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Sawai Gandharva
Ramachandra Kundgolkar Saunshi, popularly known as Pandit Sawai Gandharva (January 19, 1886 – September 12, 1952),[2] was a popular Hindustani Classical vocalist and Marathi stage actor of the Kirana Gharana. He was the first and foremost disciple of Utd. Abdul Karim Khan and guru of Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna
laureate Pt. Bhimsen Joshi. Pt. Gandharva is most well known for popularizing the stylings of the Kirana Gharana through his accomplished disciples, including Pt. Bhimsen Joshi, Dr. Gangubai Hangal, Firoz Dastur, and Pt. Basavaraj Rajguru.[3]Contents1 Early life and background 2 Initiation into music 3 Ustad Abdul Karim Khan 4 Career 5 Disciples 6 Sawai Gandharva
Sawai Gandharva
Festival 7 References 8 External linksEarly life and background[edit] Born Ramchandra Kundgolkar on January 19, 1886, in Kundgol, 19 km
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Dharwad
Dharwad
Dharwad
is the district headquarters of Dharwad district
Dharwad district
in the state of Karnataka, India. It was merged with the city of Hubballi
Hubballi
in 1961 to form the twin cities of Hubballi-Dharwad. It covers an area of 200.23 km² and is located 425 km northwest of Bengaluru, on NH-48, between Bengaluru
Bengaluru
and Pune.Contents1 History 2 Demographics 3 Geography3.1 Climate4 Civic administration 5 Economy5.1 Agriculture 5.2 Industrial and business development6 See also 7 References 8 External linksHistory[edit]Dharwar 1855 Dharwad
Dharwad
pedhaUlavi Shree Channabasaweshwar temple at DharwadThe word "Dharwad" means a place of rest in a long travel or a small habitation
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Bharat Ratna
1954C. Rajagopalachari Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan C. V. RamanLast awarded2015 Madan Mohan Malaviya
Madan Mohan Malaviya
(Posthumous) Atal Bihari VajpayeeTotal awarded 45PrecedenceNext (lower) Padma VibhushanThe Bharat Ratna
Bharat Ratna
( Hindi
Hindi
pronunciation: [bʰaːrət̪ rət̪nə]; Jewel of India)[1] is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India
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Marathi Theatre
RiceBasmati KhichdiBreadLuchi BakarkhaniFishMuri ghantoSweetsShrikhandSnacksPohe Khichadi Sauce RaitaReligionArt Maharashtra
Maharashtra
School of Art Kalighat paintingLiterature GenresPoetry Novels Science fiction Folk literature TarjaInstitutionsLiterary institutionsAwardsLiterary awardsMusic and performing artsMusicMediaCinemaSportKabaddi Lathi Khela Chaturaṅga Kho kho Maharashtra
Maharashtra
portalv t e Marathi theatre
Marathi theatre
is theatre in the Marathi language, mostly originating or based in the state Maharashtra
Maharashtra
in India, and elsewhere with Marathi diaspora. Starting in the middle of the 19th century, it flourished in the 1950s and 1960s, and includes forms like Sangeet Natak
Sangeet Natak
(Musical drama) and Tamasha (folk dance)
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Cheez (music)
Bandish, cheez or gat[1] is a fixed, melodic composition in Hindustani vocal or instrumental music.[2] It is set in a specific raga, performed with rhythmic accompaniment by a tabla or pakhavaj, a steady drone, and melodic accompaniment by a sarangi, violin or harmonium. There are different ways of systematizing the parts of a composition. A bandish provides the literature element in the music, for standard structured singing
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Bhairavi (Hindustani)
Raag Bhairavi
Bhairavi
(Hindi: भैरवी) (Urdu: بھیرویں‬‎) (Sindhi: راڳ ڀيروي) is a Hindustani Classical heptatonic (Sampurna) Raag of Bhairavi
Bhairavi
Thaat. In Western musical terms, Raag Bhairavi
Bhairavi
employs the notes of the Phrygian mode, one of the traditional European church modes. References[edit]Bor, Joep (ed). Rao, Suvarnalata; der Meer, Wim van; Harvey, Jane (co-authors) The Raga
Raga
Guide: A Survey of 74 Hindustani Ragas
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Natak
Natak is a 1975 Bollywood
Bollywood
film directed by Sohanlal Kanwar. The film stars Vijay Arora
Vijay Arora
and Moushumi Chatterjee. Music[edit]"Zindagi Ek Natak Hai Ham Natak Me Kaam Karte Hai" - Asha Bhosle "Sagar Nahi To Kya Hai" - Mohammed Rafi "Sabse Buri Sharab Hai" - Lata Mangeshkar "Jo Mai Chehre Se Ghunghat Hata Lu" - Lata Mangeshkar "Mera Rang Mera Roop Mere Gaal Mere Baal" - Asha BhosleExternal links[edit] Natak on IMDbThis article about a Hindi film of the 1970s is a stub
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Tala (music)
A Tala ( IAST
IAST
tāla), sometimes spelled Taal or Tal, literally means a "clap, tapping one's hand on one's arm, a musical measure".[1] It is the term used in Indian classical music
Indian classical music
to refer to musi
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Tarana
Tarana or Taranah is a type of composition in Hindustani classical vocal music in which certain words and syllables (e.g. "odani", "todani", "tadeem" and "yalali") based on Persian and Arabic phonemes[1] are rendered at a medium (madhya) or fast (drut) pace (laya). It was invented by Amir Khusro
Amir Khusro
(1253-1325 CE),[2] and is similar to the Qalbana form of Sufi poetry. In modern times, the tarana is most commonly associated with the singer Amir Khan, who helped popularize it and researched its origins and the syllables used
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Dhrupad
Dhrupad
Dhrupad
is a genre in Hindustani classical music. It is the oldest form of compositions in classical music and a form that is also found in the South Indian (Carnatic) tradition.[1][2] It is a Sanskrit name, derived from the words dhruva (immovable, permanent) and pad (verse), a combination that means "pillar"
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Hubli
51(India) Rank - 2nd (Karnataka)Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)Pincode(s) 580001 - 580064 (incl. Dharwad
Dharwad
west end)Area code(s) +91-0836Vehicle registration KA 25 (Navanagar RTO) KA 63 (Gabbur RTO)Official language KannadaWebsite http://www.hdmc.mrc.gov.inHubballi (Other name: Hubli) is the second largest city in the Indian state of Karnataka. It forms continuous urban area with the city of Dharwad. Hubballi- Dharwad
Dharwad
is the largest conurbation in the state after capital Bangalore. The name "Hubballi" literally means "flowering creeper" in Kannada[2]. While Dharwad
Dharwad
is the administrative headquarters, the city of Hubli, situated about 20 km south-east of Dharwad, is the commercial centre and business hub of North Karnataka
North Karnataka
region
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Govindrao Tembe
Govind Sadashiv Tembe, popularly known as Govindrao Tembe (June 5, 1881 – October 9, 1955), was a harmonium player, stage actor, and music composer.Contents1 Early life and background 2 Career 3 Further reading 4 References 5 External linksEarly life and background[edit] He grew up in Kolhapur
Kolhapur
and became attached to music early in life. He was largely self-taught as an harmonium player. He has acknowledged the debt of Deval Club for his initial forays into Hindustani classical music.[1] Tembe learnt his art from Bhaskarbuwa Bakhale[2] and, although he never received direct guidance from Alladiya Khan of Jaipur Gharana, Tembe considered Khansaheb as his guru. Career[edit] He used to accompany Pt
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International Standard Book Number
The International Standard Book
Book
Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique.[a][b] Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.[1] An ISBN is assigned to each separate edition and variation (except reprintings) of a publication. For example, an e-book, a paperback and a hardcover edition of the same book will each have a different ISBN. The ISBN is ten digits long if assigned before 2007, and thirteen digits long if assigned on or after 1 January 2007. The method of assigning an ISBN is nation-specific and varies between countries, often depending on how large the publishing industry is within a country. The initial ISBN identification format was devised in 1967, based upon the 9-digit Standard Book
Book
Numbering (SBN) created in 1966
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Bal Gandharva
(1888-06-26)26 June 1888 Nagthane [Taluka Palus], [District Sangli
Sangli
], then Satara Maharashtra, IndiaDied 15 July 1967(1967-07-15) (aged 79) PuneGenres Musicals (Sangeet Natak)Occupation(s) Singer and stage actorYears active 1905–1955Narayan Shripad Rajhans, better known as Bal Gandharva
Gandharva
(26 June 1888 – 15 July 1967), was one of the greatest Marathi singers and stage actors. He was famous for his roles in female characters in Marathi plays, since women were not allowed to act on stage during his time.[1] Bal Gandharva
Gandharva
got his name after a performance in Pune as an aspiring singer
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Special
Special
Special
or the specials or variation, may refer to:.mw-parser-output .tocright float:right;clear:right;width:auto;background:none;padding:.5em 0 .8em 1.4em;margin-bottom:.5em .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-left clear:left .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-both clear:both .mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-none clear:none Contents1 Policing 2 Literature 3 Film and television 4 Music4.1 Albums 4.2 Songs5 Computing 6 Other uses 7 See alsoPolicing[edit] Specials, Ulster
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Khayal
Khyal or Khayal is the modern genre of classical singing in North India. Its name comes from an Arabic word meaning "imagination". It is thought to have developed out of Dhrupad
Dhrupad
introducing frequent taans and alankars in it. It appeared more recently than Dhrupad, is a more free and flexible form, and it provides greater scope for improvisation. Like all Indian classical music, khyal is modal, with a single melodic line and no harmonic parts. The modes are called raga, and each raga is a complicated framework of melodic rules.Contents1 Characteristics 2 History 3 20th-century Khyaliyas 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External linksCharacteristics[edit] Khyal bases itself on a repertoire of short songs (two to eight lines); a khyal song is called a bandish. Every singer generally renders the same bandish differently, with only the text and the raga remaining the same
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