations, schemas (frames), dynamic memory allocation, data types, recursion, associative retrieval, functions as arguments, generators (streams), and cooperative multitasking. Lisp[4] is a practical mathematical notation for computer programs based on lambda calculus. Linked lists are one of the Lisp language's major data structures, and Lisp source code is itself made up of lists
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Content Delivery Network
A content delivery network or content distribution network (CDN) is a geographically distributed network of proxy servers and their data centers. The goal is to distribute service spatially relative to end-users to provide high availability and high performance. CDNs serve a large portion of the Internet content today, including web objects (text, graphics and scripts), downloadable objects (media files, software, documents), applications (e-commerce, portals), live streaming media, on-demand streaming media, and social networks. CDNs are a layer in the internet ecosystem. Content owners such as media companies and e-commerce vendors pay CDN operators to deliver their content to their end users
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