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Ras Al-Ayn, Al-Hasakah Governorate
Ras al-Ayn
Ras al-Ayn
(Arabic: رأس العين‎, translit. Raʾs al-ʿAyn, Turkish: Resülayn, Kurdish: Serê Kaniyê‎, Classical Syriac: ܪܝܫ ܥܝܢܐ‎, translit. Rēš Aynā), also spelled Ras al-Ain, is a city in al-Hasakah Governorate in northeastern Syria, on the border with Turkey. One of the oldest civilizations in Upper Mesopotamia, the area of Ras al-Ayn has been inhabited since at least the Neolithic age (c. 8,000 BC). Later known as the ancient Aramean city of Sikkan, the Roman city of Rhesaina, and the Byzantine
Byzantine
city of Theodosiopolis, the town was destroyed and rebuilt several times, and in medieval times was fiercely embattled between several Muslim dynasties
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Ras Al-Ayn (other)
Ras al-Ayn
Ras al-Ayn
is a city in northeastern Syria. Ras al-Ayn
Ras al-Ayn
or Ras al-Ein may also refer to: Places[edit] In Israel:Ras al-Ein, Israel, a village in northern Israel, Galilee Antipatris, an ancient city built by the Roman Empire, at some point known as Ras al-Ayn, a Palestinian Arab village depopulated in the 1920s Ras al-Ein, the Arabic name for Rosh HaAyinIn Lebanon:Ras al-Ain, Lebanon, 6 km
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Kurds In Syria
Kurds
Kurds
in Syria
Syria
refers to people born in or residing in Syria
Syria
who are of Kurdish origin. The Kurds
Kurds
are the largest ethnic minority in Syria, comprising between 7% and 10% of the country's population according to most sources.[7][8][9][10][11] Syrian Kurds
Kurds
have faced routine discrimination and harassment by the government.[12][13] "Syrian Kurdistan" (Kurdish: Kurdistana Sûriyê) is an unofficial name used by some to describe the Kurdish inhabited regions of northern and northeastern Syria.[14] The northeastern Kurdish inhabited region covers the greater part of Hasakah
Hasakah
Governorate
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Arameans
The Arameans, or Aramaeans (Aramaic: ܐܪ̈ܡܝܐ‎, ʼaramáyé), were an ancient Northwest Semitic Aramaic-speaking tribal confederation who emerged from the region known as Aram (in present-day Syria) in the Late Bronze Age (11th to 8th centuries BC). They established a patchwork of independent Aramaic kingdoms in the Levant
Levant
and seized large tracts of Mesopotamia. Use of the Western Aramai
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Roman Empire
Mediolanum
Mediolanum
(286–402, Western) Augusta Treverorum Sirmium Ravenna
Ravenna
(402–476, Western)
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Rhesaina
Rhesaina
Rhesaina
(Rhesaena) was a city in the late Roman province
Roman province
of Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
Secunda and a bishopric that was a suffragan of Dara[1] Rhesaina
Rhesaina
(Rhesaena, Resaena – numerous variations of the name appear in ancient authors) was an important town at the northern extremity of Mesopotamia, near the sources of the Chaboras (now the Khabur River. It was on the way from Carrhae
Carrhae
to Nicephorium, about eighty miles from Nisibis
Nisibis
and forty from Dara. Nearby, Gordian III
Gordian III
fought the Persians in 243, at the battle of Resaena. It is now Ra's al-'Ayn, Syria. Its coins show that it was a Roman colony
Roman colony
from the time of Septimius Severus. The Notitia dignitatum (ed
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Byzantine Empire
The Byzantine
Byzantine
Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, was the continuation of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the East during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople
Constantinople
(modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium). It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire
Roman Empire
in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453.[2] During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural, and military force in Europe
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Dynasty
A dynasty (UK: /ˈdɪnəsti/, US: /ˈdaɪnəsti/) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,[1] usually in the context of a feudal or monarchical system, but sometimes also appearing in elective republics. The dynastic family or lineage may be known as a "house",[2] which may be styled as "royal", "princely", "ducal", "comital", etc., depending upon the chief or present title borne by its members. Historians periodize the histories of many sovereign states, such as Ancient Egypt, the Carolingian Empire
Carolingian Empire
and Imperial China, using a framework of successive dynasties. As such, the term "dynasty" may be used to delimit the era during which the family reigned and to describe events, trends, and artifacts of that period ("a Ming-dynasty vase")
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Treaty Of Ankara
The Ankara Agreement (or the Accord of Ankara; Franklin-Bouillon Agreement; Franco-Turkish Agreement of Ankara, Turkish: Ankara Anlaşması French: Traité d'Ankara) was signed on 20 October 1921[1] at Ankara
Ankara
(also known as Angora) between France
France
and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, ending the Franco-Turkish War. The signatories were French diplomat Henry Franklin-Bouillon
Henry Franklin-Bouillon
and Turkish foreign minister Yusuf Kemal Bey. Based on the terms of the agreement, the French acknowledged the end of the Franco-Turkish War and ceded large areas to Turkey. However other French units in Turkey were not affected, in return for economic concessions from Turkey. In return, the Turkish government acknowledged French imperial sovereignty over the French Mandate of Syria
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Ceylanpınar
Ceylanpınar
Ceylanpınar
(Arabic: رأس العين‎ Ra's al 'Ayn, Kurdish: Serêkanî‎, Ottoman Turkish: رأس العين‎ Resülayn[3]) is a district of Şanlıurfa Province
Şanlıurfa Province
in southeastern Turkey. On the border with Syria, it is reached by a long straight road across the plain south from Viranşehir. It forms a divided city with Ra's al-'Ayn in Syria
Syria
and there is a border crossing. The district covers an area of 2,003 km2 (773 sq mi) and has a population of 69,774 (2000 census), of whom 44,258 live in the town of Ceylanpınar
Ceylanpınar
itself.[4] Immigration[edit] Evren Paşa neighborhood is populated by Uzbeks which came from Afghanistan as refugees.[5] Climate[edit] Ceylanpınar
Ceylanpınar
has a semi-arid climate
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Assyrians In Syria
Syrian Assyrians or Assyrians in Syria
Syria
are people of Assyrian descent living in Syria. They constituted 2.0% of the pre-Civil War population of Syria
Syria
of 23 million and 15-20% of the total number of Christians, 2.5 million, almost half of whom are Greek Orthodox, 15% Catholics, 30% Syrian Orthodox and Armenian Apostolic, and 5% Church of the East. Assyrian Christians are either Catholic, Church of the East or Syriac Orthodox
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Turkey
Turkey
Turkey
(Turkish: Türkiye [ˈtyɾcije]), officially the Republic of Turkey
Turkey
(Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti [ˈtyɾcije d͡ʒumˈhuɾijeti] ( listen)), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia
Anatolia
in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.[7] Turkey
Turkey
is bordered by eight countries with Greece
Greece
and Bulgaria
Bulgaria
to the northwest; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
and Iran
Iran
to the east; and Iraq
Iraq
and Syria
Syria
to the south
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Chechens
250-500[20]Data figures from 2001 to 2013; see also Chechen diaspora.[21]LanguagesChechen See Language sectionReligionPredominantly Islam
Islam
(mainly Shafi'i
Shafi'i
Sunni Muslim)[22], minority Christianity and atheismRelated ethnic groups Nakh peoples
Nakh peoples
(Ingush people, Bats people, Kist people) and other Northeast Caucasian people Chechens
Chechens
(/ˈtʃɛtʃən/; Chechen: Нохчий Noxçiy; Old Chechen: Нахчой Naxçoy) are a Caucasian ethnic group of the Nakh peoples originating in the North Caucasus
North Caucasus
region of Eastern Europe. They refer to themselves as Vainakhs (which means "our people" in Chechen) or Nokhchiy (pronounced [no̞xtʃʼiː]; singular Nokhchi, Nakhchuo or Nakhtche).[23] Chechen and Ingush peoples are collectively known as the Vainakh
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Syrian Civil War
Hezbollah  Iran   Russia
Russia
(from 2015)Support: Iraq[1] Syrian OppositionFree Syrian Army[a] Turkey[b] (from 2016)Allied armed groupsSupport: United States[c] (2011–17)[2]  Saudi Arabia  Qatar Ahrar al-Sham[e]Islamic Front / SIF (2012–15) Jaysh al-IslamSupport: Turkey  Saudi Arabia  Qatar Tahrir al-Sham[d][e]
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Rojava
The Democratic Federation
Federation
of Northern Syria
Syria
(DFNS), commonly known as Rojava, is a de facto autonomous region in northern Syria
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