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Ramiro II Of León
Ramiro II (c. 900 – 1 January 951), son of Ordoño II, was a King of León from 931 until his death. Initially titular king only of a lesser part of the kingdom, he gained the crown of León (and with it, Galicia) after supplanting his brother Alfonso IV and cousin Alfonso Fróilaz in 931. The scant Anales castellanos primeros are a primary source for his reign.Contents1 Succession 2 Reign 3 Family 4 ReferencesSuccession[edit] When, shortly before his death in 910, Alfonso III of Asturias
Alfonso III of Asturias
was forced by his sons to abdicate, the Kingdom of Asturias
Kingdom of Asturias
descended into a period of successional crises among the royal family and their supporters from the regional marcher aristocracies
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List Of Leonese Monarchs
In the reign of Ordoño I of Asturias
Ordoño I of Asturias
(850–866), the kingdom began to be known as that of León. In 910, an independent Kingdom of León was founded when the king of Asturias
Asturias
divided his territory amongst his three sons. Below follows a list of Leonese monarchs. It is, in part, a continuation of the list of Asturian monarchs.Contents1 Kings of León1.1 Astur-Leonese dynasty 1.2 Jiménez Dynasty 1.3 House of Burgundy 1.4 House of Trastámara2 Family tree 3 Suggested reading 4 See alsoKings of León[edit] Astur-Leonese dynasty[edit]Picture Name Birth Reign Death NotesOrdoño I 831 850 – 27 May 866 27 May 866Alfonso III the Great c. 848 866 – 10 December 910 10 December 910García I c. 871 910 – 914 914Ordoño II c. 873 914 – 924 924 also the king of Galicia from 910Fruela II c
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Elvira Ramírez
Elvira Ramírez (c. 935 – aft. 986) was a Leonese princess who served as regent of the kingdom during the minority of her nephew Ramiro III of León. Life[edit] Born about 935, she was the daughter of the King Ramiro II of León
Ramiro II of León
by his second wife, Urraca Sánchez of Pamplona. She was made a nun by her father, who built the "wonderfully large" monastery of San Salvador in León. By the age of 11, and already a nun, she started to appear in court documents. Under her half-brother Ordoño III of León she held documents important to a land dispute, suggesting that San Salvador had perhaps become a chancery of sorts. When her brother Sancho I died in 962, she became regent of León for her nephew Ramiro III. In 968-69 the Vikings
Vikings
raided León and Elvira organised the defence of the country
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Battle Of Simancas
The Battle of Simancas
Simancas
(also called Alhandega or al-Khandaq) was a military battle that started on July 19, 939, in the Iberian Peninsula between the troops of the king of León Ramiro II and Cordovan caliph Abd al-Rahman III
Abd al-Rahman III
near the walls of the city of Simancas. The battle decided the control of the lands of the Duero. The battle unfolded after the army of Abd al-Rahman III
Abd al-Rahman III
launched toward the northern Christian territories in 934. Abd al-Rahman III had gathered a large army of caliphal fighters, with the help of the Andalusian governor of Zaragoza, Abu Yahya
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Douro
The Douro
Douro
(Portuguese: Douro
Douro
[ˈdo(w)ɾu]; Spanish: Duero [ˈdweɾo]; Proto-Celtic: *Dur, lit. 'water') is one of the major rivers of the Iberian Peninsula, flowing from its source near Duruelo de la Sierra in Soria Province
Soria Province
across northern-central Spain
Spain
and Portugal
Portugal
to its outlet at Porto.Contents1 History 2 Geography2.1 Human geography3 Economy3.1 Dams4 Gallery 5 See also 6 References 7 External linksHistory[edit]A 1908 image of boats along the Douro
Douro
RiverThe Latinized name Durius, likely came from the Celtic tribes that inhabited the area before Roman times: the Celtic root is *dubro-.[1] In modern Welsh, dŵr is "water," as well as dour in modern Breton with cognate dobhar in Irish
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Tormes
The Tormes
Tormes
is a Spanish river, that starts in Prado Tormejón, in the mountain range of Gredos, Navarredonda de Gredos, province of Ávila. It crosses the provinces of Avila and Salamanca, ending at the Duero river, at a place known locally as Ambasaguas, after 284 kilometres (176 mi). This river is not able to provide the water supply to the population during summer and for this reason, the dam of Santa Teresa was constructed in 1960, with a capacity of 496 million cubic metres (402,000 acre⋅ft) to regulate and assure the water supply in summer, as well as to moderate high flows in winter
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García Sánchez I Of Pamplona
García Sánchez I (Basque: Gartzea I.a Santxez; c. 919[a][2] – 970[3][4]), also known as García I, was King of Pamplona from 925 until his death in 970
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Fernán González Of Castile
Fernán González (died 970) was the first autonomous count of Castile, son of Gonzalo Fernández de Burgos, who had been named count of Arlanza and the Duero
Duero
around the year 900, and by tradition a descendant of semi-legendary judge Nuño Rasura. His mother Muniadona was so well remembered that the later Counts of Castile would sometimes be recorded by Iberian Muslim scholars as Ibn Māma Duna (descendant of Muniadona). Fernán González was a colourful character of legendary status in Iberia, and founder of the dynasty that would rule a semi-autonomous Castile, laying the foundations for its status as an independent kingdom. In the year 930, Fernán's name appears with the title of count inside the administrative organization of eastern the Kingdom of León.Statue in Madrid
Madrid
(J
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Talavera De La Reina (Toledo)
Talavera de la Reina[1] is a city and municipality in the western part of the province of Toledo, which in turn is part of the autonomous community of Castile–La Mancha, Spain. It is the second-largest population center in Castile–La Mancha. Its population of 83,793[2] makes it larger than the city of Toledo, although the latter remains the provincial capital. The city is settled along the river Tagus
Tagus
(Tajo in Spanish) at a broad bank. There are two islands in the center of the city called Isla Grande and Chamelo Island. The city is surrounded by two ranges of mountains, in the north the Sierra de San Vicente, and in the south Montes de Toledo. The city is divided in two by the river Tagus
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Sancho I Of Pamplona
Sancho Garcés I (Basque: Antso Ia. Gartzez; c. 860 – 10 December 925),[1] also known as Sancho I, was King of Pamplona
Pamplona
from 905 until 925. He was the son of García Jiménez and was the first king of Pamplona
Pamplona
of the Jiménez dynasty.[2] Sancho I was the feudal ruler of the Onsella valley, and expanded his power to all the neighboring territories. He was chosen to replace Fortún Garcés by the Pamplonese nobility in 905.Contents1 Biography 2 Marriage and issue 3 References 4 BibliographyBiography[edit] Sancho Garcés was born around the year 860, son of García Jiménez and his second wife Dadildis de Pallars.[3] Around the time of death of King García Íñiguez he ruled the Onsella valley in the western lands of the kingdom. He managed to take control of the city of Pamplona
Pamplona
while Fortún Garcés was still king, aided by Alfonso III of Asturias and the Count of Pallars
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Toda Of Navarre
Toda Aznárez (Basque: Tota Aznar; 876 – 958), known as Toda of Pamplona, was Queen consort
Queen consort
of Pamplona by her marriage with Sancho I of Pamplona. She was daughter of the Count Aznar Sánchez of Larraun and Onneca Fortúnez, and sister of Sancha Aznárez, who was married to Jimeno Garcés of Pamplona. Toda was the granddaughter of Fortún Garcés of Pamplona.Contents1 Biography 2 Marriage and children 3 Ancestry 4 ReferencesBiography[edit] She was the daughter of Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun, paternal grandson of king García Íñiguez of Pamplona, while her mother Onneca Fortúnez
Onneca Fortúnez
was a daughter of king Fortún Garcés. Thus, Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs
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Rudesind
November 26, 907 Monte Córdova, Santo Tirso, Portugal
Portugal
(in 907 County of Portucale)[1] GaliciaDied March 1, 977 CelanovaVenerated in Roman Catholic ChurchCanonized 1195 by Pope Celestine IIIMajor shrine Celanova
Celanova
AbbeyFeast March 1Patronage Pinar del Río, CubaSaint Rudesind
Rudesind
(Galician: San Rosendo, Rudesindo; Latin: Rudesindus) (November 26, 907 – March 1, 977) was a Galicia, Portucalensis bishop and abbot. He was also a regional administrator and military leader under his kinsmen, the Kings of León. Rudesind
Rudesind
was born into the nobility; his father was Count Gutierre Menéndez (Latin: Gutiher Ermegildi), brother-in-law to Ordoño II
Ordoño II
and supporter of Alfonso III of León, and his mother was St. Ilduara Eriz (Latin: Hilduara Erici),[2][3] daughter of count Ero Fernández
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Aboazar Lovesendes
Aboazar Lovesendes (c.955-978) was a medieval Knight. He was the ancestor of the Lords of Maia.[1] Aboazar is the subject of a traditional heroic tale, the Miragaia. This legend would make him progeny of the romantic liaison between Ramiro II of León and the daughter of a local Muslim lord, though his patronymic shows that his father must instead have been named Lovesendo. Aboazar married Unisco Godins, daughter of Godinho, Count of Asturias.[2] References[edit]^ Muçulmanos e cristãos entre o Tejo e o Douro (Sécs. VIII a XIII): actas dos seminários realizados em Palmela, 14 e 15 de fevereio de 2003, Porto, 4 e 5 de abril de 2003. Mário Jorge Barroca, Isabel Cristina Ferreira Fernandes.  ^ O Mosteiro de Santo Tirso, de 978 a 1588. A silhueta de uma entidade. Carvalho Correia, Francisco. This article about a Portuguese politician is a stub. You can help by expanding it.v t eThis biographical article related to the military of Portugal is a stub
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Ibn Hayyan
Abū Marwān Ḥayyān ibn Khalaf ibn Ḥusayn ibn Ḥayyān al-Qurṭubī (987–1075), usually known as Ibn Hayyan, was a Muslim historian from Al-Andalus. Born at Córdoba, he was an important official at the court of the Andalusian ruler al-Mansur and published several works on history which have only survived in part
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Galician People
Galicians
Galicians
(Galician: galegos, Spanish: gallegos) are a national, cultural and ethnic group whose historic homeland is Galicia, in the north-west of the Iberian Peninsula.[9] Two Romance languages are widely spoken and official in Galicia: the native Galician and, mainly because of language shift, Castilian.[10]Contents1 Etymology of the ethnonym 2 Languages2.1 Galician 2.2 Castilianization3 Geography and demographics3.1 Ancient peoples of Galicia 3.2 Political and administrative divisions 3.3 Population, main cities and languages4 Culture4.1 Celtic
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Portuguese People
Portuguese people
Portuguese people
are a ethnic group indigenous to Portugal
Portugal
that share a common Portuguese culture and speak Portuguese as a primary language. Their predominant religion is Christianity, mainly Roman Catholicism. Historically the Portuguese people's heritage includes the pre-Celts, Celts
Celts
(Celtiberians, Lusitanians, Gallaecians
Gallaecians
and Celtici) the Romans, Greeks, Scandinavians, and migratory Germanic tribes like the Vandals, Visigoths
Visigoths
(Western Goths) and Suebi. The Roman Republic
Roman Republic
conquered the Iberian Peninsula
Iberian Peninsula
during the 2nd and 1st centuries B.C. from the extensive maritime empire of Carthage during the series of Punic Wars. As a result of Roman colonization, the majority of local languages stem from the Vulgar Latin
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