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Religion In Iran
According to the CIA World Factbook, around 90–95% of Iranians associate themselves with the Shia
Shia
branch of Islam
Islam
, the official state religion, and about 5–10% with the Sunni
Sunni
and Sufi
Sufi
branches of Islam. The remaining 0.6% associate themselves with non-Islamic religious minorities , including Bahá\'ís , Mandeans , Yarsanis , Zoroastrians , Jews , and Christians . The latter three minority religions are officially recognized and protected, and have reserved seats in the Iran
Iran
parliament . Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism
was once the majority religion, though today Zoroastrians number only in the tens of thousands
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Iraq
Coordinates : 33°N 44°E / 33°N 44°E / 33; 44 Republic
Republic
of Iraq * جمهورية العراق ( Arabic
Arabic
) * کۆماری عێراق (Kurdish ) Flag Coat of arms
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Daylaman
DEYLAMAN (Persian : ديلمان‎, also Romanized as DEYLAMāN, DAILIMāN, and DIL’MAN) is a city in and the capital of Deylaman District , in Siahkal County , Gilan Province
Gilan Province
, Iran
Iran
. At the 2006 census, its population was 1,261, in 374 families. REFERENCES * ^ Deylaman can be found at GEOnet Names Server , at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3061085" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database". * ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11
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Ghaznavids
IN ANATOLIA Artuqid dynasty Saltuqid dynasty IN AZERBAIJAN Ahmadili dynasty Ildenizid dynasty IN EGYPT Tulunid dynasty Ikhshidid dynasty
Ikhshidid dynasty
IN FARS Salghurid dynasty IN THE LEVANT Burid dynasty Zengid dynasty
Zengid dynasty
IN YEMEN Rasulid dynasty This box: * view * talk * edit The GHAZNAVID dynasty (Persian : غزنویان‎‎ ġaznaviyān) was a Persianate Muslim
Muslim
dynasty of Turkic mamluk origin at their greatest extent ruling large parts of Iran
Iran
, Afghanistan
Afghanistan
, much of Transoxiana , and northwest Indian subcontinent
Indian subcontinent
from 977–1186
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Ilkhanate
Timeline · History · Rulers · Nobility Culture · Language · Proto- Mongols
Mongols
States Mongol
Mongol
khanates IX-X Khereid
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Ghazan
MAHMUD GHAZAN (1271– 11 May 1304) (Mongolian : Газан хаан, sometimes referred to as CASANUS by Westerners ) was the seventh ruler of the Mongol Empire
Mongol Empire
's Ilkhanate
Ilkhanate
division in modern-day Iran
Iran
from 1295 to 1304. He was the son of Arghun and Quthluq Khatun, continuing a long line of rulers who were direct descendants of Genghis Khan
Genghis Khan
. Considered the most prominent of the Ilkhans, he is best known for making a political conversion to Islam
Islam
in 1295 when he took the throne, marking a turning point for the dominant religion of Mongols in West Asia (Iran, Iraq, Anatolia
Anatolia
and Trans-Caucassia)
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Buyid Dynasty
The BUYID DYNASTY or the BUYIDS (Persian : آل بویه‎‎ Āl-e Buye), also known as BUWAIHIDS, BOWAYHIDS, BUYAHIDS, or BUYYIDS, was an Iranian Shia dynasty of Daylamite origin. Coupled with the rise of other Iranian dynasties in the region, the approximate century of Buyid rule represents the period in Iranian history sometimes called the ' Iranian Intermezzo ' since, after the Muslim conquest of Persia , it was an interlude between the rule of the Abbasid Caliphate and the Seljuk Empire
Seljuk Empire
. The Buyid dynasty
Buyid dynasty
was founded by \' Ali
Ali
ibn Buya , who in 934 conquered Fars and made Shiraz his capital, while his younger brother Hasan ibn Buya conquered parts of Jibal in the late 930s, and by 943 managed to capture Ray , which he made his capital
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Ifriqiya
IFRIQIYA or IFRIQIYAH (Arabic : إفريقية‎‎ Ifrīqya) or el-Maghrib el-Adna (Lower West) was the area during medieval history that comprises what is today Tunisia , Tripolitania (western Libya ) and the Constantinois (eastern Algeria ); all part of what was previously included in the Africa Province of the Roman Empire . The southern boundary of Ifriqiya was far more unchallenged as bounded by the semi-arid areas and the salt marshes called el-Djerid . The northern and western boundaries fluctuated; at times as far north as Sicily otherwise just along the coastline, and the western boundary usually went as far as Béjaïa . The capital was briefly Carthage , then Qayrawan (Kairouan), then Mahdia , then Tunis . The Arabs generally settled on the lower ground while the native population settled in the mountains
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Alavids
ALID DYNASTIES OF NORTHERN IRAN or ALâVIDS. In the 9th–14th centuries, the northern Iranian regions of Tabaristan
Tabaristan
, Daylam
Daylam
and Gilan
Gilan
, sandwiched between the Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
and the Alborz
Alborz
range, came under the rule of a number of Alid dynasties, espousing the Zaydi branch of Shi\'ism . The first and most powerful Zaydi
Zaydi
emirate was established in Tabaristan
Tabaristan
in 864 and lasted until 928. It was interrupted by Samanid occupation in 900, but restored in 914 by another Alid branch
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Mazandaran
Mazandarani (Tabari) Persian Gilaki MAZANDARAN PROVINCE pronunciation (help ·info ), (Persian : استان مازندران‎‎ Ostān-e Māzandarān/Ostâne Mâzandarân), is an Iranian province located along the southern coast of the Caspian Sea
Caspian Sea
and in the adjacent Central Alborz
Alborz
mountain range, in central-northern Iran
Iran

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Zaidiyyah
ZAIDIYYAH or ZAIDISM (Arabic : الزيدية‎‎ az-zaydiyya, adjective form ZAIDI or ZAYDI) is a Muslim sect which emerged in the eighth century out of Shi\'a Islam. Zaidis are named after Zayd ibn ʻAlī , the grandson of Husayn ibn ʻAlī who they recognize as the fifth Imam. Followers of the Zaydi
Zaydi
Islamic jurisprudence are called Zaydi
Zaydi
Shi'a and make up about 35-40% of Muslims in Yemen
Yemen
. Zaidis dismiss religious dissimulation (taqiyya )
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Fatimid Caliphate
The FATIMID CALIPHATE (Arabic : الفاطميون‎‎, al-Fāṭimīyūn) was an Ismaili Shia Islamic caliphate that spanned a large area of North Africa
North Africa
, from the Red Sea
Red Sea
in the east to the Atlantic Ocean in the west. The dynasty ruled across the Mediterranean coast of Africa and ultimately made Egypt the centre of the caliphate. At its height the caliphate included in addition to Egypt varying areas of the Maghreb
Maghreb
, Sudan
Sudan
, Sicily
Sicily
, the Levant
Levant
, and Hijaz
Hijaz
. The Fatimids claimed descent from Fatimah
Fatimah
, the daughter of Islamic prophet Muhammad
Muhammad

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Mortaza Motahhari
MORTEZA MOTAHARI (Persian : مرتضی مطهری‎‎; January 31, 1919 – May 1, 1979) was an Iranian cleric , philosopher, lecturer, and politician. Motahari is considered to have an important influence on the ideologies of the Islamic Republic , among others. He was a co-founder of Hosseiniye Ershad and the Combatant Clergy Association (Jāme'e-ye Rowhāniyat-e Mobārez). He was a disciple of Ayatollah Khomeini during the Shah
Shah
's reign and formed the Council of the Islamic Revolution at Khomeini's request. He was chairman of the council at the time of his assassination
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Ash'ari
Others * Zahiri * Awza\'i * Thawri
Thawri
* Laythi * Jariri Sunni schools of theology * Ash'ari * Ma
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Syria
Coordinates : 35°N 38°E / 35°N 38°E / 35; 38 Syrian Arab
Arab
Republic الجمهورية العربية السورية (Arabic ) al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-Sūrīyah Flag Coat of arms ANTHEM: "حماة الديار" (Arabic ) Humat ad-Diyar
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Safavid Conversion Of Iran From Sunnism To Shiism
The SAFAVID CONVERSION OF IRAN FROM SUNNISM TO SHIISM took place roughly over the 16th through 18th centuries and made Iran
Iran
the spiritual bastion of Shia Islam
Shia Islam
. It made Iran
Iran
the repository of Persian cultural traditions and self-awareness of Iranianhood, acting as a bridge to modern Iran. It also ensured the dominance of the Twelver sect within Shiism over the Zaydiyyah and Ismaili
Ismaili
sects – each of whom had previously experienced their own eras of dominance within Shiism. Through their actions, the Safavids
Safavids
reunified Iran
Iran
as an independent state in 1501 and established Twelver Shiism as the official religion of their empire, marking one of the most important turning points in the history of Islam
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