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Rice University
RICE UNIVERSITY, officially WILLIAM MARSH RICE UNIVERSITY, is a private research university located on a 295-acre campus in Houston, Texas
Texas
, United States. The university is situated near the Houston Museum District and is adjacent to the Texas
Texas
Medical Center . Rice is generally considered the top university and the most selective institution of higher education in the state of Texas
Texas
. Opened in 1912 after the murder of its namesake William Marsh Rice , Rice is now a research university with an undergraduate focus. Its emphasis on education is demonstrated by a small student body and 6:1 student-faculty ratio, and it has been nationally recognized as a leading university for undergraduate teaching. The university has a very high level of research activity for its size, with $140.2 million in sponsored research funding in 2016
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Applied Science
APPLIED SCIENCE is a discipline of science that applies existing scientific knowledge to develop more practical applications, like technology or inventions. Within natural science , disciplines that are basic science , also called pure science, develop information to predict and perhaps explain—thus somehow understand—phenomena in the natural world. Applied science applies science to real world practice. This includes a broad range of applied science related fields from Engineering
Engineering
, Business
Business
, Medicine
Medicine
to Early Childhood Education . Applied science can also apply formal science , such as statistics and probability theory , as in epidemiology . Genetic epidemiology is an applied science applying both biological and statistical methods
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Artificial Heart
An ARTIFICIAL HEART is a device that replaces the heart . Artificial hearts are typically used to bridge the time to heart transplantation , or to permanently replace the heart in case heart transplantation is impossible. Although other similar inventions preceded it going back to the late 1940s, the first artificial heart to be successfully implanted in a human was the Jarvik-7 in 1982, designed by a team including Willem Johan Kolff and Robert Jarvik . An artificial heart is distinct from a ventricular assist device designed to support a failing heart. It is also distinct from a cardiopulmonary bypass machine, which is an external device used to provide the functions of both the heart and lungs and are used only for a few hours at a time, most commonly during cardiac surgery
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Rhodes Scholarship
The RHODES SCHOLARSHIP, named for the British mining magnate and South African politician Cecil John Rhodes , is an international postgraduate award for students to study at the University of Oxford . It is widely considered to be one of the world's most prestigious scholarships . Established in 1902, it was the first large-scale programme of international scholarships, inspiring the creation of a great many other awards across the globe. As elaborated on in his will, Cecil Rhodes' goals in creating the Rhodes Scholarships were to promote civic-minded leadership among "young colonists" :24 with "moral force of character and instincts to lead", for "the furtherance of the British Empire, for the bringing of the whole uncivilised world under British rule, for the recovery of the United States, for the making the Anglo-Saxon race but one Empire"
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NASA
The NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION ( NASA
NASA
/ˈnæsə/ ) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program , as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. President Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
established NASA
NASA
in 1958 with a distinctly civilian (rather than military) orientation encouraging peaceful applications in space science . The National Aeronautics
Aeronautics
and Space Act was passed on July 29, 1958, disestablishing NASA's predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). The new agency became operational on October 1, 1958
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Fortune 500
The FORTUNE 500 is an annual list compiled and published by Fortune magazine that ranks 500 of the largest United States corporations by total revenue for their respective fiscal years. The list includes publicly held companies , along with privately held companies for which revenues are publicly available. The concept of the Fortune 500 was created by Edgar P. Smith, a Fortune editor, and the first list was published in 1955. The Fortune 500 is more commonly used than its subset Fortune 100 or wider list Fortune 1000 . CONTENTS * 1 Methodology * 2 History * 3 Fortune 500 lists * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links METHODOLOGYThe original Fortune 500 was limited to companies whose revenues were derived from manufacturing, mining, and energy exploration
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Nanotechnology
NANOTECHNOLOGY ("NANOTECH") is manipulation of matter on an atomic , molecular , and supramolecular scale. The earliest, widespread description of nanotechnology referred to the particular technological goal of precisely manipulating atoms and molecules for fabrication of macroscale products, also now referred to as molecular nanotechnology . A more generalized description of nanotechnology was subsequently established by the National Nanotechnology Initiative , which defines nanotechnology as the manipulation of matter with at least one dimension sized from 1 to 100 nanometers . This definition reflects the fact that quantum mechanical effects are important at this quantum-realm scale, and so the definition shifted from a particular technological goal to a research category inclusive of all types of research and technologies that deal with the special properties of matter which occur below the given size threshold
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Materials Science
The interdisciplinary field of MATERIALS SCIENCE, also commonly termed MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, involves the discovery and design of new materials, with an emphasis on solids . The intellectual origins of materials science stem from the Enlightenment , when researchers began to use analytical thinking from chemistry , physics , and engineering to understand ancient, phenomenological observations in metallurgy and mineralogy . Materials science still incorporates elements of physics, chemistry, and engineering. As such, the field was long considered by academic institutions as a sub-field of these related fields. Beginning in the 1940s, materials science began to be more widely recognized as a specific and distinct field of science and engineering, and major technical universities around the world created dedicated schools of the study
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Rowing (sport)
ROWING, often referred to as CREW in the United States, is a sport with origins back to Ancient Egyptian times. It is based on propelling a boat (racing shell ) on water using oars . By pushing against the water with an oar, a force is generated to move the boat. The sport can be either recreational, where the focus is on learning the technique of rowing, or competitive, where athletes race against each other in boats. There are a number of different boat classes in which athletes compete, ranging from an individual shell (called a single scull ) to an eight-person shell with coxswain (called a coxed eight ). Modern rowing as a competitive sport can be traced to the early 10th century when races were held between professional watermen on the River Thames
River Thames
in London
London
, United Kingdom. Often prizes were offered by the London
London
Guilds and Livery Companies
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Water Polo
WATER POLO is a competitive team sport played in the water between two teams. The game consists of four quarters, usually of eight minutes, in which the two teams attempt to score goals and throw the ball into their opponent's goal. The team with the most goals at the end of the game wins the match. Each team made up of six field players and one goalkeeper. Except for the goalkeeper, players participate in both offensive and defensive roles. Water polo
Water polo
is typically played in an all-deep pool seven feet (or two meters) deep. Special
Special
equipment for water polo includes a water polo ball , which floats on the water; numbered and coloured caps ; and two goals , which either float in the water or are attached to the side of the pool. The game is thought to have originated in Scotland in the late 19th century as a sort of "water rugby". William Wilson is thought to have developed the game during a similar period
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The Princeton Review
THE PRINCETON REVIEW is a college admission services company offering test preparation services, tutoring and admissions resources, online courses, and books published by Random House . The company has more than 4,000 teachers and tutors in the United States and Canada and international franchises in 14 other countries. The company is headquartered in Natick, Massachusetts , and is privately held. It is not associated with Princeton University
Princeton University
. CONTENTS * 1 Corporate history * 2 Test preparation * 3 Criticisms * 3.1 General * 3.2 Ranking schools * 3.3 Privacy concerns * 4 References * 5 External links CORPORATE HISTORY The Princeton Review
The Princeton Review
was founded in 1981 by John Katzman , who—shortly after leaving college—taught SAT
SAT
preparation to 15 students in New York City
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Private University
PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES are typically not operated by governments, although many receive tax breaks , public student loans , and grants . Depending on their location, private universities may be subject to government regulation. This is in contrast to public universities and national universities . Most private universities are non-profit organizations
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Times Higher Education
TIMES HIGHER EDUCATION (THE), formerly the TIMES HIGHER EDUCATION SUPPLEMENT (THES), is a weekly magazine based in London
London
, reporting specifically on news and issues related to higher education . It is the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
's leading publication in its field. CONTENTS * 1 Publication history * 2 Times Higher Education World University Rankings
Times Higher Education World University Rankings
* 3 Awards * 4 References * 5 External links PUBLICATION HISTORYFrom its first issue, in 1971, until 2008 the Times Higher Education Supplement (THES) was published in newspaper format and was born out of, and affiliated with, The Times
The Times
newspaper. On 10 January 2008, it was relaunched as a magazine. It is published by TES Global, which until October 2005 was a division of Rupert Murdoch\'s News International . The magazine is edited by John Gill
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Brazilian Jiu-jitsu
BRAZILIAN JIU-JITSU (/dʒuːˈdʒɪtsuː/ ; Portuguese: , , ) (BJJ; Portuguese : jiu-jitsu brasileiro) is a martial art , combat sport system that focuses on grappling and especially ground fighting . Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu was formed from Kodokan
Kodokan
judo ground fighting (newaza ) fundamentals that were taught by a number of individuals including Takeo Yano , Mitsuyo Maeda and Soshihiro Satake . Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu eventually came to be its own art through the experiments, practices, and adaptation of judo through Carlos and Helio Gracie (who passed their knowledge on to their extended family ) as well as other instructors who were students of Maeda, such as Luiz Franca
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Nobel Prize
The NOBEL PRIZE (/ˈnoʊbɛl/ , Swedish pronunciation: ; Swedish definite form, singular: Nobelpriset; Norwegian : Nobelprisen) is a set of annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances. The will of the Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel established the prizes in 1895. The prizes in Chemistry
Chemistry
, Literature , Peace
Peace
, Physics
Physics
and Physiology
Physiology
or Medicine
Medicine
were first awarded in 1901. Medals made before 1980 were struck in 23 carat gold, and later in 18 carat green gold plated with a 24 carat gold coating. Between 1901 and 2016, the Nobel Prizes and the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences were awarded 579 times to 911 people and organisations
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NCAA Division I
NCAA DIVISION I (D-I) is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in the United States
United States
. D-I schools include the major collegiate athletic powers, with larger budgets, more elaborate facilities and more athletic scholarships than Divisions II and III as well as many smaller schools committed to the highest level of intercollegiate competition. This level was once called the University Division of the NCAA, in contrast to the lower level College Division; these terms were replaced with numeric divisions in 1973. The University Division was renamed Division I, while the College Division was split in two; the College Division members that offered scholarships or wanted to compete against those who did became Division II , while those who did not want to offer scholarships became Division III
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