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Richard Arneson
Richard Arneson is an American philosopher
American philosopher
specializing in political philosophy who has taught at the University of California, San Diego since 1973. He chaired the department during 1992 - 1996, and served as graduate adviser. In 1996, he also served as visiting professor in the Ethics, Politics, and Economics program at Yale University. Dr. Arneson earned his Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of California, Berkeley in 1975. His work has largely focused on Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism
and on Luck Egalitarianism. He is also a proponent of Prioritarianism.[1] Richard Arneson has also critiqued Marxism in great depth; he argued that Capitalism was exploitative for more complex reasons than the 'Labour Theory of Value' accounted for. He argued that surplus transfer was only wrong when it was the result of an unequal distribution of social goods
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American Philosopher
American philosophy
American philosophy
is the activity, corpus, and tradition of philosophers affiliated with the United States. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Philosophy
notes that while it lacks a "core of defining features, American Philosophy
Philosophy
can nevertheless be seen as both reflecting and shaping collective American identity over the history of the nation."[1] The political thinker and historian Alexis de Tocqueville
Alexis de Tocqueville
gave his own more detailed definition of a "Philosophical Method Among the Americans" in the opening paragraph of Book
Book
Two of Democracy In America.[2]I think that in no country in the civilized world is less attention paid to philosophy than in the United States..
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Political Philosophy
Political philosophy, or political theory, is the study of topics such as politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law, and the enforcement of laws by authority: what they are, why (or even if) they are needed, what, if anything, makes a government legitimate, what rights and freedoms it should protect and why, what form it should take and why, what the law is, and what duties citizens owe to a legitimate government, if any, and when it may be legitimately overthrown, if ever. In a vernacular sense, the term "political philosophy" often refers to a general view, or specific ethic, political belief or attitude, about politics, synonymous to the term "political ideology". Political philosophy
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University Of California, San Diego
The University of California, San Diego[a] is a public research university located in the La Jolla
La Jolla
neighborhood of San Diego, California, in the United States.[12] The university occupies 2,141 acres (866 ha) near the coast of the Pacific Ocean with the main campus resting on approximately 1,152 acres (466 ha).[13] Established in 1960 near the pre-existing Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego
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University Of California, Berkeley
Urban Total 1,232 acres (499 ha) Core Campus 178 acres (72 ha)[5] Total land owned 6,679 acres (2,703 ha)[6]Colors Berkeley Blue, California
California
Gold[7]          Athletics NCAA Division I
NCAA Division I
FBS – Pac-12Nickname Golden BearsSporting affiliationsAm. East MPSFMascot Oski the BearWebsite www.berkeley.eduThe University of California, Berkeley
University of California, Berkeley
(UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California[8][9]) is a public research university in Berkeley, California.[9] Founded in 1868, Berkeley is the flagship institution of the ten research universities affiliated with the University of California
California
system
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Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism
is an ethical theory that states that the best action is the one that maximizes utility. "Utility" is defined in various ways, usually in terms of the well-being of sentient entities. Jeremy Bentham, the founder of utilitarianism, described utility as the sum of all pleasure that results from an action, minus the suffering of anyone involved in the action. Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism
is a version of consequentialism, which states that the consequences of any action are the only standard of right and wrong. Unlike other forms of consequentialism, such as egoism, utilitarianism considers the interests of all beings equally. Proponents of utilitarianism have disagreed on a number of points, such as whether actions should be chosen based on their likely results (act utilitarianism) or whether agents should conform to rules that maximize utility (rule utilitarianism)
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American Philosophy
American philosophy
American philosophy
is the activity, corpus, and tradition of philosophers affiliated with the United States. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Philosophy
notes that while it lacks a "core of defining features, American Philosophy
Philosophy
can nevertheless be seen as both reflecting and shaping collective American identity over the history of the nation."[1] The political thinker and historian Alexis de Tocqueville
Alexis de Tocqueville
gave his own more detailed definition of a "Philosophical Method Among the Americans" in the opening paragraph of Book
Book
Two of Democracy In America.[2]I think that in no country in the civilized world is less attention paid to philosophy than in the United States..
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Special
Special
Special
or specials may refer to:Contents1 Music 2 Film and television 3 Other uses 4 See alsoMusic[edit] Special
Special
(album), a 1992 album by Vesta Williams "Special" (Garbage song), 1998 "Special
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Prioritarianism
Prioritarianism or the priority view[1] is a view within ethics and political philosophy that holds that the goodness of an outcome is a function of overall well-being across all individuals with extra weight given to worse-off individuals. Prioritarianism resembles utilitarianism
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List Of American Philosophers
This is a list of American philosophers; of philosophers who are either from, or spent many productive years of their lives in the United States.ContentsA B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z See also – ReferencesA[edit]Francis Ellingwood Abbot David Abram Peter Achinstein Marilyn McCord Adams Robert Merrihew Adams Jane Addams Mortimer Adler Linda Martín Alcoff Amos Bronson Alcott Virgil Aldrich Hartley Burr Alexander Diogenes Allen Robert F. Almeder William Alston Alice Ambrose Karl Ameriks C. Anthony Anderson Gordon Anderson Judith Andre Julia Annas Ruth Nanda Anshen Louise Antony Hannah Arendt Richard Arneson Robert Arrington Bradley Shavit Artson Warren Ashby Januarius Jingwa Asongu Margaret Atherton Robert Audi Jody AzzouniB[edit]Babette Babich Kent Bach Max Baginski Archie J. Bahm Gordon Park Baker Lynne Rudder Baker Dan Barker William Barratt William Warren Bartley, III Jacques Barzun Monroe Beardsley Tom Beauchamp Lewis White Beck Lawrence C
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Luck Egalitarianism
Luck egalitarianism is a view about distributive justice espoused by a variety of egalitarian and other political philosophers. According to this view, justice demands that variations in how well off people are should be wholly determined by the responsible choices people make and not to differences in their unchosen circumstances. This expresses the intuition that it is a bad thing for some people to be worse off than others through no fault of their own.Contents1 Theory 2 Criticism of theory 3 Global luck egalitarianism 4 Advocates of theory 5 References 6 External linksTheory[edit] Luck egalitarians therefore distinguish between outcomes that are the result of brute luck (e.g. misfortunes in genetic makeup, or being struck by a bolt of lightning) and those that are the consequence of conscious options (such as career choice or fair gambles)
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Richard Arneson
Richard Arneson is an American philosopher
American philosopher
specializing in political philosophy who has taught at the University of California, San Diego since 1973. He chaired the department during 1992 - 1996, and served as graduate adviser. In 1996, he also served as visiting professor in the Ethics, Politics, and Economics program at Yale University. Dr. Arneson earned his Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of California, Berkeley in 1975. His work has largely focused on Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism
and on Luck Egalitarianism. He is also a proponent of Prioritarianism.[1] Richard Arneson has also critiqued Marxism in great depth; he argued that Capitalism was exploitative for more complex reasons than the 'Labour Theory of Value' accounted for. He argued that surplus transfer was only wrong when it was the result of an unequal distribution of social goods
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