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Saxe-Lauenburg
The Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg
Saxe-Lauenburg
(German: Herzogtum Sachsen-Lauenburg, called Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) between the 14th and 17th centuries), was a reichsfrei duchy that existed 1296–1803 and 1814–1876 in the extreme southeast region of what is now Schleswig-Holstein
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States Of The Holy Roman Empire
This list of states which were part of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
includes any territory ruled by an authority that had been granted imperial immediacy, as well as many other feudal entities such as lordship, sous-fiefs and allodial fiefs. The Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
was a complex political entity that existed in central Europe for most of the medieval and early modern periods
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Soviet Occupation Zone
Flag of the Soviet UnionSoviet Occupation zone in red.Capital East BerlinGovernment Military occupationMilitary governors •  1945–1946 Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov (Military commander 8 May 1945 – 9 June 1945) •  1946–1949 Vasily Danilovich Sokolovsky •  1949 Vasily Ivanovich ChuikovHistorical era Post-World War II Cold War •  Surrender of Nazi Germany 8 May 1945 •  German Democratic Republic established 7 October 1949 •  German reunification 3 October 1990Today part of  GermanyThe Soviet Occupation Zone (German: Sowjetische Besatzungszone (SBZ) or Ostzone; Russian: Советская оккупационная зона Германии, Sovetskaya okkupatsionnaya zona Germanii, "Soviet Occupation Zone of Germany") was the area of central Germany occupied by the
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Duchy
A duchy is a country, territory, fief, or domain ruled by a duke or duchess. The term is used almost exclusively in Europe, where in the present day there is no sovereign duchy (i.e. with the status of a nation state) left. The term "duke" (like the corresponding "duchy") should not be confused with the title Grand Duke
Duke
(or Grand Duchy, such as the present-day Grand Duchy
Grand Duchy
of Luxembourg), as there exists a significant difference of rank between the two. In common European cultural heritage, a grand duke is the third highest monarchic rank, after emperor and king. Its synonym in many Slavic and Baltic European languages (Russian, Lithuanian, etc.) is translated as Grand Prince, whereas most Germanic and Romance European languages (English, French, Spanish, Italian etc.) use expressions corresponding to Grand Duke.[1] Unlike a duke, the sovereign grand duke is considered royalty (or in German, 'royal nobility', Königsadel)
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Holy Roman Empire
The Holy Roman Empire
Roman Empire
(Latin: Sacrum Romanum Imperium; German: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages
Middle Ages
and continued until its dissolution in 1806.[6] The largest territory of the empire after 962 was the Kingdom of Germany, though it also came to include the Kingdom of Bohemia, the Kingdom of Burgundy, the Kingdom of Italy, and numerous other territories.[7][8][9] On 25 December 800, Pope Leo III crowned the Frankish king Charlemagne as Emperor, reviving the title in Western Europe, more than three centuries after the fall of the Western Roman Empire
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Elbe
The Elbe
Elbe
(/ˈɛlbə/; Czech:  Labe (help·info) [ˈlabɛ]; German: Elbe
Elbe
[ˈɛlbə]; Low German: Elv) is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. It rises in the Krkonoše Mountains
Krkonoše Mountains
of the northern Czech Republic
Czech Republic
before traversing much of Bohemia
Bohemia
(Czech Republic), then Germany
Germany
and flowing into the North Sea
North Sea
at Cuxhaven, 110 km (68 mi) northwest of Hamburg. Its total length is 1,094 kilometres (680 mi).[1] The Elbe's major tributaries include the rivers Vltava, Saale, Havel, Mulde, Schwarze Elster, and Ohře.[1] The Elbe
Elbe
river basin, comprising the Elbe
Elbe
and its tributaries, has a catchment area of 148,268 square kilometres (57,247 sq mi), the fourth largest in Europe
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Marschacht
Marschacht
Marschacht
is a municipality in the district of Harburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It completes the Samtgemeinde Elbmarsch
Elbmarsch
with Tespe and Drage. Marschacht
Marschacht
is only a few kilometres far away from Geesthacht. 1216: First documentary mention of the settlement as Hachede, then a part of Saxony
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Harburg (district)
Harburg is a district (Landkreis) in Lower Saxony, Germany. It takes its name from the town of Harburg upon Elbe, which used to be the capital of the district but is now part of Hamburg. It is bounded by (from the east and clockwise) the districts of Lüneburg, Heidekreis, Rotenburg and Stade, by the City of Hamburg
Hamburg
and the State of Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
(District of Lauenburg).Contents1 History 2 Geography 3 Coat of arms 4 Cities and municipalities 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit] In 1885 the Prussian government established three districts in this region: the District of Harburg, the District of Winsen and the district-free City of Harburg upon Elbe
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Lüneburg (district)
Lüneburg
Lüneburg
is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is bounded by (from the southeast and clockwise) the districts of Lüchow-Dannenberg, Uelzen, Heidekreis
Heidekreis
and Harburg, and the states of Schleswig-Holstein
Schleswig-Holstein
(district of Lauenburg) and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (district of Ludwigslust-Parchim).Contents1 History 2 Geography 3 Coat of arms 4 Towns and municipalities 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit] The Amt of Lüneburg
Lüneburg
appeared in 1862. At that time the Amt of Lüne moved its seat from Lüne Abbey
Lüne Abbey
into the Lüneburg
Lüneburg
Riding Academy and its name was changed. The district was established after the Kingdom of Hanover was annexed by Prussia
Prussia
in 1866
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Exclave
An enclave is a territory, or a part of a territory, that is entirely surrounded by the territory of one other state.[1] Territorial waters have the same sovereign attributes as land, and enclaves may therefore exist within territorial waters.[2]:60 An exclave is a portion of a state or territory geographically separated from the main part by surrounding alien territory (of one or more states).[3] Many exclaves are also enclaves. Enclave is sometimes used improperly to denote a territory that is only partly surrounded by another state.[1] Vatican City
City
and San Marino, enclaved by Italy, and Lesotho, enclaved by South Africa, are the only completely enclaved states
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Cuxhaven (district)
Cuxhaven
Cuxhaven
is a district (Landkreis) in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is bounded by (from the east and clockwise) the districts of Stade, Rotenburg, Osterholz
Osterholz
and Wesermarsch, the city of Bremerhaven
Bremerhaven
and the North Sea.Contents1 History 2 Geography 3 Coat of arms 4 Towns and municipalities 5 References 6 External linksHistory[edit] The district was established in 1977 by merging the former districts of Land Hadeln and Wesermünde. The town of Cuxhaven
Cuxhaven
lost its status as a district-free town and became the capital of the new district. Geography[edit] The district is often nicknamed Cuxland
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Coat Of Arms
A coat of arms is an heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard. The coat of arms on an escutcheon forms the central element of the full heraldic achievement which in its whole consists of shield, supporters, crest, and motto
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German Language
No official regulation ( German orthography
German orthography
regulated by the Council for German Orthography[4]). Language
Language
codesISO 639-1 deISO 639-2 ger
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Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Leopold I (name in full: Leopold Ignaz Joseph Balthasar Felician; Hungarian: I. Lipót; 9 June 1640 – 5 May 1705) was Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia. The second son of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor, by his first wife, Maria Anna of Spain, Leopold became heir apparent in 1654 by the death of his elder brother Ferdinand IV. Elected in 1658, Leopold ruled the Holy Roman Empire until his death in 1705. Leopold's reign is known for conflicts with the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
in the east and rivalry with Louis XIV, a contemporary and first cousin, in the west. After more than a decade of warfare, Leopold emerged victorious from the Great Turkish War
Great Turkish War
thanks to the military talents of Prince Eugene of Savoy
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Sable (heraldry)
In heraldry, sable (/ˈseɪbəl/) is the tincture black, and belongs to the class of dark tinctures, called "colours". In engravings and line drawings, it is sometimes depicted as a region of crossed horizontal and vertical lines, or else marked with sa
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Or (heraldry)
In heraldry, or[1] (/ɔːr/; French for "gold") is the tincture of gold and, together with argent (silver), belongs to the class of light tinctures called "metals", or light colours. In engravings and line drawings, it is hatched using a field of evenly spaced dots. It is very frequently depicted as yellow, though gold leaf was used in many illuminated manuscripts and more extravagant rolls of arms. The word "gold" is occasionally used in place of "or" in blazon, sometimes to prevent repetition of the word "or" in a blazon, or because this substitution was in fashion when the blazon was first written down, or when it is preferred by the officer of arms.[2] The use of "gold" for "or" (and "silver" for "argent") was a short-lived fashion amongst certain heraldic writers in the mid-20th century who attempted to "demystify" and popularise the subject of heraldry. "Or" is sometimes spelled with a capital letter (e.g
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