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Richard Arneson
RICHARD ARNESON is an American philosopher specializing in political philosophy who has taught at the University of California, San Diego since 1973. He chaired the department during 1992 - 1996, and served as graduate adviser. In 1996, he also served as visiting professor in the Ethics, Politics, and Economics program at Yale University. Dr. Arneson earned his Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of California, Berkeley in 1975. His work has largely focused on Utilitarianism and on Luck Egalitarianism . He is also a proponent of Prioritarianism . Richard Arneson has also critiqued Marxism in great depth; he argued that Capitalism was exploitative for more complex reasons than the 'Labour Theory of Value' accounted for. He argued that surplus transfer was only wrong when it was the result of an unequal distribution of social goods
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American Philosopher
AMERICAN PHILOSOPHY is the activity, corpus, and tradition of philosophers affiliated with the United States
United States
. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Philosophy
notes that while it lacks a "core of defining features, American Philosophy
Philosophy
can nevertheless be seen as both reflecting and shaping collective American identity over the history of the nation." The political thinker and historian Alexis de Tocqueville
Alexis de Tocqueville
gave his own more detailed definition of a "Philosophical Method Among the Americans" in the opening paragraph of Book
Book
Two of Democracy In America . I think that in no country in the civilized world is less attention paid to philosophy than in the United States..
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American Philosophy
AMERICAN PHILOSOPHY is the activity, corpus, and tradition of philosophers affiliated with the United States
United States
. The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Philosophy
notes that while it lacks a "core of defining features, American Philosophy
Philosophy
can nevertheless be seen as both reflecting and shaping collective American identity over the history of the nation." The political thinker and historian Alexis de Tocqueville
Alexis de Tocqueville
gave his own more detailed definition of a "Philosophical Method Among the Americans" in the opening paragraph of Book
Book
Two of Democracy In America . I think that in no country in the civilized world is less attention paid to philosophy than in the United States..
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Special
SPECIAL or SPECIALS may refer to: CONTENTS * 1 Music * 2 Film and television * 3 Other uses * 4 See also MUSIC * Special (album) , a 1992 album by Vesta Williams * "Special" (Garbage song) , 1998 * "Special" (Mew song) , 2005 * "Special" (Stephen Lynch song) , 2000 * The Specials
The Specials
, a British band * "Special", a song by Violent Femmes on The Blind Leading the Naked * "Special", a song on
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Utilitarianism
UTILITARIANISM is an ethical theory which states that the best action is the one that maximizes utility . "Utility" is defined in various ways, usually in terms of the well-being of sentient entities. Jeremy Bentham , the founder of utilitarianism, described utility as the sum of all pleasure that results from an action, minus the suffering of anyone involved in the action. Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism
is a version of consequentialism , which states that the consequences of any action are the only standard of right and wrong. Unlike other forms of consequentialism, such as egoism , utilitarianism considers all interests equally . Proponents of utilitarianism have disagreed on a number of points, such as whether actions should be chosen based on their likely results (act utilitarianism ) or whether agents should conform to rules that maximize utility (rule utilitarianism )
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Political Philosophy
POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY, or POLITICAL THEORY, is the study of topics such as politics , liberty , justice , property , rights , law , and the enforcement of a legal code by authority : what they are, why (or even if) they are needed, what, if anything, makes a government legitimate , what rights and freedoms it should protect and why, what form it should take and why, what the law is, and what duties citizens owe to a legitimate government, if any, and when it may be legitimately overthrown, if ever. In a vernacular sense, the term "political philosophy" often refers to a general view, or specific ethic, political belief or attitude, about politics, synonymous to the term "political ideology "
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University Of California, Berkeley
Urban Total 1,232 acres (499 ha) Core Campus 178 acres (72 ha) Total land owned 6,679 acres (2,703 ha) COLORS Berkeley Blue, California
California
Gold ATHLETICS NCAA Division I FBS – Pac-12 NICKNAME Golden Bears AFFILIATIONS * University of California
California
system , AAU , IARU , URA , APRU , APLU MASCOT Oski the Bear WEBSITE www.berkeley.eduThe UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY, (also referred to as UC BERKELEY, BERKELEY, CAL, CAL BERKELEY, and CALIFORNIA) is a public research university located in Berkeley , California
California
. Founded in 1868, Berkeley is the oldest of the ten research universities affiliated with the University of California
California
system, and is often cited as one of the world's leading research universities and the top public university in the United States
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University Of California, San Diego
The UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO (officially known as the UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO with no comma or UC SAN DIEGO—no longer UCSD because the acronym is similar to that of other San Diego higher education institutions) is a public research university located in the La Jolla neighborhood of San Diego
San Diego
, California
California
, in the United States. The university occupies 2,141 acres (866 ha) near the coast of the Pacific Ocean with the main campus resting on approximately 1,152 acres (466 ha). Established in 1960 near the pre-existing Scripps Institution of Oceanography , UC San Diego
San Diego
is the seventh oldest of the 10 University of California
California
campuses and offers over 200 undergraduate and graduate degree programs, enrolling about 22,700 undergraduate and 6,300 graduate students
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List Of American Philosophers
This is a LIST OF AMERICAN PHILOSOPHERS; of philosophers who are either from, or spent many productive years of their lives in the United States. CONTENTSA B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Y Z See also – References A * Francis Ellingwood Abbot * David Abram
David Abram
* Peter Achinstein * Marilyn McCord Adams * Robert Merrihew Adams * Jane Addams
Jane Addams
* Mortimer Adler
Mortimer Adler
* Linda Martín Alcoff * Amos Bronson Alcott
Amos Bronson Alcott
* Virgil Aldrich * Hartley Burr Alexander * Diogenes Allen * Robert F. Almeder * William Alston * Alice Ambrose * Karl Ameriks * C
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Prioritarianism
PRIORITARIANISM or the PRIORITY VIEW is a view within ethics and political philosophy that holds that for goodness of an outcome is a function of overall well-being across all individuals with extra weight given to worse-off individuals. Prioritarianism, resembles utilitarianism . Indeed, like utilitarianism , prioritarianism is a form of aggregative consequentialism ; however, it differs from utilitarianism in that it does not rank outcomes solely on the basis of overall well-being , but also the well-being benefit of being prioritized
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Luck Egalitarianism
LUCK EGALITARIANISM is a view about distributive justice espoused by a variety of egalitarian and other political philosophers . According to this view, justice demands that variations in how well off people are should be wholly determined by the responsible choices people make and not to differences in their unchosen circumstances. This expresses the intuition that it is a bad thing for some people to be worse off than others through no fault of their own. CONTENTS * 1 Theory * 2 Criticism of theory * 3 Global luck egalitarianism * 4 Advocates of theory * 5 References * 6 External links THEORYLuck egalitarians therefore distinguish between outcomes that are the result of brute luck (e.g. misfortunes in genetic makeup , or being struck by a bolt of lightning ) and those that are the consequence of conscious options (such as career choice or fair gambles)
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Richard Arneson
RICHARD ARNESON is an American philosopher specializing in political philosophy who has taught at the University of California, San Diego since 1973. He chaired the department during 1992 - 1996, and served as graduate adviser. In 1996, he also served as visiting professor in the Ethics, Politics, and Economics program at Yale University. Dr. Arneson earned his Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of California, Berkeley in 1975. His work has largely focused on Utilitarianism and on Luck Egalitarianism . He is also a proponent of Prioritarianism . Richard Arneson has also critiqued Marxism in great depth; he argued that Capitalism was exploitative for more complex reasons than the 'Labour Theory of Value' accounted for. He argued that surplus transfer was only wrong when it was the result of an unequal distribution of social goods
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