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Russian Prime Minister
The CHAIRMAN OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (Russian : Председатель Правительства Российской Федерации, Romanized : Predsedatel' Pravitel'stva Rossiyskoy Federatsii), colloquially referred to as the PRIME MINISTER (Russian : Премьер-министр, Romanized : Prem'yer-ministr) is the head of the Russian government and the second most powerful figure of the Russian Federation . The official residence of the prime minister is Gorki-9 in Odintsovsky District , Moscow
Moscow
Oblast , but his working residence is in Moscow
Moscow
(Russian White House ). Under Article 24 of the Federal Constitutional Law On the Government of the Russian Federation, "heads the Government of the Russian Federation ". The Russian Prime Minister is considered the second highest position in the government, after the President
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Judiciary Of Russia
The JUDICIARY (also known as the JUDICIAL SYSTEM or COURT SYSTEM) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state . The judiciary also provides a mechanism for the resolution of disputes . Under the doctrine of the separation of powers , the judiciary generally does not make statutory law (which is the responsibility of the legislature) or enforce law (which is the responsibility of the executive), but rather interprets law and applies it to the facts of each case. However, the judiciary does make common law , setting precedent for other courts to follow. This branch of the state is often tasked with ensuring equal justice under law . In many jurisdictions the judicial branch has the power to change laws through the process of judicial review
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Vyacheslav Volodin
VYACHESLAV VIKTOROVICH VOLODIN (Russian : Вячесла́в Ви́кторович Воло́дин, born February 4, 1964 in Alekseevka, Khvalynsky District , Saratov Oblast , Soviet Union
Soviet Union
) is a Russian politician who is the 10th and current Chairman of the State Duma since 5 October 2016. He is a former aide to Russian President Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin
. The former Secretary-General of the United Russia party, he was a deputy in the State Duma
State Duma
from 1999 until 2011 and from 2016 to present day. From 2010 until 2012 he was Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation
Russian Federation
. He is also a former first deputy Chief of Staff of the Presidential Administration of Russia . Volodin engineered Putin's conservative turn in his third term
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Constitutional Court Of Russia
The CONSTITUTIONAL COURT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (Russian : Конституционный Суд Российской Федерации) is a high court within the judiciary of Russia which is empowered to rule on whether certain laws or presidential decrees are in fact contrary to the Constitution of Russia
Russia
. Its objective is only to protect the Constitution (in Russian constitutional law this function is known as "constitutional control " or "constitutional supervision") and deal with a few kinds of disputes where it has original jurisdiction, whereas the highest court of appeal is the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation
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Supreme Court Of Russia
The SUPREME COURT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (Russian : Верховный Суд Российской Федерации) is a court within the judiciary of Russia
Russia
and the court of last resort in Russian administrative law , civil law and criminal law cases. It also supervises the work of lower courts. Its predecessor is the Supreme Court of the Soviet Union . CONTENTS * 1 Composition * 2 Powers * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links COMPOSITIONThere are 115 members of the Supreme Court. Supreme Court judges are nominated by the President of Russia
Russia
and appointed by the Federation Council . In order to become a judge, a person must be a citizen of Russia, be at least 35 years old, have a legal education, and have at least 10 years of service
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Prosecutor General Of Russia
The PROSECUTOR GENERAL OF RUSSIA (also Attorney General of Russia, Russian : Генеральный Прокурор Российской Федерации) heads the system of official prosecution in courts known and heads the Office of the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation (Генеральная прокуратура Российской Федерации). The Prosecutor General remains the most powerful component of the Russian judicial system
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Chairman Of The State Duma
THE CHAIRMAN OF THE STATE DUMA OF THE FEDERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (Russian : Председатель Государственной Думы Федерального собрания Российской Федерации), also called Speaker (спикер), is the presiding officer of the lower house of the Russian parliament . His responsibilities include overseeing the day-to-day business of the State Duma
State Duma
presiding and maintaining order at the regular sessions of the parliament . The Speaker also chairs the Council of the Duma which includes representatives from all the parliamentary parties and determines the legislative agenda. The Speaker of the Duma may intervene and express his views but is supposed to be unbiased in his activities at the regular sessions of the parliament
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7th State Duma Of The Russian Federation
The STATE DUMA OF THE FEDERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION THE SEVENTH CONVOCATION (Russian : Государственная Дума Федерального Собрания Российской Федерации седьмого созыва) is the current convocation of the lower house of Russian parliament . The composition of the 7th State Duma
State Duma
was based on the results of parliamentary elections in 2016 . Elections were held on a mixed system: 225 deputies are elected on party lists and 225 — in single-member constituencies. Of the 14 parties participating in the elections, only 4 were able to overcome the required 5% electoral threshold . Two parties and one independent candidate was able to pass in the state Duma in single-mandate constituencies. Until 2020 the meeting of the Chamber will be held in the State Duma building, at the address: Moscow
Moscow
, Okhotny Ryad street, 1
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Federal Assembly Of Russia
GOVERNMENT (342) * United Russia
United Russia
(341)OPPOSITION (104) * Communist Party (42) * Liberal Democratic Party (39) * A Just Russia
A Just Russia
(23)OTHER (2) * Rodina (1) * Civic Platform (1) * Vacant (3) ELECTIONS FEDERATION COUNCIL VOTING SYSTEM Chosen by territorial politicians STATE DUMA VOTING SYSTEM Parallel voting FEDERATION COUNCIL LAST ELECTION 12 December 1993 STATE DUMA LAST ELECTION 18 September 2016 STATE DUMA NEXT ELECTION September 2021 WEBSITE www.gov.ruThe FEDERAL ASSEMBLY (Russian : Федера́льное Собра́ние, tr. Federalnoye Sobraniye; IPA: ) is the national legislature of the Russian Federation
Russian Federation
, according to the Constitution of Russian Federation
Russian Federation
(1993). It was preceded by the Supreme Soviet
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Federation Council (Russia)
The FEDERATION COUNCIL (Russian : Сове́т Федера́ции; Sovet Federatsii, common abbreviation: Совфед (Sovfed) or Senate) is the upper house of the Federal Assembly of Russia (the parliament of the Russian Federation
Russian Federation
), according to the 1993 Constitution of the Russian Federation . Each of the 85 federal subjects of Russia
Russia
– consisting of 22 republics , 46 oblasts , nine krais , three federal cities , four autonomous okrugs , and one autonomous oblast – sends two senators to the Council, for a total membership of 170 Councillors. The council holds its sessions within the Main Building on Bolshaya Dmitrovka Street in Moscow
Moscow
, the former home of the Soviet State Building Agency ( Gosstroy ), with further offices and committee rooms located on Novy Arbat Street
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Chairman Of The Federation Council (Russia)
The CHAIRMAN OF THE FEDERATION COUNCIL OF THE FEDERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (Russian : Председатель Совета Федерации Федерального собрания Российской Федерации), also called Speaker (спикер), is the presiding officer of the Upper house of the Russian parliament . The third highest position, after the President and the Prime Minister . In the case of incapacity of the President and Prime Minister, the chairman of the Federation Council becomes Acting President of Russia . CONTENTS* 1 Procedure for election * 1.1 Recent election results * 1.1.1 2001 * 1.1.2 2003 * 1.1.3 2007 * 1.1.4 2011 * 1.1.5 2014 * 2 Term of office
Term of office
* 3 Shift from the post of Chairman * 4 Powers of the Chairman * 5 List * 6 See also * 7 References PROCEDURE FOR ELECTIONThe Chairman is elected from among the senators
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Valentina Matviyenko
VALENTINA IVANOVNA MATVIYENKO (Russian : Валенти́на Ива́новна Матвие́нко; IPA: , née TYUTINA (Тю́тина; IPA: ); born 7 April 1949), is a Russian politician who was Governor of Saint Petersburg from 2003 to 2011, and has served as Chairman of the Federation Council since 2011. Matviyenko was considered, until recent years, to be the highest-ranking female politician in Russia. Born in Ukraine , Matviyenko started her political career in the 1980s in Leningrad (now called Saint Petersburg), and was the First Secretary of the Krasnogvardeysky District Communist Party of the City from 1984 to 1986. In the 1990s, Matviyenko served as the Russian Ambassador
Ambassador
to Malta
Malta
(1991–1995), and to Greece
Greece
(1997–1998)
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Supreme Court Of Arbitration Of Russia
The SUPREME COURT OF ARBITRATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (also translated as the HIGH ARBITRATION COURT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION; Russian : Высший Арбитражный суд Российской Федерации) was the court of final instance in commercial disputes in Russia. Additionally, it supervises the work of lower courts of arbitration and gives interpretation of laws and elucidations concerning their implementations, which are compulsory for lower courts. It was replaced by a 30-Judge Economic Collegium that is part of an expanded Russian Supreme Court effective August 8, 2014. CONTENTS * 1 History * 2 Composition * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links HISTORYCommercial arbitrations in Russia
Russia
existed long before the October revolution , though their powers were very limited. They were abolished immediately after the revolution
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Elections In Russia
On the federal level, Russia
Russia
elects a president as head of state and a legislature, one of the two chambers of the Federal Assembly. The president is elected for, at most, two consecutive six-year terms by the people (raised from four years from December 2008). The FEDERAL ASSEMBLY (Federalnoe Sobranie) has two chambers . The STATE DUMA (Gosudarstvennaja Duma) has 450 members, elected for five-year terms (also four years up to December 2008), using a mixed electoral system. Half (225 deputies) are elected by proportional representation with a five percent threshold. The other half are elected via single member districts.The FEDERATION COUNCIL (Sovet Federatsii) is not directly elected; each of the 85 federal subjects of Russia
Russia
sends 2 delegates to the Federal Council, for a total of 170 members. Since 1990, there have been six elections for the presidency and seven for parliament
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Foreign Relations Of Russia
The FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION is the policy of the Russian government
Russian government
by which it guides the interactions with other nations, their citizens and foreign organizations. This article covers the foreign policy of the Russian Federation
Russian Federation
since the dissolution of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
in late 1991
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Regional Parliaments Of Russia
Regional parliaments of Russia
Russia
are the legislative /parliamentary bodies of power in the regions of Russia
Russia
(republics , krais , oblasts , autonomous okrugs and federal cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg), which have different names, often collectively referred to in the media as regional parliaments. The federal structure of Russia
Russia
includes 83 regional parliaments. The biggest regional parliament is the STATE ASSEMBLY OF BASHKORTOSTAN which consists of 120 deputies
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