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Riga
RIGA (/ˈriːɡə/ ; Latvian : Rīga, pronounced ( listen )) is the capital and the largest city of Latvia
Latvia
. With 639,630 inhabitants (2016), Riga
Riga
is the largest city in the Baltic states
Baltic states
and home to one third of Latvia's population. The city lies on the Gulf of Riga , at the mouth of the Daugava . Riga's territory covers 307.17 square kilometres (118.60 square miles ) and lies between one and ten metres (3 feet 3 inches and 32 feet 10 inches) above sea level , on a flat and sandy plain. Riga
Riga
was founded in 1201 and is a former Hanseatic League
Hanseatic League
member. Riga's historical centre is a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
, noted for its Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau
/Jugendstil architecture and 19th century wooden architecture
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Daylight Saving Time
DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME (abbreviated DST), commonly referred to as DAYLIGHT SAVINGS TIME in speech, and known as SUMMER TIME in some countries, is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months so that evening daylight lasts longer, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. Typically, regions that use daylight saving time adjust clocks forward one hour close to the start of spring and adjust them backward in the autumn to standard time. George Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895. The German Empire
German Empire
and Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
organized the first nationwide implementation, starting on April 30, 1916. Many countries have used it at various times since then, particularly since the energy crisis of the 1970s . DST is generally not observed near the equator, where sunrise times do not vary enough to justify it
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UTC+3
UTC+03:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +03. In areas using this time offset, the time is three hours later than the Coordinated Universal Time
Coordinated Universal Time
(UTC) . Following the ISO 8601 standard, a time with this offset would be written as, for example, 2017-08-10T00:39:25+03:00 (boldface only here to be clear). Some areas in the world use UTC+03:00 all year, other areas only part of the year
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UTC+2
UTC+02:00 is an identifier for a time offset from UTC of +02. In ISO 8601 the associated time would be written as 2017-08-09T10:11:53+02:00
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Time Zone
A TIME ZONE is a region of the globe that observes a uniform standard time for legal , commercial , and social purposes. Time
Time
zones tend to follow the boundaries of countries and their subdivisions because it is convenient for areas in close commercial or other communication to keep the same time . Most of the time zones on land are offset from Coordinated Universal Time
Time
(UTC) by a whole number of hours ( UTC−12 to UTC+14), but a few zones are offset by 30 or 45 minutes (e.g. Newfoundland Standard Time is UTC−03:30, Nepal
Nepal
Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:45, and Indian Standard Time
Time
is UTC+05:30). Some higher latitude and temperate zone countries use daylight saving time for part of the year, typically by adjusting local clock time by an hour. Many land time zones are skewed toward the west of the corresponding nautical time zones
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Lithuanians
LITHUANIANS (Lithuanian : lietuviai, singular lietuvis/lietuvė) are a Baltic ethnic group , native to Lithuania
Lithuania
, where they number around 2,561,300 people. Another million or more make up the Lithuanian diaspora , largely found in countries such as the United States, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Russia, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and Ireland. Their native language is Lithuanian , one of only two surviving members of the Baltic language family. According to the census conducted in 2001, 83.45% of the population of Lithuania identified themselves as Lithuanians, 6.74% as Poles
Poles
, 6.31% as Russians
Russians
, 1.23% as Belarusians
Belarusians
, and 2.27% as members of other ethnic groups
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Romanies
The ROMANI (also spelled ROMANY; /ˈroʊməni/ , /ˈrɒ-/ ), or ROMA, are a traditionally nomadic ethnic group, living mostly in Europe
Europe
and the Americas and originating from the northern regions of the Indian subcontinent , apparently from the region that is currently occupied by the Indian states of Rajasthan
Rajasthan
, Haryana
Haryana
, and Punjab . The Romani are widely known among English-speaking people by the exonym GYPSIES (or Gipsies), which some people consider pejorative due to its connotations of illegality and irregularity. They are a dispersed people, but their most concentrated populations are located in Europe, especially Central , Eastern and Southern Europe
Southern Europe
(including Turkey
Turkey
, Spain
Spain
and Southern France
France
)
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Square Mile
The SQUARE MILE (abbreviated as SQ MI and sometimes as MI²) is an imperial and US unit of measure for an area equal to the area of a square with a side length of one statute mile . It should not be confused with miles square, which refers to a square region with each side having the specified length. For instance, 20 miles square (20 × 20 miles) has an area equal to 400 square miles; a rectangle of 10 × 40 miles likewise has an area of 400 square miles, but it is not 20 miles square. One square mile is equal to: * 4,014,489,600 square inches * 27,878,400 square feet * 3,097,600 square yards * 640 acres * 2560 roods A square mile is equivalent to the following metric measures: * 25,899,881,103.36 square centimetres * 2,589,988.110336 square metres * 258.9988110336 hectares * 2.589988110336 square kilometres When applied to a portion of the earth's surface, which is curved rather than flat, "square mile" is an informal synonym for section
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Inch
The INCH (abbreviation: IN or ″ ) is a unit of length in the (British) imperial and United States customary systems of measurement now formally equal to  1⁄36 yard but usually understood as  1⁄12 of a foot . Derived from the Roman uncia ("twelfth"), inch is also sometimes used to translate related units in other measurement systems, usually understood as deriving from the width of the human thumb . Traditional standards for the exact length of an inch have varied in the past, but since the adoption of the international yard during the 1950s and 1960s it has been based on the metric system and defined as exactly 2.54 cm
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Union Of The Baltic Cities
UNION OF THE BALTIC CITIES (UBC) is a voluntary, proactive network mobilizing the shared potential of over 100 member cities for democratic, economic, social, cultural and environmentally sustainable development of the Baltic Sea region. CONTENTS * 1 Origins * 2 Aims * 3 Status * 4 References ORIGINSThe Union of the Baltic Cities was founded in Gdańsk, Poland in September 1991, by 32 cities, with the aim of developing cooperation and exchange between its member cities. Inspired in part by the historic example of the Hanseatic League and supported by the European Union 's Interreg programs to stimulate regional cooperation within the EU, it was one of the first formal institutions established to bolster the Baltic as a cohesive region within Europe
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Threshing
THRESHING is the process of loosening the edible part of cereal grain (or other crop) from the husks and straw to which it is attached. It is the step in grain preparation after reaping and before winnowing , which separates the grain from the chaff . Threshing
Threshing
does not remove the bran from the grain. Threshing
Threshing
may be done by beating the grain using a flail on a threshing floor . Another traditional method of threshing is to make donkeys or oxen walk in circles on the grain on a hard surface. A modern version of this in some areas is to spread the grain on the surface of a country road so the grain may be threshed by the wheels of passing vehicles. Hand threshing was laborious, with a bushel of wheat taking about an hour. In the late 18th century, before threshing was mechanized, about one-quarter of agricultural labor was devoted to it
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Eurocities
EUROCITIES is the network of major European cities, founded in 1986 by the mayors of Barcelona
Barcelona
, Birmingham
Birmingham
, Frankfurt
Frankfurt
, Lyon
Lyon
, Milan
Milan
, and Rotterdam
Rotterdam
. The 1989 Barcelona
Barcelona
conference agreed that a key task was to put the issue of cities and their economic, political and social development onto the European agenda. Indeed, the founders suggested that major European cities could benefit from forming such an association. They intended to form a political platform to act as a channel for communicating with the European institutions and to become recognised as a significant partner in the European community and each member state
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Art Nouveau
ART NOUVEAU (French pronunciation: ​ , Anglicised to /ˈɑːrt nuːˈvoʊ/ ) is an international style of art, architecture and applied art , especially the decorative arts , that was most popular between 1890 and 1910. A reaction to the academic art of the 19th century, it was inspired by natural forms and structures, particularly the curved lines of plants and flowers. English uses the French name Art Nouveau
Art Nouveau
(new art)
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Above Sea Level
METRES ABOVE MEAN SEA LEVEL (MAMSL) or simply METRES ABOVE SEA LEVEL (MASL or M A.S.L.) is a standard metric measurement in metres of the elevation or altitude of a location in reference to a historic mean sea level . Mean sea levels are affected by climate change and other factors and change over time. For this and other reasons, recorded measurements of elevation above sea level might differ from the actual elevation of a given location over sea level at a given moment
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World Heritage Site
A WORLD HERITAGE SITE is a landmark or area which has been officially recognized by the United Nations
United Nations
, specifically by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO
UNESCO
). Sites are selected on the basis of having cultural, historical, scientific or some other form of significance, and they are legally protected by international treaties. UNESCO
UNESCO
regards these sites as being important to the collective interests of humanity
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Poles
1,000,000 OTHER COUNTRIES UNITED KINGDOM 630,000 ARGENTINA 500,000 BELARUS 295,000 RUSSIA 273,000 AUSTRALIA 216,056 LITHUANIA 212,800 UKRAINE 144,130 IRELAND 122,585 NORWAY 120,000 ITALY 109,018 SWEDEN 75,323 BELGIUM 70,600 SPAIN 70,606 AUSTRIA 69,898 NETHERLANDS 60,000 LATVIA 44,783 DENMARK 37,876 KAZAKHSTAN 34,057 SOUTH AFRICA 30,000 CZECH REPUBLIC 20,305 PARAGUAY 16,748 UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 14,500 GREECE 14,145 ICELAND 10,540 VENEZUELA 9,000 PERU 7,000 HUNGARY 5,730 MOLDOVA 4,174 ROMANIA 3,671 SLOVAKIA 3,084 FINLAND 3,000 NEW ZEALAND 2,166 ESTONIA 1,747 LANGUAGE
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