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Saxons
The Saxons
Saxons
(Latin: Saxones, Old English: Seaxe, Old Saxon: Sahson, Low German: Sassen) were a group of Germanic tribes first mentioned as living near the North Sea
North Sea
coast of what is now Germany
Germany
(Old Saxony), in the late Roman Empire. They were soon mentioned as raiding and settling in many North Sea
North Sea
areas, as well as pushing south inland towards the Franks
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Elizabethan Era
The Elizabethan era
Elizabethan era
is the epoch in the Tudor period
Tudor period
of the history of England
England
during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603). Historians often depict it as the golden age in English history
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Christianity
Christianity[note 1] is an Abrahamic monotheistic religious system of beliefs and practices based on the life and teachings of Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth. Its adherents, known as Christians, believe that Jesus
Jesus
Christ is the Son of God
Son of God
and savior of all people, whose coming as the Messiah
Messiah
was prophesied in the Hebrew Scriptures of Judaism, called Old Testament
Old Testament
in Christianity, and chronicled in the New Testament.[2] Christianity
Christianity
finds its beginning as a Second Temple Judaic sect in the 1st century in the Roman province
Roman province
of Judea. Jesus' apostles and their followers spread around Syria, Europe, Anatolia, Mesopotamia, Transcaucasia, Egypt, and Ethiopia, despite initial persecution
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Paul The Deacon
Paul the Deacon
Deacon
(c. 720s – 13 April 799 AD), also known as Paulus Diaconus, Warnefridus, Barnefridus, Winfridus and sometimes suffixed Cassinensis (i.e. "of Monte Cassino"), was a Benedictine
Benedictine
monk, scribe, and historian of the Lombards.Contents1 Life 2 Works 3 Notes 4 References 5 Further reading 6 External linksLife[edit] An ancestor named Leupichis entered Italy in the train of Alboin
Alboin
and received lands at or near Forum Julii (Cividale del Friuli). During an invasion, the Avars swept off the five sons of this warrior into Pannonia, but one, his namesake, returned to Italy and restored the ruined fortunes of his house
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Hanseatic League
The Hanseatic League
Hanseatic League
(/ˌhænsiˈætɪk/; Middle Low German: Hanse, Düdesche Hanse, Hansa; Standard German: Deutsche Hanse; Standard Dutch: De Hanze; Latin: Hansa Teutonica)[2] was a commercial and defensive confederation of merchant guilds and market towns in Northwestern and Central Europe. Growing from a few North German towns in the late 1100s, the league came to dominate Baltic maritime trade for three centuries along the coasts of Northern Europe
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Roman Empire
Mediolanum
Mediolanum
(286–402, Western) Augusta Treverorum Sirmium Ravenna
Ravenna
(402–476, Western)
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Baltic Peoples
Pontic SteppeDomestication of the horse Kurgan Kurgan
Kurgan
culture Steppe culturesBug-Dniester Sredny Stog Dnieper-Donets Samara Khvalynsk YamnaMikhaylovka cultureCaucasusMaykopEast-AsiaAfanasevoEastern EuropeUsatovo Cernavodă CucuteniNorthern EuropeCorded wareBaden Middle DnieperBronze AgePontic SteppeChariot Yamna Catacomb Multi-cordoned ware Poltavka SrubnaNorthern/Eastern SteppeAbashevo culture Andronovo SintashtaEuropeGlobular Amphora Corded ware Beaker Unetice Trzciniec Nordi
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Low German Language
  Bolivia
Bolivia
(70,000)[10]  Paraguay
Paraguay
(30,000)[11]Language codesISO 639-2ndsISO 639-3nds (Dutch varieties and Westphalian have separate codes)Glottologlowg1239  Low German[12]Linguasphere52-ACBApproximate area in which Low German/Low Saxon dialects are spoken in Europe (after the expulsion of Germans).This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode
Unicode
characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA. Low German
Low German
or Low Saxon[b] is a West Germanic language spoken mainly in Northern Germany
Northern Germany
and the northeastern part of the Netherlands. It is also spoken to a lesser extent in the German diaspora worldwide (e.g
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Latin Language
Latin
Latin
(Latin: lingua latīna, IPA: [ˈlɪŋɡʷa laˈtiːna]) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. The Latin alphabet
Latin alphabet
is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet. Latin
Latin
was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium.[4] Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became the dominant language in Italy, and subsequently throughout the western Roman Empire. Vulgar Latin
Vulgar Latin
developed into the Romance languages, such as Italian, French, Portuguese, Romanian, and Spanish. Latin, Greek and French have contributed many words to the English language
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West Slavs
The West Slavs
Slavs
are a subgroup of Slavic peoples
Slavic peoples
who speak the West Slavic languages. They separated from the common Slavic group around the 7th century, and established independent polities in Central Europe by the 8th to 9th centuries. The West Slavic languages diversified into their historically attested forms over the 10th to 14th centuries. West Slavic speaking nations today include the Czechs, Kashubians, Poles, Silesians, Slovaks
Slovaks
and Sorbs
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North Germanic Languages
Insular Scandinavian languages:   Faroese   Icelandic   Norn (†)    Greenlandic Norse
Greenlandic Norse
(†)Extinct Norn was spoken in Orkney, Shetland
Shetland
and Caithness
Caithness
in what is now Scotland
Scotland
until the 19th century. Extinct Greenlandic Norse
Greenlandic Norse
was spoken in the Norse settlements of Greenland
Greenland
until their demise in the late 15th century.The North Germanic languages
Germanic languages
make up one of the three branches of the Germanic languages, a sub-family of the Indo-European languages, along with the West Germanic languages
Germanic languages
and the extinct East Germanic languages
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Finnic Peoples
The Finnic peoples[a] or Baltic Finns consist of the peoples inhabiting the region around the Baltic Sea[2] in Northeastern Europe who speak Finnic languages, including the Finns proper, Estonians (including Võros and Setos), Karelians (including Ludes and Olonets), Veps, Izhorians, Votes, and Livonians as well as their descendants worldwide
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Pomeranians (Slavic Tribe)
The Pomeranians (German: Pomoranen; Kashubian: Pòmòrzónie; Polish: Pomorzanie) were a group of West Slavic tribes who lived along the shore of the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
between the mouths of the Oder
Oder
and Vistula Rivers (the latter Farther Pomerania
Farther Pomerania
and Pomerelia). They spoke the Pomeranian language
Pomeranian language
belonging to the Lechitic branch of the West Slavic language family.Several ethnic groups of West Slavs
West Slavs
between 9th–10th centuriesWithout land
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Frisia
Coordinates: 53°15′00″N 7°00′00″E / 53.25000°N 7.00000°E / 53.25000; 7.00000Frisia Frisia
Frisia
in Northwestern EuropeStateless nation FrisiansIndependence None*Area 13,482.73 km2 (5,205.71 sq mi)Population 2,655,391Germany: 877,092 Netherlands: 1,778,299Density 197/km2 (510/sq mi)Languages West Frisian North Frisian East Frisian Low Saxon (Friso-Saxon) Dutch (West Frisian Dutch, Stadsfries) German DanishMain religion ProtestantTime zone  • Summer CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2)Internet TL
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Holstein
Holstein
Holstein
(German pronunciation: [ˈhɔlʃtaɪn]) (Northern Low Saxon: Holsteen, Danish: Holsten, Latin
Latin
and historical English: Holsatia) is the region between the rivers Elbe
Elbe
and Eider. It is the southern half of Schleswig-Holstein, the northernmost state of Germany. Holstein
Holstein
once existed as the German County of Holstein
Holstein
(German: Grafschaft Holstein; 811–1474), the later Duchy of Holstein
Duchy of Holstein
(German: Herzogtum Holstein; 1474–1866), and was the northernmost territory of the Holy Roman Empire. The history of Holstein
Holstein
is closely intertwined with the history of the Danish Duchy of Schleswig
Schleswig
(Danish: Slesvig)
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Saxon Steed
The Saxon Steed
Saxon Steed
(German: Sachsenross, Niedersachsenross, Welfenross, Westfalenpferd; Dutch: Twentse Ros / Saksische ros/paard; English: White Horse of Kent: Low Saxon: Witte Peerd) is a favorite heraldic motif of the Saxons.Contents1 Origin and past uses 2 Modern uses2.1 Coat of arms of Lower Saxony 2.2 Coat of arms of North Rhine-Westphalia3 British royal arms 4 Official sign of Dutch Twente region 5 References 6 See alsoOrigin and past uses[edit] The Saxon Steed
Saxon Steed
originated in the tribal Duchy of Saxony
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