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Raja Ravi Varma
Raja
Raja
Ravi Varma[3][4] (29 April 1848 – 2 October 1906) was a celebrated Malayali
Malayali
Indian painter and artist. He is considered among the greatest painters in the history of Indian art
Indian art
for a number of aesthetic and broader social reasons. Firstly, his works are held to be among the best examples of the fusion of European techniques with a purely Indian sensibility. While continuing the tradition and aesthetics of Indian art, his paintings employed the latest European academic art techniques of the day. Secondly, he was notable for making affordable lithographs of his paintings available to the public, which greatly enhanced his reach and influence as a painter and public figure. Indeed, his lithographs increased the involvement of common people with fine arts and defined artistic tastes among common people for several decades
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Hindu
Hindus
Hindus
(Hindustani: [ˈɦɪndu] (listen)) are persons who regard themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism.[1][2] Historically, the term has also been used as a geographical, cultural, and later religious identifier for people living in the Indian subcontinent.[3][4] The historical meaning of the term Hindu has evolved with time. Starting with the Persian and Greek references to the land of the
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Cognatic
Cognatic kinship is a mode of descent calculated from an ancestor or ancestress counted through any combination of male and female links, or a system of bilateral kinship where relations are traced through both a father and mother.[1] Such relatives may be known as cognates. Notes[edit]^ Wolters, O. W. (1999). History, Culture, and Region in Southeast Asian Perspectives. SEAP Publications. p. 17. ISBN 0-87727-725-7. This article relating to anthropology is a stub
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Ernakulam
Ernakulam
Ernakulam
( pronunciation (help·info)) refers to the eastern, mainland portion of the city of Kochi
Kochi
in central Kerala, India. The CBD is the most urban part of Kochi
Kochi
and has lent its name to the Ernakulam
Ernakulam
district
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Travancore
The Kingdom of Travancore
Travancore
(/ˈtrævəŋkɔːr/) was an Indian kingdom from 1729 until 1949. It was ruled by the Travancore Royal Family
Travancore Royal Family
from Padmanabhapuram, and later Thiruvananthapuram. At its zenith, the kingdom covered most of modern-day central and southern Kerala
Kerala
with the Thachudaya Kaimal's enclave of Irinjalakuda
Irinjalakuda
Koodalmanikkam temple in the neighbouring Kingdom of Cochin,[1] as well as the district of Kanyakumari, now in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The official flag of the state was red with a dextrally-coiled silver conch shell (Turbinella pyrum) at its center
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Mumbai
Mumbai
Mumbai
(/mʊmˈbaɪ/; also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India
India
with an estimated city proper population of 12.4 million as of 2011
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Dewan
The originally Persian title dewan (also known as diwan, also spelled or devan/ divan) has, at various points in Islamic history, designated a powerful government official, minister or ruler.Contents1 Etymology 2 Council 3 In India3.1 Title 3.2 Derived and compound titles 3.3 Diwani 3.4 French India4 See also 5 References 6 SourcesEtymology[edit] See also: Divan The word is Persian in origin and was loaned into Arabic. The original meaning was "bundle (of written sheets)", hence "book", especially "book of accounts," and hence "office of accounts," "custom house," "council chamber". The meaning divan "long, cushioned seat" is due to such seats having been found along the walls in Middle Eastern council chambers.[1] Council[edit] The word first appears under the Caliphate
Caliphate
of Omar I (A.D
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Matrilineal
Matrilineality is the tracing of descent through the female line. It may also correlate with a societal system in which each person is identified with their matriline – their mother's lineage – and which can involve the inheritance of property and/or titles. A matriline is a line of descent from a female ancestor to a descendant (of either sex) in which the individuals in all intervening generations are mothers – in other words, a "mother line". In a matrilineal descent system, an individual is considered to belong to the same descent group as their mother. This matrilineal descent pattern is in contrast to the more common pattern of patrilineal descent from which a family name is usually derived
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Marumakkathayam
Marumakkathayam was a system of matrilineal inheritance prevalent in what is now Kerala, India. Descent and the inheritance of property was traced through females. It was followed by all Nair
Nair
castes including of Royal Families, Ezhavas, some of the Ambalavasis, Mappilas, and some tribal groups.This was one of the few traditional systems which gave women liberty and right to property. The word literally means inheritance by sisters' children, as opposed to sons and daughters. 'Marumakkal', in the Malayalam language, means nephews and nieces. The joint family under the matrilineal system is known as Tharavad
Tharavad
and formed the nucleus of the society in Malabar. The customary law of inheritance was codified by the Madras Marumakkathayam Act 1932, Madras Act No. 22 of 1933, published in the Fort St
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Karthika Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi
Maharani Karthika Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi
Karthika Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi
was the only sister of the last ruling Maharajah of Travancore, Sree Chithira Thirunal
Chithira Thirunal
Balarama Varma and Sree Uthradom Thirunal
Uthradom Thirunal
Marthanda Varma, as well as the titular Queen of Travancore. Born as the only daughter of Queen Mother Sethu Parvathi Bayi
Sethu Parvathi Bayi
and Sri Ravi Varma Koyi Thampuran
Koyi Thampuran
of Kilimanoor, she married Lt. Col. G. V. Raja
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Sanskrit
Sanskrit
Sanskrit
(English: /ˈsænskrɪt/;[6] Sanskrit: संस्कृतम्, romanized: saṃskṛtam, IPA: [ˈsɐ̃skr̩tɐm] (listen)) is a language of ancient India
India
with a 3,500-year history.[7][8][9] It is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism
Hinduism
and the predominant language of most works of Hindu philosophy
Hindu philosophy
as well as some of the principal texts of Buddhism
Buddhism
and Jainism
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Aswathi Thirunal Gowri Lakshmi Bayi
Aswathy Thirunal Gowri Lakshmi Bayi (born 1945) of the former Travancore Royal Family
Travancore Royal Family
is a noted Indo-Anglian writer from Kerala. She has ten books to her credit.[1] Aswathy Thirunal is the niece of the last King of Travancore, Chithira Thirunal Balarama Varma.[2]Contents1 Birth and education1.1 Marriage2 Literary works 3 Malayalam
Malayalam
Film 4 References 5 External linksBirth and education[edit] Aswathy Thirunal was born as the third child of Maharani Karthika Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi of Travancore Royal Family
Travancore Royal Family
and Lt. Col G. V. Raja in 4 July 1945. Her siblings are Avittom Thirunal Rama Varma(1938-1944), Pooyam Thirunal Gowri Parvati Bayi (1941) and Moolam Thirunal Rama Varma(1949).[3][4] She was educated at home by Anglo-Indian tutors along with her siblings
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Aswathi Thirunal Rama Varma
Aswathi Thirunal Rama Varma, better known as Prince Rama Varma, is an Indian classical musician and a member of the Royal Family of Travancore. He is a Carnatic vocalist as well as an exponent of the Veena. He is also recognised as a music teacher, musicologist, writer and orator. He has given concerts and conducted music workshops all over India
India
and in several other countries including USA, UK, Netherlands, France, UAE, Malaysia and Singapore. YouTube videos of his concerts, classes and lecdems are popular among music lovers, music students and professional musicians alike, and have exceeded 50 lakh (5 million) views.Contents1 Early life 2 Music career 3 Teaching 4 Music festivals 5 References 6 External linksEarly life[edit] Rama Varma was born on 13 August 1968 and is a member of the Royal Family of Travancore.[1][2] He started formal vocal music lessons in 1982 under Prof. Vechoor Harihara Subramania Iyer, a senior disciple of Dr
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Madurai
Madurai
Madurai
is one of the major cities in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is the administrative headquarters of Madurai
Madurai
District, the third largest city in Tamil Nadu, and the 25th most populated city in India.[5] Located on the banks of River Vaigai, Madurai
Madurai
has been a major settlement for two millennia. Madurai
Madurai
is closely associated with the Tamil language, and the third Tamil Sangam, a major congregation of Tamil scholars said to have been held in the city. The recorded history of the city goes back to the 3rd century BCE, being mentioned by Megasthenes, the Greek ambassador to the Maurya empire, and Kautilya, a minister of the Mauryan emperor Chandragupta Maurya
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Oil Painting
Oil painting
Oil painting
is the process of painting with pigments with a medium of drying oil as the binder. Commonly used drying oils include linseed oil, poppy seed oil, walnut oil, and safflower oil. The choice of oil imparts a range of properties to the oil paint, such as the amount of yellowing or drying time. Certain differences, depending on the oil, are also visible in the sheen of the paints. An artist might use several different oils in the same painting depending on specific pigments and effects desired. The paints themselves also develop a particular consistency depending on the medium
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Vienna
Vienna
Vienna
(/viˈɛnə/ (listen);[11][12] German: Wien [viːn] (listen)) is the federal capital, largest city and one of nine states of Austria. Vienna
Vienna
is Austria's primate city, with a population of about 1.9 million[3] (2.6 million within the metropolitan area,[6] nearly one third of the country's population), and its cultural, economic, and political centre. It is the 7th-largest city by population within city limits in the European Union
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